Toad lily

Tricyrtis formosana

Tricyrtis formosana 'Gilt Edge'
Photo/Illustration: 
Courtesy of White Flower Farm
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Toad lily (Tricyrtis formosana)
try-SIR-tiss for-moe-SAH-nah
Synonyms:  T. stolonifera
Genus:  Tricyrtis
The upward-facing, star-like blossoms of this species vary from white to light pink or lilac, with reddish purple spots throughout. They are reminiscent of orchids. Toad lily blooms in early autumn along arching stems to 2 or 3 feet tall. Plants grow to 2 feet wide. They make subtle, but exotic specimens for woodland borders and shady house plantings. They will colonize over time, but are not invasive. These perennials are from moist woodlands and high elevations from eastern Asia to the Phillipines.
Care:  Provide rich, moist but well-drained soil in partial to full shade. Soil must not be allowed to dry out. Mulch plants in cold climates with little snow cover, and site late-blooming species like this one in a sheltered location to protect blossoms from early frosts.
Propagation:  Sow seed when fresh in a cold frame. Divide when still dormant in early spring.
Problems:  Slugs, snails.

Overview

Height
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Spread
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Growth Habit
Spreads
Growth Pace
Fast Grower
Light
Part Shade to Full Shade
Moisture
Medium to Wet
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Showy Flowers,
Showy Foliage
Bloom Time
Early Fall
Flower Color
Pink Flower,
Purple/Lavender Flower,
Red Flower,
White Flower
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Ground Covers,
Naturalizing,
Specimen Plant/Focal Point,
Waterside
Style
Shade,
Woodland Garden
Seasonal Interest
Fall Interest
Type
Perennials

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