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Browse Plants

Narrowed By:Type: Perennials+ Zone: 8
Displaying 1 - 634 of 634 listings   1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32View All Sort By: Sort
Acanthus mollis Acanthus mollis
(Bear's breeches)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Acanthus mollis is prized for its bold clumps of shiny green leaves topped with striking, 3-foot-tall spires of white flowers which are clasped by showy purple bracts. This is a great plant for an eye-catching structural element in a part-shade border.

Acanthus mollis 'Tasmanian Angel' Acanthus mollis 'Tasmanian Angel'
(Bear's breeches)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

With their white margins and mottling, the jagged leaves of 'Tasmanian Angel' are a real showshopper, and in late summer, 3-foot-tall, pink-and-cream flower stalks heighten the effect. The variegation may be less pronounced as the leaves age, but the plant still draws the eye. Use it as a multiseason container specimen or as a bedding plant. -Allan Armitage, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #119

Achillea ‘Coronation Gold’ Achillea ‘Coronation Gold’
(Yarrow)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 2.5- to 3-feet-tall and 1.5-foot wide plant produces dense, flat clusters of golden yellow flowers above fern-like, silvery foliage starting in early summer.

Achillea millefolium Achillea millefolium
(Yarrow)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rhizomic, mat-forming and aggressive perennial grows to 2 feet tall and wide with ferny, finely-textured, green foliage. Flowers are produced in flat corymbs in early to late summer.

Achillea millefolium 'Apricot Delight' Achillea millefolium 'Apricot Delight'
('Apricot Delight' yarrow)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Apricot Delight' has deep reddish apricot blooms that then mature to a pale salmon, and they harmonize well with other colors. 'Apricot Delight' has a long blooming season (from early to late summer, with deadheading). This cultivar is smaller than most yarrows, and the blooms make nice cut flowers. -Allan Armitage, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #121

Achillea 'Moonshine' Achillea 'Moonshine'
(Yarrow)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This popular gray-leaved yarrow has 18-inch-tall yellow flower heads that last for several weeks in late summer.

Achillea millefolium 'Terracotta' Achillea millefolium 'Terracotta'
(Yarrow)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Flat-topped corymbs of small, daisy-like flowers in colors of salmon-peach to yellow-orange are borne simultaneously on one plant up to 2 feet tall and wide. Flowers are complemented by silvery-green, finely-textured foliage.

no image available Achillea millefolium ‘Fire King’
(Yarrow)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rhizomatous, mat-forming, upright, aggressive perennial produces strong red flowers in flat corymbs in summer atop finely-textured, aromatic foliage.

Acorus gramineus 'Ogon' Acorus gramineus 'Ogon'
(Golden dwarf sweet flag, Japanese rush, Grassy-leaved sweet flag)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf cultivar of grassy-leaved sweet flag (to 10 inches tall and 6 inches wide) has linear fans of semi-evergreen, glossy, pale green and cream-striped leaves that have an overall golden effect. This is an aquatic perennial with showy foliage for shallow water margins.

Actaea pachypoda Actaea pachypoda
(White baneberry, White cohosh)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 3-foot-tall and 2-foot-wide clumping perennial displays spiky racemes of white flowers in late spring and early summer followed by bright white berries with dark tips on bright red stalks. The berries are exceptionally showy and especially effective in shady woodland beds.

Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa
(Black cohosh, Black snakeroot, Bugbane)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Actaea racemosa is a native woodland perennial with white, somewhat fuzzy flowers in midsummer that wave above astilbe-like, deeply cut foliage. The flowers can be unpleasantly scented, thus the name "bugbane." Formerly in the genus Cimicifuga, this plant is great for use in a woodland garden or moist border.

Actaea rubra Actaea rubra
(Red baneberry, Snakeberry)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Actaea rubra bears white flowers from spring to early summer on plants up to 2 feet tall and 1 foot wide. In late summer, glossy red berries develop. A few cultivars exist. This woodland perennial is native to the U.S.

Actaea simplex Actaea simplex
(Autumn bugbane, Autumn snakeroot)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping woodland perennial with deep green foliage up to 4 feet tall and 2 feet wide bears spikes of  fragrant white flowers 1 to 2 feet long in fall. Cultivars exist with varying leaf colors and forms.

Actaea simplex 'Brunette' Actaea simplex 'Brunette'
(Baneberry, Snakeroot)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This chocolate-leaved cultivar up to 4 feet tall and 2 feet wide bears compact spikes of white flowers in late summer. This plant may languish in very warm temperatures. The flowers remain ornamental for three to four weeks.

Actaea simplex ‘Hillside Black Beauty’ Actaea simplex ‘Hillside Black Beauty’
(Bugbane, Autumn snakeroot, black cohosh)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Unlike other bugbanes, 'Hillside Black Beauty' offers deep purple-black foliage. From late spring to late summer, its dark hue makes a wonderful backdrop for colorful foliage and flowering shade plants. In fall, fragrant, cream-colored flowers appear on tall, wandlike stems. An added plus: this plant is deer resistant. --Michael Ruggiero, Regional Picks: Mid-Atlantic, Fine Gardening issue #127

Adiantum capillus-veneris Adiantum capillus-veneris
(Southern maidenhair fern)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The southern maidenhair fern has fluffy, airy, and elegant foliage, which works equally well in containers or in open ground. It's a perfect plant for providing light, airy texture to shady beds. -Tom Nelson, Regional Picks: Northern California, Fine Gardening issue #127

Agapanthus praecox orientalis ATIblu Agapanthus praecox orientalis ATIblu

(Blue Storm™ agapanthus)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Compact, easy care and drought tolerant, Blue Storm is one of the Storm™ series of agapanthus that produce more flower stems than any other agapanthus.   In fact, Blue Storm flowers on average 10 weeks per season (up to two to three weeks longer than most other varieties). -Anthony Tesselaar Plants

Agastache 'Desert Sunrise' Agastache 'Desert Sunrise'
(Hummingbird mint)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hummingbird mint boasts large spikes of reddish-pink tubular flowers with an orange tint over a long season in summer and early fall. The whole plant is aromatic. Grow in a bed, border, rock garden, or xeric garden.

Agastache ‘Summer Breeze’ Agastache ‘Summer Breeze’
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Agastache ‘Summer Breeze’ produces hundreds of 1.5-inch-long translucent, tubular blossoms. The flowers are painted in luscious sunset shades and appear from late spring to frost. In hot weather, peach, champagne, and soft pink are its colors, while in cooler months the flowers darken to pale copper and medium rose. It forms an open, airy, 2- to 3-foot-tall clump, and the upper third of each stem bears a long succession of hummingbird-attracting blooms.

Agastache ‘Blue Fortune’ Agastache ‘Blue Fortune’
(Blue Fortune hyssop)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Blue Fortune' produces spikes of powder-blue flowers held over large, deep green foliage. The plant stands approximately 36 inches tall with a mature width of 18 inches. Peak bloom occurs in midsummer when butterflies are plentiful.

Agastache ‘Tutti Frutti’ Agastache ‘Tutti Frutti’
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is an erect, bushy perennial with scented gray-green leaves. Its raspberry-red flowers grow on loose, foot-long spikes from midsummer to late fall. The flower spikes have a long bloom period and attract hummingbirds, butterflies, and other insects.  

Agastache aurantiaca 'Just Peachy' Agastache aurantiaca 'Just Peachy'
('Just Peachy' hummingbird mint, 'Just Peachy' hyssop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A cultivar discovered at High Country Gardens in Santa Fe, New Mexico, this aromatic, water-wise perennial grows to 30 inches tall and 18 inches wide and features fine, mint-scented, gray-green leaves and spikes of tubular flowers in shades of  soft pink and peach from summer to early fall. The plant is hugely attractive to hummingbirds, hence its common name. It is resistant to heat and drought, and can be used in both mixed borders and containers.

Agastache aurantiaca 'Shades of Orange' Agastache aurantiaca 'Shades of Orange'
('Shades of Orange' hummingbird mint, 'Shades of Orange' hyssop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A cultivar discovered at High Country Gardens in Santa Fe, New Mexico, this aromatic, water-wise perennial grows to 30 inches tall and 18 inches wide and features fine, mint-scented, gray-green leaves and spikes of tubular flowers in shade of orange from mid-summer to fall. The plant is hugely attractive to hummingbirds, hence the common name.

Agastache cana Agastache cana
(Texas hummingbird mint, Mosquito plant, Wild hyssop)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a 36-inch-tall hyssop with showy rose-pink flower spikes in late summer and fall and licorice-mint scented foliage. It is native to New Mexico and western Texas and attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Grow in a border, herb garden, rock garden, or butterfly garden. Rubbing the foliage on skin reportedly repels mosquitoes.

Agastache foeniculum Agastache foeniculum
(Anise hyssop)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A classic plant for both herb gardens and borders, anise hyssop is composed of erect branches of mint-and-licorice-scented, medium green leaves ending in fuzzy spikes of small lavender flowers. The plant grows to 3 to 5 feet tall and 1 foot wide and reseeds freely. The flowers are edible and are charming crumbled into salads. The flowers are highly attractive to bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

Agastache foeniculum 'Golden Jubilee' Agastache foeniculum 'Golden Jubilee'
(Anise hyssop)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Anise hyssop has subtle but eye-catching chartreuse foliage. Its powder-blue, long-lasting flowers contrast nicely with its leaves.

Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa
(Wrinkled giant hyssop, Korean hyssop, purple giant hyssop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 4-foot-tall and 18-ich-wide, bushy perennial, very similar to the more common anise hyssop (Agastache foeniculum) has strongly mint-and-licorice-scented leaves and short spikes of lavender-blue flowers from midsummer to early fall. Unlike most agastaches, both of these species can tolerate more moisture and humity, making them highly suited to climates outside the arid west.

Agastache rupestris Agastache rupestris
(Sunset hyssop)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

True to its name, sunset hyssop encapsulates a Western sunset in its flowers: bronze with hints of orange and yellow, and streaks of magenta and pink along the margins. More and more flowers emerge as summer progresses. The plant blooms heavily in August, and continues into autumn.

no image available Ajania pacifica 'Yellow Splash'
(Pacific chrysanthemum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low-mounding perennial has lobed, silver-edged foliage and small yellow flowerheads in autumn.

Ajuga reptans Ajuga reptans
(Carpet bugleweed, Common bugleweed)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fast spreader has dark green leaves with deep blue flowers spring to summer.

Ajuga reptans 'Black Scallop' Ajuga reptans 'Black Scallop'
('Black Scallop' bugleweed)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Black foliage and spiky blue flowers (which appear in early summer) make a dramatic contrast. 'Black Scallop' thrives in full sun, which intensifies the black color. In full sun, the plant produces numerous runners, which should be thinned to prevent crown rot. In large plantings, you can run a rotary mower with a bagger attachment over the patch to control crowding and keep the foliage fresh. In mixed container plantings, the spilling habit of the plant makes it a standout choice. -Ron Smith, Regional Picks: Upper Plains, Fine Gardening issue #120

Alcea rosea annua 'Spring Celebrities Purple' Alcea rosea annua 'Spring Celebrities Purple'
(Dwarf Purple Hollyhock)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hollyhock is a multi-use plant that can be grown as a cut flower, used in large containers, or planted in the landscape. These big semi- to fully-double blooms reach 3 inches wide. Considered a first-year blooming biennial or short-lived perennial.

Information provided by Santa Rosa Gardens.
 

Allium sphaerocephalon Allium sphaerocephalon
(Drumstick allium, Round-headed garlic)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The drumstick allium has egg-shaped flowers in summer that start off green, then bloom and develop to pink and then clover red-purple. These plants are attractive in a bed or border, especially peeking up through other plants, such as roses, so that their nondescript foliage is hidden. Their vertical presence and eye-catching flower shape are valuable additions to the garden, and they naturalize freely.

Allium tuberosum Allium tuberosum
(Chinese chives, Garlic chives)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces fast-growing, edible, pungent, onion-like leaves. Small, white flowers appear in late summer.

Alstroemeria 'Casablanca' Alstroemeria 'Casablanca'
(Peruvian lily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Casablanca' Peruvian lily is the closest to white that this genus has gotten as of yet. Inside its amaryllis-shaped white flowers, reddish dashes on a yellow wash and a pale pink throat add interest. 'Casablanca' is also taller than most other Alstroemerias. They make great cut flowers and are frequently used by florists; they also add a tropical feel to beds and borders. Roots are very brittle and care should be taken when planting.

Ampelaster carolinianus Ampelaster carolinianus
(Climbing Carolina aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial vine sends out abundant pale purple to lavender flowers beginning in late October. It grows to 4 to 5 feet tall, and frost does not seem to impede the blooms. It can attract bees and butterflies well into November.

To get the best flower display, give climbing aster as much sun as possible. It should also have something to lean on, like a fence, a trellis, or an ornamental shrub. Don't prune it over the winter, no matter how dead it may look. It’s better to wait to tidy up things after the new growth appears in spring.

Amsonia hubrichtii Amsonia hubrichtii
(Arkansas blue star)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Arkansas blue star's delicate, willow-like foliage is topped with pale blue star-shaped flowers in spring. The light green foliage looks good all summer, turns a beautiful golden-yellow in fall, and can stand through most of the winter, adding interest especially when mixed with grasses and other attractive seedheads. It grows to almost 3 feet tall and wide.

Amsonia montana 'Short Stack’ Amsonia montana 'Short Stack’
(Dwarf blue star)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Chalk up another great plant introduction from the folks at Plant Delights Nursery in Raleigh, North Carolina. This dwarf blue star grows to only about half the size of the species, making it well suited for gardens with limited space. It performs best in full to partial sun and is appreciative of moist, well-drained soil. The sky blue flowers appear in early spring above the clean, dark green foliage. Try planting 'Short Stack' in a mess and along bed edges for a winning display.

Amsonia tabernaemontana Amsonia tabernaemontana
(Willow blue-star)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In addition to willow blue-star’s small but charming clusters of blue flowers in late spring, it has upright, willow-like leaves that turn clear yellow in fall.

Anagallis monellii Anagallis monellii
(Blue pimpernel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In summer, this colorful groundcover makes a 9-inch mound of saucer-shaped, deep blue flowers on long stalks.

Anemone × hybrida 'Honorine Jobert' Anemone × hybrida 'Honorine Jobert'
(Japanese anemone)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tall, woody-based perennial is distinguished by its elegant flowers. This cultivar displays the purity of a single, white, open-faced flower with a delicate center ring of golden yellow stamens. Every moment of floral development from bud to seed brings satisfying interest.

Anemone blanda Anemone blanda
(Grecian windflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces a great low-growing mat of flowers. The cheerful starlike blossoms come in pink, blue, and white, and the attractive finely cut leaves disappear soon after flowering.

Anemonella thalictroides Anemonella thalictroides
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These plants are noted for their lovely, 1/2- to 1- inch-diameter crystalline white flowers. Resembling little pinwheels, each flower is composed of 6 to 10 colorful sepals spinning around a nub of lime-green and yellow. Their typical color is pure and bright white, but you might find the tinted soft rose Anemonella thalictroides f. rosea at a specialty nursery.

Angelica gigas Angelica gigas
(Angelica)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This showstopper produces conspicuous, red-purple leaf sheaths with dense, purple domed flowerheads.

Angelica pachycarpa Angelica pachycarpa
(Angelica)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Angelica is a striking ornamental biennial or short-lived perennial with jade green, glossy, bold leaves and large umbels of white flowers. It makes a unique statement in the garden.

Antennaria neodioica Antennaria neodioica
(Northern pussy toes, Cat feet, Everlasting, Ladies' tobacco)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous, mat-forming perennial produces everlasting flowers. It is a native prairie plant that has stem and leaf bottoms covered with white hairs and whitish flower heads that form in dense clusters. Male and female flowers are produced on separate plants.

Antennaria spp. Antennaria spp.
(Pussy-toes, Cat's ears)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Low-growing rosettes of long gray leaves covered in fine gray hairs and gray-white flowers in spring that resemble a cat's paw make Antennaria great plants for edging, pathways, or stone walls.

Anthericum saundersiae Anthericum saundersiae
(Grass lily, Weeping anthericum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant's foot-tall clumps produce white lily-like flowers on thin, arching stems. It blooms from late spring into fall; blooms are followed by attractive brown capsular fruits. Its foliage is narrow, linear, and dark-green.

Anthriscus sylvestris 'Ravenswing' Anthriscus sylvestris 'Ravenswing'
(Ravenswing)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is the bronze-purple form of the common Queen Anne's lace. It produces beautiful, highly fringed, lacy foliage in a dusky purple.

no image available Aquilegia alpina
(Alpine columbine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant bears terminal racemes of two to three nodding blue flowers, sometimes with white tips.

Aquilegia canadensis Aquilegia canadensis
(Canadian columbine)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This airy perennial has ternate dark green leaves, and produces many nodding flowers from midspring to midsummer. Its scarlet flowers have yellow, downward-pointing sepals.

Aquilegia chrysantha Aquilegia chrysantha
(Golden columbine, Yellow columbine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A. chrysantha is a vigorous grower that will add a real burst of color to any southern garden. This southwestern U.S. native has 3-inch yellow flowers in spring and reaches almost 3 feet tall.

no image available Aquilegia flabellata
(Fan columbine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The fan columbine produces short, plump, nodding, blue-purple flowers with white petal tips.

Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris
(Granny’s bonnet)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Usually this plant produces nodding blue and white flowers, but color variation is common in this species.

no image available Aralia racemosa
(Spikenard)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a vigorous grower. Its beautiful dark fruits, which arrive after the flowers, bring an abundance of birds.

Arisaema sikokianum Arisaema sikokianum
(Japanese cobra lily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The outside of the spathe is the color of dark chocolate, and the inside, milk white and as smooth as marble. Its hood sweeps up to an arrogant point, exposing its sumptuous white lining and the thick blunt spadix, which is also milk white. This plant produces two leaves per tuber, one leaf with three lobes and one with five. Sometimes they are mottled with silver, which makes them very handsome, at least until the plant goes dormant in summer.

Arisaema triphyllum Arisaema triphyllum
(Jack-in-the-pulpit)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A favorite of children, Jack-in-the-pulpit is a tuberous perennial producing one or two leaves, each divided into three narrow leaflets. But it's best known for its spring to early summer display of hooded, green spathes—Jack's pulpit—which are often striped with purple. Autumn brings clusters of densely packed, showy red berries.

Artemisia 'Powis Castle' Artemisia 'Powis Castle'
(Artemisia)
(4 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a woody plant with dense clumps of silver-gray leaves. It makes a great border accent.

Artemisia absinthium Artemisia absinthium
(Absinth, Wormwood)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Artemisia absinthium is a woody perennial with finely cut, silvery-gray, aromatic foliage. Its small yellow flowers have little ornamental value. Wormwood is useful in beds, borders, and rock gardens, and it makes an excellent foil for bright colors and dark foliage. This plant needs excellent drainage.

Artemisia ludoviciana Artemisia ludoviciana
(Western mugwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a high-drama native. Its gracious, high-impact, powdery-white shrubby mounded foliage grows to 4 feet tall.

Artemisia schmidtiana Artemisia schmidtiana
(Silvermound)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces a 12-inch-high, symmetrical mound of silver-green, silky-hairy leaves. They make this plant a nice counterpoint to very colorful plants.

Arum italicum Arum italicum
(Italian arum, Orange candleflower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A. italicum will add great color and diversity to the garden with their attractively marked leaves, which may be arrow- or spear-shaped. Leaves are veined with mid-green to white. In early summer, white spathes of flowers are followed by spikes of bright orange red berries.

Asarum canadense Asarum canadense
(Wild ginger, Canadian wild ginger)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The rounded, lustrous leaves of this native plant form an appealing green ground cover. This plant produces beautiful, 2- to 4-inch, glossy green heart-shaped leaves. In spring, you'll find interesting, mauve-purple flowers hidden under its foliage. -Marty Hair, Regional Picks: Upper Midwest, Fine Gardening issue #127

Asarum europaeum Asarum europaeum
(European wild ginger)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

European wild ginger is a low-growing groundcover with glossy, evergreen, heart-shaped leaves. Its unusual purple-brown flowers lie mostly concealed beneath foliage.

Asarum shuttleworthii Asarum shuttleworthii
(Evergreen wild ginger)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This wild ginger is an evergreen groundcover with heart-shaped, shiny leaves that are often marbled. Its interesting brown-purple flowers hide beneath the foliage.

Asarum shuttleworthii 'Callaway' Asarum shuttleworthii 'Callaway'
(Callaway ginger)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a slow-growing ginger, but worth the wait. Its round evergreen green leaves have a prominent silver-white mottling.

Asarum splendens Asarum splendens
(Chinese wild ginger)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

There are many species and varie­­ties of wild ginger, but this vigorous, fast-growing, and beau­tiful species tops my list. Elongated, heart-shaped, dark green leaves look and feel as if they were made out of Naugahyde and splashed with metallic paint. The foliage shimmers when hit by a beam of light. It is evergreen to 10°F but will quickly reappear in the spring if it freezes. If you want to see the unique, 2-inch-wide, dark purple flowers, get on your hands and knees and look at the base of the plants. Though not particularly showy, they are interestingly attractive.
Plants spread quickly by underground rhizomes, forming a thick mat of foliage that crowds out weeds. I recommend spacing them 10 to 12 inches apart and letting them fill in over the next few years. Plants are not picky about soil pH or type, but they do best in well-drained areas. -Jimmy Turner, Plants for dry shade, Fine Gardening issue #133

Asclepias tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa
(Butterfly weed)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Butterfly weed is a native perennial with flat-topped, orange or yellow flower clusters at the ends of its stems or in its leaf axils. From midsummer to autumn, it produces clusters of brightly colored flowers that attract insects, followed by fruit and showy seed. Plant in a border, meadow, butterfly garden, or wildflower garden.

Asparagus officinalis Asparagus officinalis
(Asparagus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Asparagus is a perennial vegetable whose edible shoots are harvested in spring. Male plants produce better crop yields because they do not flower or fruit. The foliage is garden worthy because of its tall size and masses of feathery, delicate texture. Female plants may self-seed abundantly. Plants do not like to be moved, so choose a permanent location. Foliage is useful in floral arrangements.

Aspidistra elatior Aspidistra elatior
(Cast-iron plant)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is an ovate, glossy-leaved plant usually grown as a houseplant. In early summer, it produces fleshy, bell-shaped, cream colored flowers with maroon interiors.

Aster × frikartii Aster × frikartii
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant flowers profusely and for an exceptionally long time, from early summer to mid-fall. Its flowers are violet-blue.

Aster × frikartii 'Wonder of Staffa' Aster × frikartii 'Wonder of Staffa'
('Wonder of Staffa' aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This repeat-blooming aster produces bright, 2-inch-wide, violet-blue flowers from mid-summer into fall. It grows to 3 feet tall and 1 to 2 feet wide and prefers full sun and average, well-drained soil.

Aster dumosus Aster dumosus
(New York aster, Michaelmas daisy)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a short-growing aster with lilac-blue flowers and creeping rootstocks. Many cultivars exist. It can be used on steep slopes for erosion control.

Aster dumosus 'Wood's Pink' Aster dumosus 'Wood's Pink'
(Bushy Aster, Hardy Aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a short-growing aster has creeping rootstocks and pink, daisy-like flowers with yellow centers. It can be used on steep slopes for erosion control.

