Hardy garden mum

Chrysanthemum morifolium

Photo/Illustration: 
Chris Curless
Photo/Illustration: 
Chris Curless
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Hardy garden mum (Chrysanthemum morifolium)
kris-AN-theh-mum mor-ih-FOE-lee-um
Synonyms:  Dendranthema morifolium
Genus:  Chrysanthemum
There would be few cut flowers blooming in October were it not for hardy garden mums. Their clusters of flowerheads show over a long period and are available in many colors, including red, orange, yellow, white, and lavender.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Looser habit than florist mums. Long stems that are good for cutting.
Care:  Garden mums need fertile soil and can take light shade, although they grow best in full sun. Plants can be pinched back in early summer if not used for cutting. Divide as needed in spring or fall. Garden mums are often used as annuals.
Propagation:  Take cuttings in early spring and root in soilless mix with sand on the surface, at 61°F. Place in a cold frame with ventilation and harden off in mid-spring.
Problems:  Aphids, earwigs, nematodes, capsid bugs, leaf miners, whiteflies, thrips, and spider mites. Potential disease problems include Botrytis, leaf spots, rust, powdery mildew, stem and root rots, verticillium wilt, aster yellows and viruses.

Overview

Height
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Spread
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Growth Habit
Clumps
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Moderate
Characteristics
Showy Flowers
Bloom Time
Fall,
Late Summer,
Summer
Flower Color
Pink Flower,
Purple/Lavender Flower,
Red Flower,
White Flower,
Yellow Flower
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Cut Flower
Style
Cottage Garden
Seasonal Interest
Fall Interest
Type
Perennials

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