Facebook LinkedIn Email Pinterest Twitter Instagram YouTube Icon Navigation Search Icon Main Search Icon Video Play Icon Audio Play Icon Headphones Icon Plus Icon Minus Icon Check Icon Print Icon Note Icon Heart Icon Filled Heart Icon Single Arrow Icon Double Arrow Icon Hamburger Icon TV Icon Close Icon Sorted Hamburger/Search Icon

The Plant Guide

Browse the Full Plant Guide

Canada hemlock

Tsuga canadensis

SOO-gah kan-ah-DEN-sis Audio

This North American native grows to 70 feet tall, with a broadly pyramidal outline. It has deeply furrowed bark, small, oval cones, and slightly drooping branchlets with finely textured needles. It is suitable to a wide variety of uses, such as hedging or screening, and group or specimen plantings. It has given rise to a number of notable cultivars.

Noteworthy CharacteristicsMost hemlocks are native to forests of Southeastern Asia and North America. They can tolerate a considerable amount of shade, particularly when young. 

CareGrow in moist, but well-drained (acidic to slightly alkaline) soil in full sun to full shade. Prune hedges in late summer or early fall. They are notably at risk of infestation by woolly adelgids, scale, and mites.

PropagationSow seed in a cold frame in spring; root semi-ripe cuttings in late summer or early fall.

ProblemsBotrytis (gray mold), rust, needle blights, butt rot, snow blight, weevils, mites, aphids, woolly adelgid, scale.

  • Genus : Tsuga
  • Plant Height : 30 feet or more
  • Plant Width : 30 feet or more
  • Zones : 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • Tolerance : Frost Tolerant
  • Characteristics : Interesting Bark, Showy Foliage, Showy Seed Heads
  • Maintenance : Low
  • Moisture : Medium Moisture
  • Growth Rate : Moderate
  • Light : Partial Shade to Full Shade
  • Uses : Shade
  • Plant Seasonal Interest : Summer Interest
  • Plant Type : Trees
View Comments

Comments

Log in or create an account to post a comment.

Related Plants

Related Articles

More From the Plant Guide

Winter Interest

Partial Shade

Browse the Full Plant Guide