Basil

Ocimum basilicum

Photo/Illustration: 
Jennifer Benner
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Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
OH-sih-mum bah-SIL-ih-kum
Genus:  Ocimum
The herb of kings combines superbly with roses. Different cultivars vary in leaf shape, scent, and color, from green to deep purple, with blue, white, burgundy, or pink flowers.
Care:  Grow in light, fertile, well-drained soil in a warm, sheltered site in full sun. Water freely during dry periods. Pinch flowerheads to prolong leaf growth.
Propagation:  Sow indoors and transplant outside, or sow in situ in early summer.
Problems:  Aphids, bacterial and fungal leaf, stem, and root diseases.

Overview

Height
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Spread
6 in. to 12 in.
Light
Full Sun Only
Moisture
Adaptable
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Attracts Butterflies,
Fragrant Flowers,
Fragrant Foliage,
Showy Foliage
Bloom Time
Summer
Flower Color
Pink Yarrow,
Niagara,
White
Foliage Color
Colorful/Burgundy Foliage
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Container
Style
Cottage Garden,
Herb Garden
Seasonal Interest
Summer Interest
Type
Herbs

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'Pesto Perpetuo' basil
Ocimum  × citriodorum 'Pesto Perpetuo'
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Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salem'
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Golden oregano
Origanum vulgare 'Aureum’
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Thyme
Thymus 'Pink Ripple'