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Trillium flexipes (Bent trillium, White wakerobin, Wood lily, Trinity flower)

Trillium flexipes Photo/Illustration: Jennifer Benner


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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Botanical Name: Trillium flexipes TRILL-ee-um fleks-IP-eez Common Name: Bent trillium, White wakerobin, Wood lily, Trinity flower Genus: Trillium
This trillium produces large white flowers above the foliage in mid-spring, but the flowers are later hidden as the flower stalks nod. The flowers occasionally are maroon, but they retain the white ovaries. The plant is quite variable, and can grow up to 2 feet tall.
Noteworthy characteristics: Most trilliums are native to woodlands and scrub of North America. They make an elegant understory planting when grown in groups in a woodland or shady, naturalized area. Since trilliums go dormant in summer, plant them with other shade-loving perennials to share their place until they reappear the following spring. 
Care: Provide rich, moist but well-drained soil with a neutral to slightly acidic pH and plant in part to full shade. Add an annual mulch of rich organic matter.
Propagation: Trilliums propagate readily by division when plants are dormant in late summer or early fall.
Problems: Smut, rust, fungal spots, slugs, snails.
Height 1 ft. to 3 ft.
Spread 6 in. to 12 in.
Growth Habit Clumps
Growth Pace Moderate Grower
Light Part Shade to Full Shade
Moisture Medium Moisture
Maintenance Low
Characteristics Native; Self Seeds; Showy Flowers
Bloom Time Late Spring; Spring
Flower Color Red Flower; White Flower
Uses Ground Covers, Naturalizing
Style Shade, Woodland Garden
Seasonal Interest Spring Interest
Type Perennials

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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This trillium has upright or outward-facing blossoms of chocolate or reddish-purple, or occasionally white or yellow. At close range, it bears an unpleasant scent. It blooms in mid- to late spring, and grows from 14-20 inches tall and a foot wide.

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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This white-flowered form of red trillium has delicate, outward-facing petals with striking dark centers. At close range, it bears an unpleasant scent. Plants bloom in mid- to late spring, and grow to 14-20 inches tall and a foot wide.

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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the first and most plentiful Trilliums to bloom in the spring. It has upright maroon blossoms (occasionally white or yellow) without stalks, and its leaves can be nicely mottled. It grows to 12-18 inches tall and 8-12 inches wide.

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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

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