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The Plant Guide

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European larch

Larix decidua and cvs.

LAIR-iks dee-SID-yew-ah Audio

Larix decidua 'Pendula'

A deciduous conifer with a pyramidal growth habit, European larch has pendulous lower branches. In spring, needles emerge a shiny chartreuse, turning to deep green by summer and to sunset gold in late fall. Cultivars include 'Pendula', a weeping cultivar; 'Fastigiata', a narrow and upright variety; and 'Pyramidalis'.

Noteworthy CharacteristicsThis native of north and central Europe grows rapidly, reaching to 100 feet tall and 18 feet wide.

CareTolerates a wide range of growing conditions.

PropagationSow seed in a seedbed in early spring, graft in winter, or root semi-ripe cuttings in summer. Cuttings are difficult to root.

ProblemsCaterpillars, sawflies, and aphids are common. Prone to needle blight, needle cast, rust, and cankers.

  • Genus : Larix
  • Plant Width : 15 to 30 feet
  • Zones : 3, 4, 5, 6
  • Plant Height : 30 feet or more
  • Moisture : Dry to Medium
  • Growth Rate : Fast
  • Light : Full Sun
  • Plant Seasonal Interest : Spring Interest
  • Plant Type : Trees
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