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The Plant Guide

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European beech

Fagus sylvatica

FAY-gus sil-VAT-ih-kah

An excellent shade tree, this European-native deciduous tree grows to 80 feet tall and 50 feet wide and features an upright, oval form and dark shiny green leaves that turn yellow to rust-colored in fall. Its spring flowers are insignificant, though the small nuts that follow are favored by birds and squirrels. This tree is slow-growing. Several cultivars are available, including those with differing forms and foliage colors.

CareProovide Full sun and well-drained soil in USDA Hardiness Zones 4 to 7.


Problems No serious problems.

  • Genus : Fagus
  • Plant Height : 30 feet or more
  • Plant Width : 30 feet or more
  • Zones : 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Moisture : Dry to Medium
  • Plant Seasonal Interest : Fall Interest
  • Light : Full Sun
  • Maintenance : Low
  • Characteristics : Showy Fall Foliage
  • Growth Rate : Slow
  • Plant Type : Trees

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