Annuals, perennials, and shrubs in about 200 species with palmate foliage and showy spires of flowers in many colors. Lupines are native to the Americas, the Mediterranean, and North Africa. Use them, depending on size, in a border, natural garden, rock garden, or alpine house.
Noteworthy CharacteristicsSpires of pea-like flowers in a variety of single colors and bi-colors. Seeds may be toxic if eaten. Some species are grown agriculturally for their nitrogen-fixing abilities or for animal feed.
CareProvide full sun or partial shade and light, slightly acidic, well-drained, sandy soil. Most lupines prefer cool summers.
PropagationStart seed in spring or fall; take basal cuttings of cultivars in spring. Lupines will self-sow.
ProblemsDowny mildew, powdery mildew, rust, stem rot, fungal and bacterial spots, damping off, Southern blight.