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Sophora secundiflora (Mescal bean, Texas mountain laurel)


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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Botanical Name: Sophora secundiflora so-FOR-ah say-kun-dih-FLOOR-ah Common Name: Mescal bean, Texas mountain laurel Genus: Sophora
This flowering evergreen tree has pinnate leaves 4 to 6 inches long. Notched, mid-green leaflets grow in pairs. Pea-like, fragrant blue-violet flowers in terminal racemes appear in spring, maturing to bright red seeds.
Noteworthy characteristics: This Texas and N. Mexico native is drought and heat tolerant. Usually a slow grower. Effective in mass plantings, as specimen plants, or in a shrub border. Needs long, hot summers to flower well.
Care: Grow in moderately fertile, well-drained soil.
Propagation: Root semi-ripe cuttings with bottom heat in summer or autumn.
Problems: Twig blight, Verticillium wilt, canker, and rust.
Height Over 30 ft.
Spread 15 ft. to 30 ft.
Light Full Sun Only
Moisture Adaptable
Tolerance Drought Tolerant
Characteristics Fragrant Flowers; Native; Showy Flowers; Showy Foliage; Showy Seed Heads
Bloom Time Spring
Flower Color Purple/ Lavender Flower
Uses Beds and Borders, Flowering Tree, Specimen Plant/ Focal Point
Seasonal Interest Spring Interest
Type Trees

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