Maidenhair tree

Ginkgo biloba

Photo/Illustration: 
Michelle Gervais
Photo/Illustration: 
Michelle Gervais
Photo/Illustration: 
Steve Aitken
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Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba)
GINK-oh by-LO-bah
Genus:  Ginkgo
One of the oldest tree species on the planet, ginkgo grows only about a foot a year, reaching 50 to 80 feet. Female trees set fleshy fruit that smell unpleasant as they decay; they contain edible nuts.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Distinctive fan-shaped foliage turns a brilliant clear yellow in fall. Color lasts until first freeze, defoliating almost overnight. Light brown or gray-brown furrowed bark becomes darker and more pronounced as it ages. Insignificant, catkin-like pendulous male flowers are borne in clusters in spring. 'Jade Butterflies' has a shrubby habit reaching only 10 feet tall and 5 feet wide.
Care:  Thrives in moist, well-drained soil, but tolerates poor, compacted soil, as well as heat, drought, salt spray, and air pollution.
Propagation:  Semi-ripe cuttings in summer. Graft in winter.
Problems:  Fungal leaf spots, mealybugs, lesion nematode, root rots

Overview

Height
Over 30 ft.
Spread
15 ft. to 30 ft.
Growth Pace
Slow Grower
Light
Full Sun Only
Moisture
Dry to Medium
Characteristics
Interesting Bark,
Showy Fall Foliage,
Showy Foliage
Bloom Time
Spring
Flower Color
Yellow Flower
Uses
Roadside,
Specimen Plant/Focal Point
Seasonal Interest
Fall Interest
Tolerance
Drought Tolerant
Type
Trees

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