Facebook LinkedIn Email Pinterest Twitter Instagram YouTube Icon Navigation Search Icon Main Search Icon Video Play Icon Audio Play Icon Headphones Icon Plus Icon Minus Icon Check Icon Print Icon Note Icon Heart Icon Filled Heart Icon Single Arrow Icon Double Arrow Icon Hamburger Icon TV Icon Close Icon Sorted Hamburger/Search Icon
Kitchen Gardening

Garlic Bulb Types

Extra Tip: If you find yourself face-to-face with a vampire (and you don't want to be), all garlic works equally well in this situation.

There's nothing like harvesting you're own home-grown garlic.   Photo by Michele Meiklejohn under the Creative Commons Attribution License 2.0.

I’ve just knocked down the garlic (Allium sativum) in my Northern California garden. The leaves were over 60% brown and it’s time for them to cure for a few weeks before I store them. I planted all heirloom garlic varieties this year. I’m smitten with their differences and can’t wait to use them in the kitchen.

I planted both softneck and hardneck garlic bulbs. The softnecks are the type you’ll generally find in the produce aisle of the grocery store. They’re best planted in zones where the winters are mild as they aren’t particularly cold-hardy. Softneck garlic has a spicier flavor than the hardneck types. Their leaves are especially nice if you like to braid your bulbs for storing.

The hardneck garlic varieties grow well in cold climates. This type of garlic has a central stem that’s firm and stiff and the garlic cloves grow as a single ring around that stem. Hardnecks have a scape that grows and curls into a coil at the top of the stalk as it matures. The scapes are delicious.

The last type of garlic is Elephant garlic; and isn’t really a garlic at all. It’s botanical name is Allium ampeloprasum and it’s closer to a leek than a garlic botanically speaking. While it may not be the real McCoy, it does offer the same flavor as its authentic cousins and is used the same way in the kitchen. Elephant garlic produces 4-6 large cloves that are milder in flavor than true garlic.

Extra Tip: If you find yourself face-to-face with a vampire (and you don’t want to be), all garlic works equally well in this situation.

Making the most of garlic Get more info on garlic:

Video: How to Plant and Grow Garlic
Garlic as an Herbal Medicine
Making the Most of Garlic 
Using Baby Garlic (Green Garlic) 
• Garlic Scapes 
• Celebrate National Garlic Month
• Cheap and Easy Winter Greens
• Plant Garlic as a Fall Crop

View Comments


Log in or create an account to post a comment.

Related Articles

The Latest


View All

We hope you’ve enjoyed your free articles. To keep reading, become a member today.

Get complete site access to decades of expert advice, regional content, and more, plus the print magazine.

Start your FREE trial