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Propeller toad shade

Trillium stamineum

TRILL-ee-um stah-MIN-ee-um Audio

This striking spring-blooming species features narrow, chocolate-colored petals that twist like a propeller over slightly mottled leaves. It forms a stocky plant, growing to 10-15 inches tall and not quite as wide.

Noteworthy CharacteristicsMost trilliums are native to woodlands and scrub of North America. They make elegant understory plants when grown in groups in a woodland or shady, naturalized area. Since they go dormant in summer, plant trilliums with other shade-loving perennials to share their place until they reappear the following spring. 

CareProvide rich, moist but well-drained soil with a neutral to acidic pH. Plant in part to full shade. Add an annual mulch of rich, organic matter.

PropagationTrilliums propagate readily by division (when plants are dormant in late summer or early fall).

ProblemsSmut, rust, fungal spots, slugs, snails.

  • Genus : Trillium
  • Plant Width : 1 to 3 feet
  • Plant Height : 1 to 3 feet
  • Zones : 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
  • Bloom Time : Early Spring, Late Spring, Spring
  • Uses : Ground Covers, Shade
  • Maintenance : Low
  • Moisture : Medium Moisture
  • Growth Rate : Moderate
  • Light : Partial Shade to Full Shade
  • Plant Type : Perennials
  • Flower Color : Red
  • Characteristics : Self Seeds, Showy Foliage
  • Plant Seasonal Interest : Spring Interest

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