These rhizomatous perennials are well suited to woodlands, shady borders, and rock gardens. Most species are cultivated for the arching foliage that has distinctive, parallel-veined leaves. The pendulous flowers are tubular and usually hang from the underside of the stem; most are followed by spherical black or red fruits. Some species are native to North America. All parts of the plant may cause irritation if ingested.
Noteworthy CharacteristicsThe foliage is comprised of rhythmic leaves that create exceptional texture when mingled with neighboring plants.
CareGrow in fertile, moist but well-drained soil in full to partial shade.
PropagationSow seed in autumn in a cold frame; divide in autumn or spring.
ProblemsSlugs, sawfly larvae.