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Tropaeolum majus 'Empress of India' (Indian cress, Nasturtium)

Tropaeolum majus 'Empress of India' Photo/Illustration: Melissa Lucas


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Botanical Name: Tropaeolum majus 'Empress of India' troe-pay-OH-lum MAY-jus Common Name: Indian cress, Nasturtium Genus: Tropaeolum
This old-fashioned cultivar has a mounding habit and grows to a foot tall and wide. In summer and fall, it bears double, deep scarlet flowers. The rounded leaves and five-petaled flowers are edible.
Noteworthy characteristics: These annuals are native to South America. They are suitable for garden edges, herb gardens, covering banks, hanging baskets, and other containers.
Care: Provide moist, well-drained soil in full sun. T. majus flowers best when grown in lean soil.
Propagation: Sow seeds indoors in early spring, or in situ in mid-spring.
Problems: Caterpillars, flea beetles, black aphids, slugs, whiteflies, viruses.
Height 6 in. to 12 in.
Spread 6 in. to 12 in.
Growth Pace Fast Grower
Light Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture Medium Moisture
Maintenance Low
Characteristics Attracts Butterflies; Fragrant Flowers; Self Seeds; Showy Flowers; Showy Foliage
Bloom Time Fall; Summer
Flower Color Red Flower
Uses Beds and Borders, Container, Ground Covers, Cut Flower, Suitable as Annual
Style Herb Garden, Cottage Garden
Seasonal Interest Summer Interest, Fall Interest
Type Annuals

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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows 12 inches tall and about as wide. In summer and fall, it bears cherry-red flowers. These annuals are native to South America. They are suitable for garden edges, herb gardens, covering banks, hanging baskets, and other containers.

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