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South Regional Reports

South: February Garden To-Do List

Josef Lemper hellebore (Helleborus niger 'HGC Josef Lemper', Zones 3–8) is a very early blooming variety of hellebore that should be in bloom soon. Photo: Andy Pulte

Don’t let any mild days pass by this month. There is plenty to do in the garden. Spring ephemerals are starting their show, and some of the earliest-blooming landscape plants are making themselves known. It’s time to start dreaming of spring. Our southern winter will soon give way to warmer days; now is a great time to get a head start.

Purple martins birdhouse
Purple martins are colonial nesters and need a house with at least four to six nesting cavities. Photo: Andy Pulte

Put up a native bird nesting box. Housing Eastern bluebirds or a colony of acrobatic purple martins can add fun to the garden, and learning about the specific nesting boxes different birds prefer can be an enjoyable experience. You may also want to consider cleaning out existing nesting boxes early this month. Dirty ones can lead to problems later in the year.

hellebore dead foliage
Dead foliage from previous bloom cycles of hellebores that hasn’t been removed will distract from current flowering displays. Photo: Steve Aitken

Clean up old hellebore foliage. Hellebores (Helleborus orientalis, Zones 4–8) will be up and flowering soon if they are not already. Clean up ratty-looking foliage now to make sure it doesn’t distract from this year’s bloom. Additionally, if you see any larger seedlings starting to bloom that are particularly nice, you may wish to mark them now and move them soon after their bloom time has ended. Often seedling hellebores get smothered by their parent plant if not transplanted.

Golden lily turf
Golden lily turf (Liriope muscari ‘Peedee Ingot’, Zones 6–10), like other liriopes, tends to get tip burn this time of year. Now is an ideal time to trim it back to above its crown. Photo: Andy Pulte

Maintain grasses. Cut back liriopes (Liriope spp. and cvs., Zones 4–11) sometime this month, being careful not to cut too far into the crown. Often as winter winds down, tip burn becomes unsightly. Use a rake or a leaf blower to remove clippings from the area.

pruning a tree
Strategic cuts can ensure more structural integrity in your tree. Photo: Jennifer Benner

Prune for structure. This is a great month to do structural pruning of trees. The goal of structural pruning is most often to help trees form one main leader and one main trunk. This can happen with precise reduction cuts or through the strategic removal of limbs. Make sure you educate yourself on this practice or consult an internationally certified arborist for help. Always avoid the arbitrary topping of trees; this weakens their overall structure.

forsythia
Don’t wait until spring to see the cheery yellow blooms of forsythia; force some branches indoors. Photo: Michelle Gervais

Force branches of early bloomers. Early spring-blooming shrubs can be forced to bloom indoors this time of year. This can be done by cutting stems as buds begin to swell. Spring-flowering quince (Cydonia oblonga, Zones 5–8), fruit trees, and forsythia (Forsythia spp. and cvs., Zones 4–9) are all good choices. Place them where they will receive some sunlight. Arrange them in a vase with water and enjoy!

Dandelion seedhead
Dandelions forming seed heads indicates the slow return of warming temperatures; this is your signal to get a handle on lawn weeds. Photo: maxpixel.net

Take care of your lawn. Take some cues from the weather this month. When you see dandelions starting to go to the puff-ball seeding stage for the first time, that means the soil is starting to warm. It is also your signal to prevent crabgrass and other seasonal weeds from germinating. This can be done through the use of conventional methods such as a preemergence herbicide, or through organic methods. Knowing what type of lawn you have is important. Different grass types carry with them different recommendations, which should be investigated before proceeding.

—Andy Pulte is a faculty member in the plant sciences department at the University of Tennessee.

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