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Ginkgo biloba (Maidenhair tree)

Ginkgo biloba Photo/Illustration: Michelle Gervais


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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Botanical Name: Ginkgo biloba GINK-oh by-LO-bah Common Name: Maidenhair tree Genus: Ginkgo
One of the oldest tree species on the planet, ginkgo grows only about a foot a year, reaching 50 to 80 feet. Female trees set fleshy fruit that smell unpleasant as they decay; they contain edible nuts.
Noteworthy characteristics: Distinctive fan-shaped foliage turns a brilliant clear yellow in fall. Color lasts until first freeze, defoliating almost overnight. Light brown or gray-brown furrowed bark becomes darker and more pronounced as it ages. Insignificant, catkin-like pendulous male flowers are borne in clusters in spring. 'Jade Butterflies' has a shrubby habit reaching only 10 feet tall and 5 feet wide.
Care: Thrives in moist, well-drained soil, but tolerates poor, compacted soil, as well as heat, drought, salt spray, and air pollution.
Propagation: Semi-ripe cuttings in summer. Graft in winter.
Problems: Fungal leaf spots, mealybugs, lesion nematode, root rots
Height Over 30 ft.
Spread 15 ft. to 30 ft.
Growth Pace Slow Grower
Light Full Sun Only
Moisture Dry to Medium
Tolerance Drought Tolerant
Characteristics Interesting Bark; Showy Fall Foliage; Showy Foliage
Bloom Time Spring
Flower Color Yellow Flower
Uses Roadside, Specimen Plant/ Focal Point
Seasonal Interest Winter Interest, Fall Interest
Type Trees

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