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The Plant Guide

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Meadow saffron

Colchicum autumnale

KOHL-chi-kum ot-um-NAL-ee

Meadow saffron is a cormous perennial with erect, lance-shaped leaves 5 to 14 inches long. It bears 1 to 6 goblet-shaped, lavender-pink flowers in fall.

Noteworthy CharacteristicsFall-blooming crocus.

CareNeeds spring sun to store enough food to flower. Once the foliage has ripened, denser shade is not a problem, so choose companion plants carefully. Grow in deep, fertile, well-drained soil that is not too dry, in full sun.

PropagationSeparate corms when dormant in summer.

ProblemsGray mold (Botrytis) and slugs.

  • Genus : Colchicum
  • Zones : 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
  • Plant Height : 6 to 12 inches
  • Moisture : Dry to Medium
  • Bloom Time : Early Fall, Fall, Late Fall
  • Plant Seasonal Interest : Fall Interest
  • Growth Rate : Fast
  • Light : Full Sun to Partial Shade
  • Maintenance : Low
  • Plant Type : Perennials
  • Flower Color : Pink
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