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Abelmoschus manihot Abelmoschus manihot
(Hibiscus manihot)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A large ornamental okra with dinner-plate-sized, sulfur yellow flowers with dark eyes. Each flower lasts only a day—unfolding slowly in the morning and closing gradually in the evening—but the abundance of flowers open on any one day conceals their short life span.

Acaena inermis 'Purpurea' Acaena inermis 'Purpurea'
(Purple sheep's burr, Purple goose leaf)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This New Zealand native subshrub has 3-inch-wide scalloped leaves and little purple-brown to pale olive leaflets. Its rhizomatous roots spread in a mat to support this plant's wonderful ground-cover form. In early summer, 3/4-inch-wide flowers appear on short stems, and brownish green sepals and white anthers contrast with the dark leaves. The rhizomatous roots of this plant spread slowly into a mat, forming a nice ground cover. Prune every five years or so for a neat appearance; little other care is required. -Gerald Gibbens, Regional Picks: Northwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Acer rubrum ‘Red Sunset’ Acer rubrum ‘Red Sunset’
(Red maple, Scarlet maple)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a rounded to open-crown deciduous tree up to 70 feet tall and 30 feet wide with early, brilliant red fall coloring.

Achillea ‘Coronation Gold’ Achillea ‘Coronation Gold’
(Yarrow)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 2.5- to 3-feet-tall and 1.5-foot wide plant produces dense, flat clusters of golden yellow flowers above fern-like, silvery foliage starting in early summer.

Achillea millefolium Achillea millefolium
(Yarrow)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rhizomic, mat-forming and aggressive perennial grows to 2 feet tall and wide with ferny, finely-textured, green foliage. Flowers are produced in flat corymbs in early to late summer.

Achillea millefolium 'Apricot Delight' Achillea millefolium 'Apricot Delight'
('Apricot Delight' yarrow)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Apricot Delight' has deep reddish apricot blooms that then mature to a pale salmon, and they harmonize well with other colors. 'Apricot Delight' has a long blooming season (from early to late summer, with deadheading). This cultivar is smaller than most yarrows, and the blooms make nice cut flowers. -Allan Armitage, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #121

Achillea 'Moonshine' Achillea 'Moonshine'
(Yarrow)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This popular gray-leaved yarrow has 18-inch-tall yellow flower heads that last for several weeks in late summer.

Achillea millefolium 'Terracotta' Achillea millefolium 'Terracotta'
(Yarrow)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Flat-topped corymbs of small, daisy-like flowers in colors of salmon-peach to yellow-orange are borne simultaneously on one plant up to 2 feet tall and wide. Flowers are complemented by silvery-green, finely-textured foliage.

no image available Achillea millefolium ‘Fire King’
(Yarrow)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rhizomatous, mat-forming, upright, aggressive perennial produces strong red flowers in flat corymbs in summer atop finely-textured, aromatic foliage.

no image available Acidanthera bicolor var. murielae
(Abyssinian gladiolus, Sword lily)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each flowering stem of this bulb produces eight to twelve flowers that open consecutively over a period of three to four weeks. The flowers are fragrant, white, and starry, and have a conspicuous red/maroon center. Its linear, sword-shaped, 2- to 3-foot-tall leaves resemble those of Gladiolus, but are more slender and graceful.

Acorus calamus ‘Variegatus’ Acorus calamus ‘Variegatus’
(Variegated sweet flag)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Variegated sweet flag is a deciduous, aquatic perennial with 5-foot-long bright green leaves with creamy, longitudinal stripes. Its flowers are insignificant, but its leaves are aromatic and resemble the foliage of an iris. Sweet flag makes a striking statement at the shallow end of a pool, in a bog garden, or in a marshy woodland area.

Acorus gramineus 'Ogon' Acorus gramineus 'Ogon'
(Golden dwarf sweet flag, Japanese rush, Grassy-leaved sweet flag)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf cultivar of grassy-leaved sweet flag (to 10 inches tall and 6 inches wide) has linear fans of semi-evergreen, glossy, pale green and cream-striped leaves that have an overall golden effect. This is an aquatic perennial with showy foliage for shallow water margins.

