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Design

Summer Stars that Beat the Heat

As the temperatures climb, make your garden sizzle, not fizzle

Fine Gardening - Issue 140

August is a month that discourages even the most tenacious gardeners. Amid sweltering heat, stifling humidity, drought, and a general listlessness, most gardeners retreat to the drone of the air conditioner, content to enjoy their garden from the window until there’s a break in the hot summer weather. But the view from that window is rarely good. As the milder days of midsummer give way to the season culturally known as “back to school,” the garden too often sinks into the horticultural equivalent of a long-winded sigh. Its signs and symptoms are well known: that quintessential “baked” look, flaccid leaves, and other signs of distress that make gardeners cringe.

The absence of smart-looking gardens in late July, August, and even early September is probably due to our shopping habits. Most gardeners shop and plant in spring and early summer, and late-summer bloomers don’t always fill the shelves at the garden centers in spring. Things have to look good in a pot, and sometimes these sleepy-headed, slow-to-break-dormancy summer perennials aren’t quite ready for showtime on Mother’s Day weekend.

But there is an ample palette of thriving plants out there that can make August look audacious. Search out these performers and you’ll plant your way toward a garden that defies—and even celebrates—the high season.

 

Purple burnet is a fascinating combo of foliage and flowers

Name: Sanguisorba tenuifolia var. purpurea

USDA Hardiness Zones: 4 to 9

Size: 4 feet tall and wide

Conditions: Full sun to partial shade; moist, well-drained soil

If you’re looking for a trendy alternative to the late-summer wardrobe of black-eyed Susans and ornamental grasses, consider replacing those plants with the bullet-shaped, ruby-hued flowers of purple burnet. In a shape and hue that few plants pull off in one ensemble, its flowers add subtle charm among plants like prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis, Zones 3–8) and Korean feather reed grass (Calamagrostis brachytricha, Zones 5–9). The foliage of purple burnet offers a contrast, too: The jagged, blue-green leaves differ in shape and color from the finer-looking, sturdier culms of grasses.

‘Axminster Gold’ comfrey is sure to get attention

Name: Symphytum × uplandicum ‘Axminster Gold’

Zones: 4 to 9

Size: Up to 2 feet tall and 4 feet wide

Conditions: Partial shade; moist, fertile soil

Imagine a tussock of luxuriant, pale-gold-and-green foliage and you’ve got a mental image of ‘Axminster Gold’ comfrey. Cold hardy and heat tolerant, this worthy addition to the shade garden shines like a lightbulb; just one plant can change the look of your backyard. Tiny pink flowers dangle from tall stalks for a week or two in late spring. Cut the stalks down in mid-June to make way for another summer-long flush of golden foliage. Amazingly wiltproof through spells of wretched humidity, the only downside to this plant is that you may wilt trying to find it in garden centers.

Letterman’s ironweed attracts the right kind of wildlife

Name: Vernonia lettermannii and cvs.

Zones: 4 to 8

Size: 2 to 3 feet tall and wide

Conditions: Full sun to partial shade; moist, well-drained soil

Letterman’s ironweed, one of the coolest new native plants to hit the horticultural runway, is a plant few gardens should be without. This purple-flowering bombshell displays a soft texture until late July, when bountiful sprays of flowers upgrade it from a C-list celebrity to a main-stage attraction. Butterflies and hummingbirds take note, too, flocking to the nectar-laden flowers in late summer. Do you have dry soil? You’ll do just fine with this Oklahoma and Arkansas native. Deer steer clear of this plant thanks to its rough, sandpapery leaves.

‘Henry Eilers’ sweet coneflower is a twist on a summer staple

Name: Rudbeckia subtomentosa ‘Henry Eilers’

Zones: 4 to 7

Size: 5 to 6 feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide

Conditions: Full sun; moist, well-drained soil

Quite possibly the hottest daisy right now in American gardens, this quilled form of a black-eyed Susan reigns supreme in mid-August. ‘Henry Eilers’ sweet coneflower was discovered as a chance seedling in the wilds of Arkansas, and this backwater babe has risen to horticultural fame for good reasons: It grows easily, thrives in a variety of soils, laughs in the face of humidity, resists flopping despite flowering at 4 to 5 feet tall, and makes an excellent cut flower. Resist cutting down those stalks and you’ll enjoy them well into the depths of winter, when snow finally takes them down.