Aster ericoides Aster ericoides
(Heath aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping, bushy perennial has slender stems and small, lance-shaped, medium green leaves. From late summer to late fall, it produces white flowerheads with yellow centers to a half-inch across. Its cultivars may bear flowers tinged pink or blue.

Aster lateriflorus ‘Lady in Black’ Aster lateriflorus ‘Lady in Black’
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Although it’s valued for its autumn blossoms, ‘Lady in Black’ creates a stir from the moment its dusky purple leaves unfurl in spring. By summer’s end, thousands of tiny dark buds dot the densely branched 3-foot-tall plant, promising an explosion of color.

Aster macrophyllus Aster macrophyllus
(Bigleaf aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This striking, richly-textured, deciduous ground cover has heart-shaped leaves that turn mauve in autumn. Purple, blue, or white flowers appear in late summer to early fall.

Aster novae-angliae Aster novae-angliae
(New England aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Strong, almost woody, stems bear large sprays (to 10 inches) of violet-purple flowers.

Aster novae-angliae ‘Purple Dome' Aster novae-angliae ‘Purple Dome'
(New England aster)
(9 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Growing to less than 2 feet tall and wide, 'Purple Dome' covers itself with semi-double, deep purple, daisy-like flowers from late summer to midfall. In addition to being mildew resistant, it attracts butterflies. It's great as a border specimin and as a cut flower.

Aster oblongifolius 'October Skies' Aster oblongifolius 'October Skies'
(October skies aster)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'October Skies' is a dwarf aster that is low to the ground and mounding. It flowers in the fall when most other plants have finished for the season, covering itself with hundreds of dark sky-blue flowers.

Aster tataricus Aster tataricus
(Tatarian aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tatarian aster is an impressive, stately perennial with a flowering height of 3 to 6 feet. It can look you in the eye yet require no staking. More important, this aster flowers longer than any other garden aster, beginning in late September and early October and continuing into November. The 1-inch-wide, light lavender flowers are a magnet for local and migrating monarch butterflies. This plant tolerates many soil types, can form large colonies in a few years, and is easily divided.

Astilbe chinensis 'Maggie Daley' Astilbe chinensis 'Maggie Daley'
('Maggie Daley' astilbe)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In late spring, lavender-pink flowers rise above this plant’s lacy, fernlike foliage, which forms an airy network beneath. The blooms appear a bit later than typical for other astilbes, and they extend later into summer. ‘Maggie Daley’ is moderately drought tolerant once established. Pair it with Japanese painted fern (Athyrium niponicum var. pictum, Zones 5–8) for a beautiful combination. And deer and rabbit resistance is the pièce de résistance! -Kielian DeWitt, Fine Gardening #147 (Octover 2012), page 76

Astilbe chinensis var. pumila Astilbe chinensis var. pumila
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a dwarf astilbe with attractive red-green leaves and reddish pink flowers in broad, dense conical groups. Its blooms appear mostly in summer.

Athyrium niponicum var. pictum 'Ursula's Red' Athyrium niponicum var. pictum 'Ursula's Red'
('Ursula's Red' Japanese painted fern)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The broad silvery leaves of ‘Ursula’s Red’ have a showy burgundy band at the center of the leaves in spring. This plant can double in size in a single growing season, as it spreads from rhizomes. Though deer do like it, it may simply grow more fronds and not show any lasting damage. --Michael Ruggiero, Regional Picks: Mid-Atlantic, Fine Gardening issue #127

Baptisia 'Carolina Moonlight' Baptisia 'Carolina Moonlight'
('Carolina Moonlight' false indigo)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spectacular perennial hybrid has 18-inch-tall spires of buttery yellow flowers in late spring and beautiful blue-green foliage throughout summer. Tough, exceptionally drought tolerant, and extremely long-lived, it's the southern substitute for the much sought-after lupine. 'Carolina Moonlight' has an adaptable, easy-to-grow nature and makes a great companion for other rugged plants such as ornamental grasses.

no image available Baptisia 'Chocolate Chip'
(Chocolate Chip false indigo)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial produces milk chocolate-colored flowering buds that open in spring with golden yellow petals over blue-green foliage.

Baptisia × variicolor Twilite Prairieblues™ Baptisia × variicolor Twilite Prairieblues™
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This amazing baptisia is a cross between B. australis, the most common blue variety, and B. sphaerocarpa, a plant with yellow bloomer. The result is pea-like violet-purple flowers with dramatic yellow keels. It is long-lived, tough, and drought resistant, but it may take three or four gardening seasons to establish itself. Twilite Prairieblues™ blooms in late spring or early summer, When not in bloom, the plant remains attractive because of the lovely blue-green color of its trifoliate leaves, especially in spring. This plant is tall and will look good at the back of a border. -Stephanie Cohen, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #120

Baptisia australis Baptisia australis
(blue false indigo, Plains false indigo)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

False blue indigo's spikes of clear blue flowers in late spring can nearly carry a border by themselves. They also make great cut flowers. Large, inflated nearly black seed pods set in after flowering, giving this plant another interesting element. It is low maintenance and will look great in any natural or informal setting.

Bergenia ciliata Bergenia ciliata
(Winter begonia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant's leaves are large and bright green, with fine hairs, and grow to about 12 inches across. Small pink flowers emerge in spring, but it's the foliage that really shines.

Bergenia cillata Bergenia cillata
(Hairy bergenia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is the most drought-tolerant bergenia I’ve found and the only one that does well in Texas heat. The large, hairy, critter-resistant leaves do not resemble other members of this genus; they look more like hairy plates or giant African violet leaves—hence, it’s common name. Mature plants will send up 10-inch-long stems of white to pale pink flowers from spring to early summer, but the real reason to grow this plant is its remarkable foliage.
In cooler regions, hairy bergenia grows not only in the shade but also in full sun. It isn’t particular about soil type or pH. Divide plants every three to five years to keep them vigorous. -Jimmy Turner, Perennials for dry shade, Fine Gardening issue #133

Bergenia cordifolia Bergenia cordifolia
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is noted for its beautiful bronze fall foliage. Its leaves are rounded to heart-shaped and sometimes puckered, growing to about 12 inches. It bears pink to rose-red flowers on red stalks in late winter to early spring.

Bletilla striata and cvs. Bletilla striata and cvs.
(Chinese hardy orchid)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The first time you see a Chinese hardy orchid flowering you kind of rub your eyes: Did a garden fairy drop her corsage after the prom? It really is a perennial here, which flowers in late spring to early summer, with three to seven flowers atop each wiry stem. The foliage is beautifully pleated, and happy plantings slowly grow into sizable clumps. -Irvin Etienne, Fine Gardening #147 (October 2012), page 72

Boltonia asteroides Boltonia asteroides
(False chamomile)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Boltonias are vigorous perennials grown for their sprays of aster-like flowers, which appear above clean, gray-green foliage. Their vigorous nature makes them suitable for naturalizing. They are also great in the border (and for cutting), but will benefit from frequent dividing to keep in bounds, and may be cut back in late spring for more compact plants.

Bouteloua gracilis 'Hachita' Bouteloua gracilis 'Hachita'
('Hachita' Blue Grama Grass)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Hachita' has narrow, blue-green leaves that form dense mounds. In summer, elongated seedheads add visual interest. This tough, drought-tolerant grass thrives in sand or clay soil with full-sun exposure. It needs a setting with good drainage, as it won't thrive in wet conditions. -Scott Vogt, Native grasses, Fine Gardening issue #124

no image available Cacalia atriplicifolia
(Pale Indian plantain)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The heart-shaped leaves of this perennial may stretch to 12 inches across. In mid- to late summer, showy white flower umbels add to this plant’s drama.

Calamintha grandiflora 'Variegata' Calamintha grandiflora 'Variegata'
(Calamint)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A well-behaved perennial from the mint family (Lamiaceae), variegated calamint has pale-green, oval leaves with strong white marbling. It sends up a wealth of clear-pink tubular flowers that muster an army of bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds from mid- to late summer. It’s eye-catching both in and out of bloom and has a wonderful minty fragrance all season long.

Campanula 'Elizabeth' Campanula 'Elizabeth'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Starting in early summer and continuing until fall, 'Elizabeth' puts forth abundant purple-flushed, pale pink bells with dark speckles on the inside. Flowers are 2 to 3 inches long and lightly scented. The toothed leaves are bright green. This low-maintenance, hardy perennial retains its evergreen foliage through winter.

By late fall, as the older crowns die out, new rosettes of leaves appear at the ends of underground rhizomes, giving the illusion that the plants have moved. This is not a desirable trait in formal beds, but it's an asset in naturalized plantings. 'Elizabeth' does well under deciduous trees and shrubs, in cottage and rock gardens, and along paths that leat into the woods. -Ruth Rogers Clausen, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #121

Campanula medium ‘Calycanthema’ Campanula medium ‘Calycanthema’
(Canterbury bells, Cup and Saucer)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 2- to 3-foot-tall bellflower bears single or double flowers in white, blue, or pink. 

Campanula persicifolia Campanula persicifolia
(Peach-leaved bellflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is one of the most popular campanulas. Its stiff mat of slowly spreading evergreen rosettes is topped by 3-foot-tall, all open, bell-shaped lavender to white flowers in late spring.

Campanula poscharskyana 'Blue Waterfall' Campanula poscharskyana 'Blue Waterfall'
(Serbian bellflower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Serbian bellflowers have an easy, undemanding habit. Creating a stream of lavender blue, the 1-inch-diameter star-shaped blossoms bloom reliably from late spring to early fall. The foliage remains evergreen in mild winters and needs to be sheared only once in a while to keep its appearance tidy. 'Blue Waterfall' flows beautifully along bed edges and through rock gardens in full sun to partial shade.

Campanula punctata Campanula punctata
(Spotted bellflower)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Spotted bellflower has heart-shaped foliage on a creeping rhizome with tubular, bell-shaped creamy white to dusky pink flowers with red spots and hairs. This foot-tall bellflower is native to Siberia and Japan.

Canna 'Centenaire de Rozain-Bourcharlat' Canna 'Centenaire de Rozain-Bourcharlat'
(Indian shot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 3-foot-tall canna from the 1920s has impossibly deep, pure-rose flowers recalling orchids and leis. It's an old French variety.

Canna 'Madame Paul Caseneuve' Canna 'Madame Paul Caseneuve'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A great canna to start with if you're convinced you hate them is 'Madame Paul Caseneuve', from 1902. The pearly-bronze leaves and almost purple stems of this 3- to 5-foot-tall antique beauty are the perfect foil for its elegant, sensual flowers of soft pink shading to peach and apricot.

Canna 'Sémaphore' Canna 'Sémaphore'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Growing to 6 or 7 feet, 'Sémaphore' features slender, dark-bronze leaves topped by spikes of narrow-petaled flowers of an unusual glowing color that's not quite yellow and not quite orange; perhaps flickering tongues of flame would be the best description. It is a Victorian classic from 1895.

Canna var. “MACtro’ Canna var. “MACtro’
(Canna Tropicanna Gold )
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tropicanna Gold is perhaps the showiest of all of the variegated cannas and one of the best for hot, humid, sunny southern gardens. Favored for its bright green and yellow variegated foliage and deep tangerine flowers, Tropicanna Gold will grow at the edge of ponds in shallow water as well as in normal garden conditions. It is adaptable to heat and humidity. Protect in the northern part of its range, or lift tubers in fall where not hardy and store over winter.

no image available Cardamine laciniata
(Cut-leaved toothwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cut-leaved toothwort has sharply cut foliage and single white, lavender, or pink nodding flowers that bloom in early spring. Evergreen forms exist.

Carpobrotus edulis Carpobrotus edulis
(Iceplant, Hottentot fig, Kaffir fig)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This ground-hugging succulent perennial roots at the nodes, has a creeping habit, and often forms deep mats covering large areas. It produces abundant yellow daisy-like flowers that open at noon and turn pink later in the day.

Caulophyllum thalictroides Caulophyllum thalictroides
(Blue cohosh)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant's three-lobed, veined leaves are dark purple when they emerge and later turn green. Greenish brown or yellowish brown flowers appear in mid- and late spring, turning into waxy blue berries that dangle beneath the leaves.

Centaurea macrocephala Centaurea macrocephala
(Giant knapweed, Yellow hardhead)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping, robust perennial has unusual ramrod-stiff flower stems that bloom from early summer through late summer. Its fat, rusty buds open into large, deep yellow thistle flowers the size of a small fist. Easy to cut and dry for arrangements. This plant has big, coarse leaves that call for strong companions.

Centaurea montana Centaurea montana
(Mountain bluet)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mountain bluet is an excellent choice for the border or rock garden. Blue flowers open from attractive buds in late spring to midsummer, then leave behind a mass of vigorous, silvery-green woolly foliage and woolly stems.

Centaurea montana ‘Amethyst in Snow’ Centaurea montana ‘Amethyst in Snow’
(Mountain bluet)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The blooms of this familiar perennial are not the standard blue; instead, they’re a striking silky white with royal purple centers. The flowers appear in late spring, then leave behind a mass of vigorous silvery green foliage.

no image available Centranthus ruber
(Red valerian, Jupiter's beard, Keys of heaven)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming perennial has deep to mid-green leaves and dense clusters of small white, pale rose-pink, or dark crimson flowers in long, slender stems. It blooms from late spring to late summer.

Ceratostigma plumbaginoides Ceratostigma plumbaginoides
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lovely herbaceous species is versatile and undemanding. It is the star of the late-summer garden with its spiky bright red flower buds and vivid blue flowers, displaying long-lasting mahogany red foliage in fall. Spreading slowly via underground runners, this long-lived plant makes a solid mat with erect, slender red stems and bright green leaves.

Chamaemelum nobile and cvs. Chamaemelum nobile and cvs.
(Chamomile)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A hardy perennial, chamomile has aromatic, threadlike leaves that fill the air with a pleasing apple-pineapple scent. White, daisylike blooms appear in summer. The cultivar 'Treneague' is valued because it does not flower, making an attractive lawn. 'Flore Pleno' has double flowers showier than those of the species.

Chelone obliqua Chelone obliqua
(Turtlehead)
(4 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Turtlehead is an excellent, sturdy, vertical perennial with rounded stems, medium texture and deep-green, boldly veined leaves on short stalks. Weather-resistant flowers are dark pink or purple, borne in short, dense, terminal spikes. The flowers are tubular 2-lipped blooms, with a sparse yellow beard inside each lower lip.

Chrysanthemum morifolium Chrysanthemum morifolium
(Hardy garden mum)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

There would be few cut flowers blooming in October were it not for hardy garden mums. Their clusters of flowerheads show over a long period and are available in many colors, including red, orange, yellow, white, and lavender.

Chrysogonum virginianum ‘Eco-Lacquered Spider’ Chrysogonum virginianum ‘Eco-Lacquered Spider’
(Goldenstar)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Goldenstar is a creeping groundcover with long, reddish-green leaf stalks and opposite, heart-shaped, hairy mid-green leaves. From early spring to summer, it bears solitary, star-shaped yellow flowerheads with 5 large, triangular ray florets.

Chrysogonum virginianum var. australe Chrysogonum virginianum var. australe
(Goldenstar, Green-and-gold)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From May to October, this perennial bears bright yellow, daisylike flowers on leafy stalks. It spreads by rooting runners to form an attractive groundcover that is easily controlled. This variety differs from the species in its more prostrate form and its more rapid spread.

no image available Chrysogonum virginianum var. virginianum 'Mark Viette'
(Green-and-gold)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Mark Viette' is a clump-forming, handsome 6-inch tall plant with thick, semi-evergreen deep green leaves and perky 1-inch flowers of buttercup yellow.

no image available Claytonia virginica
(Spring beauty)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low-growing, spring-blooming succulent touts 5-petaled, pale-pink striped flowers with strap-like foliage that continues to grow after bloom but disappears in late spring when the plants go into dormancy. It can literally carpet the ground in early spring, giving the impression of a light dusting of snow. Its flowers open when the sun is out and close when it is cloudy.

Clematis 'Cleminov 51' Clematis 'Cleminov 51'
(Sapphire Indigo ™ Clematis)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sapphire Indigo is a non-climbing clematis that is covered in early summer with deep violet blooms that repeat bloom all summer long. -Star Roses

Clematis crispa Clematis crispa
(Marsh clematis, Blue jasmine, Curly clematis)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A deciduous climber native to the southeastern United States, Clematis crispa bears lavender-blue, bell-shaped flowers with curly edges in summer. Its blooms are not profuse, but their elegant shape makes this plant a good choice for trellises, growing through shrubs, or planting in damp areas. The flowers are slightly fragrant and are followed by attractive seedheads. It also makes an unusual cut flower.

Clematis integrifolia Clematis integrifolia
(Solitary clematis)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Clematis integrifolia is a herbaceous, woody-based, upright, non-climbing perennial with a dense and somewhat sprawling habit. It bears solitary, nodding, bell-shaped flowers with slightly twisted violet to blue sepals and creamy white anthers from May to July. Sporadic blooming sometimes occurs throughout the summer. Blossoms mature to attractive, feathery, silver-green, or silvery brown seed heads.

Clematis integrifolia Mongolian Bells™ Clematis integrifolia Mongolian Bells™
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Clematis integrifolia is no longer only blue. This selection produces progeny with pink, white, and lavender blooms from midspring until late summer. The flowers are followed by attractive seed heads in fall. It has a compact, herbaceous form and grows to just 10 to 14 inches tall.

Clematis tangutica 'Golden Tiara' Clematis tangutica 'Golden Tiara'
(Russian virgin's bower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Golden Tiara' is a vigorous, late-flowering climbing vine to 15 or 20 feet tall with intense golden-yellow, bell-shaped flowers that eventually fully open to reveal crimson filaments. It blooms profusely from midsummer to late fall. The seedheads are fluffy and attractive in their own right. Native to western China.

Colchicum 'Waterlily' Colchicum 'Waterlily'
(Autumn crocus, Meadow saffron)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Semi-erect, narrowly ovate leaves 7-10 inches long appear in spring and disappear by summer, followed by large, fully double, rosy lilac flowers resembling the blooms of a waterlily.

Colchicum autumnale Colchicum autumnale
(Meadow saffron)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Meadow saffron is a cormous perennial with erect, lance-shaped leaves 5 to 14 inches long. It bears 1 to 6 goblet-shaped, lavender-pink flowers in fall.

Colchicum speciosum Colchicum speciosum
(Autumn crocus, Meadow saffron)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous cormous perennial has semi-erect, lance-shaped leaves 7 to 10 inches long that emerge in spring, then go dormant in late May. In September, it bears 1 to 3 leafless, goblet-shaped, intense pink flowers with yellow anthers and often white throats.

Convallaria majalis Convallaria majalis
(Lily of the Valley, May bells)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lily of the valley's bell-shaped, sweetly scented flowers bloom in early spring. It likes partial to full shade and is perfect for a woodland garden. It may not be the best choice for your beds and borders because it tends to spread, but it is a perfect ground cover if you have a large shady spot under some trees.

no image available Convolvulus mauritanicus
(Ground morning glory)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Ground morning glory is a trailing low grower with a profusion of funnel-shaped lavender flowers from summer to early autumn.

Coreopsis auriculata Coreopsis auriculata
(Eared coreopsis)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large golden-yellow blossoms are borne in late spring and midsummer on top of stems reaching almost 3 feet high. Native to the southeastern U.S.

Coreopsis ‘Novcorcar’ Coreopsis ‘Novcorcar’
(Creme Caramel™ Coreopsis)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Developed as a sport of the popular Coreopsis 'Créme Brulee,' Créme Caramel™ displays a show of bronzy/orange blooms from mid-June to August. -Star Roses

no image available Coreopsis grandiflora
(Large-flowered tickseed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

As the name implies, this species bears large, daisy-like blossoms (2.5 inches across) of golden yellow rays and darker yellow centers. It blooms from late spring to late summer and is native to the central and southeastern U.S.

Coreopsis grandiflora 'Baby Sun' Coreopsis grandiflora 'Baby Sun'
(Tickseed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A multitude of 2-inch, golden-yellow daisy flowers sits atop thready foliage from late spring to late summer if deadheaded promptly. This clump-forming perennial is native to the central and southeastern U.S. It is sometimes grown as an annual. It makes a beautiful cut flower, and its casual habit makes it valuable in cottage gardens, borders, containers, and meadows.

Coreopsis grandiflora 'Sunray' Coreopsis grandiflora 'Sunray'
(coreopsis, 'Sunray' tickseed)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Sunray' coreopsis has double to semi-double yellow flowers that begin blooming in late spring and continue throughout the summer. The species is native to the central and southeastern U.S. Flowers are good for cutting. Use in beds and borders or in containers.

Coreopsis hybrid 'Route 66' Coreopsis hybrid 'Route 66'
(Threadleaf coreopsis)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Route 66' features big, bold, bicolor blooms. A rich ring of burgundy surrounding the flower center bleeds out to the very tips of the yellow petals. Narrow, deep-green foliage forms vigorous, uniform clumps.

Coreopsis lanceolata Coreopsis lanceolata
(Lance-leaved coreopsis)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Solitary yellow petals with toothed edges and flat, yellow centers open from early to late summer. Native to the central and southern U.S.

Coreopsis rosea Coreopsis rosea
(Tickseed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant bears a profusion of lavender-pink flowers with yellow centers from mid-summer to early autumn. This perennial has finely textured leaves that give it an airy appearance.

Coreopsis rosea 'Mercury Rising' Coreopsis rosea 'Mercury Rising'
('Mercury Rising' coreopsis)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, velvety-red blooms bring long-lasting, dramatic color to the garden from early summer into fall. This easy-to-grow beauty is deer resistant and perfect cut for summer bouquets! -American Meadows

Coreopsis rosea 'Sweet Dreams' Coreopsis rosea 'Sweet Dreams'
(Tickseed)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The bicolored, white-tipped and raspberry-centered blooms are large (1 to 1.5 inches across) and long lasting. Flowers cover the mound of grassy foliage for weeks in summer and early fall. This hybrid does not produce seed.

Coreopsis verticillata ‘Moonbeam’ Coreopsis verticillata ‘Moonbeam’
(Thread-leaved tickseed)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Moonbeam' produces star-like blossoms of pale yellow from late spring into autumn. This cultivar is widely used because the refreshing tint of yellow compliments so many colors. The finely textured foliage adds interest all season long.

Corepsis verticillata ‘Zagreb' Corepsis verticillata ‘Zagreb'
(Thread-leaved tickseed)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Zagreb' produces star-like blossoms in egg-yolk yellow in early summer on plants 12 inches tall and wide. The sturdy, upright stems and finely textured foliage add delicate texture to the garden.

Corydalis ‘Blackberry Wine’ Corydalis ‘Blackberry Wine’
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Stunning, fragrant pinkish-purple flowers bloom in spring and then sporadically through fall. The ferny foliage can reach as high as 3 feet and looks great around hostas and other shade garden plants. 

Corydalis cheilanthifolia Corydalis cheilanthifolia
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant's tapering, finely dissected leaves make it look like a fern relative. The bronzy tints of the emerging foliage add to this plant's beauty. It bears buttery yellow blossoms from spring to summer.

Corydalis curviflora var. rosthornii 'Heronswood Form' Corydalis curviflora var. rosthornii 'Heronswood Form'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This variety has fragrant, deep blue, cornucopia-shaped flowers carried tightly on red stems above 6-inch tall, blue-green foliage. It is considered one of the best blue forms for color and performance.

