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Regional Picks: Shrubs For Shade – Mid-Atlantic

Fine Gardening - Issue 188

1. ‘Pee Wee’ Oakleaf Hydrangea

Name: Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Pee Wee’

Zones: 5–9

Size: 4 to 5 feet tall and wide

Conditions: Full sun to partial shade; moist, well-drained soil

Native range: Southeastern United States

Coarse-textured oaklike leaves give this native shrub a sense of presence. ‘Pee Wee’ flowers in June, an otherwise quiet time for native shade plants. Its fall color is rich burgundy to red (pictured), and in winter its spent flower heads remain attractive and draw the eye to its peeling cinnamon-colored bark. This cultivar is smaller than the species, making it easier to use in most gardens. Deadhead the spent flowers in late winter so they don’t detract from the emerging foliage in spring.


2. Spicebush

Name: Lindera benzoin

Zones: 4–9

Size: 6 to 12 feet tall and wide

Conditions: Full sun to partial shade, tolerates full shade; average to moist soil, tolerates dry soil

Native range: Eastern United States

Each year, the soft yellow haze of spicebush in full bloom fills the woodlands, announcing that spring has arrived. This tough native shrub is also wonderful in the garden, providing early spring color and showing itself again in fall with striking yellow leaves and bright, red shiny fruit on female plants. It has many benefits for wildlife, including leaves that are food for spicebush swallowtail caterpillars. Spicebush requires little maintenance and responds well to being cut to the ground and rejuvenated when needed.


3. Yellowroot

Name: Xanthorhiza simplicissima

Zones: 3–9

Size: 2 to 3 feet tall and wide

Conditions: Full sun to partial shade; average to wet soil

Native range: Eastern United States

Yellowroot is an attractive, versatile native shrub that is easy to care for and requires very little pruning. Sprays of small purple flowers appear on branch tips in spring just as the foliage emerges and are best enjoyed up close. The bright green foliage has a celerylike texture, transitioning to golden yellow in fall. Plant this woody shrub where it can spread to form an effective ground cover. With some moisture, it will do well in sunny areas; given shade, it will thrive in dry areas as well.


4. Drooping Leucothoe

Name: Leucothoe fontanesiana

Zones: 5–8

Size: 3 to 5 feet tall and wide

Conditions: Partial to full shade; moist, well-drained soil

Native range: Southeastern United States

Some native plants have a reputation for being somewhat wild and unruly. This is not the case with drooping leucothoe, which brings elegance to any shade garden. This small evergreen has glossy, dark green leaves alternately arranged along arching stems, creating a cascading effect. Small clusters of white, urn-shape flowers hang from drooping clusters in spring. It needs little pruning beyond the removal of deadwood after a harsh winter.


Susan Boss is a horticulturist at Mt. Cuba Center in Hockessin, Delaware.

Photos: Bill Johnson (1); Nancy Ondra (2); Marianne Majerus/Marianne Majerus Garden Images (3, 4)

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