Acorus gramineus 'Variegatus' Acorus gramineus 'Variegatus'
(Grassy-leaved sweet flag, Variegated Japanese rush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This aquatic perennial is semi-evergreen and showy, with grassy, striped foliage that reaches less than 1 foot tall. The species is native to East Asia. Use it in a situation where its diminutive size can be appreciated along the margins of a pool or in a bog garden.

Adina rubella Adina rubella
(Chinese buttonbush, glossy adina)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 6- to 8-foot-tall, deciduous shrub is grown for its glossy leaves and spiky, round, creamy-white flowers that appear in early to midsummer.The flowers give way to small brown fruit clusters several weeks later. Chinese buttonbush is closely related to the North American buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), but is finer-textured and more compact.

Aeonium arboreum 'Zwartkop' Aeonium arboreum 'Zwartkop'
(Black rose)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The "flowers" of black rose. are actually rosettes of burgundy-black leaves at the ends of stalklike stems. In winter, bright yellow flowers contrast with the dark foliage. 'Zwartkop' is a wonderful backdrop plant that can show off many companion plants to maximum advantage. -Jeff Moore, Regional Picks: Southwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Aesculus parviflora var. serotina 'Rogers' Aesculus parviflora var. serotina 'Rogers'
('Rogers' bottlebrush buckeye)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a suckering, deciduous shrub grown for it's white, bottlebrush-like flowers in early summer. The flowers are considerably longer than those of the species at up to 30 inches, and emerge a couple of weeks later. The shrub grows to 10 feet tall and 15 feet wide and prefers full sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained soil. Its layers of broad leaves turn gold in fall.Suitable for a medium to large garden.

Agastache 'Desert Sunrise' Agastache 'Desert Sunrise'
(Hummingbird mint)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hummingbird mint boasts large spikes of reddish-pink tubular flowers with an orange tint over a long season in summer and early fall. The whole plant is aromatic. Grow in a bed, border, rock garden, or xeric garden.

Agastache ‘Summer Breeze’ Agastache ‘Summer Breeze’
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Agastache ‘Summer Breeze’ produces hundreds of 1.5-inch-long translucent, tubular blossoms. The flowers are painted in luscious sunset shades and appear from late spring to frost. In hot weather, peach, champagne, and soft pink are its colors, while in cooler months the flowers darken to pale copper and medium rose. It forms an open, airy, 2- to 3-foot-tall clump, and the upper third of each stem bears a long succession of hummingbird-attracting blooms.

Agastache ‘Tutti Frutti’ Agastache ‘Tutti Frutti’
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is an erect, bushy perennial with scented gray-green leaves. Its raspberry-red flowers grow on loose, foot-long spikes from midsummer to late fall. The flower spikes have a long bloom period and attract hummingbirds, butterflies, and other insects.  

Agastache aurantiaca 'Just Peachy' Agastache aurantiaca 'Just Peachy'
('Just Peachy' hummingbird mint, 'Just Peachy' hyssop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A cultivar discovered at High Country Gardens in Santa Fe, New Mexico, this aromatic, water-wise perennial grows to 30 inches tall and 18 inches wide and features fine, mint-scented, gray-green leaves and spikes of tubular flowers in shades of  soft pink and peach from summer to early fall. The plant is hugely attractive to hummingbirds, hence its common name. It is resistant to heat and drought, and can be used in both mixed borders and containers.

Agastache aurantiaca 'Shades of Orange' Agastache aurantiaca 'Shades of Orange'
('Shades of Orange' hummingbird mint, 'Shades of Orange' hyssop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A cultivar discovered at High Country Gardens in Santa Fe, New Mexico, this aromatic, water-wise perennial grows to 30 inches tall and 18 inches wide and features fine, mint-scented, gray-green leaves and spikes of tubular flowers in shade of orange from mid-summer to fall. The plant is hugely attractive to hummingbirds, hence the common name.

Agastache cana Agastache cana
(Texas hummingbird mint, Mosquito plant, Wild hyssop)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a 36-inch-tall hyssop with showy rose-pink flower spikes in late summer and fall and licorice-mint scented foliage. It is native to New Mexico and western Texas and attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Grow in a border, herb garden, rock garden, or butterfly garden. Rubbing the foliage on skin reportedly repels mosquitoes.