Corydalis elata Corydalis elata
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant, blue-flowered species is more vigorous and heat tolerant than the blue cultivars. It blooms from late spring to early summer, and its foliage persists throughout the season with adequate moisture.

no image available Corydalis flexuosa
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late spring to summer, this species produces clusters of brilliant blue flowers over ferny foliage. It is the parent of many of the rapidly expanding selection of choice blue cultivars.

Corydalis flexuosa 'Blue Panda' Corydalis flexuosa 'Blue Panda'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The first of the coveted blue corydalises to be introduced, it produces fragrant clusters of long-spurred, azure flowers on a compact plant. 

Corydalis flexuosa 'China Blue' Corydalis flexuosa 'China Blue'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the coveted blue corydalises. It produces whorled clusters of sky-blue flowers on 18-inch tall plants. 

Corydalis flexuosa 'Purple Leaf' Corydalis flexuosa 'Purple Leaf'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice corydalis produces fragrant clusters of periwinkle-blue flowers and ferny foliage infused with purple hues. It is similar to 'Blue Panda,' yet is slower to spread and blooms more reliably during the summer.

Corydalis lutea Corydalis lutea
(Yellow corydalis)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has bluntly spurred golden yellow flowers from late spring to early fall. Its pale green, glaucous leaves form compact, ferny mounds.

Corydalis ochroleuca Corydalis ochroleuca
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late spring and throughout the summer, creamy flowers cover a delicate mound of filigreed gray-green foliage.

Corydalis scouleri Corydalis scouleri
(Scouler's fumeroot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has tiers of lacy foliage that form broad clumps, 3 feet high by 3 feet wide. Its hot pink flowers bloom from May to July.

Corydalis solida Corydalis solida
(Fumewort)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species produces mauve-pink, purple, or white flower spikes in spring over deeply divided gray-green leaves that are barely 10 inches tall. 

Cosmos atrosanguineus Cosmos atrosanguineus
(Chocolate cosmos, Black cosmos)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A chocolate scented flower! Dark red-brown, sometimes almost black, velvety flowers on long, slender, reddish brown stems bloom from early summer to autumn. Chocolate cosmos is a tuberous-rooted, tender perennial native to Mexico that can be overwintered indoors where not hardy. Grow in a border or in containers where the flowers can be appreciated up close. They also make good cut flowers.

Crambe cordifolia Crambe cordifolia
(Colewort)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species is notable in stature, forming a giant mound and producing a profusion of airy white flowers on tall stems in late spring to midsummer and then dying down in midsummer to late summer. Colewort can reach 8 feet high and about half as wide. Grow in a large border or open woodland.

Crinum 'Sangria' Crinum 'Sangria'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This purple-leaved hybrid has Crinum bulbispermum in its blood, so it is more cold hardy than many other purple-leaved crinums. In spring, 'Sangria' sends up 2-foot-long leaves (it will stay evergreen in frost-free climates). 'Sangria' crinum serves as a superb substitute for phormiums, though it is somewhat less upright. It is grown for its foliage alone or for its pink flowers, which appear in the spring. -Andy Cabe, Regional Picks: Southeast, Fine Gardening issue #120

Crocosmia 'Lucifer' Crocosmia 'Lucifer'
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Abundant eye-catching, brillliantly red, tubular flowers appear in midsummer atop bold, slightly arching, sparsely branched 3-foot-tall stems. Crocosmia's mid-green leaves are pleated and swordlike.

Crocosmia 'Star of the East' Crocosmia 'Star of the East'
('Star of the East' crocosmia )
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

To put it in perspective, ‘Star of the East’ crocosmia is as far removed from the well-known ‘Lucifer’ crocosmia as Lady Gaga is from an Appalachian clogger. ‘Star of East’ is a strong grower without being aggressive, starting the season off with attractive green leaves that are held verti­cally. The foliage remains upright and in good condition well into fall, which isn’t always the case with other cultivars. The flower stems are exceptionally sturdy, too, and they need to be because they bear some of the largest flowers of any crocosmia—nearly 4 inches in diameter.
In late summer, deep orange flower buds emerge like tubes of lipstick from protective bracts. The flowers open widely with a glowing, soft orange face highlighted by a pale center. A surprisingly long bloom period is a bonus, the blossoms perfectly mixing with the other hot colors of late summer and then seamlessly blending into the warm oranges and yellows of autumn.

Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora
(Montbretia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Montbretia looks like a small gladiolus until it blooms in late summer, when abundant sprays of orange, gold, or yellow star-shaped flowers are held by gracefully thin, arching, zigzag stems rising from a cluster of pale green, sword-shaped leaves.

Crocus sativus Crocus sativus
(Saffron crocus)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The saffron crocus blooms in the autumn, producing 1 to 5 rich lilac flowers with dark purple veins, held wide open above inconspicuous foliage.

Crocus speciosus Crocus speciosus
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This autumn-flowering cormous perennial bears long-tubed flowers in shades of violet-blue with deeper blue veins and divided, bright orange styles.

Cynara cardunculus Cynara cardunculus
(Cardoon)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cardoon is an architectural splendor with bold texture, thanks to its large, prickly, almost dagger-shaped gray-green arching leaves and a statuesque, vase-shaped frame. It is topped with round, purple, thistlelike flowers in midsummer. Cardoon can reach up to 5 feet tall and 4 feet wide.

Dahlia 'Bishop of Llandaff' Dahlia 'Bishop of Llandaff'
(Dahlia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

With its deep purple-black leaves and brilliant summer blooms, 'Bishop of Llandaff' is a fine addition to the sunny bed or border. The 4- to 6-inch-round red-petaled flowers have deep purple and yellow centers, which are set off nicely by the plant's dark foliage. Use this long-stemmed cultivar in cut-flower arrangements. -Gerald Gibbens, Regional Picks: Northwest, Fine Gardening issue#120

Dahlia 'Fire Pot' Dahlia 'Fire Pot'
('Fire Pot' dahlia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Resembling a water lily, the spectacular pink and yellow blooms are perfect for fabulous summer bouquets! The bright blooms are butterfly-magnets and Fire Pot is extremely easy to grow both in the garden and in containers.
-American Meadows

Dahlia 'Mystic Illusion' Dahlia 'Mystic Illusion'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This new dahlia has gorgeous, bright yellow blooms that pop against its rich, dark purple (nearly black) foliage. 'Mystic Illusion' is well branched and makes a strong statement in beds, borders, and containers.

Darmera peltata Darmera peltata
(Indian rhubarb, Umbrella plant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Darmera's flower stalks emerge from the ground on naked stems in spring, and are followed by cupped, rounded but indented leaves up to 24 inches across. The foliage forms a lovely, vase-like clump, 4 feet tall and 3 feet wide. The flower clusters are composed of many 5-petaled, starry, pink or white florets with conspicuous stamens. This native of the western U.S. is found growing along woodland stream banks, and helps to add a tropical look to temperate gardens. Darmera makes a distinct and long-lasting foliage statement in moist conditions, and exhibits autumn color also. 

no image available Deinanthe bifida
(Deinanthe)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This small perennial blooms in summer with cup-shaped, waxy flowers that have numerous yellow stamens. Use Deinanthe in a shade garden, a woodland, or a rock garden.

Delosperma ‘Kelaidis’ Delosperma ‘Kelaidis’
(Mesa Verde® Ice Plant)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mesa Verde® is a moderately-spreading ground cover with small, bright salmon pink flowers that bloom from midspring till late fall. It is tolerant of a wide variety of soil conditions, from poor or sandy to well-drained.

Delosperma cooperi Delosperma cooperi
(Ice plant)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Summer-long bloom and a tough constitution make the mat-forming ice plant a perfect groundcover. Two-inch magenta blossoms with white anthers are produced in midsummer and late summer.

no image available Delphinium 'Delft Blue'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Belonging to the Belladonna Group hybrids, this delphinium bears loose, branched spikes of intense blue flowers with soft white edges. It may rebloom if deadheaded. The cultivar name pays homage to the resemblance of the flower color to Delft pottery.

Dianthus 'Bath's Pink' Dianthus 'Bath's Pink'
(Cheddar pink)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Dianthus 'Bath's Pink' is a stunning, wide-spreading ground cover with grassy, blue-green foliage and pink flowers. Use it to edge a bed or grow it in your rock garden for a splash of cool color. To keep its blooms going, be sure to deadhead.

Dianthus 'Neon Star' Dianthus 'Neon Star'
(Carnation, Pink)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid has a compact, mounding habit, with silvery-blue foliage and fluorescent pink toothed flowers, which continue blooming with deadheading.

Dianthus barbatus Dianthus barbatus
(Sweet William)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These short-lived perennials or biennials are charming plants, and are worth their weight in gold in the cottage border. After flowering, the attractive foliage holds the space well.

Dianthus deltoides Dianthus deltoides
(Maiden pink)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mat-forming species with dark green leaves is one of the easiest to grow.  Blossoms range from white to red and are usually single and without fragrance. Use as bedding or in rock gardens.

Dianthus deltoides 'Arctic Fire' Dianthus deltoides 'Arctic Fire'
(Maiden pink)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mat-forming species with narrow, dark green leaves is one of the easiest to grow. Blossoms with red eyes open in early summer and may rebloom if sheared back after flowering.

Dianthus gratianopolitanus Dianthus gratianopolitanus
(Cheddar pink)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact species forms broad mats of blue-gray linear leaves and is perfect for a rock garden setting. The purplish-pink flowers are solitary, toothed, and deliciously fragrant. 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Firewitch' Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Firewitch'
(Cheddar pink)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Silvery-blue mats of evergreen, linear foliage. Well-known and loved for the showy, profuse, single, magenta blooms, spring-fall. 'Firewitch' exudes the spicy scent of cloves. Very hardy; good performer. Moderate to fast grower. Heat resistant and tolerant of humidity. Excellent for use in containers, as an edger, in rock gardens, scented gardens and the front of the border. If cut back, they often rebloom in early fall. Considered deer resistant once established. Attracts butterflies!  Very suitable for gardens in the South. -Santa Rosa Gardens

no image available Dianthus plumarius
(Modern border pink)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Especially fragrant and variable in color, modern border pinks form mats of grayish green leaves and fringed, saucer-shaped flowers.

Diascia barberae Diascia barberae
(Twinspur)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This softly textured tender perennial (or annual) produces delicate, loose spires in summer and fall. Diascia is at home spilling onto a walkway or filling in between more structured plants. 

Dicentra 'King of Hearts' Dicentra 'King of Hearts'
(Bleeding heart)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'King of Hearts' has bright rose-pink, heart-shaped flowers in clusters over blue-green parsley-like foliage. It offers the garden a long blooming season, plump flowers, and rich colors.

Dicentra eximia ‘Alba’ Dicentra eximia ‘Alba’
(Fringed bleeding heart, Turkey corn)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rows of white flowers dangle above the fern-like foliage, opening in April and continuing intermittently until October.

Dicentra formosa Dicentra formosa
(Western bleeding heart)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Don't let its delicate appearance fool you: Western bleeding heart is hardy and tenacious. This elegant, herbaceous perennial spreads slowly from rhizomes to form drifts of soft blue-green, ferny foliage in shady woodland areas. Above the leaves in late spring, pink heart-shaped flowers hang gracefully from long, arched stems, attracting scores of hummingbirds but not the local deer. It is surprisingly drought tolerant during the summer months.

no image available Dicentra scandens 'Athens Yellow'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Bright yellow heart-shaped flowers bloom in April or May; bloom continues off and on throughout the season. This climbing perennial can reach 3 feet high and wide. The species is native to the Himalayas.

Dicentra spectabilis Dicentra spectabilis
(Bleeding heart, Lyre flower)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A garden favorite for many years, bleeding heart has soft green foliage and 1-inch-long rose pink and white heart-shaped flowers for several weeks in spring. Plants can form clumps 3 feet across and almost as tall. Foliage generally goes dormant in summer, so be sure to choose companion plants carefully so there isn't an empty space left in the garden. Beautiful in a border or woodland garden.

Dicentra spectabilis 'Gold Heart' Dicentra spectabilis 'Gold Heart'
(Bleeding heart, Lyre flower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Golden yellow foliage emerges from the ground in early spring and is soon accompanied by rosy-pink broken hearts that open in succession for nearly a month as the stems elongate.

Digitalis grandiflora Digitalis grandiflora
(Yellow foxglove)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Originating in mountainous woodland and stony habitats from Europe to western Asia, yellow foxglove is tolerant of dry shade but flourishes with moisture. Arising in midsummer from neat clumps of fine-toothed foliage, a mass of soft yellow open bells, speckled brown inside, blooms along one side of a 3-foot-tall stem. Usually described as a perennial, it is more accurate to call it a biennial or short-lived perennial. If the flowering stalk is cut down after blooms have faded, it may rebloom in the fall. When a few flower stalks are left, the plant self-seeds. 

Digitalis obscura Digitalis obscura
(Sunset foxglove, Willow-leaved foxglove)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This foxglove has long-lasting flowers in seductive shades of burnt umber. Its glossy, linear leaves are evergreen in mild climates, but turn brown in colder climates.

no image available Digitalis purpurea 'Pam's Choice'
(Common Foxglove)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a biennial or short-lived perennial, which may last longer and rebloom if deadheaded. It sports dramatic blossoms in contrasting colors in spires reaching six feet high in rich soil, but more likely to 3 or 4 feet. 

Diphylleia cymosa Diphylleia cymosa
(Umbrella leaf)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Wide and distinct umbrella-like leaves form beautiful clumps in a woodland setting. The small white flowers, which persist throughout the season, transform into striking umbels of blue-black berries on cerise stalks.

Disporum sessile 'Variegatum' Disporum sessile 'Variegatum'
(Variegated fairy bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar adds attractive white-striped foliage to shady areas, as well as pendent, white, bell-shaped flowers in late spring and early summer, and black berries in fall. The species is native to Japan. Variegated fairy bells grows to about 24 inches tall and wide.

Echinacea 'Art's Pride' Echinacea 'Art's Pride'
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cross of E. purpurea 'Alba' and E. paradoxa bears narrow coppery-orange ray petals and prominent deep brown central cones. The fragrant blooms open from early to late summer with sporadic later bloom. It has semi-glossy leaves and grows 2 to 3 feet tall.

Echinacea 'Harvest Moon' Echinacea 'Harvest Moon'
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the exceptional Big Sky™ series (E. paradoxa crossed with E. purpurea), bearing fragrant, earthy-gold petals and golden orange central cones. These hybrids have all inherited the large green leaves, strong branching stems, wide flower petals, and profuse blooming tendencies of E. purpurea.

Echinacea 'Sundown' Echinacea 'Sundown'
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the exceptional Big Sky™ series (E. paradoxa crossed with E. purpurea), bearing fragrant, russet-orange petals and reddish-brown central cones. These hybrids have all inherited the large green leaves, strong branching stems, wide flower petals, and profuse blooming tendencies of E. purpurea.

Echinacea 'Sunrise' Echinacea 'Sunrise'
(Coneflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the exceptional Big Sky™ series (E. paradoxa crossed with E. purpurea), bearing fragrant, pale citron petals and green-maturing-to-copper central cones. These hybrids have all inherited the large green leaves, strong branching stems, wide flower petals, and profuse blooming tendencies of E. purpurea.

Echinacea 'Sunset' Echinacea 'Sunset'
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the exceptional Big Sky™ series (E. paradoxa crossed with E. purpurea), bearing fragrant, vibrant salmon-orange petals and brown central cones. These hybrids have all inherited the large green leaves, strong branching stems, wide flower petals, and profuse blooming tendencies of E. purpurea.

Echinacea 'Twilight' Echinacea 'Twilight'
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the exceptional Big Sky™ series (E. paradoxa crossed with E. purpurea), bearing fragrant rose-colored petals and stunning red central cones on 24-inch plants. These hybrids have all inherited the large green leaves, strong branching stems, wide flower petals, and profuse blooming tendencies of E. purpurea.

no image available Echinacea angustifolia
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow perennial has daisy-like blossoms in early summer. It bears copper-orange central cones surrounded by short, arching, ray petals in pink or purple-pink, and occasionally white.

Echinacea purpurea Echinacea purpurea
(Purple coneflower)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Because of its carefree performance, this native meadow perennial with daisy-like flowers appropriately inhabits the gardens of many. It blooms from midsummer into early autumn, with prominent, copper-orange central cones surrounded by rose-purple, ray petals (to 5 inches across).

Echinacea purpurea Echinacea purpurea
(Purple coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Create a field full of gorgeous pink blooms with easy-to-grow Echinacea seeds. Butterflies and Hummingbirds will flock to your property each summer and the multitude of blooms make for spectacular bouquets. -American Meadows

Echinacea purpurea 'Fragrant Angel' Echinacea purpurea 'Fragrant Angel'
('Fragrant Angel' coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Coneflowers have much to offer the garden, and now they have fragrance, too. 'Fragrant Angel' has large, sweetly scented flowers made up of two rows of white petals surrounding a greenish orange cone. The plants grow to 40 inches and attract butterflies. Grow them in a border, meadow, cottage garden, or cut flower garden.

Echinacea purpurea 'Kim's Knee High' Echinacea purpurea 'Kim's Knee High'
(Purple coneflower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow derivative is a compact version of the species. It blooms from midsummer into early autumn, with prominent, copper-orange central cones surrounded by drooping, rose- or purple-pink ray petals. It will reach 24 inches if not cut back.

Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus' Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'
(Purple coneflower)
(12 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow derivative has vibrant, daisy-like flowers that bloom from midsummer into early autumn. Its prominent, dark orange central cones are surrounded by larger (to 7 inches across) and more horizontal, reddish-pink, ray petals than the species.

Echinacea purpurea ‘Bright Star’ Echinacea purpurea ‘Bright Star’
(Purple coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow derivative with daisy-like flowers blooms from early summer into early autumn. 'Bright Star' has prominent, copper-orange central cones surrounded by red-purple ray petals (to 5 inches across), and grows to less than 3 feet tall.

Echinacea purpurea ‘White Swan' Echinacea purpurea ‘White Swan'
(White coneflower)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar of a native meadow coneflower has white, daisy-like flowers from early summer into early autumn. Its prominent, coppery-green, central cones are surrounded by large white ray petals that reach 4.5 inches long.

Echinacea tennesseensis 'Rocky Top' Echinacea tennesseensis 'Rocky Top'
(Tennessee coneflower)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The 'Rocky Top' hybrid offers the garden an abundance of pastel pink coneflowers with greenish-black cones on plants 2 to 3 feet tall and 1 foot wide. Interestingly, the flowers follow the sun like sunflowers and the petals sometimes curl upward slightly. Use this compact coneflower in borders, meadows, or as cut and dried flowers. E. tennesseensis was thought to be extinct in the 1960s, but was rediscovered and is now widely available as a garden plant.

Echinops ritro Echinops ritro
(Small globe thistle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact species has cobweb-like, woolly foliage. The unique spherical flowerheads appear steely blue before maturing to a brighter blue. The late summer flowers add charm of form and texture to a mixed border.

Epimedium × rubrum Epimedium × rubrum
(Red epimedium, red barrenwort, bishop's hat)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Early in the season, the thin, heart-shaped leaves of this plant have a red tinge, which turns to bronze in fall. Plant red epimedium along a path, where its delicate foliage and tiny spring flowers can be admired. -Marty Hair, Regional Picks: Upper Midwest, Fine Gardening issue #127

Epimedium grandiflorum cvs. Epimedium grandiflorum cvs.
(Longspur barrenwort, Bishop's hat)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Longspur barrenwort is a clump-forming, deciduous, rhizomatous perennial. Leaves, light green and flushed bronze when young, are heart-shaped with spiny margins. Four-petaled white, yellow, pink, or purple flowers, hanging in clusters, appear in mid- and late spring.

Epimedium stellulatum 'Wudang Star' Epimedium stellulatum 'Wudang Star'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Wudang Star' is a clump-forming, evergreen perennial with spiny, glossy foliage. New leaves emerge with bronzy pink edges before turning green in summer. Loose spikes of star-shaped white flowers, borne in spring, have prominent yellow stamens.

Eremurus robustus Eremurus robustus
(Foxtail lily, Desert candle)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species produces very tall spires of pale pink flowers with yellow stamens atop leafless stems that puncture vertical space with unmatched elegance.

Eriogonum umbellatum Eriogonum umbellatum
(Sulfur flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Wild buckwheats have assumed star roles in drought-tolerant landscapes throughout the West, and none is more useful than sulfur flower. It has wonderful evergreen foliage with brilliant blooms from late spring through late summer. Long-lived, this perennial is so adaptable that it also thrives in humid climates.

Eucomis comosa 'Oakhurst' Eucomis comosa 'Oakhurst'
(Pineapple lily, Pineapple flower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bulbous perennial has striking reddish purple, strap-like leaves and foot-long purple flowers that resemble pineapples in late summer. Grow in a sunny border, container, or greenhouse. Plants used outdoors may be overwintered in a frost-free location. The species is native to South Africa.

Eupatorium 'Phantom' Eupatorium 'Phantom'
('Phantom' Joe Pye weed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Phantom' Joe Pye weed is an excellent 3-foot-tall perennial that was bred especially for smaller gardens and mixed containers. Plants have dark green, whorled foliage and handsome lavender to purple flower heads in late summer and fall. The blooms are darker when night temperatures are cool. Joe Pye weed attracts butterflies and other insects.

Eupatorium dubium 'Little Joe' Eupatorium dubium 'Little Joe'
(Joe Pye weed)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Little Joe' is a dwarf cultivar of a species of our native Joe Pye weed. It can reach 3 or 4 feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide, and it has the familiar large domes of lavender-pink flowers that attract lots of butterflies in late summer and early fall. Its smaller size makes it a better fit in moist borders, beds, meadows, or roadside plantings.

Eupatorium maculatum 'Gateway' Eupatorium maculatum 'Gateway'
('Gateway' Joe Pye weed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar of the eastern North American native Joe Pye weed is shorter and bushier than the species. From late summer into fall, its domes of dusky pink flowers attract butterflies and other insects. The seedheads persist well into winter. Grow 'Gateway' in a border, meadow, or cottage garden. It does best in soil that does not dry out.

Eupatorium purpureum Eupatorium purpureum
(Joe Pye weed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, domed flowerheads of pink, light purple, or off-white add soft color and texture to the summer and fall garden. The leaves are purple-tinged on thick stems suffused with maroon. This eastern U.S. native attracts butterflies from mid-summer to early fall.

no image available Eupatorium rugosum
(White snakeroot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This eastern U.S. woodland plant has clusters of small, fluffy white flowers topping stiff 3- to 5-foot-tall stems midsummer to frost. 

Eupatorium rugosum 'Chocolate' Eupatorium rugosum 'Chocolate'
(White snakeroot)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The deliciously colored maroon-brown leaves contrast nicely with neighboring plants through the season. Pure white flowerheads bloom in midsummer and stay open well into autumn.

Euphorbia 'Black Bird' Euphorbia 'Black Bird'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

With velvety foliage that darkens to near black in full sun, 'Black Bird' euphorbia looks good in perennial borders and is especially striking in containers. Flowers open above bright, lime green bracts on red stems that form a compact vase shape. -Pat McKernan, Regional Picks: Midwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

no image available Euphorbia 'Helena’s Blush™'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid has petite green-and-cream variegated foliage with a hint of pink on the undersides. It produces chartreuse and apple green bicolored bracts on airy stems.

