Plant new trees, shrubs, vines, spring-blooming bulbs, and perennials. Fall and winter rains in Northern California ensure deep-rooted, well-established plants the following year.
Plant garlic for overwintering and harvesting the following summer.
Direct seed carrots, beets, mache, fava beans, greens, and radishes in the vegetable garden. Begin removing spent, nonproducing summer vegetable plants.
Plant cool-season flowering annuals such as violets (Viola spp. and cvs., Zones 3–9) and pansies (Viola × wittrockiana cv., annual).
Add a layer of well-aged compost or manure to all empty garden beds.
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