Today we’re featuring an urban garden in New York City.
My husband, Ian, and I (Kathy) live in a small house on a 100-foot by 25-foot lot in Queens, New York. Although we’d composted for years, we never gardened until 2020 when I left my corporate job. Ian’s mother and grandmother grew up in our house, and we still have the crabapple tree (Malus hybrid, Zones 4–8), bigleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla, Zones 5–9), and rose that Great-grandfather Endsor planted.
Over the years, Adam’s needle (Yucca filamentosa, Zones 5–10), daylilies (Hemerocallis sp. Zones 3–9), deadnettle (Lamium purpureum, Zones 3–9), dandelions (Taraxaxum officinale, Zones 3–9), English ivy (Hedera helix, Zones 5–9), cleavers (Galium aparine, annual), pokeweed (Phytolacca americana, Zones 4–8), hay-scented fern (Dennstaedtia punctilobula, Zones 3–8), oak trees (Quercus species), and even the errant tomato and squash plant (from seeds in the compost) made themselves at home in our neglected yard.
With more time on our hands, Ian and I decided to finally do something with the redwood planks we’d purchased years ago for raised beds and never used. This is the yard in early 2020, when Ian started to think about where to put the beds. We hoped that all the compost we’d made over the years would help mitigate the excess lead in our soil. (Soil testing is highly recommended for NYC gardens, especially one that tests for heavy metals.)
Later that year he also made a patio farther back, near the crabapple tree. Being inexperienced gardeners, we unwisely paid no attention to sun and shade conditions. We just put the patio and beds where we thought they would look good. If we were doing this today, we’d reverse the patio and the beds; the back north part of our yard gets the most sun.
I was late in seed sowing, but a friend gave us some tomato starts, and I bought some pepper starts. Lettuce and radish are fast growers, and the squash seeds quickly took off once the weather was warmer (squash is my favorite). We cut down the “volunteer” pin oak tree in order to give the vegetables more access to the sun.
And then I started taking classes at the New York Botanical Garden, which led me to Doug Tallamy’s books (Bringing Nature Home, etc.) and the importance of indigenous plants, especially oak trees. It was too late for our backyard oak, but we do have another pin oak in the small front yard, which we will happily leave in place. I decided that the perimeter (along the fences) and the back west (under the crabapple) and the back east (where you can see the stone path) would be home to future native plantings.
Tasting homegrown food is miraculous, and it made us gardeners for life. Ian became determined to add more growing space, so in 2021, he reconfigured the beds (and added more beds in the way back), which we filled with a mixture of vermiculite, peat, and five kinds of compost so we wouldn’t have to worry about lead. (It wasn’t until later that I learned about the unsustainability of peat.) This photo shows the layout we had in 2021 (the jugs are winter-sown native plant seeds).
And here is the 2021 garden in August. We grew lots of kale and admired the silvery leaves well into autumn. I read about companion planting and mixed in marigolds (Tagetes sp., annual), zinnia (Zinnia elegans, annual), anise hyssop (Agastache foeniculum, Zones 4–8), and alyssum (Lobularia maritima, annual) with the vegetables.
Annuals like coleus with colorful foliage helped fill in the spaces that would later be filled with native plants. Here’s rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium, Zones 3–8) on the far left, slender mountain mint (Pycnanthemum tenuifolium, Zones 4–9), stone mountain mint (Pycnanthemum curvipes, Zones 4–9), ‘Little Joe’ Joe Pye weed (Eupatorium dubium ‘Little Joe’, Zones 4–8), and a dwarf mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia, Zones 4–9) called ‘Firecracker’, with coleus (Coleus scutellarioides, Zones 10–11 or as an annual) filling in. The bees love coleus flowers, but not as much as mountain mint and Joe Pye weed.
Then I read about the importance of rotating crops. Here’s the garden in 2022. You can see that Ian added a tomato trellis (which can be shifted to other areas in later years). Later, he made an arbor using only found materials. And next year, he’s going to add support for what we now know is a climbing rose.
And just as satisfying were the native perennials and the year-round beauty and insects they brought to the yard. It’s surprising how little space you need to start a native-plant garden. Here’s a tiny shade area in the way back, under the crabapple tree.
And here’s a shade garden close to the house, in early spring, with violets (Viola sororia, Zones 3–7), woodland phlox (Phlox divaricata, Zones 3–8), Virginia bluebells (Mertensia virginica, Zones 3–8), and foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia, Zones 4–9).
The aromatic aster (Symphyotrichum oblongifolium, Zones 3–8) has been one of our great joys, so much so that I added some to the front yard and more in the way back to grow near the ‘Fireworks’ goldenrod (Solidago rugosa ‘Fireworks’, Zones 4–8).
All told, we’ve added over 70 native plants to the backyard and small front yard. After taking classes at the New York Botanical Garden (shout out to Kim Eirman/Ecobeneficial.com), reading Doug Tallamy, Mary Reynolds (The Garden Awakening), Robin Wall Kimmerer (Braiding Sweetgrass), Sara Stein (Noah’s Garden), joining native-plant Facebook groups, attending many native-plant talks, volunteering on the High Line, and visiting the Mt. Cuba Center, I’m more determined than ever to increase the percentage of native plants on our property.
Want to see more from Kathy? Check out her Instagram: woodside_growing
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