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Cornus florida (Flowering dogwood)

Cornus florida Photo/Illustration: Chris Curless


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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Botanical Name: Cornus florida KOR-nus FLOOR-ih-dah Common Name: Flowering dogwood Genus: Cornus
This native flowering tree is best known for its early spring blossoms, which are actually yellowish green flowers clustered in the center of four showy, white to pink bracts 1-1/2 to 2 inches long. Clusters of four bright red fruits mature in early fall, often persisting into the beginning of winter. 
Noteworthy characteristics: Reddish-brown wood is extremely hard and is used to make tool handles. Great as a specimen tree or in groupings, also in the woodland garden. Fruit is toxic to humans.
Care: Grow in fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soil. Prefers neutral to acidic soil.
Propagation: Graft cultivars in winter. Root greenwood cuttings in summer.
Problems: Dogwood blight, powdery mildew, Discula blight, canker, bacterial leaf spot, and mushroom root rot. Common: twig borers, weevils, sawfly, scale insects, aphids, leafhoppers, root knot nematodes, and thrips.
Height 15 ft. to 30 ft.
Spread 15 ft. to 30 ft.
Growth Habit Clumps
Light Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture Medium Moisture
Maintenance Moderate
Characteristics Attracts Birds; Attracts Butterflies; Interesting Bark; Showy Flowers; Showy Seed Heads
Bloom Time Early Spring; Spring
Flower Color Pink Flower; White Flower
Uses Beds and Borders, Flowering Tree, Specimen Plant/ Focal Point
Style Cottage Garden, Woodland Garden
Seasonal Interest Winter Interest, Spring Interest, Summer Interest, Fall Interest
Type Trees

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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

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