Agastache foeniculum Agastache foeniculum
(Anise hyssop)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A classic plant for both herb gardens and borders, anise hyssop is composed of erect branches of mint-and-licorice-scented, medium green leaves ending in fuzzy spikes of small lavender flowers. The plant grows to 3 to 5 feet tall and 1 foot wide and reseeds freely. The flowers are edible and are charming crumbled into salads. The flowers are highly attractive to bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

Agastache foeniculum 'Golden Jubilee' Agastache foeniculum 'Golden Jubilee'
(Anise hyssop)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Anise hyssop has subtle but eye-catching chartreuse foliage. Its powder-blue, long-lasting flowers contrast nicely with its leaves.

Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa
(Wrinkled giant hyssop, Korean hyssop, purple giant hyssop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 4-foot-tall and 18-ich-wide, bushy perennial, very similar to the more common anise hyssop (Agastache foeniculum) has strongly mint-and-licorice-scented leaves and short spikes of lavender-blue flowers from midsummer to early fall. Unlike most agastaches, both of these species can tolerate more moisture and humity, making them highly suited to climates outside the arid west.

Agave 'Sharkskin' Agave 'Sharkskin'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Thick, succulent grayish green leaves tipped with spines make this 3-foot-tall and wide agave a striking addition to a xeric bed or desert garden. Although its color is muted, its architectural form can't be overlooked.

Agave americana Agave americana
(American aloe, Century plant)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant has a rosette of broad sword-like, succulent, gray-green leaves. It provides a statuesque presence for sunny dry sites and under glass. It's also a classic plant for urns, thanks to the architectural splendor of its simple form.

Agave parryi Agave parryi
(Mescal)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant has a dense rosette of fleshy blue-gray leaves and produces tall, cream-colored flowers tinged with red or pink in summer.

Ageratum houstonianum 'Blue Danube' Ageratum houstonianum 'Blue Danube'
('Blue Danube' ageratum, 'Blue Danube' floss flower)
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This early, compact bloomer grows to only about 6 or 7 inches tall. With its icy blue-purple flowers, it works well when planted tightly along the foreground of a bed. Its color blends easily with most other hues and textures. -Julia Jones, Designing with annueals, Fine Gardening issue #120

no image available Ajania pacifica 'Yellow Splash'
(Pacific chrysanthemum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low-mounding perennial has lobed, silver-edged foliage and small yellow flowerheads in autumn.

Albizia julibrissin Albizia julibrissin
(Mimosa, Silk tree)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A large shrub or small tree, Albizia julibrissin is native to Iran to Japan. It is a fast-growing plant whose seedlings can become invasive. It can be seen growing in the wild in the southeastern U.S. and California in waste places, fields, and along roads.

However, its bipinnate, ferny leaves and fluffy pink flowerheads that cover the tree in summer make it a garden-worthy plant, as do the fragrance emitted by the flowers, which attract bees. Seed pods that resemble flat beans follow the flowers and persist into winter. Still, care should be used so that seeds from garden plants can't escape into the wild.

Alcea rosea Alcea rosea
(Hollyhock)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tall, upright perennial has single flowers of various colors that grow along a spike. It blooms in early summer and midsummer.

Alcea rosea annua 'Spring Celebrities Purple' Alcea rosea annua 'Spring Celebrities Purple'
(Dwarf Purple Hollyhock)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hollyhock is a multi-use plant that can be grown as a cut flower, used in large containers, or planted in the landscape. These big semi- to fully-double blooms reach 3 inches wide. Considered a first-year blooming biennial or short-lived perennial.

Information provided by Santa Rosa Gardens.
 

Allium 'Globemaster' Allium 'Globemaster'
(Ornamental onion)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Allium 'Globemaster' is a true showstopper, growing to about 32 inches tall. Very large, majestic purple spheres up to 8 inches across bear numerous star-shaped, deep lilac flowers in May and June.

Allium caeruleum Allium caeruleum
(Blue globe onion)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces dense clusters of bright blue flowerheads up to 1 inch wide. Its leaves clasp its stem and die back before flowering.

Allium christophii Allium christophii
(Stars of Persia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bulbous perennial produces ribbed stems and strap-shaped, gray-green basal leaves that decline as its flowers form. In early summer, it bears umbels that are 10 to 12 inches in diameter, and contain up to 100 star-shaped fuchsia flowers with a metallic sheen.

Allium giganteum Allium giganteum
(Ornamental onion)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In summer, this plant bears large rounded flower heads up to 4 inches across with a multitude of star-shaped lilac-pink flowers.

