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Sambucus nigra 'Madonna' (Black elder, European elder, Elderberry)

Sambucus nigra 'Madonna' Photo/Illustration: Mark Schofield

(Based on 1 user review)

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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Botanical Name: Sambucus nigra 'Madonna' sam-BOO-kus NY-grah Common Name: Black elder, European elder, Elderberry Genus: Sambucus
This choice specimen livens up the garden all season long with its stunning leaves of green splashed with gold. It bears flattened, creamy white flowers that mature into glossy black fruit. It grows more slowly than most elderberries. It makes an attractive specimen.
Noteworthy characteristics: Sambucus is suitable for mixed or shrub borders, or for naturalizing in wild areas. The fruits of this genus have culinary attributes when cooked, but can cause illness if eaten raw, or if the poisonous seeds are consumed.
Care: Grow in moderately fertile, moist but well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade; this cultivar benefits from afternoon shade. Sambucus may be pruned minimally to maintain a healthy framework, but it benefits from hard pruning to restrict its size. If desired, cut back annually to within 2 or 3 buds from a permanent framework.
Propagation: Sow seed in a cold frame in the fall; take softwood cuttings in early summer and hardwood cuttings in winter.
Problems: Powdery mildew, canker, dieback, rust, fungal leaf spots, borers, virus diseases.
Height 6 ft. to 10 ft.
Spread 6 ft. to 10 ft.
Growth Pace Slow Grower
Light Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture Medium Moisture
Maintenance Low
Characteristics Attracts Birds; Attracts Butterflies; Fragrant Flowers; Showy Flowers; Showy Foliage; Showy Fruit
Bloom Time Summer
Foliage Color Variegated Foliage
Flower Color White Flower
Uses Beds and Borders, Flowering Tree, Hedge, Poisonous, Specimen Plant/ Focal Point
Style Cottage Garden
Seasonal Interest Spring Interest, Summer Interest, Fall Interest
Type Shrubs

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