Genus: Carnation

Dianthus

Photo/Illustration: 
Courtesy of Bluestone Perennials
Carnation (Dianthus)
dy-ANN-thus
Caryophyllaceae
The diverse genus Dianthus includes plants that range from choice alpine species to large cut-flower hybrids, and because of this they are at home in the rock garden, flower border, and formal or informal herb garden. They are grown for their prolific, colorful, disc-like blossoms, many of which are decoratively fringed and sweetly fragrant. Many have grass-like foliage that adds to their value in the garden.
Noteworthy characteristics:  Showy single and double flowers in white, red, and every shade in between.
Care:  Dianthus require full sun and sharp drainage. Most prefer neutral to alkaline soil, but a few, acidic soil.
Propagation: 

Sow seed in autumn to early spring, seed of biennials in summer. Take cuttings in summer.

Problems: 

Crown rot, slugs, sow bugs, grasshoppers, chipmunks, squirrels.

Species, varieties and clutivars for genus Dianthus

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Cheddar pink
Dianthus 'Bath's Pink'
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Carnation
Dianthus 'Neon Star'
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Alpine pink
Dianthus alpinus
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Sweet William
Dianthus barbatus
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Sweet William
Dianthus barbatus 'Summer Sundae'
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China pink
Dianthus chinensis ‘Ideal Crimson'
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Maiden pink
Dianthus deltoides
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Maiden pink
Dianthus deltoides 'Arctic Fire'
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Cheddar pink
Dianthus gratianopolitanus
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Cheddar pink
Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Firewitch'
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Modern border pink
Dianthus plumarius
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Allwood hybrids
Dianthus × allwoodii