Paperwhite narcissus

Narcissus papyraceus 'Ziva'

Photo/Illustration: 
Susan Kahn
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Paperwhite narcissus (Narcissus papyraceus 'Ziva')
Synonyms:  N. 'Ziva'
Genus:  Narcissus
This tender Paperwhite is well-suited to forcing. It blooms in only two or three weeks from planting, bearing pure-white, musk-scented flowers atop 16 to 18 inch tall stems.
Care:  Grow in average, well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade (see individual species for specific requirements). In autumn, plant bulbs from 1.5 times to 5 times the bulbs' height (3 inches or more in cold climates). Under glass, grow in 1 part grit and 2 parts soil mix. Deadhead seed heads (except those of species, for dispersal) and allow leaves to photosynthesize for 6 weeks before cutting back, including plantings in turf. Lift and divide clumps if they become overcrowded or perform poorly. Bulbs may be forced in autumn in a cold frame; plant with tops visible, keep moist, and when rooted, move to a cool greenhouse (less than 64 degrees).
Problems:  Narcissus bulb fly, narcissus nematode, bulb scale mite, slugs, narcissus basal rot, other fungal infections, narcissus yellow stripe virus, and other viruses.

Overview

Height
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Growth Habit
Clumps
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Fragrant Flowers,
Showy Flowers
Bloom Time
Spring
Flower Color
White Flower
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Container,
Cut Flower,
Indoor Plant,
Specimen Plant/Focal Point,
Suitable as Annual
Style
Cottage Garden,
Formal Garden
Seasonal Interest
Winter Interest
Tolerance
Deer Tolerant,
Frost Tolerant
Type
Bulbs

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