Euphorbia 'Jade Dragon' Euphorbia 'Jade Dragon'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant makes a riveting focal point in the border, with golden bracts with red centers that open just above the burgundy-tinted, dark green leaves in spring to summer.

Euphorbia amygdaloides Euphorbia amygdaloides
(Wood spurge)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Wood spurge is a soft, hairy, evergreen perennial with red-tinged stems and matte dark green leaves with red tones underneath. In mid-spring to early summer, it produces 8-inch-tall, greenish-yellow bracts.

no image available Euphorbia amygdaloides ‘Rubra’
(Wood spurge)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has a compact, bushy habit to 20 inches tall and purple-red flushed leaves, especially on new growth and in winter. It produces yellow bracts in mid-spring and early summer.

Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae
(Mrs. Robb's bonnet)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This variety has dark, glossy evergreen leaves arranged in tight rosettes, and it produces yellow-green bracts in mid-spring and early summer.

Euphorbia antisyphilitica Euphorbia antisyphilitica
(Candelilla)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Candelilla forms an upright clump of slender, waxy gray-green stems. Inconspicuous leaves appear on new growth but quickly drop with the first dry spell. Tiny flowers of cream and rosy pink periodically hug the upper portion of the stems throughout the warm season, particularly in response to rain. Candelilla is perfect for narrow planting strips because its stems grow straight up in tight bundles.

no image available Euphorbia characias
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright, evergreen shrub has stunning texture and form. Its gray-green leaves and woolly, purple-tinged stems form billowy, 4-foot long branches. From early spring to early summer, it produces giant cylindrical bract clusters in yellow-green with purple-black nectar glands, and creates a specimen that looks otherworldly.

no image available Euphorbia dulcis
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species produces erects stems of bronzy green leaves and greenish yellow bracts in early summer. In autumn, its leaves turn shades of red, orange, and gold.

Euphorbia dulcis 'Chameleon' Euphorbia dulcis 'Chameleon'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This notable species produces erect stems of bronzy burgundy leaves and purple-green bracts in early summer. It looks exceptional when placed near contrasting plants. The foliage may be cut back after flowering to produce fresh growth.

Euphorbia griffithii Euphorbia griffithii
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has red stems and dark green leaves, which emerge in spring with a reddish tinge. In early summer, it bears conspicuous bracts of orange-red or red. 

Euphorbia griffithii 'Fireglow' Euphorbia griffithii 'Fireglow'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Fireglow' bears conspicuous bracts in vivid orange-fuchsia in early summer. It has red stems and dark green leaves, which emerge in spring with a reddish tinge.  

no image available Euphorbia myrsinites
(Myrtle spurge)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Long-lasting, terminal clusters of lime green bracts and flowers punctuate the meandering 'arms' of this ground-hugging species. The chalky seafoam foliage looks great spilling over a stone wall in a rock garden or at the edge of any bed.

Euphorbia palustris Euphorbia palustris
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This robust perennial forms a large shrub that adds a nice textural element to the back of the border. In early spring it produces 6-inch-wide, vivid yellow bracts.

Euphorbia polychroma Euphorbia polychroma
(Cushion spurge)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Electric yellow bracts bloom on a low cushion in April and persist, but gently fade as the stems elongate to form a 16-inch mound by midsummer. The leaves produce shades of red, orange, and purple in autumn.

no image available Euphorbia rigida
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species is similar to E. myrsinites, but its habit is first erect before spreading, and its steely blue leaves are more narrow and pointed. It also bears terminal yellow bracts from early spring to summer.

Farfugium japonicum 'Aureomaculatum' Farfugium japonicum 'Aureomaculatum'
(Farfugium)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Green-and-yellow mottled, shiny, kidney-shaped leaves distinguish this evergreen perennial native to streamsides and seashores in East Asia. The large, leathery leaves can reach a foot across. The yellow flowers bloom in fall and winter, but they are small and secondary to the foliage. Farfugium are nice at waterside, as a groundcover, in a border, or in containers.

no image available Farfugium japonicum 'Crispatum'
(Farfugium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen foliage plant has large, leathery leaves and daisy-like yellow flowers. It looks great in the border or in containers. 

Fritillaria imperialis Fritillaria imperialis
(Crown imperial)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species draws much attention with its striking gaiety of color and form. Its large, bell-shaped flowers in shades of orange, yellow, and red dangle from tufts of shiny green leaf bracts. Sitting atop sturdy, 3-foot stalks, the flowers make a surprising and regal statement in the late spring garden.

Fritillaria meleagris Fritillaria meleagris
(Checkered lily, Snake's-head fritillary)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Solitary or paired bell-shaped flowers in shades of checkered maroon and reddish-purple or white dangle from delicate, arching stems in spring.

Gaillardia 'Arizona Sun' Gaillardia 'Arizona Sun'
(Blanket flower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 2005 All-America Selections® winner is a cultivar of our native blanket flower. It covers itself in large reddish flowers with yellow edges up to a month earlier than other gaillardia. Growing to just about a foot tall and wide, it is beautiful at the front of a border.

Galtonia candicans Galtonia candicans
(Summer hyacinth, Spire lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A native of South Africa, summer hyacinth sends up spikes of lovely white flowers in late summer amidst dark green, strap-like foliage, when many other perennials are done blooming. The tall spikes are fragrant and especially dramatic planted with darker foliage or flowers.

Gaura lindheimeri Gaura lindheimeri
(Wand flower, White gaura, Butterfly gaura)
(6 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American wildflower is a bushy, clump-forming, vase-shaped perennial with lance-shaped or spoon-shaped, toothed leaves on slender, wand-like stems. Leaves may be occasionally spotted with maroon. Loose panicles of 4-petaled white flowers open only a few at a time and fade slowly to pink, blooming from late spring to early autumn.

Geranium 'Ann Folkard' Geranium 'Ann Folkard'
(Geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This superb plant exhibits dark-eyed magenta flowers that are set off by chartreuse leaves. Even better, though, is the way it weaves its way through neighboring plants, creating fabulous plant combinations with little effort.

Geranium 'Rozanne' Geranium 'Rozanne'
(Hardy geranium)
(32 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The large blooms of this perennial are a spectacular violet-blue with a white throat and darker venation on plants 1 to 2 feet tall and wide. The attractive foliage weaves itself through neighboring plants. Grow in borders, containers, or rock or cottage gardens. 'Rozanne' is most effective en masse. 

Geranium ‘Johnson's Blue’ Geranium ‘Johnson's Blue’
(Cranesbill)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This popular perennial is grown for its blue or lavender-blue, saucer-shaped flowers that bloom for many weeks. It is useful in borders, rock gardens, and containers. It quickly reaches about 18 inches tall and 2 or 3 feet wide.

Geranium × oxonianum 'Wargrave Pink' Geranium × oxonianum 'Wargrave Pink'
(Cranesbill)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Wargrave Pink' is a vigorous perennial suitable for groundcover. The notched, funnel-shaped, salmon-pink flowers bloom all season. 

Geranium cinereum ‘Ballerina’ Geranium cinereum ‘Ballerina’
(Geranium)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, mounded, dwarf perennial has gray-green leaves (grayer than the species) and large, purplish pink flowers with purple veins and eyes. 

Geranium himalayense Geranium himalayense
(Cranesbill)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant bears rich medium blue to violet-blue flowers from 1.5 to 2.5 inches wide in early summer, and blooms sporadically throughout the summer. 

no image available Geranium macrorrhizum 'Bevan's Variety'
(Bigroot geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Thick rhizomes and stout, sprawling stems guarantee this hardy geranium survivor status. It forms dense mats of foliage in no time, making a perfect large-scale groundcover. The foliage is aromatic, particularly when touched, and transforms to red in fall. The magenta-pink flowers are conspicuously veined. 'Bevan's Variety' grows to slightly more than a foot tall with indefinite spread.

no image available Geranium maculatum
(Spotted geranium)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright plant bears cupped flowers 1.5 inches across in variable hues of pale to bright pink from late spring to midsummer. 

no image available Geranium maculatum 'Elizabeth Ann'
(Spotted geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This gorgeous cultivar of the North American species has rich, chocolate brown foliage and contrasting lavender blooms. 

Geranium nodosum Geranium nodosum
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This attractive groundcover blooms all summer and is tolerant of diverse habitats. It has glossy leaves and notched, 1.25-inch lilac-pink flowers with darker veins.

Geranium pratense 'Dark Reiter' Geranium pratense 'Dark Reiter'
('Dark Reiter' geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Dark Reiter', a fairly new cultivar, has a short mounded habit and dissected dark leaves. Bright lilac-blue blossoms appear in spring, and trimming the plant back after flowering encourages more blooms in fall and helps maintain its neat habit. 'Dark Reiter' is slow growing, making it perfect for a rock garden. Like many other geraniums, it does not appeal to deer. Pair silver-toned foliage plants with 'Dark Reiter' for a stunning effect. -Teresa Smith, Regional Picks: Northeast, Fine Gardening issue #120

Geranium pratense 'Midnight Reiter' Geranium pratense 'Midnight Reiter'
(Meadow cranesbill)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Deeply cut plum-purple leaves emerge in spring and stay true to color throughout the season. Lavender-blue flowers bloom beginning in late spring. 'Midnight Reiter' grows to only about 6 or 8 inches tall and twice as wide. More shade causes the foliage to be greener.

no image available Geranium psilostemon
(Cranesbill)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Upright, magenta flowers form shallow cups with jet-black centers and veins bloom in summer. The leaves have deep-pink tints and color nicely in the fall.

Geranium sanguineum Geranium sanguineum
(Bloody cranesbill)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A profusion of delicate, magenta-pink, upward-facing blossoms cover this plant over a long period. The leaves are deeply divided and add texture to the plant's rounded form. 

Geranium sanguineum var. striatum Geranium sanguineum var. striatum
(Bloody cranesbill)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A profusion of delicate pink, upward-facing blossoms cover this plant over a long period. The leaves are deeply divided and add texture to the plant's rounded form. 

Geum 'Mango Lassi' Geum 'Mango Lassi'
('Mango Lassi' geum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen perenial grows to 4 to 16 inches tall and 12 to 24 inches wide and blooms from late spring to fall (with deadheading) with double flowers in shades of apricot and buttery yellow.

Gladiolus 'Atom' Gladiolus 'Atom'
(Gladiolus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A glad for people who would normally never grow them, 'Atom' is about half the size of regular varieties, growing to at most 3 feet tall. This 1946 classic blends easily into perennial borders, and it won't get lost because its flowers are blazing red cooled by a thin, silvery edge.

Gladiolus 'Carolina Primrose' Gladiolus 'Carolina Primrose'
(Gladiolus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 3-foot-tall, small-flowered perennial glad was originally collected from an abandoned home site in North Carolina. Pure yellow with a wildflowery grace, it seems to be a form of a wild South African glad introduced about 1900 as Gladiolus primulinus.

Gladiolus 'Dauntless' Gladiolus 'Dauntless'
(Gladiolus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Introduced in 1940, 'Dauntless' grows to 4 feet tall and has pale pink flowers with deep pink/red throats.

Gladiolus 'Fidelio' Gladiolus 'Fidelio'
(Gladiolus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 3- to 4-foot-tall glad has luminous deep purplish-rose flowers. It dates from 1959 and is called 'Fidelio' after Beethoven's joyous opera.

Glaucidium palmatum Glaucidium palmatum
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

If you dwarfed flowering raspberry (Rubus odoratus, Zones 3–7) and sent it to finishing school, Japanese wood poppy would be the result. Birders will note that Glaucidium is also the name of a genus of owls, and gardeners may, ahem, hoot and flap when they see Japanese wood poppy in full bloom. This debutant may need a year or two to refine before flowering, but when it does, the coming-out party is a show of violet sepals. (White varie­ties are also available.) Naturally, it will wilt in the heat and will require shade and regular water. -Justin Nichols, #Fine Gardening 147 (October 2012), page 70 

Goodyera pubescens Goodyera pubescens
(Jewel orchid, Downy rattlesnake plantain)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native terrestrial orchid produces basal rosettes of striking silvery-veined evergreen foliage. Small white flowers are borne on single slender stems about 6 to 10 inches tall in late summer.

Gunnera manicata Gunnera manicata
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is the granddaddy of big-leaved perennials. No other plant can so thoroughly alter the scale of a garden while calling such attention to itself.

Habranthus robustus Habranthus robustus
(Rain lily, Zephyr lily, Fairy lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pale pink flowers pop up suddenly after a summer rainstorm and resemble small amaryllis flowers on this native of Brazil. In the proper conditions, they can multiply rapidly and carpet the garden.

Helenium ‘Butterpat’ Helenium ‘Butterpat’
(Sneezeweed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sneezeweed is a clump-forming perennial with sturdy, branching stems and mid-green leaves. In August and September, masses of 2-inch, daisy-like yellow flowers are borne in large, loose terminal clusters on leafy 4- to 5-foot tall stems.

Helianthus angustifolius Helianthus angustifolius
(Swamp sunflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A profusion of golden yellow flowers appears for two to three weeks starting in early autumn. Daisy-like flowerheads are 3 inches across with 15 to 20 yellow ray florets radiating from a flat-topped purple or dark brown cone. The entire plant looks like a giant flame, drawing the attention of gardeners and many species of butterflies, bees, and other nectar feeders.

no image available Helianthus divaricatus
(Woodland sunflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

July through September, this sunflower bears golden yellow flowerheads with 8 to 9 ray florets around darker orange-yellow disk florets. Stems are tall and hairy; lance-shaped mid-green leaves are rounded at the base, appearing in opposite pairs.

Heliopsis helianthoides Heliopsis helianthoides
(False sunflower, Ox eye, Woodland sunflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming perennial bears striking, sunflower-like yellow blooms on long stalks from midsummer to early autumn.

no image available Heliopsis helianthoides 'Summer Nights'
(False sunflower, Ox eye)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Summer Nights' has a clumping form, sturdy wine-purple stems, and bronze-tinted leaves. It bears striking deep golden-orange blooms with orange-red centers from June until August.

Helleborus 'Ivory Prince' Helleborus 'Ivory Prince'
(Hellebore)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Year-round gray-green foliage persists through shade and snow and is fairly deer and rabbit resistant. Flowers appear in early spring with daffodils and tulips. This cultivar produces flowers that sit well above the foliage and point upward, which adds to its showiness.

Helleborus × hybridus cvs. Helleborus × hybridus cvs.
(Hellebore)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late fall through winter, the leathery leaves of hellebores stay glossy, cheery, and green. Hybrids of H. orientalis and other species have a clump-forming habit and leathery leaves. They begin blooming in February or March in a range of shades, adding much needed color very early in the season. The blooms last for a very long time, especially if the weather stays cool. Hellebores are tolerant of summer heat and humidity. -Marty Hair, Regional Picks: Upper Midwest, Fine Gardening issue# 127

Helleborus argutifolius ‘Janet Starnes’ Helleborus argutifolius ‘Janet Starnes’
(Corsican hellebore)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial evergreen has white-speckled leaves with toothed edges. It produces abundant yellow flowers in late winter and early spring.

Helleborus foetidus Helleborus foetidus
(Stinking hellebore, Bear's foot, Dungwort, Stinkwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The early, long-lasting, sometimes fragrant blooms of this hellebore are borne in clusters in late winter to early spring. The pendent flowers are a muted yellow-green, often with purple margins, and have large pale green bracts. Helleborus foetidus has dramatic, deeply-cut foliage that holds up through the winter. Leaves smell unpleasant when crushed.

Helleborus odorus Helleborus odorus
(Fragrant hellebore)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lime-green to near-yellow flowers 1 to 2 inches across, with five petal-like sepals, are borne in loose clusters of three or four on leafy stems up to 20 inches tall. Blooms emerge in late winter or early spring, fading to pale green and lasting until seeds are ripe. There is great variation in fragrance, flower color and size, as well as leaf form, across different plants.

Helleborus odorus 'Double Queen' Helleborus odorus 'Double Queen'
(Lenten rose, hellebore)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Hellebores begin blooming in mid-winter in a range of colors, adding much needed color very early in the season. They bloom when the temperature is below freezing, even amidst the snow. Protect from cold winter winds, especially when not insulated by snow, to avoid damaged foliage. Avoid ingestion of all plant parts and contact with the sap.

Helleborus orientalis Helleborus orientalis
(Lenten rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hairless or slightly hairy perennial has over-wintering, leathery, deep green basal leaves each divided into 7 or 9 leaflets. From January until May, masses of white or greenish-cream flowers, becoming pink with age, appear on branched stems.

Helleborus x ballardiae 'HGC Pink Frost' Helleborus x ballardiae 'HGC Pink Frost'
('HGC Pink Frost' hellebore)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘HGC Pink Frost’ is part of a new series of hellebores that, for the Midwest, bloom very early, some as early as January; this cultivar blooms a bit later, usually in March. The bud count is high, with buds coming out in February all along the plant stem. They start out a deep burgundy but open to soft pink, then age to earthy rose shades. Flowers rise above the foliage, so they are never hidden, and they face outward, creating maximum interest. -Irvin Etienne, Fine Gardening issue 147, page 72

Hemerocallis 'Armani' Hemerocallis 'Armani'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Autumn Minaret' Hemerocallis 'Autumn Minaret'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Baby Fresh' Hemerocallis 'Baby Fresh'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Banana Boat' Hemerocallis 'Banana Boat'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Beauty to Behold' Hemerocallis 'Beauty to Behold'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Becky Lynn' Hemerocallis 'Becky Lynn'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Blackeyed Stella' Hemerocallis 'Blackeyed Stella'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Brazilian Orange' Hemerocallis 'Brazilian Orange'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Catalyst' Hemerocallis 'Catalyst'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Charles Johnston' Hemerocallis 'Charles Johnston'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Chorus Line' Hemerocallis 'Chorus Line'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Condilla' Hemerocallis 'Condilla'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Cool Jazz' Hemerocallis 'Cool Jazz'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Crystal Cupid' Hemerocallis 'Crystal Cupid'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Dixie Hummingbird' Hemerocallis 'Dixie Hummingbird'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Elijah' Hemerocallis 'Elijah'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Elizabeth's Magic' Hemerocallis 'Elizabeth's Magic'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'English Witch' Hemerocallis 'English Witch'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Forsyth Lemon Drop' Hemerocallis 'Forsyth Lemon Drop'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Forsyth Lemon Drop' is lovely and cheerful daylily cultivar.

Hemerocallis 'Frances Fay' Hemerocallis 'Frances Fay'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This floriforous daylily is a melony yellow.

Hemerocallis 'Froufrou' Hemerocallis 'Froufrou'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Froufrou' gets its name from its small, ruffled yellow petals.

Hemerocallis 'Garden Portrait' Hemerocallis 'Garden Portrait'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has pale yellow, spider-like blooms and no fragrance.

Hemerocallis 'Girl Scout' Hemerocallis 'Girl Scout'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Girl Scout' has large, bright yellow flowers.

Hemerocallis 'Happy Returns' Hemerocallis 'Happy Returns'
(Daylily)
(15 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pale-yellow-flowered daylily distinguishes itself with its profuse bloom and compact size (only 16 inches tall), making it good for containers and the borders. It is an early season bloomer with circular flowers that open in late afternoon and last through the night.

Hemerocallis 'Indonesia' Hemerocallis 'Indonesia'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daylily has cheerful, ruffly yellow-orange flowers.

Hemerocallis 'Jan's Twister' Hemerocallis 'Jan's Twister'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Jan's Twister' has large, light coral, spiderlike flowers and no fragrance.

Hemerocallis 'Jungle Fever' Hemerocallis 'Jungle Fever'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Red daylily with a yellow center.

Hemerocallis 'Just Plum Happy' Hemerocallis 'Just Plum Happy'
('Just Plum Happy' daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This everblooming daylily is a member of the Happy Ever Appster(R) family of daylilies. All Happy Ever Appster daylilies are offspring of the popular 'Happy Returns' daylily and were developed by Dr. Darrel Apps, famous daylily hybridizer. 'Just Plum Happy' flaunts 6-inch-wide, bright rose-pink blooms with purple centers on stems 12 to 16 inches tall from June to frost above a clump of deep green, strappy leaves 18 to 24 inches wide.

Hemerocallis 'Kate Carpenter' Hemerocallis 'Kate Carpenter'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Peach daylily with yellow accents.

Hemerocallis 'Kindly Light' Hemerocallis 'Kindly Light'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Kindly Light' has large, yellow-green, spider-like flowers but no fragrance.

Hemerocallis 'King's Genius' Hemerocallis 'King's Genius'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daylily has large red flowers with a yellow center and yellow accents.

Hemerocallis 'Malaysian Monarch' Hemerocallis 'Malaysian Monarch'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has large flowers and is semi-evergreen in some climates.

Hemerocallis 'Mini Pearl'

Hemerocallis 'Mini Pearl'


(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a lovely yellow-pink (some say apricot) daylily.

Hemerocallis 'Strawberry Candy' Hemerocallis 'Strawberry Candy'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Strawberry Candy' has small, rose-pink flowers with yellow centers. They are semi-evergreen in some climates.

Hemerocallis 'Sydney Eddison' Hemerocallis 'Sydney Eddison'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daylily has large, pale creamy pink flowers.

Hemerocallis 'Yum Yum' Hemerocallis 'Yum Yum'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Yum Yum' has miniature red flowers.

Hemerocallis x 'Malja' Hemerocallis x 'Malja'
(Golden Zebra® Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are traditional candidates for the perennial border. They blend perfectly into mixed and shrub borders. Compound color by massing or combine two complementary colors for a dramatic composition. Excellent edging plant for rigid sidewalks, naturalistic flagstone footpaths and for tidy color at the edge of the lawn. Lovely for nesting rough edges of landscape boulders, or for color around rock strewn water features and dry stream beds.

 

no image available Hepatica acutiloba
(Liverwort, Sharp-leaved hepatica)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An early bloomer, liverwort has tiny, cup-shaped, blue, pink, or white flowers in spring. Three-lobed, mottled, mid-green leaves appear after the blooms.

Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis
(Sweet rocket, Dame's violet, Wild phlox)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is a biennial or short-lived perennial with leafy stems and 4- to 8-inch-long toothed, hairy leaves. Lilac or purple, sometimes white, flowers are borne from late spring to midsummer in racemes or panicles.

Heuchera 'Amber Waves’ Heuchera 'Amber Waves’
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Bright lime green foliage and perky rose-colored flowers in spring make this plant a great selection. It turns a nice orange in autumn.

Heuchera 'Amethyst Myst' Heuchera 'Amethyst Myst'
('Amethyst Mist' heuchera)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera has burgundy leaves splashed with silver and grows up to 16 inches tall and 18 inches wide. Pink flowers emerge in spring and rise to 26 inches tall. This plant performs well in both garden beds and in containers, where it makes a wonderful filler plant.

Heuchera 'Blackberry Jam' Heuchera 'Blackberry Jam'
('Blackberry Jam' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera, sold as Dolce® Blackcurrant in the U.S., has purple and silver leaves veined with black and grows up to 16 inches tall and 20 inches wide. While it flowers in early summer, it is grown primarily for its dramatic foliage and performs well in both garden beds and containers.

