Plant garlic for overwintering and harvesting the following summer.
Plant new trees, shrubs, vines, spring-blooming bulbs, and perennials. Fall and winter rains in Northern California ensure deep-rooted, well-established plants the following year.
Direct seed carrots, beets, mache, fava beans, greens, and radishes in the vegetable garden. Begin removing spent, nonproducing summer vegetable plants.
Add a layer of well-aged compost or manure to all empty garden beds.
Plant cool-season flowering annuals such as violets (Viola spp. and cvs., Zones 3–9) and pansies (Viola × wittrockiana cv., annual).
Fionuala Campion is the owner and manager of Cottage Gardens of Petaluma in Petaluma, California.
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