Allium schoenoprasum Allium schoenoprasum
(Chives)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The purple or white pom-pom flowers of chives top aromatic stems in summer. The leaves are edible and have a mild onion flavor; the flowers can be used as garnishes. Plants grow in dense clumps to 2 feet high. Use chives in a cottage, herb, or vegetable garden, or in containers.

Allium schubertii Allium schubertii
(Ornamental onion)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant bears 12- to 18-inch blooms with nearly 100 pink-rose flowers. When the flowers are spent, they are replaced by airy, fluffy seedpods.

Allium sphaerocephalon Allium sphaerocephalon
(Drumstick allium, Round-headed garlic)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The drumstick allium has egg-shaped flowers in summer that start off green, then bloom and develop to pink and then clover red-purple. These plants are attractive in a bed or border, especially peeking up through other plants, such as roses, so that their nondescript foliage is hidden. Their vertical presence and eye-catching flower shape are valuable additions to the garden, and they naturalize freely.

Alocasia 'Portodora' Alocasia 'Portodora'
('Portodora' elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Portodora’ produces big, ribbed, upward-pointing leaves that look like lettuce-edged fans. This plant adds instant drama.

Aloe cameronii Aloe cameronii
(Red aloe)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Aloe is best known as a medicinal plant (Aloe vera, Zones 10-11), but there are many beautiful aloes as well. Most have amazing winter flowers, and some, have interesting foliage color. Red aloe  has color that varies from green to a deep, red wine hue, depending on sun and water. and, over time, will form beautiful red-purple mounds with orange flowers. It is easily propagated from cuttings. -Jeff Moore, Regional Picks: Southwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Amaranthus cruentus Amaranthus cruentus
(Prince's feather, Purple amaranth, Red amaranth)
(1 user review)

Amaranthus cruentus makes a striking statement in beds or borders. Growing to 6 feet in height, it bears somewhat fuzzy-looking spires of purplish red flowers in summer, followed by seed heads that can be red, purple, or yellow. It is native to tropical regions of North and South America, and is one of three Amaranthus species cultivated for their grain.

Amaranthus tricolor and cvs. Amaranthus tricolor and cvs.
(Chinese spinach, Tampala, Joseph's coat)
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This hardy annual has vibrant, ornamental red, yellow, and green foliage that lends a tropical effect to the garden. Small flowers, borne from summer to early autumn, are inconspicuous in comparison to the effect of the foliage. Cultivars feature yellow and maroon-shaded leaves, but the species still offers the showiest foliage.

Anagallis monellii Anagallis monellii
(Blue pimpernel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In summer, this colorful groundcover makes a 9-inch mound of saucer-shaped, deep blue flowers on long stalks.

Andropogon gerardii 'Pawnee' Andropogon gerardii 'Pawnee'
(Big bluestem, turkeyfoot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Pawnee' has an upright habit and warm fall colors that persist into winter. This refined offbig bluestem has the bluish purple stems typical of the genus. In late summer, Purplish red flowers appear in groups of three or six, which look like a turkey foot—hence the nickname: "Turkey Foot Grass." The root system that can extend down more than 10 feet. Each year, a third of these roots die, opening up channels for water. -Scott Vogt, Native grasses, Fine Gardening issue #124

Anemone × hybrida 'Königin Charlotte' Anemone × hybrida 'Königin Charlotte'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, pale pink, semi-double-flowered anemone with notched petals grows to 4 feet tall and blooms from September to October.

Anemone × hybrida 'Kriemhilde' Anemone × hybrida 'Kriemhilde'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, lavender-pink anemone reaches 32 to 40 inches tall. 'Kriemhilde' blooms from September to October.

Anemone × hybrida 'Margarete' Anemone × hybrida 'Margarete'
(Japanese anemone)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, medium pink, semi-double-flowered anemone has exceptionally large blooms from mid- to late-September through October on stems 28 to 32 inches tall.

Anemone × hybrida 'Richard Ahrens' Anemone × hybrida 'Richard Ahrens'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, vigorous, pale pink, semi-double-flowering anemone starts blooming in early July into September on 28- to 36-inch stems.

Anemone × hybrida 'Rosenschale' Anemone × hybrida 'Rosenschale'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This large, single-flowered, pinkish-purple anemone blooms from August to October on stems 24 to 34 inches tall.

