1. Yellow Bells
Size: 6 to 20 feet tall and 5 to 15 feet wide (grows smaller in inland areas)
Conditions: Full sun; well-drained soil
Native Range: Southwestern United States, parts of Mexico and Central America
This is one of my favorite plants for a water-wise garden because, aside from its drought tolerance, it blooms prolifically and tolerates a wide range of soils and temperatures. Yellow bells can bloom for months at a time. Use it as a colorful backdrop, a focal point, massed in larger gardens, or planted to make a visual statement in a decorative container. There are some newly introduced cultivars sporting different blossom color combinations (blended hues of yellow, orange, and brick red) and also new dwarf varieties that stay only 3 to 4 feet tall, but the straight species is still a star.
2. Variegated Sky Flower
Duranta erecta ‘Variegata’
Size: 15 to 25 feet tall and 8 to 12 feet wide
Conditions: Full sun to partial shade; lean, well-drained soil
Native Range: South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean
Although variegated sky flower can be grown as a small tree or a large shrub, it handles pruning well and is versatile enough to be kept much smaller—even as a trained espalier. Variegated foliage is edged and splashed with white, giving it a scintillating, airy effect. The tips of arching, supple stems explode in clusters of bright, blue-purple flowers followed by panicles of glowing golden berries. Birds and butterflies love it. Line up several plants to create a living wall, to fill a corner, or to cover an unsightly view. Or you can use the shrub as a solo performer surrounded by the ground cover of your choice.
3. Black Lace® Elderberry
Sambucus nigra ‘Eva’
Size: 4 to 8 feet tall and wide
Conditions: Partial shade; moist, well-drained soil
Native Range: Europe, northern Africa, and southwestern Asia
If you love Japanese maples (Acer palmatum and cvs., Zones 5–8) but live in a place where dry air and desiccating winds make them struggle, try Black Lace® elderberry. Despite being considered good for cooler areas, this stunning shrub will handle the high temperatures of canyons and chaparral if given shade and plenty of water for the first year or two. This deciduous elderberry is clothed with finely cut, deep black-purple foliage topped with huge lacy platters of tiny pink flowers in late spring followed by black berries. It creates a lovely dark backdrop for nearly all flowering perennials, or you can simply let it contrast with other green foliage plants, where it will be a hard-to-miss focal point.
4. Purple Pixie® Dwarf Weeping Fringe Flower
Loropetalum chinense ‘Peack’
Size: 1 foot tall and 4 to 5 feet wide
Conditions: Full sun to full shade; well-drained soil
Native Range: China, Japan, and Southeast Asia
Fringe flowers offer another way to paint all-season color into the garden with foliage. Purple Pixie® throws in fringed tassels of brilliant hot pink flowers that light up the deep burgundy-violet, evergreen leaves. With its low growth habit and gracefully arching stems, this variety suits a wide spectrum of landscape styles. Try it in matching containers for an entryway, or use it as an informal, mounding ground cover to frame taller, vertical-growing plants. Although on the coast it will tolerate full sun, inland this beauty needs to be sited in mostly shade.
Jane Gates is a landscape designer from Los Angeles.
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