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Kitchen Gardening

Build Your Own Potato Growing Box

Like the floors of a building, this "growing" box can produce a bumper crop of potatoes in a small area.

Photo/Illustration: Greg Holdsworth (All photos)

Don’t you mean potato grow box? Nope, that’s not a typo. As the areas of my garden devoted to perennials has gradually increased, the need to use the remaining space more efficiently has become more important. Using trellises and other vertical growing methods greatly help in this challenge.

Though my first attempts at growing potatoes the last couple of years has been successful, it took up a fair portion of the raised bed(s) they were growing in. This year, I am again doing another “first” – growing potatoes vertically. The “potato box” or “spud box” has become an effective method to produce a large quantity of potatoes in a small space. The idea is ingenious – forcing the potato plant to “stretch” upward as it grows allows more area of the plant to produce potatoes.

The potato “growing” box is just that – a series of frames that stack, or grow, as the potato plant grows. I like to look at the frames as resembling the floors of a building. In this project, our potato “building” will be six stories tall.

The list of things you’ll need:

1. Six – 2″ x 6″ x 8′ untreated wood boards

2. Two – 2″ x 2″ x 6′ wood studs (or one 12′ long stud)
Note: I actually went with 2×3’s instead of 2×2’s because they were straighter. For the purpose of this project, we’ll stick with 2×2’s to avoid confusion.

3. About 65 – 2 1/2″ long deck screws (I just got a 1-pound box of them – it’s less expensive. You’ll have extras, but you’ll probably need them later).

4. Drill and drill bits

Skill Level:

Easy to intermediate


1. Cut the two 2″ x 2″ x 6′ studs into four 33″ pieces (you’ll have a few inches left over).

2. Cut the six 2″ x 2″ x 8′ boards into 12 lengths of 21″, and 12 lengths of 24″.

3. Pre-drill 2 holes on each end of the 24-inch pieces, about 3/4″ from the edge. This will position the screws to go into the center of the cut side of the 21-inch pieces.

4. Screw two of the 24″ pieces, and two of the 21″ pieces together to form a “frame”.

5. Repeat STEP 4 five more times. This will give you a total of 6 frames. These six frames will stack on top of each other, creating your box.

6. Place one of the 2″ x 2″ x 33″ stud pieces to the inside corner of one of the frames. This frame will be the base (or the bottom floor) of the box.

7. Pre-drill two holes on the outside of this frame, so they align with the stud you placed in the corner of the frame. Here, the screws will anchor the stud into the corner of the frame in two spots.

8. Repeat STEP 7 for the remaining three inside corners of the frame. The base of the box will now look like an upside-down square table.

9. Slip one of the other frames onto the base frame, with the four “legs” being on the inside. These two “floors” will be the area we will plant in. Note: If you wish to dig into the ground to plant your seed potatoes, you can omit this step for now. I simply chose to start the potatoes inside the box, rather than digging into the ground below the box.

boards to build the potato growing box
The cut boards and studs.

drilled holes in wood
The two pre-drilled holes at the end of the board. TIP: If you place the piece of wood you’re drilling over another scrap piece, and apply firm pressure when you drill, your holes will be cleaner and you won’t have the dreaded “splintering” on the other side.

corner of the frame for the potato growing box
The corner of the frame.

finished first frame
The finished frame. Now you just need 5 more!

a stud secured to the corner of the frame
The corner of the frame, with the stud secured to the inside.

finished base of the potato growing box
The finished base of the box, which resembles an upside-down table.

base with first frame on top
The finished base with the first frame placed on top of it.
finsihed box

Photo/Illustration: Greg Holdsworth (All photos)


Planting & Growing:

10. Find the location (full sun preferably) for your box and clear away any sod, rocks or debris. Place the box into position.

11. Prepare the soil at the base of the box. You can use your existing soil if it has good drainage and has some organic matter already in it. Otherwise, potting soil, compost, or finely-chopped mulch can be added. I used a mix that was about 40% compost, 40% chopped leaves, straw and grass clippings, and 20% existing soil. I filled the “bottom two floors” with the mix, almost to the top edge of the frame.

12. Plant the seed potatoes about 3″-4″ deep, and cover with soil. I added a thin layer of larger leaves as a mulch.

13. When your potato plants are about a foot high, add another frame and fill it with more soil, covering no more than a third of the plant. Continue this process through the season, until the remaining frames have been added.

potato growing box filled with soil
The box in the garden, ready to fill with soil and plant.

layers of leaves on top of soil
The box filled up and a mulch layer of leaves on top.

box with soil and seed potatoes
Box filled with soil, check. Seed potatoes put in, check.

box all stacked in garden
The box with all of the frames stacked up. Note: this is only temporary… I will remove the top 4 frames as soon as the potatoes start to sprout to give them sunlight.


14. To harvest, remove the bottom frame’s boards to access the bottom layer of soil. When all of the potatoes have been removed from this level, replace the soil and reattach the boards. To harvest more potatoes, repeat those same steps with the second frame’s boards. And so on, and so on, until you’ve reached the top frame.

Enjoy the fresh spud greatness!

Previous: How to Grow Potatoes in a Tower Next: How to Easily Grow Potatoes in a Can
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Fruits and Vegetables

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