Anemone × hybrida 'September Charm' Anemone × hybrida 'September Charm'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Anemones thrive in light to partial shade but will tolerate full sun, as long as there is sufficient moisture. Site plants in moist, humus-rich soil, but avoid overly wet conditions. Apply mulch annually in northern regions.

Anemone × hybrida 'Whirlwind' Anemone × hybrida 'Whirlwind'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, white, semi-double-flowered anemone reaches 25 to 30 inches tall. An early flowerer, ‘Whirlwind blooms from August to October.

Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens
(Dill)
(1 user review)

As an herb, A. graveolens is commonly grown for the culinary attributes of its leaves and seeds. Its distinctive foliage texture and flower color and form make this plant a nice companion in a mixed border. It provides a valuable food source for butterfly larvae and attracts beneficial insects also.

Angelonia angustifolia Angelonia angustifolia
(Angelonia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Upright, low perennial with deep mauve to violet two-lipped flowers blooming all summer. Angelonia are superlative container plants, and can also be grown as bedding annuals.

Antennaria spp. Antennaria spp.
(Pussy-toes, Cat's ears)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Low-growing rosettes of long gray leaves covered in fine gray hairs and gray-white flowers in spring that resemble a cat's paw make Antennaria great plants for edging, pathways, or stone walls.

Anthemis tinctoria Anthemis tinctoria
(Golden marguerite, Oxeye chamomile)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming perennial produces many weeks of daisy-like flowers in summer. It is great in borders and works well as a cut flower.

Anthriscus sylvestris 'Ravenswing' Anthriscus sylvestris 'Ravenswing'
(Ravenswing)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is the bronze-purple form of the common Queen Anne's lace. It produces beautiful, highly fringed, lacy foliage in a dusky purple.

Antirrhinum majus Antirrhinum majus
(Snapdragons)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces upright racemes of two-lipped flowers with spreading, rounded lobes in a vast arrray of warm colors. It flowers profusely summer through autumn.

Argyranthemum frutescens Argyranthemum frutescens
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Argyranthemum is often mistaken for or offered as Chrysanthemum. It is a great plant in containers where it isn't hardy. A. 'Jamaica Primrose' and A. 'Vancouver' will survive in Zones 7-11.

Artemisia 'Powis Castle' Artemisia 'Powis Castle'
(Artemisia)
(4 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a woody plant with dense clumps of silver-gray leaves. It makes a great border accent.

Artemisia absinthium Artemisia absinthium
(Absinth, Wormwood)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Artemisia absinthium is a woody perennial with finely cut, silvery-gray, aromatic foliage. Its small yellow flowers have little ornamental value. Wormwood is useful in beds, borders, and rock gardens, and it makes an excellent foil for bright colors and dark foliage. This plant needs excellent drainage.

Artemisia ludoviciana Artemisia ludoviciana
(Western mugwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a high-drama native. Its gracious, high-impact, powdery-white shrubby mounded foliage grows to 4 feet tall.

Artemisia schmidtiana Artemisia schmidtiana
(Silvermound)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces a 12-inch-high, symmetrical mound of silver-green, silky-hairy leaves. They make this plant a nice counterpoint to very colorful plants.

Asclepias tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa
(Butterfly weed)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Butterfly weed is a native perennial with flat-topped, orange or yellow flower clusters at the ends of its stems or in its leaf axils. From midsummer to autumn, it produces clusters of brightly colored flowers that attract insects, followed by fruit and showy seed. Plant in a border, meadow, butterfly garden, or wildflower garden.

Aster × frikartii Aster × frikartii
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant flowers profusely and for an exceptionally long time, from early summer to mid-fall. Its flowers are violet-blue.

Aster × frikartii 'Wonder of Staffa' Aster × frikartii 'Wonder of Staffa'
('Wonder of Staffa' aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This repeat-blooming aster produces bright, 2-inch-wide, violet-blue flowers from mid-summer into fall. It grows to 3 feet tall and 1 to 2 feet wide and prefers full sun and average, well-drained soil.

Aster dumosus 'Wood's Pink' Aster dumosus 'Wood's Pink'
(Bushy Aster, Hardy Aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a short-growing aster has creeping rootstocks and pink, daisy-like flowers with yellow centers. It can be used on steep slopes for erosion control.