Heuchera 'Caramel' Heuchera 'Caramel'
('Caramel' heuchera)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Heuchera 'Caramel' has H. villosa parentage, so it's more tolerant of heat and humidity that other heacheras. It has glowing, apricot-hued foliage that grows up to 12 inches tall and 20 inches wide. Pink flowers appear in spring. This plant performs well in both garden beds and containers, or as a groundcover when planted en masse. It may be evergreen on warmer climates.

Heuchera 'Cherries Jubilee' Heuchera 'Cherries Jubilee'
('Cherries Jubilee' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact heuchera has dark greenish silver leaves with crimson undersides. The plant grows up to 8 inches tall and 16 inches wide and sports soft red flowers in spring.

Heuchera 'Chiqui' Heuchera 'Chiqui'
('Chiqui' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Unlike many heucheras that are grown for their foliage, this heuchera is grown for its tall, large salmon-oink blooms on stems that rise 18 inches above the foliage in spring. The foliage is medium green and grows up to 12 inches tall and 18 inches wide. This cultivar prefers more sun than most heucheras but will tolerate some shade.

Heuchera 'Crème Brûlée' Heuchera 'Crème Brûlée'
('Crème Brûlée' heuchera)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera cultivar has peachy-bronze leaves and spires of red flowers in late spring and early summer. It grows up to 16 inches tall and 20 inches wide. 'Crème Brûlée' performs well in both garden beds and in containers, where it mingles well with a multitude of plants. This cultivar is very tolerant of heat and sun.

Heuchera 'Crimson Curls' Heuchera 'Crimson Curls'
('Crimson Curls' coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Crimson Curls' heuchera is fairly pest free, but it requires constant moisture to look its best. White flowers contrast with ruby-colored foliage that deepens in direct sun. 'Crimson Curls' flowers in late spring, and if deadheaded, will flower again by late summer. It needs too much water to grow well in containers. Instead, use it massed along a walkway or in a woodland bed. -Ron Smith, Regional Picks: Upper Plains, Fine Gardening issue #120

Heuchera 'Geisha's Fan' Heuchera 'Geisha's Fan'
('Geisha's Fan' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera has dusky purple leaves with charcoal veins, overlaid with silver between the veins. The plant grows up to 16 inches tall and wide. Pale pink flowers appear in spring. Great in garden beds and in container plantings.

Heuchera 'Green Spice' Heuchera 'Green Spice'
(Coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This coral bells cultivar has silvery leaves with vivid purple veins and spires of white flowers in late spring and early summer. 'Green Spice' grows to less than a foot tall and a little wider; the wiry flowering stems rise two feet or so above the foliage. Leaves have an orangey hue in fall.

Heuchera 'Lime Rickey' Heuchera 'Lime Rickey'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Ruffled bright green leaves—first chartreuse and then lime green— and spires of white flowers distinguish this vigorous coral bells cultivar. It is eye-catching in a container, in a rock garden, as edging, or as groundcover.

Heuchera 'Marmalade' Heuchera 'Marmalade'
(Coral bells)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The maple-shaped leaves of this heuchera are pale orange with overtones honey, amber, and even pale green. Some are a single color, while others are a fusion. Reddish brown flowers appear in summer. The flower spikes can give cut-flower arrangements a contemporary look. -Sue Whetten, Regional Picks: Rocky Mountains, Fine Gardening issue #127

Heuchera 'Midnight Rose' Heuchera 'Midnight Rose'
('Midnight Rose' heuchera, 'Midnight Rose' coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Midnight Rose' is a striking heuchera with burgundy leaves heavily splashed with hot pink. The plant grows to 10 inches tall and 16 inches wide and produces small flowers in spring, though this plant is grown primarily for its foliage. Grow it in garden beds, as an edger, or in containers, where it will blend well with a multitude of other plants.

Heuchera 'Pink Lipstick' Heuchera 'Pink Lipstick'
(coral bells, coral flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Heuchera make excellent foliage plants for sun to part shade gardens. With its burgundy stems and pale pink flowers, 'Pink Lipstick' provides great color to a border.

Heuchera 'Plum Pudding' Heuchera 'Plum Pudding'
(coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Plum Pudding' heuchera makes an excellent foliage plant for sunny to partly shady gardens. This cultivar has a mounded form. Its small white flowers, which bloom in early summer, are not as impressive as the foliage, but they do add a second level of interest. The foliage of 'Plum Pudding', with its silvery overtones, is not as dark as that of other burgundy heucheras. In mild winters, the foliage will persist if you provide adequate moisture to the soil. -Lou Anella, Regional Picks: Southern Plains, Fine Gardening issue #127

Heuchera 'Silver Scrolls' Heuchera 'Silver Scrolls'
('Silver Scrolls' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Heucheras make excellent foliage plants for sun to part shade gardens. Most flowers are not as impressive as the foliage, but they do add a second level of interest. 'Silver Scrolls' heuchera's leaves are burgundy overlaid with silver and withstand even hot summers, unlike many other silver plants. It grows up to 2 feet tall and 1 foot wide.

Heuchera 'Velvet Night' Heuchera 'Velvet Night'
(coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera cultivar has very dark (almost black) plum or purplish leaves and greenish white, bell-shaped flowers in late spring and early summer.

Heuchera ‘TNHEU042’ Heuchera ‘TNHEU042’
(Dolce® Key Lime Pie coral bells)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In the past decade or so, dozens of new Heuchera cultivars have appeared sporting many combinations of foliage color. While all are delightful foliage plants, the lighter-colored varieties seem best adapted to shade. The most popular of these is Dolce® Key Lime Pie. With its bright gold–chartreuse leaves, this gem of a plant will light up a dark, shady area. -Tom Nelson, Regional Picks: Northern California, Fine Gardening issue #127

no image available Heuchera americana
(Coral flower, Coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rosettes of evergreen, leathery, heart-shaped leaves emerge marbled and veined with brown, maturing to deep green with copper-green shading. In summer, spikes of tiny greenish white flowers are held aloft on stalks up to 3 feet tall. Use coral bells in a border, rock garden, native plant garden, woodland,  or shade garden, or as edging or groundcover.

Heuchera Dolce® Licorice Heuchera Dolce® Licorice
(Dolce® Licorice heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This purple to almost black heuchera adds drama to the shade. The plant grows to 16 inches tall and wide with coralcolored blooms in spring. Grow it in garden beds or containers.

Heuchera micrantha var. diversifolia 'Palace Purple' Heuchera micrantha var. diversifolia 'Palace Purple'
(Coral flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Clump-forming perennial features a mound of maple, or ivy-like, long-petioled leaves (3-5" wide) which are an attractive deep purple above and beet red beneath. Foliage color may fade to a bronze green in hot summers. Tiny, pinkish white, bell-shaped flowers in open, airy panicles are borne on slender, wiry, dark red stems extending well above the mound of leaves typically to a height of 15-24" in late spring to early summer. Attracts hummingbirds to the garden! They look especially good used around the edge of a border. -Santa Rosa Gardens

Heuchera villosa 'Bronze Wave' Heuchera villosa 'Bronze Wave'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Bronze Wave', bred from the native Heuchera villosa,  is, like its parent, renowned for its vigor and resistance to heat and humidity. Its llustrous, large, coppery purple leaves hold their color throughout the growing season and beyond. Three-foot-tall wands of tiny, bell-shaped, pinkish white blooms appear in late summer. -Chris Kelley, Regional Picks: Midwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Heuchera villosa 'Autumn Bride' Heuchera villosa 'Autumn Bride'
(Hairy alumroot, Maple leaf alumroot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, fuzzy, gray-green leaves distinguish 'Autumn Bride' from other cultivars of Heuchera villosa. Attractive white flowers bloom in midsummer. This heuchera tolerates full sun but prefers partial shade, especially in the afternoon. -Jane Hutson, Regional Picks: Midwest, Fine Gardening issue# 127

Heuchera X brizoides 'June Bride' Heuchera X brizoides 'June Bride'
(Heuchera, coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid heuchera has lobed, dark-green leaves and big panicles of large white flowers in late spring and early summer. It grows up to 30 inches tall and 18 inches wide. The flowers are suitable for cutting and the foliage is somewhat evergreen.

Hibiscus 'Kopper King' Hibiscus 'Kopper King'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A hardy hibiscus, 'Kopper King' has leaves that are a coppery red on top and orange-red underneath. Large (10 to 12 inches across) ruffly white to pale pink flowers bloom from midsummer to mid-fall if you deadhead. 'Kopper King' dies back to the ground in autumn and is late to break dormancy in the spring. It should be interplanted with spring bulbs and overplanted with winter annuals; that way you'll get color year round without disturbing the hibiscus. -Pat McKernan, Regional Picks: Lower Plains, Fine Gardening issue #120

Hibiscus moscheutos and cvs. Hibiscus moscheutos and cvs.
(Common rose mallow, Swamp rose mallow)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bold, strong-growing, woody-based perennial hibiscus has erect stems reaching up to 8 feet tall with 8-inch-wide, funnel-shaped flowers with spreading petals in shades of pink, white, or crimson.

Hosta 'Aspen Gold' Hosta 'Aspen Gold'
(Hosta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Perfectly round, puckered, bright-gold leaves have a pattern resembling seersucker fabric. Pale-lavender flowers appear in early summer.

Hosta ‘August Moon’ Hosta ‘August Moon’
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This large and vigorous mounding hosta reaches 20 to 24 inches tall and 36 to 42 inches wide. Heart-shaped, cupped, puckered, pale green leaves provide interesting and attractive texture. Bell-shaped, grayish white flowers are borne on 28-inch-long scapes from mid-July through early August.

Hosta 'Blue Angel' Hosta 'Blue Angel'
(Hosta)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Blue Angel' makes a very large tiered mound of heavily textured blue leaves that can be as wide as 18 in. in diameter.

Hosta 'Blue Shadows' Hosta 'Blue Shadows'
(Hosta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Blue Shadows' is a medium-sized plant with coarse, deep blue, variegated leaves.

Hosta 'Fort Knox' Hosta 'Fort Knox'
(Hosta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright selection reaches 24 inches tall and 44 to 48 inches wide. 'Fort Knox' has an elegant vase-shaped habit and radiant yellowish-gold leaves 10 inches long by 6 inches wide. Lavender flowers appear in midsummer.

Hosta 'Fortunei Albo-marginata' Hosta 'Fortunei Albo-marginata'
(Hosta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Bold, large, shield-shaped leaves with a deep green center and creamy-white margins turn white with age. Funnel-shaped mauve flowers borne on leafy scapes 32 inches long appear in midsummer.

Hosta 'Guacamole' Hosta 'Guacamole'
(Hosta)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

As its name might indicate, 'Guacamole' has avocado green, veined foliage with darker green margins. This hosta forms large, dense clumps and thrives in partial shade, where the sun can brighten the leaf centers. In late summer, 3-foot-tall flower stalks emerge, bearing fragrant, lilylike white blooms. -Matt Griswold, Regional Picks: Northeast, Fine Gardening issue #127

Hosta 'Halcyon' Hosta 'Halcyon'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Halycon’ is a wonderful blue hosta that holds its strong leaf color all season. Its textured, blue-green leaves are thick enough to be slug resistant. Bell-shaped, pale lilac flowers are followed by seed heads that attract birds late in the season. 'Halcyon' grows fairly slowly. It can be used as either a ground cover or a specimen plant. -Jane Hutson, Regional Picks: Midwest, Fine Gardening issue# 127

Hosta 'June' Hosta 'June'
(Plantain lily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'June' hosta has bluish leaves with irregularly shaped creamy gold centers. Pale lavender flowers bloom in late summer on 20-inch spikes. This medium-sized plant is a standout in shade or woodland gardens. It was the American Hosta Growers Association "Hosta of the Year 2001".

Hosta 'Lakeside Shore Master' Hosta 'Lakeside Shore Master'
('Lakeside Shore Master' hosta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

With hefty, chartreuse-flared leaves, ‘Lakeside Shore Master’ hosta commands attention. Performing best in shade, it will tolerate some sun in our cool New England climate. Please don’t let the name fool you, however, into giving it a soggy spot; wet feet turn hostas into mush. This cultivar also sports thick leaves, which are fairly slug resistant. -Justin Nichols, Fine Gardening 147, page 70

Hosta 'Little Aurora' Hosta 'Little Aurora'
(Hosta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A fast grower, 'Little Aurora' has cupped, puckered leaves and a metallic sheen, with soft-lavender flowers from late June into early July.

Hosta 'Patriot' Hosta 'Patriot'
(Hosta)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Patriot' is one of the few hostas that can really take the heat. It's a tough plant with relatively large leaves, and their white edges shine in the shade the shade. In midsummer, lavender flowers appear on tall spikes. -Lou Anella, Regional Picks: Southern Plains, Fine Gardening issue #127

Hosta 'Piedmont Gold' Hosta 'Piedmont Gold'
(Hosta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A robust, clump-forming perennial, 'Piedmont Gold' has prominently veined, wavy-margined, bright-gold leaves 10 inches long by 7 inches wide. It reaches an average height of 18 to 25 inches tall and 40 inches wide. White flowers on 26-inch stems appear in midsummer.

Hosta 'Sum and Substance' Hosta 'Sum and Substance'
(Hosta)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A botanical giant, 'Sum and Substance' averages 30 inches tall by 60 inches wide, sometimes more. Upright, heart-shaped, flat leaves have a glossy chartreuse hue that changes to gold when exposed to more light. Near-white lilac blooms borne on leaning scapes 36 inches long appear from late July through mid-August.

Hosta 'Sun Power' Hosta 'Sun Power'
(Hosta)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Sun Power' is a clump-forming perennial with oval to heart-shaped, yellowish green leaves below funnel-shaped, pale-lavender to white flowers in midsummer.

Hosta kikutii 'Hillbilly Blues' Hosta kikutii 'Hillbilly Blues'
(Japanese rock hosta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A clump-forming perennial with flat-spreading, blue-colored leaves, Japanese rock hosta bears funnel-shaped white flowers, sometimes flushed with purple, on arching, leafy scapes 24 inches long.

Hosta sieboldiana 'Elegans' Hosta sieboldiana 'Elegans'
(Hosta)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Elegans' is a large hosta with deep, smoky blue, slightly frosted heart-shaped foliage.  Deep veins give the leaves a corrugated look. White flowers bloom in early spring. Though slugs love hostas, this one is usually spared. -Sue Whetten, Regional Picks: Rocky Mountains, Fine Gardening issue #127

Houttuynia cordata 'Chameleon' Houttuynia cordata 'Chameleon'
(Chameleon plant)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Chameleon plant lives up to its name, with red and yellow variegated heart-shaped green leaves. Its scrambling growth habit may overwhelm its neighboring plants, so grow chameleon plant in a window box or a hanging basket, where its growth can more easily be controlled. -Debra Lee Baldwin, Regional Picks: Southern California, Fine Gardening issue #127

Ipheion uniflorum Ipheion uniflorum
(Spring starflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Star-shaped, honey-scented, pale silvery blue flowers are borne in spring for several weeks. The leaves, to 10 inches long, are semi-erect, strap-shaped, and silver-green.

Iris 'Pacific Coast Hybrid' Iris 'Pacific Coast Hybrid'
(Pacific Coast Iris)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pacific Coast hybrid irises (PCH irises) have a range of blossom colors: from white to light lavender to deep plum. The compact, narrow foliage is glossy, evergreen, and pest resistant. PCH irises are drought tolerant once established, but they do like deep watering during the dry season. -Sylvia Matlock, Regional Picks: Northwest, Fine Gardening issue #127

Iris 'Rip City' Iris 'Rip City'
(Tall bearded iris)
(4 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tall bearded iris tolerates dappled shade, but full sun promotes maximum flowering of deep red blooms. Spring or fall is the time to deadhead and cut the foliage back. This perennial makes a wonderful backdrop to spring bulbs. ‘Rip City’ is just one of hundreds of cultivars of tall bearded iris.

Iris brevicaulis Iris brevicaulis
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pretty little blue-violet iris with yellow and white falls is native to the central U.S. Its early summer flowers are somewhat hidden among the foliage, as the stems are shorter than the leaves. In the wild, it grows in damp areas. In the garden, it appreciates a moist soil, especially in hot climates. Grow it where its flowers can be seen, such as at the front of a border, in a woodland, or at waterside.

Iris cristata Iris cristata
(Crested iris)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Spectacular, but fleeting, stemless blooms have blue-lilac petals, each with a white patch and a yellow or orange crest on each fall. Crested iris blooms in May. Dagger-shaped leaves 5 to 6 inches tall form an attractive, cool green carpet of stiff leaves. ‘Alba’ is a white-flowered variety.

Iris ensata Iris ensata
(Japanese iris)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Laevigata iris bears 3 or 4 purple or red-purple blooms measuring 6 to 12 inches across, on single stems. Prominently ribbed leaves are 24 to 36 inches long. ‘Caprician Butterfly’ is a white, purple-veined cultivar.

Iris fulva Iris fulva
(Louisiana iris, Copper iris)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beardless, crestless iris produces blooms in midspring that are the color of terra cotta. Quick growing, with long, swordlike foliage, this plant attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, and works well in beds and borders.

Iris missouriensis Iris missouriensis
(Rocky Mountain iris, Wild blue iris)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This variable, beardless iris with narrow leaves to 20 inches long bears 2 to 4 blooms on each branched stem, in summer. The flowers have short, pale to deep blue or lilac-purple standards and larger falls with deep purple veining.

Iris pallida 'Variegata' Iris pallida 'Variegata'
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An iris with foliage as showy as its flowers, 'Variegata' has bright green leaves striped with yellow and beautiful soft blue flowers with yellow beards. This bearded iris reaches four feet high and spreads indefinitely. Use to edge a border or grow at waterside.  

Iris pseudacorus and cvs. Iris pseudacorus and cvs.
(Yellow flag)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Yellow flag is a vigorous Laevigata iris with ribbed, sword-shaped gray-green leaves. It grows to 3 to 4 feet high. Over 60 cultivars exist, including ‘Beuron’, with evenly yellow flowers; ‘Ecru’, with its off-white blooms; ‘Fresh Cream’, with lovely, pale-yellow flowers marked with red-violet signals; a variegated type, ‘Variegata’; ‘Donau’, a bright-yellow flower adorned with a brown signal that looks like stitchery; and nearly sterile ‘Holden Clough’, with deep-yellow blooms and reddish purple veining.

Iris sibirica Iris sibirica
(Siberian iris)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Attractive, grass-like leaves to 18 inches long are topped by showy flowers in a wide range of colors. Flowers unfurl in May and bloom well into June. Cultivars include ‘Caesar’s Brother’, with rich purple flowers; ‘Eric the Red’, a bright violet-pink Siberian; and ‘Chilled Wine’, a garnet iris suffused with blue.

Iris spuria Iris spuria
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beardless iris is one of the tallest growing. It is available in a wide range of flower colors and blooms from late spring to mid-summer. These irises are tall like Japanese irises but have upright flowers and bloom later than the tall bearded ones.

no image available Iris virginica
(Southern blue flag)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lavender-pink or white flowers up to 4 inches in diameter have purple veins and yellow throats. Sword-shaped medium green leaves can top 6 feet tall when grown in shallow water.

no image available Kalimeris pinnatifida
(Double Japanese aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright bushy perennial has softly hairy, mid-green lower leaves to 3 inches long and lance-shaped upper leaves to 1 inch long. White, double flowers, resembling chrysanthemums, bloom almost constantly from spring to fall. Kalimeris is closely related to Boltonia.

Kalimeris yomena Kalimeris yomena
(Japanese aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Beautiful variegation brightens the green and grey mottled foliage. A wide creamy-golden margin blends to the edge of the cut-leaf foliage. Its spreading branches mingle softly with its garden neighbors. Blooming in early fall, 12-  to 15-inch stems produce light lavender aster-like flowers with a yellow center.

Knautia macedonica Knautia macedonica
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming perennial reaches 2 to 3 feet in height and nearly as wide. Small but long-lasting wine-red pincushion-like flowers form on slender stems. The rosettes of pinnatifid basal leaves overwinter.

Kniphofia uvaria Kniphofia uvaria
(Red-hot poker)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These tall spikes top off the perennial border with a burst of tropical-red racemes. The fine foliage makes the base of the plant equally attractive.

Lamium galeobdolon Lamium galeobdolon
(Yellow archangel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rhizomatous perennial has erect or creeping stems and silvery leaves. In summer, it produces spikes of yellow flowers spotted with brown. A less invasive cultivar is 'Hermann's Pride'.

Lamium galeobdolon 'Hermann's Pride' Lamium galeobdolon 'Hermann's Pride'
(Deadnettle, yellow archangel )
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Hermann's Pride' is small, but bold. Unlike the rampantly creeping variegated yellow lamium (Lamium galeobdolon 'Variegatum'), the lamium cultivar ‘Hermann’s Pride’ is a slow-growing, clump-forming treasure that grows like a small bush, beautiful in foliage (jagged, silvery, and green) and flower (brilliant yellow). Masses of flowers appear in late spring to early summer. While some may have trouble controlling this cultivar, it behaves meekly in harsh climates. -Sue Whetten, Regional Picks: Rocky Mountains, Fine Gardening issue #127

Lamium maculatum 'Anne Greenaway' Lamium maculatum 'Anne Greenaway'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Anne Greenaway' infuses the garden with excitement, with its bright chartreuse leaf margins. It grows up to 8 inches tall and 18 inches wide and is topped with lilac-mauve flowers in late spring. The stems root where they touch the soil, so it's easy to lift and transplant rooted stems to increase your stand. It makes a nice groundcover in a shady garden around ferns, hostas, heucheras, or geraniums.

Lamium maculatum 'White Nancy' Lamium maculatum 'White Nancy'
(Spotted deadnettle)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lamium is a genus with many cultivars that are outstanding foliage plants for the shade, most notably ‘White Nancy’. This evergreen ground cover’s beautiful, 1- to 2-inch-wide leaves are silvery white with green edges and have a quilted appearance. Clusters of white flowers appear from spring through summer.

Lamium maculatum 'Pink chablis' Lamium maculatum 'Pink chablis'
(Spotted deadnettles)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Pink Chablis’ has pink flowers above silvery gray leaves edged with dark green. These trailing plants make fine ground covers or cascaders.

Lavandula × intermedia 'Grosso' Lavandula × intermedia 'Grosso'
('Grosso' lavender)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy lavender stands out for its unusually large, dark blue-purple flowers, silvery green foliage, and heavy fragrance. It is often used in perfumes. Growing to 30 inches tall and nearly as wide, 'Grosso'  has very long flower spikes and blooms from midsummer into autumn. It is especially attractive as an edging.

Lavandula angustifolia 'Violet Intrigue' Lavandula angustifolia 'Violet Intrigue'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Violet Intrigue' exhibits the typical handsome gray foliage of good lavenders, but its form and flowers are particularly noteworthy. Each stem is strongly upright, and requires no staking, and the blooms are a deep violet that remains vibrant even when temperatures rise. Other than occasional deadheading, no additional maintenance chores are required.

Leucanthemella serotina Leucanthemella serotina
(Leucanthemella)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This late-blooming perennial is a go-to for shots of crisp white and happy yellow in the fall garden.

Leucanthemum × superbum 'Becky' Leucanthemum × superbum 'Becky'
('Becky' shasta daisy)
(8 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Shasta daisy cultivar has especially large white flowers with yellow centers held on 3- to 4-foot-tall, strong stems that don't need staking. It also blooms later than most of the other cultivars. It originated in a Southern garden, but it is very adaptable to other climates. The masses of crisp, bright blooms are a mainstay of the summer border.

