Northern California Regional Reports

Pineapple Guava: A Beautiful and Edible Small Tree

For interest in every season, this delicious fruit tree is hard to beat 

An evergreen tree with gorgeous flowers and delicious fruit, pineapple guava is the ultimate ornamental edible.

With its delicious blooms and abundant yields of late season fruit, pineapple guava (Feijoa sellowiana, Zones 8–11) definitely deserves a spot in the orchard or kitchen garden. But this tree is so much more than “just” an edible. Pineapple guava is also one of the most easy-care, attractive, and versatile ornamental landscape plants a Northern California gardener can grow.

An evergreen plant that offers lots of versatility

Pineapple guava is evergreen, and its natural form is upright and branching, topping out at about 10 to 15 feet tall and wide. That makes it the perfect specimen tree for smaller spaces. It’s also easily trained into a topiary or espalier form and can even be planted in multiples to shear into a dense hedge. Whatever way you grow it, a pineapple guava is a great addition to any sunny landscape, with an attractive trunk and stems covered in silver-brown bark. Thick, silver-gray, oval-shaped leaves cover the tree year-round (the silver being most prominent on the underside of the leaves). In spring, unusual, colorful, and succulent-textured blooms appear among the leafy foliage. These tasty blooms are tangy-sweet. They’re great additions to compotes, jams, or jellies, and they can be used for garnishes on cupcakes or salads. The blossoms are also rich in nectar, much to the delight of visiting bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. This is a great habitat plant for wildlife!

bark and leaves of pineapple guava plant
Every part of this plant is eye-catching. From the silver-brown bark to the green leaves that sport showy silver undersides, this is a focal point plant regardless of where it’s sited.

The fragrant fruit follows in late fall (October in my area). Until it’s fully ripe, the fruit remains almost the exact same color as the foliage, so it’s difficult to tell just how big a crop your tree will produce until the fruit gets a blush of russet coloring and begins dropping to the ground. The fruit is egg-shaped and about 3 to 5 inches long, and its interior flesh boasts a taste best described as a blend of pineapple-melon-mint and citrus. The fruit from my tree appears to taste even better after a light frost, which seems to add an almost fizzy texture to it. It is fabulous in sherbets or ice cream or devoured fresh from the garden.

Growing is a cinch, if you follow a few simple steps

Pineapple guava works well when planted out in the landscape or in a large container. Give it a full-sun location, and plant it in rich, well-drained soil. It’s best to amend your soil well, adding well-aged organic compost and a handful of all-purpose, slow-release organic fertilizer at planting time. Pineapple guavas are wonderfully drought tolerant at maturity, but they appreciate light yet regular irrigation until established, then a deep soaking once a week during the hottest, driest months once mature. Most pests avoid pineapple guava, even deer and gophers.

ripe pineapple guava fruit
It’s hard to tell when the fruit is ripe, but generally you’ll notice a slight color change. Another tell-tale ripeness sign is when the fruit begins to drop from the tree. Just be sure to clean up any fruit on the ground in late fall to discourage insect pests.

Prune occasionally, and do some fall cleanup

The only pruning that is needed if you’re growing pineapple guava as a tree is periodically tidying up any dead or crossed branches. If you have a hedge, espalier, or topiary form, a little more pruning and tidying is needed to keep it to the desired shape. Be sure to clean up fallen fruit in late autumn to avoid attracting wasps, overwintering insects, or rodents. Also in late autumn, add a 3- to 4-inch layer of organic compost around the base of your pineapple guava to act as a moisture-retaining, nutrient-rich mulch.

Very few plants offer as much to a gardener without requiring practically anything in return, making pineapple guava the ultimate low-care beauty.

 

—Fionuala Campion is the owner and manager of Cottage Gardens of Petaluma in Petaluma, California.

 

Learn more:

5 or 6 Reasons to Grow Pineapple Guava

Growing Dwarf Citrus

How to Prune Dwarf Fruit Trees

A Guide to Growing Figs

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