Aster ericoides Aster ericoides
(Heath aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping, bushy perennial has slender stems and small, lance-shaped, medium green leaves. From late summer to late fall, it produces white flowerheads with yellow centers to a half-inch across. Its cultivars may bear flowers tinged pink or blue.

Aster tongolensis Aster tongolensis
(East Indies aster)
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This is a mat-forming aster with thick, almost leafless stems that support solitary, violet-blue ray florets and orange-yellow disk florets.

Baptisia 'Carolina Moonlight' Baptisia 'Carolina Moonlight'
('Carolina Moonlight' false indigo)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spectacular perennial hybrid has 18-inch-tall spires of buttery yellow flowers in late spring and beautiful blue-green foliage throughout summer. Tough, exceptionally drought tolerant, and extremely long-lived, it's the southern substitute for the much sought-after lupine. 'Carolina Moonlight' has an adaptable, easy-to-grow nature and makes a great companion for other rugged plants such as ornamental grasses.

no image available Baptisia 'Chocolate Chip'
(Chocolate Chip false indigo)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial produces milk chocolate-colored flowering buds that open in spring with golden yellow petals over blue-green foliage.

Baptisia × variicolor Twilite Prairieblues™ Baptisia × variicolor Twilite Prairieblues™
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This amazing baptisia is a cross between B. australis, the most common blue variety, and B. sphaerocarpa, a plant with yellow bloomer. The result is pea-like violet-purple flowers with dramatic yellow keels. It is long-lived, tough, and drought resistant, but it may take three or four gardening seasons to establish itself. Twilite Prairieblues™ blooms in late spring or early summer, When not in bloom, the plant remains attractive because of the lovely blue-green color of its trifoliate leaves, especially in spring. This plant is tall and will look good at the back of a border. -Stephanie Cohen, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #120

Begonia 'Crackling Fire' Begonia 'Crackling Fire'
('Crackling Fire' begonia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Gorgeous new series of boliviensis begonias in six colors – Red, Orange, Yellow, Creamy Yellow, Pink and White. Perfect for baskets and containers. Plants are more sun and drought tolerant than other begonias. Crackling Fire begonias are low maintenance and self-cleaning. Plants are loaded with flowers and bloom continuously until frost. Their sturdy, upright habit prevents breakage.  Plants reach a height of 4-10 inches with a spread of up to 10 inches. Crackling Fire is perfect as a container plant or hanging basket and thrives in full to partial sun. -Suntory Collection

Bidens aristosa Bidens aristosa
(Tickseed sunflower, Long-bracted beggar-ticks)
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This fast-growing annual of the Midwestern wet meadows grows to 4 or 5 feet tall. Hundreds of 2-inch golden daisies with buttery tips and dark, fringed eyes smother fine foliage in late summer. Be cautioned, this plant generously self-sows, and is on Kentucky's invasive plant list.

Bouteloua gracilis 'Hachita' Bouteloua gracilis 'Hachita'
('Hachita' Blue Grama Grass)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Hachita' has narrow, blue-green leaves that form dense mounds. In summer, elongated seedheads add visual interest. This tough, drought-tolerant grass thrives in sand or clay soil with full-sun exposure. It needs a setting with good drainage, as it won't thrive in wet conditions. -Scott Vogt, Native grasses, Fine Gardening issue #124

Brassica oleracea Brassica oleracea
(Ornamental cabbage, Ornamental kale)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rosettes of cabbage foliage are grown as annuals for fall and winter interest. Color intensifies in cooler temperatures (below 50°F). Good for bedding and containers.

Buddleia 'Lochinch' Buddleia 'Lochinch'
(Butterfly bush, Summer lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Butterfly bushes are carefree deciduous shrubs that are reliably fragrant and easy to grow. Butterflies swarm to their blooms all summer long. 'Lochinch' has extremely fragrant lilac-blue flowers with orange eyes. It is a cross between B. davidii and B. fallowiana. Its arching, mounded habit typically reaches 3 to 5 feet in one season, but can grow much taller in the deep South. The 8-  to 12-inch-long flower spikes begin in late summer and bloom until frost, starting a little later than the B. davidii cultivars.

