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Genus Anemone (Windflower)

Anemone Anemone X hybrida 'Alice' Photo/Illustration: Jennifer Benner
ah-NEM-oh-nee Common Name: Windflower
Members of the genus Anemone range from low-growing, tuberous plants to tall herbaceous specimens. Bloom time ranges from spring to autumn, with colors falling within the spectrum of the rainbow. Generally, leaves are sharply lobed or toothed. Flowers are solitary or borne in flat-topped or round clusters, with a prominent central mass of stamens.
Noteworthy characteristics: Grown for their open, saucer-shaped flowers in hues from whites, to soft blue-lilac pastels, to reds and buttery yellows.
Care: Growing requirements vary dramatically among species. Check individual plant.
Propagation: Sow seed in containers when ripe (germination is slow and erratic). Divide autumn flowering plants in spring or autumn (take root cuttings in spring) and grow on for a year in a pot. Separate rhizomes or rhizomatous plants in spring. Separate tubers in summer when dormant.
Problems: Leaf gall, downy mildew, leaf and stem smut, and rust are common. Caterpillars, slugs, and flea beetles.

Species, varieties and cultivars for genus Anemone

Anemone × hybrida 'Alice' Anemone × hybrida 'Alice'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, pale pink, semi-double-flowered anemone reaches 2 to 3 feet high. The Anemone × hybrida plants are commonly referred to as Japanese hybrids. They're the result of a cross between A. hupehensis var. japonica and A. vitifolia, a tender Himalayan species with grapeleaf-like foliage and white flowers.

Anemone × hybrida 'Honorine Jobert' Anemone × hybrida 'Honorine Jobert'
(Japanese anemone)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tall, woody-based perennial is distinguished by its elegant flowers. This cultivar displays the purity of a single, white, open-faced flower with a delicate center ring of golden yellow stamens. Every moment of floral development from bud to seed brings satisfying interest.

Anemone × hybrida 'Königin Charlotte' Anemone × hybrida 'Königin Charlotte'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, pale pink, semi-double-flowered anemone with notched petals grows to 4 feet tall and blooms from September to October.

Anemone × hybrida 'Kriemhilde' Anemone × hybrida 'Kriemhilde'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, lavender-pink anemone reaches 32 to 40 inches tall. 'Kriemhilde' blooms from September to October.

Anemone × hybrida 'Margarete' Anemone × hybrida 'Margarete'
(Japanese anemone)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, medium pink, semi-double-flowered anemone has exceptionally large blooms from mid- to late-September through October on stems 28 to 32 inches tall.

Anemone × hybrida 'Richard Ahrens' Anemone × hybrida 'Richard Ahrens'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, vigorous, pale pink, semi-double-flowering anemone starts blooming in early July into September on 28- to 36-inch stems.

Anemone × hybrida 'Rosenschale' Anemone × hybrida 'Rosenschale'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This large, single-flowered, pinkish-purple anemone blooms from August to October on stems 24 to 34 inches tall.

Anemone × hybrida 'September Charm' Anemone × hybrida 'September Charm'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Anemones thrive in light to partial shade but will tolerate full sun, as long as there is sufficient moisture. Site plants in moist, humus-rich soil, but avoid overly wet conditions. Apply mulch annually in northern regions.

Anemone × hybrida 'Whirlwind' Anemone × hybrida 'Whirlwind'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, white, semi-double-flowered anemone reaches 25 to 30 inches tall. An early flowerer, ‘Whirlwind blooms from August to October.

Anemone blanda Anemone blanda
(Grecian windflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces a great low-growing mat of flowers. The cheerful starlike blossoms come in pink, blue, and white, and the attractive finely cut leaves disappear soon after flowering.

Anemone hupehensis 'Hadspen Abundance' Anemone hupehensis 'Hadspen Abundance'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant has dark pink, two-toned flowers that occur in abundance and rise above the foliage on branched stems from August to Octover. It is beautiful in the woodland garden or border and planted in masses, although they can overwhelm other plants and become a nuisance in a bed.

Anemone hupehensis var. japonica Anemone hupehensis var. japonica
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Japanese anemones are slightly taller than the species, sometimes growing to 4 feet. The creamy pink flowers with yellow centers rise above the foliage on branched stems from midsummer to autumn. This perennial is beautiful in the woodland garden or border and planted in masses, although they can become weedy in some areas.

Anemone hupehensis var. japonica 'Bressingham Glow' Anemone hupehensis var. japonica 'Bressingham Glow'
(Japanese anemone)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Japanese anemones are slightly taller than the species, sometimes growing to 4 feet. The deep rose-pink semi-double flowers with yellow centers rise above the foliage on branched stems from midsummer to autumn. This perennial is beautiful in the woodland garden or border and planted in masses, although they can become weedy in some areas.

Anemone tomentosa 'Robustissima' Anemone tomentosa 'Robustissima'
(Grape-leaf anemone)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This anemone grows 24 to 32 inches tall with single, light violet-pink flowers. It's an extremely robust and vigorous plant that is best suited to naturalizing. It will overwhelm other plants and may become a nuisance in a bed.