Hedgehog rose

Rosa rugosa var. alba

Photo/Illustration: 
Courtesy of White Flower Farm
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Hedgehog rose (Rosa rugosa var. alba)
ROE-sah roo-GO-sah variety AL-bah
Synonyms:  R. rugosa 'Alba'
Genus:  Rosa
This variety has single, papery white blossoms that open from light pink buds and have contrasting yellow stamens. The heavily-scented flowers are followed by reddish-orange hips. It grows up to 6 feet high.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Rugosa roses have thorny branches and attractive, distinctively wrinkled leaves. (The species takes its name from the Latin word rugosus , meaning "full of wrinkles".) They grow well in mixed borders, hedges, and as specimens. They are tolerant of harsh conditions, including salt spray, wind, and poor soil. 
Care:  Grow in fertile, moist, well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Provide good air circulation and remove fallen leaves to help prevent disease. In late winter or early spring, prune lightly or back by up to one-third, reducing side shoots by one-half to one-third. To renovate, prune one in four or five shoots at the base.
Propagation:  Take softwood cuttings when bloom initiates in spring to summer; take hardwood cuttings in fall. Sow seeds of species in fall and bud in summer.
Problems:  Aphids, leafhoppers, spider mites, scale, caterpillars, sawfly larvae, cane borers, Japanese beetles, rose stem girders, rose midges, rose slugs, rose chafers, leaf-cutting bees, black spot, rust, powdery mildew, crown gall, canker, dieback, downy mildew, viruses.

Overview

Height
3 ft. to 6 ft.
Spread
3 ft. to 6 ft.
Growth Habit
Clumps
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Attracts Birds,
Attracts Butterflies,
Fragrant Flowers,
Showy Flowers,
Showy Foliage,
Showy Fruit
Bloom Time
Fall,
Spring,
Summer
Flower Color
White Flower
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Cut Flower,
Hedge,
Naturalizing,
Specimen Plant/Focal Point,
Waterside
Style
Cottage Garden,
Formal Garden
Seasonal Interest
Spring Interest
Type
Shrubs

Related Plants to Rosa rugosa var. alba

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Hedgehog rose
Rosa 'Frau Dagmar Hastrup'
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Hedgehog rose
Rosa 'Charles Albanel'
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Rosa rugosa 'Henry Hudson'
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'Polar Ice' rugosa rose
Rosa rugosa 'Polar Ice'