Buddleia bicolor Buddleia bicolor
(Bicolor butterfly bush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Butterflies can’t resist this fast-growing shrub! The gorgeous, bi-colored blooms are wonderfully-fragrant and unattractive to pesky deer. Best of all, it begins blooming in midsummer, when gardens need an extra jolt of color. -American Meadows

Buddleia davidii Buddleia davidii
(Butterfly bush, Summer lilac)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This sun-lover comes in hues from pure white to deepest purple. From midsummer until frost, butterfly bush earns its name as hordes of winged beauties flit from flower to flower in search of nectar. The lanceolate leaves are 10 to 12 inches long and white or grayish underneath. The honey-scented flowers are deep purple and grow in spikes, from July to October.

Buddleia davidii 'Black Knight' Buddleia davidii 'Black Knight'
(Butterfly bush, Summer lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Butterfly bushes are carefree deciduous shrubs that are reliably fragrant and easy to grow. Butterflies swarm to their blooms all summer long. 'Black Knight' has deep purple-blue, almost black, flowers in elongated clusters on arching branches to 10 feet tall if not cut back, and half that size if cut back. The blooms come from early summer to first frost. The foliage is willow-like and grayish green.

Calibrachoa 'Callie Rose Star’ Calibrachoa 'Callie Rose Star’
(Callie Rose Star)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose-and-cream Calibrachoa is one of a kind. The unique markings on the petals and the plant's mounding habit make it a standout in hanging baskets and containers.

Calibrachoa 'Superbells Tequila Sunrise' Calibrachoa 'Superbells Tequila Sunrise'
(Millon bells, Trailing petunia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Calibrachoa is a relatively new genus of flowering plants. The first cultivars weren't released until 1992. This cultivar's self-cleaning, petunia-like flowers are painted in a sunny mix of orange, red, and yellow. It is an easy-to-grow, trailing perennial, often used as an annual in hanging baskets, window boxes, and other containers.

Calibrachoa 'Million Bells' Calibrachoa 'Million Bells'
('Million Bells' calibrachoa)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Million Bells were the very first calibrachoa series on the market. This exciting new plant category was created in 1993 by the breeders at Suntory Flowers in Japan. Available in a broad spectrum of colors, Million Bells are perfect in pots, hanging baskets, window boxes and landscapes. These hybrids are heat tolerant, cold hardy and amazingly prolific, blooming well into fall. Choose from trailing, mounding and more compact Bouquet types. For best results, plant in full sun.

Calibrachoa Superbells® Cherry Star Calibrachoa Superbells® Cherry Star
(Superbells® Cherry Star Calibrachoa )
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From Proven Winners: There is nothing more super than Superbells. If there was a word that meant extra, extra super it still wouldn't be as super as we are. Calibrachoas are a new type of plants that sort of look like little Petunias, which makes sense seeing as were related. Only Superbells aren't sticky, perk right back up after it rains, and stay compact and bushy even when were stressed. Superbells are Proven Winners newest Calibrachoas. Were the ones covered with hundreds of flowers from early spring all the way through those first light frosts. Just 6 - 10 inches tall, our long, long, trailing branches cascade over the sides of hanging baskets and other containers, and spread over flower beds. Hummingbirds are cuckoo about us.

Calibrachoa Superbells® Dreamsicle Calibrachoa Superbells® Dreamsicle
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Calibrachoas are great alternatives to petunias. Superbells® Dreamsicle is cloaked with larger-than-usual, yellow-throated apricot-orange flowers. It can create a carpet of color or cascade beautifully from a container.

Calibrachoa Superbells® Lemon Slice Calibrachoa Superbells® Lemon Slice
(Superbells® Lemon Slice Calibrachoa )
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From Proven Winners: The unique bicolor pattern of white and bright yellow has never been seen in a Calibrachoa, and it is sure to capture your attention.

Callistemon citrinus 'Splendens' Callistemon citrinus 'Splendens'
('Splendens' bottlebrush)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low-care, evergreen shrub to 10-15 feet tall and wide produces large, bright red bottlebrush flowers from spring through summer followed by woody seedpods. It is attractive to hummingbirds. Young shoots are pinkish red.

Calluna vulgaris 'Spring Torch' Calluna vulgaris 'Spring Torch'
(Scotch heather, Ling)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Spring Torch' gets its name from the vibrant color of its new growth in spring. The mid-green leaves are tipped in shades of cream, orange, and red. Later in the summer, mauve-pink flower spikes cover the plant and last into the fall. As cold weather sets in, leaves acquire bronze or purple tones, adding further interest. This small, mounding evergreen shrub makes a good groundcover or rock garden plant. Bees love it. Different cultivars are beautiful woven together in the garden to form a colorful tapestry.