Lewisia cotyledon Lewisia cotyledon
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lewisia cotyledon is an evergreen perennial of incredible beauty and well-balanced proportions. Fleshy leaves emerge in flat rosettes of spoon-shaped dark green leaves. Funnel-shaped flowers to 1 inch across are borne in compact panicles. The true species has candy-striped pink flowers. Hybrids bloom in shades from white to magenta.

Liatris aspera Liatris aspera
(Rough gayfeather, Rough blazing star)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tuberous perennial has dense clusters of linear, rough leaves borne in basal tufts to 16 inches long. Dense spikes, up to 18 inches long, of button-like lavender-purple flowerheads are borne in late summer and early autumn. Blooms open from the top of the inflorescences downward.

Liatrus spicata Liatrus spicata
(Blazing star, gayfeather)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy herbaceous perennial has grass-like, strappy leaves and 3- to 5-foot-tall spikes of purple-pink flowers in late summer and early fall. Native to the eastern and southern United States, this tough perennial prefers reliably moist soil but will tolerate drought. It provides a bold, vertical element to mixed borders and attracts bees and butterflies. It has been observed to be resistant to deer browsing and self-sows freely. The flowers are suitable for cutting.

Liatris spicata 'Kobold' Liatris spicata 'Kobold'
(Blazing star, Gayfeather)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar of a U.S. prairie plant offers the garden spikes of purple, fuzzy-looking flowers that open from the top down on plants up to 2 feet tall and 18 inches wide. The show starts in late summer and attracts butterflies and bees. Grow it in a moist meadow or border. The flowers are also beautiful in a vase.

Ligularia dentata 'Britt Marie Crawford' Ligularia dentata 'Britt Marie Crawford'
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early spring, fleshy stems unfurl and are topped by rounded burgundy leaves. By June, this plant looks splendid, with upturned leaves and their rich purple undersides. 'Britt Marie Crawford' may wilt in the hot noonday sun, but soft shade soon revives it. At the start of summer, right golden daisy-like flowers bloom, contrasting boldly with the foliage. -Matt Griswold, Regional Picks: Northeast, Fine Gardening issue #127

Ligularia stenocephala 'The Rocket' Ligularia stenocephala 'The Rocket'
(Ligularia, elephant ear)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The aptly named ‘The Rocket’ is virtually indestructible if sited in damp shade. In spring, toothed green foliage unfurls to form an attractive mound. Flowering begins in midsummer when stalks packed with little buds rise up to 4 feet tall. Little golden daisies, opening from bottom to top, shoot upward like rockets to the sky.

Ligularia tussilaginea 'Gigantea' Ligularia tussilaginea 'Gigantea'
(Giant leopard plant)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen foliage plant has large, rounded, leathery leaves and daisy-like yellow flowers. It looks great in the border or in containers.

Lilium 'Star Gazer' Lilium 'Star Gazer'
(Lily)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Often used by florists, 'Star Gazer' lily has bright crimson flowers with purple spots and dark edges. These lilies grow to about 3 feet tall, so they generally don't need staking.

Limonium latifolium Limonium latifolium
(Sea lavender)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sea lavender is a rosette-forming perennial with mid- to dark-green leaves to 12 inches long, occasionally to 24 inches. Deep lavender-blue flowers are borne in panicles made of spikelets on wiry stems.

Linum lewisii Linum lewisii
(Blue flax)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Blue flax is a short-lived perennial with blue-green needlelike leaves on graceful 2-foot-tall stems. Satiny sky blue flowers, borne on wiry stems, appear in late spring, last through mid-summer, and open fully only on sunny days. Small rounded seedheads form in summer. 

no image available Liriope muscari 'Silver Dragon'
(Lilyturf)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Silver Dragon' lilyturf features thick, tufted evergreen clumps of linear silver and white leaves with a shimmering silver stripe running down the arching blades. Dense spikes of violet-mauve flowers are borne on purple-green stems in autumn, maturing to black berries.

Liriope muscari ‘Variegata’ Liriope muscari ‘Variegata’
(Lilyturf)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lilyturf is a great choice for problem sites, such as the dry shade under a tree canopy. 'Variegata' is a vibrant, grass-like plant with green foliage, striped with cream. Leaves are wider and more blunt at their tip than grasses, and in warmer climates, the foliage persists through the winter. Clumps run from 1 to 1-1/2 feet tall and half again as wide. Spikes of small blue-violet flowers appear in late September and are followed by dark purple berries. -Lou Anella, Regional Picks: Southern Plains, Fine Gardening issue #127

Lobelia cardinalis Lobelia cardinalis
(Cardinal flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cardinal flower has reddish purple stems and lance-shaped, often glossy, bright green leaves tinged with bronze. Bold red spikes of tubular two-lipped flowers with reddish purple bracts appear in summer and early autumn.

Lobelia siphilitica Lobelia siphilitica
(Blue cardinal flower, Great blue lobelia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming perennial has upright leafy stems. From late summer to mid-autumn, it bears dense spikes of light to bright blue tubular, two-lipped flowers with a more prominent lower lip.

Lunaria annua Lunaria annua
(Money plant, Honesty, Silver dollars)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Showy sprays of pretty purple or white flowers in spring are followed by papery, flat seedpods that look like silver dollars. Flowers may attract butterflies.

Lupinus Russell Hybrids Lupinus Russell Hybrids
(Russell lupine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Russell hybrid lupines are widely available and available in myriad colors. They produce spikes of pea-like flowers in early and midsummer on 30-36-inch plants.

no image available Luzula nivea
(Snowy woodrush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spreading evergreen perennial has clumps of grass-like deep green basal leaves. Tiny, brilliant white flowers borne in tight clusters appear in early summer and midsummer.

Lychnis coronaria and cvs. Lychnis coronaria and cvs.
(Rose campion, Crown pink, Mullein pink, Dusty miller)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Gray-green, spear-shaped leaves form a low, tidy, circular mound about 1 foot in diameter. This plant puts on a dazzling show of five-petaled magenta flowers on straight stalks about 2 feet high in mid-spring. 

Lycoris radiata Lycoris radiata
(Red spider lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Red spider lily’s brilliant red flowers remind me of an azalea’s ball truss. Blooms fade quickly in hot weather, but a higher degree of shade helps them last a while longer. Depending on where it grows in the Southeast, red spider lily blooms from early September to mid-October. After the bloom stalks fade away, foot-long, strap-shaped leaves emerge and last through winter. Red spider lily is an heirloom bulb that is easily passed from hand to hand. Replant offsets as the leaves die in spring. -Parker Andes, Fine Gardening #147 (October 2012), page 71

no image available Lysichiton camtschatcensis
(White skunk cabbage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early spring, this plant produces 16-inch-long, pointed white spathes that mask spikes of tiny green flowers, with no offensive odor. Large, glossy, leathery, oblong leaves 20 to 39 inches long grow from the base of the spathes.

Lysimachia ciliata 'Firecracker' Lysimachia ciliata 'Firecracker'
(Hairy loosestrife)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Hairy loosestrife has dark burgundy- to chocolate-colored foliage that spreads to form large clumps but is generally not invasive. In midsummer, clusters of small yellow star-shaped flowers contrast with the leaves. It grows to 4 feet high and 2 feet wide and is good in a moist border, at a pond margin, or in a wild garden.

Lysimachia clethroides Lysimachia clethroides
(Gooseneck loosestrife)
(4 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous grower has attractive, smooth, narrowly oval pointed leaves are mid-green above, pale green beneath. Tiny saucer-shaped white blossoms are produced in dense, tapered terminal spikes, 4 to 8 inches long, that curve gracefully over and down, from July to September. Leaves turn to rich gold in autumn.

Lysimachia congestiflora 'Persian Chocolate' Lysimachia congestiflora 'Persian Chocolate'
('Persian Chocolate' moneywort)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A mass of small purple leaves and abundant golden yellow, bell-shaped flowers distinguish this groundcover. It is useful on slopes as well as in containers.

Lysimachia ephemerum Lysimachia ephemerum
(Loosestrife, Silver loosestrife)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This herbaceous perennial forms clumps of gray-green leaves from which arise slender racemes of small white flowers with mauve-colored veins, making for an almost gray appearance. It makes an interesting cut flower, and the plant is not invasive like other loosestrifes.

Lysimachia nummularia

Lysimachia nummularia


(Creeping Jenny, Moneywort)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Creeping Jenny is a  low-growing, rampant, evergreen groundcover with rounded leaves. In summer, it produces many cup-shaped, bright yellow flowers.

Lysimachia nummularia ‘Aurea’ Lysimachia nummularia ‘Aurea’
(Golden creeping Jenny, Moneywort)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Golden creeping Jenny is a  low-growing, rampant, evergreen groundcover with rounded, golden yellow leaves. In summer, it produces many cup-shaped, bright yellow flowers.

Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria
(Purple loosestrife)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The showy purple spikes of purple loosestrife are attractive in the garden and along roadsides, but the plant's rampant spread has greatly reduced the ecological value of marshes by displacing native wetland vegetation such as cattails (Typha spp.) that wildlife uses as food or shelter. One mature plant can produce over 2 million seeds a year that are easily transported by the wind or water into wetlands. The seeds easily germinate, and no natural predator holds this plant in check. Even cultivars reported to be sterile can produce highly fertile seed if grown with other cultivars or wild loosestrife.

Mahonia eurybracteata 'Soft Caress' Mahonia eurybracteata 'Soft Caress'
('Soft Caress' Oregon grape)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

“Soft caress,” indeed! You’ll barely recognize this shade dweller as an Oregon grape when it sends up its long slender foliage without a single thorn. Its spikes of fragrant, lemon yellow flowers bloom from fall through winter, and will add a jolt to any shady bed. But the large clusters of silver-blue berries that follow the blooms are what I look forward to most. For the best results, give this drought-tolerant perennial afternoon shade, well-draining soil, and plenty of water the first year. -Leslie Finical Halleck, Fine Gardening # 147 (October 2012), page 74

Marrubium incanum Marrubium incanum
(Horehound)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Horehound is a spreading perennial with scalloped, toothed, gray-green leaves, white-felted beneath, to 2 inches long. Small tubular flowers open in whorls in late spring, varying from tepid gray and pale lilac to greenish white.

Mazus reptans Mazus reptans
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mazus reptans is a mat-forming perennial with rosettes of lance-shaped toothed leaves. It spreads quickly through rooting stems. From late spring to mid-summer, it bears 2- to 5-flowered racemes of snapdragon-like purple-blue flowers with lower lips spotted with yellow and red.

Melampodium leucanthum Melampodium leucanthum
(Blackfoot daisy)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A native perennial shrub that grows to about 2 feet tall and wide and covers itself the whole season with honey-scented, white and yellow daisy flowers. The foliage is typical of the aster family. Plant en masse in a well-drained border or use in a rock garden. Blackfoot daisy can be short-lived.

no image available Mirabilis multiflora
(Wild four o'clock)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Native to the southwestern U.S., California, and Mexico, wild four o'clocks cover themselves with hundreds of purple-pink, petunia-like blooms that open in unison in the afternoon or in the morning on cloudy days. Their musky fragrance attracts their primary pollinator, the hawkmoth. Grow in a border. xeric garden, or rock garden.  

Monarda didyma Monarda didyma
(Bee balm, Bergamot, Oswego tea)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Bee balm, a clump-forming perennial, bears minty-scented scarlet, pink, or purple flowers in midsummer on branching, square stems. Leaves are aromatic as well. This native of eastern North America attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.

Mukdenia rossii 'Crimson Fans' Mukdenia rossii 'Crimson Fans'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Attractive, glossy, fan-shaped leaves and creamy white bell-shaped flowers are borne in dense panicles for several weeks in spring. After flowering is complete, green leaves turn a rich burgundy color with reddish orange highlights on their margins.

Musa zebrina Musa zebrina
(Blood banana)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An oversize tender perennial, blood banana has large, fleshy, rubberlike leaves with dark markings. The foliage is green with random reddish purple blotches. On mature plants, orange or red flowers develop into inedible orange fruits. -Julia Jones, Designing with annuals, Fine Gardening issue #120

Myosotis sylvatica Myosotis sylvatica
(Forget-me-not)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short-lived perennial or biennial has ovate to lance-shaped, velvety gray-green leaves to 4.5 inches long. Myriad saucer-shaped blue or white flowers with yellow eyes are borne in clusters from spring to early summer.

Nepeta × faassenii 'Walker's Low' Nepeta × faassenii 'Walker's Low'
(Catmint)
(11 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mound of lavender-blue flowers and aromatic, grayish green leaves up to 2 feet tall and 3 feet wide is great as edging or in a border, herb, or rock garden. It is an easy to grow, prolific bloomer that seems to be deer resistant. It blooms the whole summer and tolerates some shade. It also looks great with roses or on walls.

Nepeta × faassenii ‘Dropmore’ Nepeta × faassenii ‘Dropmore’
(Catmint)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar is a clump-forming perennial with toothed gray-green leaves and larger flowers than the hybrid. It flowers profusely and long, especially if sheared. The blue-purple flowers are small but abundant, and the foliage is aromatic.

Nepeta 'Novanepjun' Nepeta 'Novanepjun'
(Junior Walker™ nepeta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact Nepeta retains the non-reseeding quality of its popular parent 'Walker's Low' at one third its size. Blue-green foliage contrasts nicely with lavender-blue flowers for a long blooming window from mid-May through September. -Star Roses

Nepeta Little Trudy™ Nepeta Little Trudy™
(Catmint)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This new compact catmint, with the cultivar name 'Psfike', only reaches 8 to 10 inches tall and 12 to 16 inches wide, the perfect size for containers, bed edges, or other small nooks and crannies. It features the same silvery foliage and summer lavender blooms that we know and love, and thrives in full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil in Zones 4 to 9.

no image available Nerium oleander ‘Little Red’
('Little Red' oleander)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Little Red' is a dwarf selection of oleander, which is a large evergreen shrub. Its flowers are deep red and bloom all summer long. This plant is tough and drought-tolerant.

Ophiopogon planiscapus 'Nigrescens' Ophiopogon planiscapus 'Nigrescens'
(Black mondo grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Black mondo grass has straplike, shiny black foliage and grows in little tufts. The grasslike foliage looks good with  chartreuse foliage, variegated woodland plants, and with its own flowers, which bloom in midsummer. Young leaves start out with a greenish hue that soon turns to black. The flowers are bell shaped and can be pink, pale violet, or white, and are followed by fleshy black seeds that may remain on the plant all winter. This perennial is evergreen in mild winters or in the warmer portions of its range. It looks stunning in a shady container planting. -Lou Anella, Regional Picks: Southern Plains, Fine Gardening issue #127

Origanum laevigatum and cvs. Origanum laevigatum and cvs.
(Marjoram, Oregano)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is a creeping perennial that reaches 24 inches tall. Dark green leaves have a rich purple tint, and its purplish pink flower clusters appear from late spring through autumn. ‘Herrenhausen’ (Zones 5–8) displays masses of showy pink flowers with maroon bracts on purplish stems. ‘Hopleys’ (Zones 7–10) is taller (up to 36 inches) with large, long-blooming, deep pink flowers, and is a vigorous grower, more tolerant of heat than ‘Herrenhausen’.

Oxalis oregana Oxalis oregana
(Redwood sorrel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Redwood sorrel is a creeping native perennial with shamrock-shaped leaves and cup-shaped pink, lilac, or white flowers over a long period from spring to fall. It makes a nice groundcover.

Oxalis triangularis Oxalis triangularis
(Love plant, Purple shamrock)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Purple shamrock's pretty foliage and dainty flowers make it a good choice for containers, borders, or indoors.

Pachyphragma macrophyllum Pachyphragma macrophyllum
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rounded, ruffled leaves form a solid, weed-free, evergreen ground cover. In the spring, elongating shoots open to rounded heads of small four-petaled white flowers. Plants remain in bloom for nearly a month, opening new flowers from expanding terminal clusters as well as from numerous side shoots. Mature plants stand 12 to 18 inches high when in flower, and spread in time to form clumps 2 to 3 feet wide.

Pachysandra procumbens Pachysandra procumbens
(Allegheny spurge)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming, semi-evergreen perennial has long prostrate stems and pewter-green foliage. Fragrant, bottlebrush-like white flowers are borne on 2- to 4-inch-long spikes in spring, as the foliage appears.

Pachysandra terminalis Pachysandra terminalis
(Japanese spurge)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant has leathery, evergreen dark green foliage with slightly indented margins. It reaches about 8 to 10 inches tall and bears tiny white male flowers. It spreads by rhizomes, eventually forming a mat at least 2 inches thick. Cultivars offer more compact form with smaller, finely toothed leaves ('Green Carpet') or glossy dark green leaves ('Green Sheen').

Paeonia lactiflora Paeonia lactiflora
(Common garden peony)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This stunning herbaceous woodland peony has upright red-mottled stems and dark green leaves that are elliptic or lance-shaped with rough margins. It bears usually solitary, single creamy white to pale pink blossoms that are cup-shaped and elegant. The blooms measure 3 to 4 inches across and have pale yellow stamens. Like all peonies, the flowers are with us for too short a time. They are followed by beautiful seedpods.

Paeonia obovata Paeonia obovata
(Japanese forest peony)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

We’ve been cheerleaders for wild species peonies for years. Although they may not have the big flowers of peony hybrids, like ‘Sarah Bernhardt’, they are in a classy category all their own. Among our favorites is Japanese forest peony, not because of its blooms but because of its stunning fall seedpods. In late summer or early fall, the pods begin to split, revealing gleaming, blue-black pearls nestled among infertile, brilliant red seeds. To us, this display trumps the flowers and is longer lasting.

 

no image available Paeonia obovata var. alba
(Japanese forest peony)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is a beautiful addition to the garden from early spring until autumn. Red shoots with a crystalline dusting emerge in early April, followed by 5-inch-long, egg-shaped leaves that mature to a dark, reddish green. Each 18-inch stem bears a 2-inch-wide, chalice-like, single pure-white flower with yellow anthers and purple filaments. Mature seedpods open to reveal metallic-blue pea-sized fertile seeds and holly-berry red unfertilized seeds.

Panicum virgatum 'Ruby Ribbons' Panicum virgatum 'Ruby Ribbons'
(Switch Grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Panicum Ruby Ribbons’ soft blue-green foliage emerges in the spring on upright, clumping plants. The foliage takes on a wine-red color in early summer, which intensifies as the season progresses. Flower heads appear in late summer, followed by ornamental seed heads, which, if left uncut, provide long-lasting winter interest.

Pardanthopsis dichotoma Pardanthopsis dichotoma
(Vesper iris)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The flowers of vesper iris open in the late afternoon over a period of several minutes, just about the time the sound of evening vespers might have wafted over an old monastery garden. It is a valuable addition to the garden also because of its late blooming season (high summer into early fall) and for its ability to bloom from seed started the same spring. The vesper iris has typical iris-looking leaf fans and abundantly branched, willowy bloom stalks rising to 4 feet. The inch-wide flowers range in color from pure white to violet.

Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium
(Wild quinine, American feverfew)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Wild quinine bears lustrous foliage and long-lasting white flowers throughout the season, even in heat and drought. It is native to moist prairies, low meadows, and open woods from Massachusetts and Minnesota, south to Georgia and Arkansas.

Patrinia scabiosifolia Patrinia scabiosifolia
(Patrinia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From a basal mound of toothed leaves (similar to scabiosa's foliage) rise 4- to 6-foot stems of tiny chrome-yellow flowers.

Penstemon 'Garnet' Penstemon 'Garnet'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is a bushy, vigorous perennial with smooth, narrow, dark green leaves and small, tubular, deep wine-red flowers borne in erect spikes, from early summer to late autumn.

Penstemon barbatus Penstemon barbatus
(Beardlip penstemon)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This erect perennial has basal rosettes and stems bearing lance-shaped mid-green leaves. The plant bears long panicles of scarlet or yellow flowers from early summer to early autumn.

Penstemon cardinalis Penstemon cardinalis
(Cardinal penstemon)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This New Mexico/Texas native offers the garden spikes of dangling, rich red flowers in midsummer that attract hummingbirds. Grow in a border, rock garden, or cottage garden. It appreciates a moist but well-drained soil, but can also take more xeric habitats.

no image available Penstemon clutei
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright perennial sports hanging, tubular bright-pink flowers to 1 inch across above serrated blue-green leaves. It blooms summer to fall.

no image available Penstemon cobaea
(Dew flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Penstemon cobaea has shiny dark green leaves and purple, pink, or white flowers on spike-like panicles in mid-spring. It grows to 2.5 feet tall. The flowers are larger than most other penstemons. Dew flower is native to the Lower Plains and the southwestern U.S.

Penstemon digitalis Penstemon digitalis
(Foxglove penstemon, Beard tongue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous perennial bears elegant clusters of pure white flowers marked with purple or pale violet from early to late summer. Semi-evergreen basal rosettes and deciduous or semi-evergreen stems are also often marked reddish purple.

Penstemon digitalis 'Husker Red' Penstemon digitalis 'Husker Red'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Husker Red' is one of the few penstemons that does well in wet winters and hot, humid summers. Ruby-toned leaves appear in spring, followed in late spring and early summer by 3-foot-high stems adorned by panicles of white blooms.  The flowers attract bees, hummingbirds, and butterflies, but the plants are not magnets for deer or rabbits. In autumn and winter, songbirds feast on the seed. For a stunning display, plant 'Husker Red' in groups. -Chris Kelley, Regional Picks: Midwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Penstemon palmeri Penstemon palmeri
(Palmer's penstemon)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A native of the Southwest, Palmer's penstemon sports sharp, prickly, gray leaves and thrives in the harsh conditions. Snapdragon-like pale pink flowers boom in late spring or early summer, and their sweet-honey scent attracts bumblebees. Toothed, sage green leaves skirt the upright stems for the rest of the gardening season.This perennial wildflower is one of the largest penstemons. It looks good in the back of a border or as a focal point, perhaps near a path where its fragrance can be enjoyed or in an informal grouping with other native penstemons and grasses, or with other plantss that have similar maintenance and water requirements. -Katie Nicolich, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #120

no image available Penstemon parryi
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright perennial has funnel-shaped, bright pink flowers on 3-foot-tall stalks in spring.

no image available Penstemon strictus 'Bandera'
(Rocky Mountain penstemon, Stiff beard-tongue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rocky Mountain penstemon is an upright perennial that forms a mat of glossy green leaves from which arise straight, 2-foot-tall stems bearing rich purple blooms. It flowers in early June and occasionally throughout the summer. Blooms contrast nicely with yellow-blooming plants.

no image available Penstemon whippleanus
(Whipple's penstemon)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is an upright penstemon with striking deep burgundy, purple, sometimes lavender or cream flowers on thin stems. The stem leaves are lance shaped and the basal leaves are spoon shaped.

Perovskia atriplicifolia Perovskia atriplicifolia
(Russian sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The light, lavender-blue flowers, which attract butterflies to the garden, bloom in July, and often last throughout September. Russian sage is a particularly striking plant when grown along with white, yellow, or orange flowered perennials. Tones down bright yellow in the garden as well. Its silver-gray, deeply cut foliage and stiff stems are striking in the winter. -Santa Rosa Gardens

Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria amplexicaulis
(Bistort, Mountain fleece)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous, but noninvasive perennial flowers from early summer into autumn with bright red, purple, or white blossoms. The narrow blossoms are up to 4 inches long, and are held on long stalks above pointed, slightly puckered leaves. It grows to 4 feet high and wide.

