Carolina allspice

Calycanthus floridus

Photo/Illustration: 
Steve Aitken
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Carolina allspice (Calycanthus floridus)
kal-ih-CAN-thus FLOOR-ih-dus
Genus:  Calycanthus
This deciduous shrub has a dense, rounded habit, growing 6 to 9 feet tall and as wide. Its unusual, waterlily-like, fragrant flowers combine the scent of strawberries, banana, and pineapple. Flowers appear in May and continuing blooming on and off into June and July. The dark green leaves and bark release a clove or camphor-like scent when crushed.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Highly adaptable to many soil types and grows in sun or shade, though it blooms more when grown in full sun. Native from Virginia to Florida.
Care:  Grow in full sun or part shade (in warmer climates) and moist, fertile, organically rich soil.
Propagation:  Root softwood cuttings in summer or remove suckers in spring.
Problems:  Fungal leaf spots, powdery mildew, and dieback.

Overview

Height
6 ft. to 10 ft.
Spread
6 ft. to 10 ft.
Growth Habit
Clumps
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Fragrant Flowers,
Fragrant Foliage,
Interesting Bark,
Native,
Showy Flowers
Bloom Time
Spring,
Summer
Flower Color
Red Flower
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Specimen Plant/Focal Point
Seasonal Interest
Spring Interest
Type
Shrubs

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