Small Solomon's seal

Polygonatum biflorum

Photo/Illustration: 
Michelle Gervais
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Small Solomon's seal (Polygonatum biflorum)
Synonyms:  P. canaliculatum
Genus:  Polygonatum
From late spring into summer, this species bears tubular greenish-white flowers that dangle underneath the arching stems. The foliage is smooth; in autumn it turns to clear yellow, contrasting with the blue-black berries this plant produces. Its height varies wildly from 1.5 to 6 feet tall.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  All parts of the plant may cause irritation if ingested. Native to the eastern U.S.
Care:  Grow in fertile, moist but well-drained soil in full to partial shade.
Propagation:  Sow seed in autumn in a cold frame; divide plants in autumn or spring.
Problems:  Slugs, sawfly larvae.

Overview

Height
3 ft. to 6 ft.
Spread
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Growth Habit
Spreads
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Part Shade to Full Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Native,
Showy Flowers,
Showy Fruit
Bloom Time
Spring
Flower Color
White Flower
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Ground Covers,
Naturalizing
Style
Herb Garden,
Shade,
Woodland Garden
Seasonal Interest
Spring Interest
Type
Perennials

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