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Design

Regional Picks: Shrubs For Shade – California

Fine Gardening - Issue 188

1. ‘Marjorie’ Pittosporum

Name: Pittosporum tenuifolium ‘Marjorie Channon’

Zones: 8–11

Size: 8 to 12 feet tall and 6 to 8 feet wide

Conditions: Full sun to full shade; sandy or loamy soil

Native range: New Zealand

This evergreen pittosporum is prized mainly for its variegation: light green leaves with cream-colored edges on black stems. It flowers in spring with half-inch, bell-shape, dark red blooms. Because it is such a slow grower, this is not going to be your top pick for a privacy hedge or screen, but it is great in containers or as a foundation plant. Its airy structure can withstand windy and/or seaside conditions.

 

2. ‘Leather Leaf’ Coffeeberry

Name: Rhamnus californica ‘Leatherleaf’

Zones: 7–10

Size: 6 to 8 feet tall and wide

Conditions: Full sun to full shade; well-drained soil

Native range: California and Mexico

This cultivar of coffeeberry has thick, dark green leaves with the margins rolled under, giving them a beautiful leathery look. Flowering in spring, the yellow-green blossoms are tiny and inconspicuous, although they do attract a variety of pollinators. The real show comes in fall when the berries appear, starting out green and maturing first to red and then to black. This evergreen shrub is a great choice for bird habitats. It is also a good option for areas of the garden that will transition from sunny to shady as young trees mature.

 

3. Catalina Perfume

Name: Ribes viburnifolium

Zones: 6–10

Size: 3 to 4 feet tall and 4 to 6 feet wide

Conditions: Partial to full shade; adaptable to most soils

Native range: California

One of the first genera that is likely to come to mind when thinking about planting under mature trees is Ribes. Catalina perfume is an open, sprawling species with arching branches, but it can easily be confined to smaller planting areas (with pruning) when needed. The small, elliptical leaves are a glossy green and are quite fragrant when crushed. When wet, they have an especially waxy shine and emit a fragrance evocative of wine grapes. The stems and leaf venation are red, while the tiny starlike flowers are maroon and attract a wide variety of birds, as do the berries.

 

4. Honey Bush

Name: Melianthus major

Zones: 7–10

Size: 8 to 12 feet tall and wide

Conditions: Full sun to full shade; well-drained soil

Native range: South Africa

If you are looking for a drama queen of a plant, this is it. Fast-growing honey bush has 12- to 15-inch pale blue-green leaves that have coarsely serrated leaflets. From winter through spring, the dark red-brown flower spikes soar above the leaves and contrast beautifully against the paleness. Honey bush performs just as spectacularly in shade as in sun, although in dense shade it can be susceptible to white fl y. If it ever starts to look a little unkempt as it ages, it can be cut to the ground and will grow back beautifully. Interestingly, the leaves smell just like peanut butter when bruised.

 

Francesca Corra is a designer at Dirt Diva Designs in Studio City, California.

Photos: Joshua McCullough (1); millettephotomedia.com (2, 3); Michelle Gervais (4)

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