Persicaria amplexicaulis 'Firetail' Persicaria amplexicaulis 'Firetail'
(Bistort, Mountain fleece)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous but noninvasive perennial flowers from early summer into autumn with crimson blossoms to 6 inches long. Its leaves are dark green, arrow-shaped, and slightly puckered. It grows to 4 feet high and wide.

Persicaria polymorpha Persicaria polymorpha
(Giant fleeceflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This massive herbaceous shrub needs a lot of room to show off its vase-shaped form, but it does not spread or self-sow like some of its relatives. It blooms close to the ground from June and continues throughout the summer atop 6-foot-tall stems. The large, white, astilbe-like blossoms fade to pink and then reddish-brown as the season comes to a close. 

Phlomis russeliana Phlomis russeliana
(Sticky Jerusalem sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An unusual looking perennial from Turkey and Syria with hooded, pale yellow flowers encircling hairy stems. The flowers somewhat resemble Monarda. Leaves are aromatic and slightly fuzzy. P. russeliana reaches 3 feet tall and nearly as wide. Grow en masse in a border or near a warm wall.

Phlox divaricata 'Blue Moon' Phlox divaricata 'Blue Moon'
(Blue phlox, Wild sweet William, Woodland phlox)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar of the popular blue phlox has round, full flowers with overlapping petals. It is noteworthy for its particularly rich blue-violet color. Use it in rock gardens or alpine houses, in a dry wall, or as edging.

Phlox divaricata 'Clouds of Perfume' Phlox divaricata 'Clouds of Perfume'
(Blue phlox, Wild sweet William, Woodland phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a very fragrant native woodland phlox with powder-blue flowers in spring. Reaching only 1 foot tall, it can spread to almost 2 feet and makes an attractive groundcover under shrubs or planted with other spring-blooming wildflowers. Leaves are semi-evergreen and hairy; stems root along their length. The blue flowers are salverform with petal lobes. This plant attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.

no image available Phlox divaricata and cvs.
(Blue phlox, Wild sweet William, Woodland phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spreading, semi-evergreen perennial has hairy leaves and lavender-blue to pale violet and white flowers borne in open clusters in early spring. Flowers can have notched or unnotched petal lobes. Cultivars include ‘Clouds of Perfume’ with light lavender-blue flowers; ‘Eco Texas Purple’ (dark purple with a violet eye); ‘Fuller’s White’ (white); and ‘London Grove’ (lavender-blue flowers).

no image available Phlox maculata
(Meadow phlox, Wild sweet William)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright, herbaceous perennial has slender, hairy stems reaching 1.5 to 3 feet tall, with clusters of lavender-rose, lilac-pink, or white flowers. The stems often have burgundy spots on them. Blooms appear in early summer and midsummer.

Phlox paniculata Phlox paniculata
(Garden phlox, Perennial phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This sturdy, upright perennial reaches 2 to 4 feet tall. In July and August, and through September with deadheading, it bears flowers in shades of white, coral, pink, red, lavender, and violet, depending on the cultivar. Some have a lighter or darker eye, and others have variegated leaves. Many of the cultivars are fragrant; scent is most noticeable at night.

Phlox paniculata 'Barthirtythree' Phlox paniculata 'Barthirtythree'
(Volcano® Phlox Purple)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The Volcano® series of fragrant, abundantly-flowering, compact Phlox has been bred for high levels of natural disease-tolerance. This is wonderful news for Phlox fans, who until now have often had to deal with powdery mildew when growing other Phlox varieties. -Anthony Tesselaar Plants

Phlox paniculata 'Bright Eyes' Phlox paniculata 'Bright Eyes'
('Bright Eyes' garden phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Bright Eyes' produces fragrant, salmon-pink flower clusters with a darker ruby eye on large 7-inch flower heads.

Information provided by Santa Rosa Gardens.
 

Phlox paniculata 'David' Phlox paniculata 'David'
(Border phlox, Summer phlox)
(26 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pure white phlox is valuable in the garden because of its abundant, fragrant flowers, its sturdy growth habit, and its resistance to powdery mildew. Growing to about 3 ½ feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide, it blooms from early summer to early fall. It needs a consistently moist soil. Use it in a border or cottage garden. It will glow at dusk.

Phlox paniculata 'John Fanick' Phlox paniculata 'John Fanick'
('John Fanick' garden phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This garden phlox has striking, bicolor lavender-and-pink flowers beginning in early summer and displays a pleasing compact form. Its slightly waxy leaves hold powdery mildew at bay, and the plant doesn't even flinch in heat, humidity, or drought. 'John Fanick' grows to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

Phlox stolonifera Phlox stolonifera
(Creeping phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A dense, vigorous, mat-forming ground cover, creeping phlox has short flower stems from 3 to 12 inches tall. The flowers can be pale lavender-blue, rose-pink, medium violet, or white, with unnotched petals and a yellow center.

Phlox subulata Phlox subulata
(Moss phlox)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Moss phlox is a dense ground cover blanketed with notch-petaled flowers in April and May. Blooms can be muddy hot pink, bright rose, and magenta, while other cultivars include white, soft lavender-blue, clear pale pink to deep pink, clear scarlet, and lavender, some with a darker or lighter eye. Evergreen foliage is narrow, short, and stiff. Darker-flowered forms have dark-green leaves or red-tinged leaves that darken to burgundy in winter.

no image available Phormium 'Amazing Red'
('Amazing Red' New Zealand Flax)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This New Zealand flax has dark reddish brown leaves that form a neat clump less than 2 feet tall and about as wide. It makes a great container plant.

no image available Phygelius × rectus 'Moonraker'
('Moonraker' Cape fuchsia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pale yellow, four-inch-long flowers dangle all around the stems of this evergreen, fuchsia look-alike. Given a long enough growing season, it can reach 5 feet tall and as wide. Where not hardy, grow it as a tender perennial.

Physostegia virginiana Physostegia virginiana
(Obedient plant, False dragonhead)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Obedient plant is a clump-forming native perennial that grows aggressively. From midsummer to early fall, spikes of purple or pink (and sometimes white) flowers rise above sharply toothed leaves to four feet high.

Podophyllum 'Kaleidoscope' Podophyllum 'Kaleidoscope'
(Hybrid mayapple, Asian mayapple)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

As the cultivar name suggests, the leaves of ‘Kaleidoscope’ have distinctive markings, which can range in color from silver to light green to nearly black. Maroon flowers bloom in early summer. This plant is mostly evergreen. The plant's growth habit is umbrella-like. -Sylvia Matlock, Regional Picks: Northwest, Fine Gardening issue #127

Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum
(American mandrake, Mayapple)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mayapple is a rhizomatous, native woodland perennial with leaves in the shape of an umbrella. They may form large colonies. In spring, white or pale pink waxy flowers are mostly hidden under the leaves. The greenish "mayapple" follows and is often eaten by wildlife. When fully ripe, the fruits may be used to make preserves or jellies, but they are toxic when unripe. Leaves and roots are poisonous. Plants often go dormant in the summer. Grow in a woodland garden.

Polemonium caeruleum Polemonium caeruleum
(Jacob’s ladder, Greek valerian)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American native bears deep blue or occasionally white, bell-shaped blossoms in spring and possibly late summer if deadheaded. It grows from 1 to 3 feet tall. Use Jacob's ladder in a lightly shaded border, rock garden, woodland, or cottage garden.

Polemonium caeruleum 'Brise d'Anjou' Polemonium caeruleum 'Brise d'Anjou'
(Variegated Jacob’s ladder, Greek valerian)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dramatic cultivar has bright green leaves that are richly edged with cream. It bears lavender-blue blossoms in spring, and grows from 1.5 to 2 feet tall.

no image available Polemonium reptans
(Greek valerian, Jacob’s ladder)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American native bears light blue bell-shaped blossoms in spring to early summer. It has a lax, sprawling habit to 1.5 feet tall. The leaflets are arranged like the rungs of a ladder, hence the common name.

no image available Polemonium reptans 'Stairway to Heaven'
(Greek valerian, Jacob’s ladder)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This variegated cultivar offers white-edged leaves with pink tints on a compact plant to 1.5 feet tall. It bears light lavender-blue bell-shaped blossoms in spring.

Polygonatum biflorum Polygonatum biflorum
(Small Solomon's seal, Solomon's seal)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late spring into summer, this species bears tubular greenish-white flowers that dangle underneath the arching stems. The foliage is smooth; in autumn it turns to clear yellow, contrasting with the blue-black berries this plant produces. Its height varies wildly from 1.5 to 6 feet tall.

Polygonatum humile Polygonatum humile
(Solomon's seal)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Polygonatum humile is an upright, rhizomatous perennial native to eastern Europe and western Asia. Ovate leaves are arranged alternately on the stems. Pendent, tubular white flowers hang like little bells from the leaf axils, followed by round bluish-black fruit. Grow in a shady border, rock garden, or woodland.

Polygonatum odoratum Polygonatum odoratum
(Fragrant Solomon’s seal, Solomon’s seal)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late spring to early summer, this species bears pendent, green-tipped white flowers along arching stems. These mature into spherical black fruit in autumn, when the foliage turns yellow.

Polygonatum odoratum 'Variegatum' Polygonatum odoratum 'Variegatum'
(Variegated fragrant Solomon's seal)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Gracefully arching 2 to 3-foot tall burgundy stems support narrow leaves streaked in pure white. From late spring to early summer, this species bears white flowers that mature into spherical black fruit in autumn, when the foliage turns a golden yellow. Variegated Solomon's seal is a fine choice for a shady bed. -Matt Griswold, Regional Picks: Northeast, Fine Gardening issue #27

Potentilla fruticosa 'Gibson's Scarlet' Potentilla fruticosa 'Gibson's Scarlet'
(Shrubby cinquefoil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping, bushy perennial bears clusters of single, extremely vibrant red flowers all summer. The saucer-shaped flowers often attract butterflies. 'Gibson's Scarlet' is very hardy and tolerant of most soils.

Primula (polyanthus type) Primula (polyanthus type)
(Polyanthus primrose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The Polyanthus group of primroses, with their sturdy stalks and dense umbels of flowers, are a tribute to the hybridizer’s art. They are assumed to have arisen from crosses between P. vulgaris and P. veris. And they look perfectly at home growing side-by-side with their parents and other wildflowers. These primroses are hardy and easy to grow, and while they do need division every three years, they are worth it for the marvelous range of colors they bring to the garden: deep garnet-red to purple, rich butter-yellow to white, and heavenly shades of blue and pink.

-Sydney Eddison, It's Primrose Time, Fine Gardening issue #72

no image available Primula sikkimensis
(Himalayan primrose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Native to wet meadows of the Himalayas, P. sikkimensis is a deciduous perennial with rosettes of pale green, toothed leaves. Pendent, fragrant, white or yellow flowers bloom in late spring and early summer.

Primula vulgaris hose-in-hose variety Primula vulgaris hose-in-hose variety

('Hose-in-hose' cowslip, primrose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Primroses and cowslips have a habit of spontaneously producing odd forms called sports, which are often very appealing. There are various sports of P. vulgaris  that expand the range of suitable primroses for American woodland gardens. The most desirable form resulting from genetic whim is the so-called hose-in-hose primrose, which has been prized as a garden plant for centuries. Flower clusters are made up of layered blossoms, one tucked inside the tube of another.

-Sydney Eddison, It's primrose time, Fine Gardening issue #172
 

Pulmonaria 'Silver Shimmers' Pulmonaria 'Silver Shimmers'
('Silver Shimmers' lungwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This eye-catching perennial has silver-plated leaves with speckled margins. Its blooms are among the largest of all lungworts, beginning as pink buds and opening in early spring to display platinum blue flowers.

This plant will eventually form a decent-sized mound that resembles a mountain of liquid silver. It's perfect in a woodland border and makes a great ground cover and container plant. In mild winters, its leaves may stay evergreen.

Pulmonaria longiflora 'Bertram  Anderson' Pulmonaria longiflora 'Bertram  Anderson'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Bertram Anderson’ is an older cultivar of lungwort with excellent foliage. In early spring, pink buds open to bright blue flowers, then silver-spotted leaves unfurl for a season-long show. Lungworts can have mildew problems, but ‘Bertram Anderson’ is highly resistant. When you cut off the old foliage in late winter, wear gloves; the tiny hairs all over the leaves (which keep the deer away) can irritate your skin. -Irvin Etienne, Fine Gardening #147 (October 2012), page 72

Pulmonaria saccharata 'Mrs. Moon' Pulmonaria saccharata 'Mrs. Moon'
(Bethlehem sage, lungwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cheerful, reliable plant brings a nice touch of color to the garden in spring. The leaves are pointed and hairy and splattered with silvery blotches. As the plant grows, the leaves overlap, creating a swirly pattern. In spring, clusters of silky pink flowers appear. They fade to a soft blue that harmonizes well with the leaf color. -Sue Whetten, Regional Picks: Rocky Mountains, Fine Gardening issue #127

Ratibida columnifera Ratibida columnifera
(Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Long-head coneflower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial coneflower, sometimes grown as an annual, has a long season of flowers on thin, branching stems. The flowers resemble small hats, with yellow reflexed ray florets and large greenish-brown columnar centers.

Rodgersia aesculifolia Rodgersia aesculifolia
(Rodgersia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has palmate, wrinkled leaves that extend to 2 feet wide. The veins and leaf stalks are reddish-brown and densely woolly. In midsummer, the 2-foot-long, upright flower spikes are made up of white or pink florets.

Rodgersia podophylla Rodgersia podophylla
(Rodgersia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species creates tropical drama with its large, toothed leaves and ivory-green, footlong flowers. It exhibits reddish-bronze color in autumn. 

Rosa 'Meitroni' Rosa 'Meitroni'
(Francis Meilland® Hybrid Tea rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Francis Meilland® is a tall Hybrid Tea rose with a very large bloom, good exhibition form and strong fragrance. It is a multiple award winner in Europe for disease resistance as well as esthetics. It is one of the first Hybrid Tea roses to win the prestigious ADR contest in Germany. 2013 AARS winner. -Star Roses

Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm' Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm'
(Orange Coneflower, Black-eyed Susan)
(12 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large flowers consisting of brassy orange-yellow rays surrounding brown cones are what make this plant so popular. It blooms for 7 or 8 weeks beginning in midsummer. The flowers top 18- to 30-inch-tall plants that will readily self sow in cultivated soils. 

Rudbeckia maxima Rudbeckia maxima
(Giant coneflower, Black-eyed Susan)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice species makes a strong vertical statement with its large, smooth, sea-green leaves and towering stems to 6 feet tall. It bears short, yellow ray florets with giant, upright cones at the center. It prefers average soil with good drainage, and is excellent in native or wild plantings.

Rudbeckia subtomentosa Rudbeckia subtomentosa
(Sweet coneflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dignified U.S. native species has downy leaves and bears clusters of luminous clear-yellow flowers with reddish-brown center cones. It blooms for over a month starting in mid- to late-summer.

Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Henry Eilers' Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Henry Eilers'
('Henry Eilers' sweet coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The unique, finely quilled, 2-inch-wide flowers are what make 'Henry Eilers' stand out from the rest of the coneflowers. The petals sit separate from one another, forming a brilliant, golden yellow starburst around a dark brownish purple cone. The blooms grow on strong, upright, 4- to 5-foot-tall stems in late summer, and are produced in such abundance that you can cut some for bouquets and you'll never even notice they are missing from the garden. The stems are covered with a soft, hairy down, while the leaves have a pleasing vanilla-and-anise scent.

Ruellia brittoniana 'Purple Showers' Ruellia brittoniana 'Purple Showers'
(Mexican petunia, Common ruellia, Wild petunia)
(7 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This three-foot-tall evergreen shrub bears many tubular, blue or purple, petunia-like flowers on dark stems over a long period. Each flower lasts for just one day. It is a fast grower that may self-seed aggressively. Use in a border, container, or at waterside. Can be grown as an annual in cooler areas.

Ruellia elegans Ruellia elegans
(Thai ruellia, Brazilian petunia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has open-faced coral-red blossoms from late spring until fall. 

Rumex sanguineus Rumex sanguineus
(Bloody dock, Red-veined dock, Bloody sorrel)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Red-veined dock is a taprooted perennial with a rosette of leaves distinctively marked with deep red or purple veins. It is grown mostly as a foliage plant or ornamental vegetable, but it also produces erect stems of tiny, star-shaped green flowers that turn reddish brown. These are followed by dark brown fruit. Native to Europe, northern Africa, and southwest Asia.

Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens
(Common rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rue is an evergreen shrub with an upright, rounded form and cool, ferny blue-green foliage. Clusters of cup-shaped, four-petaled yellow flowers appear in summer.

Salvia 'Indigo Spires' Salvia 'Indigo Spires'
('Indigo Spires' sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Indigo Spires' sage is a vigorous hybrid prized for its 12- to 15-inch-long, twisting spikes of dark violet flowers. It is a non-stop bloomer from early summer through fall. Blooming can be further encouraged by pinching stem tips early in the growing season and deadheading the spikes once they fade. 'Indigo Spires' quickly grows to 4 feet high, and can be grown as an annual where not hardy.  

Salvia 'Maraschino' Salvia 'Maraschino'
('Maraschino' bush sage)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Maraschino' bush sage is a superb Salvia that is irresistible to hummingbirds and gardeners alike. Even after dying back to the ground in winter in the cooler zones, this plant comes back in full force each spring, reaching its full height and covering itself with cherry red blooms by midsummer. The flowers bloom nonstop through the first hard frost, and the leaves are sweetly fragrant. Plants do best when given afternoon shade. 'Maraschino' grows to 3 feet tall.

no image available Salvia 'Mystic Spires Blue'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Throughout the summer, 'Mystic Spires Blue' produces long stalks of dark blue flowers, which continue to reward in abundance when deadheaded. Refresh tired plants in midsummer by cutting them back by half. This cultivar makes an excellent bedding or container plant.

Salvia × superba Salvia × superba
(Hybrid sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid of S. nemorosa and S. sylvestris is a drought-tolerant perennial that lends vivid purple-blue hues to the garden from summer to early fall on 1.5- to 3-foot-tall spikes. Deadheading prolongs bloom. The spikes rise from a clump of silvery green leaves that grows to about 2 feet tall and wide.

no image available Salvia × sylvestris 'Blue Hill'
(Meadow sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This drought-tolerant perennial bears abundant pure blue flower spikes in early summer and until fall if spent flowers are removed promptly. It forms an erect clump 20 inches tall by 18 inches wide, with wrinkled, softly hairy leaves.

Salvia × sylvestris 'May Night' Salvia × sylvestris 'May Night'
(Meadow sage)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This drought-tolerant perennial bears deep violet-blue flower spikes in early summer and then sporadically if spent flowers are removed promptly. It forms an erect clump 2.5 feet tall by 1.5 feet wide, with wrinkled, soft hairy leaves.

Salvia argentea Salvia argentea
(Silver sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial or short-lived perennial is grown for its massive, downy-silver rosettes of foliage. In its second year, it spawns plumes of white or pinkish flowers with gray calyces in mid- to late summer. The plant has a spiky form, 3 feet tall by 2 feet wide. Locate it where the rosettes can be easily seen.

Salvia azurea Salvia azurea
(Pitcher sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pitcher sage is a wonderful wildflower found growing over a wide area of the Great Plains. Blooming in late summer and early fall, this perennial is admired for its sky blue flowers and remarkable xeric qualities. This salvia grows to 30 to 36 inches in height, but may be pinched back for bushier growth.

Salvia chamaedryoides Salvia chamaedryoides
(Germander sage, Mexican blue sage)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice species boasts narrow, downy sage-green leaves and true sky-blue blossoms from summer to fall. It has woody stems and forms a beautiful specimen 12 inches tall by 18 inches wide.

Salvia coccinea Salvia coccinea
(Texas sage, Hummingbird sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright tender perennial provides rich color for annual bedding schemes where it is not hardy. Its deep red flowers are borne on 2- to 2.5- foot, open spikes from summer to autumn. Plants grow to about a foot wide and bear hairy, oval to heart-shaped leaves. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them.

no image available Salvia darcyi
(Mexican sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late spring to fall, this easy-going perennial bears deep orange-red flowers on 3- to 4-foot-tall spikes that rise above a loose, 6-foot-wide mound of heart-shaped, sticky leaves. The native habitat for this brightly colored salvia is a very limited area at an altitude of 9,000 feet in the narrow range of the Mexican Sierra Madre Oriental Mountains.

Salvia farinacea Salvia farinacea
(Mealycup sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial forms a shrubby upright clump 2 feet tall by 1 foot wide, with white mealy stems and glossy green leaves. It bears deep, lavender-blue flowers on tall spikes from early summer to frost. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Salvia farinacea 'Victoria' Salvia farinacea 'Victoria'
(Mealycup sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact perennial forms a bush less than 1.5eet tall by 1 foot wide, with indigo stems and glossy green leaves. It bears deep, navy blue flowers on medium spikes from early summer to frost.

Salvia greggii Salvia greggii
(Autumn sage)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native of Texas and Mexico has a woody base and can form a dwarf, evergreen shrub, 1 foot tall by 1 foot wide. It has small, leathery leaves and bears bright flowers in shades of pink, purple, or yellow from early summer to frost.

Salvia guaranitica Salvia guaranitica
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial produces long spires of large, deep blue flowers from mid-summer to frost. It forms a tall bush 6 feet tall by 2 feet wide that is great for the back of the border. It is drought tolerant because of its unusual, moisture-conserving rhizomes.

Salvia hians Salvia hians
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short-lived perennial from the Himalayas has scented, hairy leaves and forms a small shrub 2 feet tall by 2 feet wide. It bears 1.5-inch-long purplish-blue flowers with white lips (called bee lines) from early to late summer. The flowers are clasped by rusty colored calyxes that accent color of the blooms. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Salvia jurisicii Salvia jurisicii
(Yugoslavian cutleaf sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This sage is eye-catching in and out of bloom, with its attractive basal rosette of feathery foliage and showy display of dense flower spikes. The flowers come in shades of blue, white, and light pink, but the dark blue strain (S. jurisicii 'Blue') is the most desirable. Best planted in enriched garden loam, Yugoslavian cutleaf sage blooms in late spring.

