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Tetrapanax papyrifera

The genus Tetrapanax has just one species ( T. papyrifer ), a suckering, evergreen shrub that can be grown as a small tree. It is native to woodland in southern China and Taiwan and produces large, lobed leaves and umbels of white flowers in panicle-like inflorescences that attract bees. Flowers are followed by clusters of black fruit. Grow in a sheltered border where hardy, or against a warm wall, in a container, or in a cool greenhouse where not hardy.  

Noteworthy CharacteristicsLarge leaves; wooly flowers; black fruit. The flowers attract bees. May be invasive in some areas. Suckers can come up as far as 20 feet away from the parent plant.

CareTolerates any well-drained soil in full sun. Provide shelter from wind. Remove suckers at the extremities to control spread.

PropagationSow seed in a cold frame in the fall, or remove suckers in spring or summer.


Species and cultivars

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Winter Interest

Partial Shade

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