Naked ladies dance with no leaves to hide behind

Name: Lycoris squamigera

Zones: 5 to 11

Size: 2 to 3 feet tall and
1 foot wide

Conditions: Full sun; fertile, well-drained soil

The plant naked ladies has surprised gar­deners for more than a century, a testament to its staying power in a less-than-flattering moment of the growing season. It tops the charts when many gardens go silent, throwing up leafless scapes of trumpeting pink flowers in early August; the foliage appears the following spring. Enjoy it in a solo flush or in concert with something silver, like western mugwort (Artemisia ludoviciana, Zones 4–9).

‘Black Negligee’ bugbane brings drama to the shade

Name: Actaea simplex ‘Black Negligee’

Zones: 4 to 8

Size: 3 to 4 feet tall and 2 feet wide

Conditions: Partial shade; moist, fertile soil

Naughty meets novel in this new cultivar of a staple perennial. With lacquered purple-black foliage that lacily unfurls in late spring, ‘Black Negligee’ bugbane roars through midsummer’s eve looking glam in concert with other shade lovers, like ‘Aureola’ Japanese forest grass (Hakonechloa macra ‘Aureola’, Zones 5–9), and promises a show of grape-scented flowers in late summer and early fall. Although it remains unabated by the heat of summer, you’ll do your bugbane a favor by planting it where it can get consistent moisture.

Yellow waxbells add springlike color to the summer woodland

Name: Kirengeshoma palmata

Zones: 5 to 8

Size: Up to 4 feet tall and 3 feet wide

Conditions: Partial shade; moist, organic, acidic soil

What plant has waxy, dangling yellow flowers in the shade in September? Not many—except yellow waxbells, a reliable performer for dry and moist shade alike. Native to the mountains of Korea and Japan, this essential perennial is posh and practical, creating one of the best impressions you’ll have of the late-summer and early-fall garden. Maplelike leaves provide a contrast to other woodland garden staples, like hostas (Hosta spp. and cvs., Zones 3–9), epimediums (Epimedium spp. and cvs., Zones 5–9), and ligularias (Ligularia spp. and cvs., Zones 4–8), producing textural vignettes that are beautiful even before yellow waxbells begins to bloom.

‘Blaukappe’ flat sea holly is prickly but sweet

Name: Eryngium planum ‘Blaukappe’

Zones: 5 to 9

Size: 3 feet tall and 18 inches wide

Conditions: Full sun; lean, well-drained soil

If you like sharp objects, you shouldn’t garden without a sea holly. Though the genus is filled with many pointy and interesting characters, ‘Blaukappe’ flat sea holly looks especially attractive in rock gardens or scree, or in little droves along paths where their flowers can garner the most fawning and appreciation. This hot-summer lover thrives in rocky clay—of all places—and attracts a host of bees and beneficial wasps that hover and buzz around its cylindrical clusters of steel blue flowers.

‘Dakota Gold’ sneezeweed is an annual worth buying

Name: Helenium amarum ‘Dakota Gold’

Zones: Annual

Size: Up to 14 inches tall and 2 feet wide

Conditions: Full sun; moist, well-drained soil

Even though I own a T-shirt that says, “Friends don’t let friends buy annuals,” I’m really not that biased when it comes to how a plant chooses to live its life. Annual or not, this care-free dazzler is a staple of my garden, May through frost. ‘Dakota Gold’ sneezeweed knows how to beat the heat. And you can forget about deadheading: This yellow daisy reseeds politely and serendipitously, filling in among all kinds of plants, from irises to sedums, cinching up a garden’s seasonal progression from a rainy spring to a baking fall.

 

—Kelly D. Norris is a horticulturist and the manager of his family’s nursery, Rainbow Iris Farm, in Bedford, Iowa.

 

[ Sources ]

The following mail-order plant sellers offer the widest selection of the plants featured:

Digging Dog Nursery, Albion, Calif.; 707-937-1130; www.diggingdog.com

Fieldstone Gardens, Vassalboro, Maine; 207-923-3836; www.fieldstonegardens.com

Forestfarm, Williams, Ore.; 541-846-7269; www.forestfarm.com

Fraser’s Thimble Farms, Salt Spring Island, B.C.; 250-537-5788; www.thimblefarms.com

White Flower Farm, Litchfield, Conn.; 800-503-9624; www.whiteflowerfarm.com

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Comments

  1. user-3571852 08/31/2018

    almost all of these plants need moist conditions, moisture and heat are usually a very good combination. The real test is finding Summer Stars that Beat the Heat in dry conditions!

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