Facebook LinkedIn Email Pinterest Twitter Instagram YouTube Icon Navigation Search Icon Main Search Icon Video Play Icon Audio Play Icon Headphones Icon Plus Icon Minus Icon Check Icon Print Icon Note Icon Heart Icon Filled Heart Icon Single Arrow Icon Double Arrow Icon Hamburger Icon TV Icon Close Icon Sorted Hamburger/Search Icon

The Plant Guide

Browse the Full Plant Guide


Ocimum basilicum

OH-sih-mum bah-SIL-ih-kum

The herb of kings combines superbly with roses. Different cultivars vary in leaf shape, scent, and color, from green to deep purple, with blue, white, burgundy, or pink flowers.

CareGrow in light, fertile, well-drained soil in a warm, sheltered site in full sun. Water freely during dry periods. Pinch flowerheads to prolong leaf growth.

PropagationSow indoors and transplant outside, or sow in situ in early summer.

ProblemsAphids, bacterial and fungal leaf, stem, and root diseases.

  • Genus : Ocimum
  • Plant Height : 1 to 3 feet
  • Zones : 10, 11, 9
  • Plant Width : 6 to 12 inches
  • Moisture : Adaptable
  • Uses : Containers
  • Characteristics : Fragrant Flowers, Fragrant Foliage, Showy Foliage
  • Light : Full Sun
  • Plant Type : Herbs
  • Maintenance : Low
  • Flower Color : Pink, White
  • Foliage Color : Purple/Burgundy
  • Bloom Time : Summer
  • Plant Seasonal Interest : Summer Interest

Related Plants

Related Articles

More From the Plant Guide

Winter Interest

Partial Shade

Browse the Full Plant Guide

We hope you’ve enjoyed your free articles. To keep reading, become a member today.

Get complete site access to decades of expert advice, regional content, and more, plus the print magazine.

Start your FREE trial