Salvia koyamae Salvia koyamae
(Japanese yellow sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

At first glance, this Japanese woodland native does not look as if it belongs in a shade garden, but
I find its spreading foliage and light-colored flowers do wonderfully as a small ground cover in dry-shade areas. Creamy yellow flower spikes sporadically appear from summer to fall, but hand-size, hairy green leaves are another attraction of this plant. It contrasts well with so many other fine-textured shade perennials that the flowers can be considered just a bonus. Japanese yellow sage is not choosy about soil pH or type. The spreading stems root as they touch the ground, eventually forming large, wide clumps. You can easily transplant any piece of rooted stem to fill gaps in your shade garden. -Jimmy Turner, Perennials for dry shade, Fine Gardening issue #133

Salvia mexicana 'Limelight' Salvia mexicana 'Limelight'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This unusual tender perennial displays an electric color combination when its vibrant purple-blue flowers open from bright chartreuse calyces.  Fortunately, glossy, bright green leaves hold their own until the show gets started in August (and continues until frost). It forms a tall bush, 6 feet tall by 6 feet wide, which is great for the back of the border. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Salvia microphylla var. neurepia Salvia microphylla var. neurepia
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native of the American Southwest and Mexico forms an evergreen shrub or shrubby perennial with dark, glossy leaves that are small (but slightly larger than most microphyllas) and softly toothed. It blooms off and on all summer, and again, more vigorously, in late summer and autumn, in blossoms of cherry-red. Its attractive foliage cloaks the plant to the ground, so it is well suited to the front of the border. It can grow to 4 feet tall and twice as wide.

no image available Salvia nemorosa
(Sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This drought-tolerant perennial produces flower spikes in shades of violet, purple, or white to pink, with purple bracts. It blooms from early summer to autumn; reblooming is most reliable if spent flowers are promptly deadheaded. It has wrinkled leaves and forms an erect clump 3 feet tall by 2 feet wide. This species is most noted for its many S. sylvestris hybrids.

Salvia nemorosa 'Caradonna' Salvia nemorosa 'Caradonna'
(Sage)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This drought-tolerant perennial is noted for its vivid indigo flowers along deep purple-black stems, which gives it a bicolor appearance. It blooms in early summer and then sporadically if spent flowers are deadheaded. It forms an upright clump, with the flower spikes rising to 2 feet in height; its wrinkled, softly hairy leaves form a mound 1 foot high. Plants spread 1 or 2 feet wide. These are some of the showiest plants for containers and mixed borders. Butterflies love them. 

Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this classic, evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. It forms a 2.5-foot-tall by 3-foot-wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but not wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten' Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten'
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. S. 'Berggarten' is more compact than the species, forming a 2-foot tall by 3-foot wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up purple flower spikes. It boasts attractively rounded leaves and, like the species, has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but not wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Icterina' Salvia officinalis 'Icterina'
(Golden variegated sage, Common sage, Culinary sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. This charming cultivar has green leaves with irregular yellow margins. It forms a 1.5- to 2-foot-tall and wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it occasionally sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but not wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Minimus' Salvia officinalis 'Minimus'
(Dwarf common sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Dwarf common sage is a tightly compact form of the culinary common sage (S. officinalis), which is notable for its narrow, fragrant, gray-green leaves and lavender-blue, white-lined flowers in late spring or early summer. It is extremely xeric and does not self-seed. 'Minimus' grows to just 15 to 18 inches tall.

Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens' Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens'
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. This cultivar has leaves suffused with steely-gray purple. It forms a 1.5-foot-tall and wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but cannot survive wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor' Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. This cultivar has ornamental value, too—green leaves with white margins which are suffused with pink or purple. It forms a 1- to 1.5-foot-tall and wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It is tolerant of alkaline soils, but cannot survive wet winter conditions.

Salvia pratensis Salvia pratensis
(Meadow clary)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This woody-stemmed perennial produces sticky spikes of deep violet or, rarely, white to pink flowers. It blooms from early summer to autumn; reblooming is most reliable if spent flowers are deadheaded promptly. It has wrinkled leaves and forms an upright clump 3 feet tall by 1 foot wide. This salvia is most noted for its many hybirds with S. nemerosa.  

Salvia reptans Salvia reptans
(West Texas cobalt sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

West Texas cobalt sage is a marvelously distinct species that can be enjoyed by gardeners farther north, as long as they purchase the west Texas form, which is quite cold-hardy. This salvia has rigid stems with narrow, pungent leaves and resembles a bright green, upright grass for much of the growing season. In early fall, cobalt blue flowers burst open almost overnight and are a big draw for hummingbirds. Thanks to its deep roots, this wildflower is extremely xeric. West Texas cobalt sage grows to 4 feet tall.

Salvia uliginosa Salvia uliginosa
(Bog sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This moisture-loving perennial produces clear blue flowers with white highlights in late summer to mid-autumn. It forms an airy clump to 6 feet tall by 3 feet wide, and is great for the back of a border. It is tolerant of heavy soils.

Salvia verticillata 'Purple Rain' Salvia verticillata 'Purple Rain'
(Lilac sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Throughout the summer, this cultivar produces multiple flower spikes in irresistible shades of smoky purple. At about 20 inches tall and half as wide, the plant flowers abundantly, inviting you to make bouquets and to keep up with the deadheading. 

Saruma henryi Saruma henryi
(Upright wild ginger)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Saruma henryi is as sublime as it is uncommon. Its velvety leaves and distinctively shaped, soft yellow flowers make it a superb specimen in a shady border, where it can contrast with more finely textured plants.

Saxifraga stolonifera Saxifraga stolonifera
(Strawberry geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is a rosette-forming evergreen perennial with kidney-shaped to rounded leaves. It produces white flowers with red or yellow spots in summer.

Scabiosa ‘Butterfly Blue' Scabiosa ‘Butterfly Blue'
(Pincushion flower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Scabiosa cultivar is a compact perennial with gray-green leaves and a long bloom period featuring pretty lavender-blue flowers that look like pincushions surrounded by frilly petals. It's nice when used as edging or in large groups in borders or rock gardens.

Sedum 'Autumn Delight' Sedum 'Autumn Delight'
(Stonecrop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, bright-pink clusters of flowers are accentuated by lime-green leaves with a dark-green serrated edge.

Information provided by Santa Rosa Gardens.
 

Sedum 'Postman's Pride' Sedum 'Postman's Pride'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Postman's Pride' sedum is a wonderful dark-foliaged plant for sunny, dry locations. It has a semi-upright habit and produces masses of red to purple flowers from late summer through fall. The flowers attract honeybees and butterflies. Like other sedums, 'Postman's Pride' is useful in rock and xeriscape gardens because, once established, it thrives without irrigation except during severe droughts. Curious about the cultivar name? This plant was discovered by a Belgian postal carrier in his garden. -Ron Smith, Regional Picks: Upper Plains, Fine Gardening issue #120

Sedum ‘Autumn Joy’ Sedum ‘Autumn Joy’
(Stonecrop)
(13 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is as dependable and adaptable as they come. Its flowers bloom from August into November; they open pink and mature to a copper befitting of autumn. It is 2 feet tall and wide, with succulent stems and leaves. 'Autumn Joy' looks great with ornamental grasses.  

Sedum ‘Ruby Glow’ Sedum ‘Ruby Glow’
(Stonecrop)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In summer to late summer, this low-growing Sedum has rosy-red flowers atop small, fleshy blue-green leaves with ruddy highlights. Plants grow 8-12 inches tall and 18 inches wide.

Sedum cauticola Sedum cauticola
(Stonecrop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Japanese native is perfect for the rock garden. It is a compact species with blue-green foliage and pink stems, and bears purplish-red flowers in fall. Sedum cauticola grows to about 3 inches tall and a foot wide.

Sedum kamtschaticum Sedum kamtschaticum
(Stonecrop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tough, drought-tolerant species has glossy deep green leaves and, in early summer, half-inch golden yellow flowers that open from pink buds. It grows to about 6 inches tall and a little wider and makes a good groundcover. 

Sedum kamtschaticum 'Variegatum’ Sedum kamtschaticum 'Variegatum’
(Stonecrop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This variety is more compact than the species, and its leaves are variegated with creamy margins. In late spring to summer, its star-shaped yellow flowers open from pink buds and mature to crimson. It grows to just 4 inches tall and 12 inches wide.

Sedum kamtschaticum 'Weihenstephaner Gold' Sedum kamtschaticum 'Weihenstephaner Gold'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low-growing sedum has dependable, dark bronzy green foliage and prolific flowering. New spring growth is a welcome, cheerful red. Prolific, star-shaped flowers are golden yellow with pinkish orange overtones and cover the plant twice during the growing season. Plants grow to just 2-4 inches tall and 10 inches wide.

Sedum rupestre Sedum rupestre
(Rocky stonecrop, Stone orpine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a vigorous, mat-forming evergreen species with small gray-green leaves and terminal clusters of star-shaped, vibrant yellow flowers in summer. The drooping buds face upward when they open. It grows to 4 inches tall and 2 feet across.

Sedum rupestre 'Angelina' Sedum rupestre 'Angelina'
(Stone orpine)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous, mat-forming, evergreen species has electric golden-yellow foliage that holds its color through the heat of summer. The foliage tips sometimes develop an orangey hue. In June and July, 'Angelina' has terminal clusters of star-shaped, vibrant yellow flowers. The drooping buds face upward when they open and the plant can grow to 6 inches tall and 12 inches wide. It is superlative as a groundcover, spilling over rock walls, and in containers. It also makes an excellent accent for plants with dark foliage.

Sedum sieboldii Sedum sieboldii
(October Daphne, Stonecrop)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lovely mound-like species splays out from the center like a miniature fountain. It has half-inch rosy flowers in fall and blue-green leaves with matching rosy margins. Frosty temperatures bring out pink in the leaves. Sedum sieboldii grows to 4 inches tall and about twice as wide.

Sedum spectabile Sedum spectabile
(Showy stonecrop, Everlasting)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An upright species to 18 inches tall and wide, this plant bears pink flowers in August that persist into fall. Thick, almost succulent leaves are bluish green. S. spectabile was crossed with S. telephium to create the very popular 'Autumn Joy.'

Sedum spurium 'Fuldaglut' Sedum spurium 'Fuldaglut'
(Two-row stonecrop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mat-forming species forms a carpet of rosy-red flowers in late July and August, contrasting against green leaves with bronzy-maroon highlights.

Sedum telephium 'Matrona' Sedum telephium 'Matrona'
(Stonecrop)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice cultivar boasts domed clusters of starry, pale-pink flowers with dark-tipped stamens. The foliage is medium blue-green, overlaid by tints of burgundy and stormy gray. The rich red stems reach up to 3 feet tall.

Sedum tetractinum Sedum tetractinum
(Fish-scale sedum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Plant a succulent sedum in the shade? Yes. Ground-cover sedums do well in dry-shade areas, especially in places that have high summer heat. Shallow, dry soils are no problem for this plant, as it stores extra water in its foliage. Fish-scale sedum spreads by runners forming a mat of overlapping, rounded foliage, which resembles fish scales. Bright yellow flower spikes appear over the shiny foliage during summer, and the cooler weather of autumn transforms the evergreen foliage to reddish bronze. I tuck this plant between exposed roots of deciduous trees, where little else will grow. Make sure not to plant in moist or waterlogged soils as it will rot easily. Any piece of this plant will root to form a new colony, so it is easy to spread about the shade garden. -Jimmy Turner, Perennials for dry shade, Fine Gardening issue #133

Sempervivum 'Black' Sempervivum 'Black'
('Black' hens & chicks)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Hens & chicks are always a welcome sight, and this exciting 'Black' variety is a newer take on the old favorite.

 Sempervivumarachnoideum 'Forest Frost'

 

Sempervivum arachnoideum 'Forest Frost'
('Forest Frost' spiderweb hens & chicks)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Hens & chicks make a charming addition to any container, rock garden, or footpath. This 'Forest Frost' spiderweb variety is extra special for its deep green color and the cottony web that hangs taught between the points of its rosettes.

Silene armeria Silene armeria
(Sweet William catchfly, None-so-pretty)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sweet William catchfly's vivid dark pink flower clusters beautify the garden in late summer. It is a herbaceous perennial most often grown as an annual, as it readily propagates from seed. Native to Europe, it has escaped gardens and naturalized in eastern and central North America, as well as the Pacific Northwest.

no image available Silene regia
(Royal catchfly)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American prairie native produces 2-inch-wide, brilliant cardinal-red flowers that stand out in the summer garden. The common name comes from the sticky glands below the flowers that catch small insects. The plant grows 2 to 4 feet tall and half as wide.

Silphium laciniatum Silphium laciniatum
(Compass plant, Pilot plant, Polar plant)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tall, sturdy prairie plant makes an imposing statement in the garden with its large, deeply cut leaves and yellow sunflower-like flowers that face east and bloom in late summer and early fall. The leaves of the compass plant can grow up to 18 inches long and are deeply incised with a shape that looks like something from a painting by Matisse. They align themselves on a north-south axis to conserve moisture by avoiding the midday sun. This plant requires a few years to enlarge and flower, but once its deep roots are anchored, it will live for many years.

Silphium perfoliatum Silphium perfoliatum
(Cup plant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A coarse but bold perennial giant for the back of the border with yellow, daisy-like flowers in summer. Cups form where the toothed leaves meet the thick stems; birds are said to drink from the water held in the cups. Tough prairie natives that will self-sow, these plants need lots of sun and lots of room—a single plant can reach 7 or 8 feet tall and 6 feet across.

Sisyrinchium graminoides Sisyrinchium graminoides
(Blue-eyed grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump forming, semi-evergreen, grass-like perennial blooms in summer, with a long succession of yellow-centered blue flowers. It grows to 20 inches high and 6 inches wide, and self-sows easily.

no image available Sisyrinchium striatum
(Satin flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early summer, these grass-like perennials produce multiple spikes of small, pale yellow blooms with dark yellow centers and faint purple stripes. The flowers rise above gray-green foliage. Native to open woods, meadows, and prairies of South America, these adaptable wildflowers tolerate a wide range of conditions and naturalize easily. The summer blossoms each open for just one day with the morning sun and close at dusk. Rarely do the blooms open on cloudy days. Plants grow to 3 feet tall and 10 inches wide.

no image available Smyrnium perfoliatum
(Perfoliate Alexanders)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spring bloomer produces bright chartreuse floral domes atop bract-like, rounded leaves that are pierced by the flower's stem. This plant's form and color contrast well with spring bulbs. It grows 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Let it regenerate itself by self-sowing. It is a biennial or short-lived perennial that makes an excellent cut flower and produces worthy combinations with neighboring shades of maroons and blues. Grow it in large, mixed borders, naturalistic plantings, and open woodlands.

no image available Solidago caesia
(Goldenrod, Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early autumn, this species produces elegant, wand-shaped flowerheads atop wiry stems with blue-green, linear leaves. It is found in open woods and along woodland edges, and prefers some shade. It responds well to rich soil, but can tolerate dry soil also. 

Solidago cutleri 'Goldrush' Solidago cutleri 'Goldrush'
(Goldenrod, Alpine goldenrod, Cutler's alpine goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Goldrush' heralds the coming of fall with masses of tiny, yellow flowers for four weeks in August and September. Its compact size—about a foot tall—makes it a great candidate for a rock garden or border edge.

Solidago flexicaulis Solidago flexicaulis
(Goldenrod, Zigzag goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species is aptly named for its distinctive crooked stems that bend back and forth at 45° angles between nodes. It bears starry, medium-yellow flowers atop 1- to 3-foot tall stems. 

Solidago juncea Solidago juncea
(Goldenrod, Early goldenrod, Yellow top)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is the first goldenrod to bloom, featuring bright yellow, plume-like panicles in midsummer. It has dark green leaves along reddish stems, which form a vase-shaped clump when mature. 

Solidago nemoralis Solidago nemoralis
(Goldenrod, Gray goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the smallest species of goldenrod, topping out at only 4 to 6 inches high in poor soils, and 2 feet high in fertile soils. It is considered a garden-worthy species, with gray-green leaves that form clumps and languid, one-sided yellow plumes. It is tolerant of both sandy and clay soils.

Solidago rigida Solidago rigida
(Goldenrod, Stiff goldenrod)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lovely goldenrod has velvety leaves that are gray-green in summer and dusky rose in autumn. It has broad, flattened clusters of rich yellow flowers, which create a striking display on stems 2 to 5 feet tall.

no image available Solidago rugosa
(Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has open, tree-shaped flower clusters that radiate out like a fountain. It has given rise to S. rugosa 'Fireworks'.  It can grow to 7 feet tall and blooms in mid- to late autumn.  

Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks' Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks'
(Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod)
(30 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This eye-catching cultivar has flower clusters that radiate out in all directions and resemble streaming yellow fireworks. Its form is truly unique and enchanting. It reliably provides end-of-season color in blazing shades of yellow. It grows to 5 feet tall and provides good structure in the garden all year.

no image available Solidago speciosa
(Goldenrod, Showy goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This garden-worthy species has dramatic, bright yellow flowers that are arranged into erect, pointed clusters. It has deep reddish stems that grow to 3 feet tall. It blooms in late summer and early autumn.

Solidago sphacelata 'Golden Fleece' Solidago sphacelata 'Golden Fleece'
(Goldenrod, Creeping goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding cultivar forms a neat, 1-foot tall groundcover. It has dense, branched panicles that splay upward and outward whimsically, resembling a mass of elegantly bunched bouquets. 

Sphaeralcea ambigua Sphaeralcea ambigua
(Desert mallow, Globe mallow)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This shrubby, woolly perennial is native to the warmest, dry regions of the US and Mexico. Its large, rose-like salmon-colored flowers appear in loose clusters from spring to frost. It grows to 3 feet tall and almost as wide, and can bloom nearly year-round in warm regions.

Spiranthes cernua 'Chadds Ford' Spiranthes cernua 'Chadds Ford'
(Ladies’ tresses)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous, terrestrial orchid has linear, acute leaves 2 to 10 inches long. At summer's end, it produces sweet, vanilla-scented, 1- to 3-foot spires of white flowers that last for weeks and hold up well as cut flowers.

Sprekelia formosissima Sprekelia formosissima
(Aztec lily, Jacobean lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bulbous perennial has clumps of strap-shaped, mid-green leaves. Each stem, less than 1 foot tall, bears a solitary scarlet to deep crimson flower in late spring or early summer; established clumps may bloom again later in the summer.

Stachys byzantina and cvs. Stachys byzantina and cvs.
(Lamb's ears, Woolly betony)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mat-forming perennial has rosettes of furry, silvery-gray leaves to 4 inches long. In summer, it bears gray spikes tipped with tiny, pink-purple or violet flowers. This plant crowds out weeds. 'Silver Carpet' is a non-flowering cultivar. 'Big Ears' has 8- to 12-inch-long, grayish-white felted, mid-green leaves.

Stachys byzantina 'Silky Fleece' Stachys byzantina 'Silky Fleece'
(Lambs' ears)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This new cultivar of a treasured favorite is as cute as a button. With leaves about the size of a dime, 'Silky Fleece' has the same great soft, silky texture and silver color as other lambs' ears, just in a smaller package, growing to about 10 inches tall and wide. Lilac-plum flower spikes rise above the foliage from mid- to late summer. Grow it as edging, in containers, or in rock gardens.

Stokesia laevis ‘Peachie’s Pick’ Stokesia laevis ‘Peachie’s Pick’
(Stokes' aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant grows exuberantly and fills out within a season, yet reaches only 18 to 20 inches tall. It bears terminal, cornflower-like, 2- to 3-inch-wide blue flowers held on strong stems. Plants do not splay open in the middle or fall over like the species does.

Stylophorum diphyllum Stylophorum diphyllum
(Celandine poppy, Flaming poppy, Wood poppy)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Celandine poppy is an eastern U.S. native wildflower with attractive leaves and flowers. It prefers moist, shady areas and will naturalize in a site it likes. Leaves are bluish green, deeply cut, and lobed. Summer brings bright yellow, poppy flowers in small clusters. Use in a woodland, border, or rock garden. It may become weedy.

Tanacetum parthenium Tanacetum parthenium
(Feverfew)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Feverfew is a short-lived, bushy perennial that has become naturalized in much of North America. It has fragrant, ferny foliage and composite white flowers with yellow centers. It is often grown as an annual. The cultivar 'Aureum' has a dwarf habit, smaller flowers, and golden aromatic foliage. Other cultivars have double flowers, yellow flowerheads, or pompom-like flowerheads.

Thalictrum aquilegiifolium Thalictrum aquilegiifolium
(Columbine meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The lacy leaves of this meadow rue look like a columbine's, hence the common and scientific names. But the leaves are actually gray-green and more delicate than its namesake. It bears clusters of long-lasting cottony flowers in shades of lilac, purple, or white in early summer. It is suitable for naturalizing in a meadow or woodland. These perennials grow to about 3 feet tall and half as wide.

no image available Thalictrum delavayi
(Yunnan meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From mid-summer to early autumn, this Thalictrum species has clusters of large, fluffy-looking flowers with lilac to white petals and pale yellow stamens atop wiry, purple-tinted stems and delicately textured foliage. Plants grow to 4 feet tall and half as wide.

no image available Thalictrum delavayi 'Hewitt's Double'
(Yunnan meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has some of the showiest flowers of the meadow rues. From mid-summer to early autumn, it bears tight, pompom-like clusters of lilac-mauve sepals atop wiry, purple tinted stems and delicately textured foliage. Plant toward the back of a border; it may require staking.

no image available Thalictrum flavum ssp. glaucum
(Yellow meadow rue, Dusty meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This classy specimen has beautifully textured, blue-gray foliage. Its summertime pale yellow flowers are petalless and fringed, occurring in clusters atop chalky bluish gray stems. Plant at the back of a border; it may require staking.

Thalictrum isopyroides Thalictrum isopyroides
(Meadow rue)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has exquisite tiny foliage that looks somewhat like parsley but with a steely blue cast. The leaves clothe stems that reach up to 18 inches in height. In early summer, it bears tiny greenish yellow flowers in starlike clusters. Plants grow to about 18 inches wide.

Thalictrum kiusianum Thalictrum kiusianum
(Dwarf meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This garden gem forms a 6-inch-high mat of dainty, ferny foliage, and is perfect for a trough or a lightly shaded nook in a rock garden. In early summer, it produces a profusion of lavender blossoms which appear just above the leaves.

Thalictrum minus Thalictrum minus
(Meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial species is one of the most delicate of Thalictrums, with tiny foliage reminiscent of maidenhair ferns. It bears small, nodding, long-lasting flowers of a unique yellowish plum-brown. It grows to about 3 feet tall and wide.

Thalictrum rochebruneanum Thalictrum rochebruneanum
(Meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful specimen has tall, delicate stems punctuated by clusters of columbine-like, bluish gray leaves. In summer, it bears sprays of nodding lavender-pink or white flowers with pale yellow stamens that reach as high as 3 feet. Plants grow to 12 inches wide. Plant at the back of a border; it may require staking.

Thalictrum rochebruneanum 'Lavender Mist' Thalictrum rochebruneanum 'Lavender Mist'
(Meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hauntingly beautiful specimen has blue-green foliage along matte, purple-green, willowy stems. At 5 or more feet in height, it has a dramatic yet delicate garden presence. Its sprays of nodding lilac flowers have pale yellow stamens. Plant at the back of a border; it may require staking.

Tiarella 'Black Snowflake' Tiarella 'Black Snowflake'
(Foam flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming variety has very dramatic, deeply cut foliage with wide black veins that looks like a black snowflake when new. The dark color is more pronounced in cool weather. Plants produce a profusion of starry white flowers on numerous spires up to 12 inches high and grow to about a foot wide. Tiarellas are at home in moist woodland environments. In the garden they make wonderful carpets of intricate leaves. For a long period from spring into summer, the profusion of foamy flowers can be appreciated up close or from a distance. Grow 'Black Snowflake' as a groundcover or edger in a shady border or woodland garden. It is a great foil to early spring bulbs.

Tiarella 'Dark Eyes' Tiarella 'Dark Eyes'
(Foam flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This running cultivar has notably large light-pink flowers that appear in spring and then rebloom. It has a compact habit with ma