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Pachysandra terminalis (Japanese spurge)

Pachysandra terminalis Photo/Illustration: Michelle Gervais


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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Botanical Name: Pachysandra terminalis pak-ih-SAN-drah ter-min-AL-iss Common Name: Japanese spurge Genus: Pachysandra
This plant has leathery, evergreen dark green foliage with slightly indented margins. It reaches about 8 to 10 inches tall and bears tiny white male flowers. It spreads by rhizomes, eventually forming a mat at least 2 inches thick. Cultivars offer more compact form with smaller, finely toothed leaves ('Green Carpet') or glossy dark green leaves ('Green Sheen').
Noteworthy characteristics: A native of Japan, it is useful as a groundcover in a shrub border or in mass in the woodland garden. It may escape into lawns or nearby natural areas.
Care: Grow in any soil, except very dry.
Propagation: Divide in spring. Root softwood cuttings in early summer.
Problems: Leaf spot, dieback, and stem rot. May be damaged by slugs and snails.
Height 6 in. to 12 in.
Growth Habit Spreads
Growth Pace Invasive/Aggressive Grower
Light Part Shade to Full Shade
Moisture Adaptable
Maintenance Low
Characteristics Showy Foliage
Bloom Time Spring
Foliage Color Evergreen
Flower Color White Flower
Uses Beds and Borders, Ground Covers
Style Woodland Garden
Type Perennials

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