Hedgehog rose Rosa rugosa var. alba http://www.whiteflowerfarm.comPhoto/Illustration: Courtesy of White Flower Farm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hedgehog rose (Rosa rugosa var. alba) ROE-sah roo-GO-sah variety AL-bah Synonyms: R. rugosa 'Alba' Genus: Rosa This variety has single, papery white blossoms that open from light pink buds and have contrasting yellow stamens. The heavily-scented flowers are followed by reddish-orange hips. It grows up to 6 feet high. Noteworthy Characteristics: Rugosa roses have thorny branches and attractive, distinctively wrinkled leaves. (The species takes its name from the Latin word rugosus , meaning "full of wrinkles".) They grow well in mixed borders, hedges, and as specimens. They are tolerant of harsh conditions, including salt spray, wind, and poor soil. Care: Grow in fertile, moist, well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Provide good air circulation and remove fallen leaves to help prevent disease. In late winter or early spring, prune lightly or back by up to one-third, reducing side shoots by one-half to one-third. To renovate, prune one in four or five shoots at the base. Propagation: Take softwood cuttings when bloom initiates in spring to summer; take hardwood cuttings in fall. Sow seeds of species in fall and bud in summer. Problems: Aphids, leafhoppers, spider mites, scale, caterpillars, sawfly larvae, cane borers, Japanese beetles, rose stem girders, rose midges, rose slugs, rose chafers, leaf-cutting bees, black spot, rust, powdery mildew, crown gall, canker, dieback, downy mildew, viruses. Overview Height 3 ft. to 6 ft. Spread 3 ft. to 6 ft. Growth Habit Clumps Growth Pace Moderate Grower Light Full Sun to Part Shade Moisture Medium Moisture Maintenance Low Characteristics Attracts Song Birds, Attracts Butterflies, Fragrant Flowers, Showy Flowers, Showy Foliage, Showy Fruit Bloom Time Fall, Spring, Summer Flower Color White Uses Beds and Borders, Cut Flower, Hedge, Naturalizing, Specimen Plant/Focal Point, Waterside Style Cottage Garden, Formal Garden Seasonal Interest Spring Interest Type Shrubs Related Plants to Rosa rugosa var. alba 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hedgehog rose Rosa 'Frau Dagmar Hastrup' 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hedgehog rose Rosa 'Charles Albanel' 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Rosa rugosa 'Henry Hudson' 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 'Polar Ice' rugosa rose Rosa rugosa 'Polar Ice' View the discussion thread.