Calycanthus 'Venus' Calycanthus 'Venus'
('Venus' sweetshrub)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous shrub to 8-10 feet tall and wide blooms from late spring through July with 3- to 4-inch-wide, white, fragrant, magnolia-like blossoms with purple centers. This shrub is somewhat deer resistant.

Canna 'Centenaire de Rozain-Bourcharlat' Canna 'Centenaire de Rozain-Bourcharlat'
(Indian shot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 3-foot-tall canna from the 1920s has impossibly deep, pure-rose flowers recalling orchids and leis. It's an old French variety.

Canna 'Erebus' Canna 'Erebus'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each of this plant's stunning lance-shaped leaves is the softest gray-green, edged subtly with a cream-colored pinstripe. These luminous 5-foot-tall plants are crowned with spires of delicate pink flowers with just a blush of salmon.

Canna 'Madame Paul Caseneuve' Canna 'Madame Paul Caseneuve'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A great canna to start with if you're convinced you hate them is 'Madame Paul Caseneuve', from 1902. The pearly-bronze leaves and almost purple stems of this 3- to 5-foot-tall antique beauty are the perfect foil for its elegant, sensual flowers of soft pink shading to peach and apricot.

Canna 'Sémaphore' Canna 'Sémaphore'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Growing to 6 or 7 feet, 'Sémaphore' features slender, dark-bronze leaves topped by spikes of narrow-petaled flowers of an unusual glowing color that's not quite yellow and not quite orange; perhaps flickering tongues of flame would be the best description. It is a Victorian classic from 1895.

Canna ‘Phasion’ Canna ‘Phasion’
(Tropicanna® canna)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous 5- to 6-foot plant sports fascinating foliage colors. Spring leaves emerge an intense purple and are soon striped with green, yellow, pink, and red. Vivid orange flowers appear in summer on this quick multiplier.

Canna × generalis Canna × generalis
(Indian shot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cannas bear broad, smooth paddle-like leaves reminiscent of banana plants. The oversize leaves make it easy to create dramatic combinations with other, more finely textured plants. Each stout, fleshy stem is topped with attractive spires of brightly colored flowers. Cultivars vary widely in height, foliage, and bloom.

Capsicum annuum 'Black Pearl' Capsicum annuum 'Black Pearl'
(Ornamental pepper)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pepper boasts the most dramatically deep purple-black leaves and fruit imaginable. The vigorous, bushy plants grow to 18 inches tall and almost as wide. Flowers are lilac, and dark black peppers emerge in fall.

Carpobrotus edulis Carpobrotus edulis
(Iceplant, Hottentot fig, Kaffir fig)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This ground-hugging succulent perennial roots at the nodes, has a creeping habit, and often forms deep mats covering large areas. It produces abundant yellow daisy-like flowers that open at noon and turn pink later in the day.

Caryopteris × clandonensis Caryopteris × clandonensis
(Blue beard, Blue-spirea, Blue-mist shrub )
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These plants can take worst of the a hot summer (heat, lack of water, and humidity) and still manage to perform well. They generally live four to five years before they need replacing, but during that time, they offer dependable foliage and pretty blue flowers from mid- to late summer. Blue-mist shrubs form low-growing, finely-textured mounds and are deer-resistant.

Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Longwood Blue' Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Longwood Blue'
(Blue beard, blue-mist shrub)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Longwood Blue' is ideal for a mixed or shrub border. It's an attractive woody shrub up to 3 feet tall and 5 feet wide with silvery leaves and violet-blue flowers.. The flowers appear along the stems in late summer and early autumn.This plant is relatively drought tolerant and very heat tolerant. The shrub expands as branches that touch the ground form their own roots and may self-seed.

Caryopteris incana 'Jason' Caryopteris incana 'Jason'
(Sunshine blue bluebeard)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Jason' has bright yellow-green foliage with rich amethyst blue flowers in late summer and fall. It's a vigorous grower for a mixed border or mass planting in sunny areas.

Catharanthus roseus Cora™ series Catharanthus roseus Cora™ series
(Cora™ periwinkle, Cora™ vinca)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The disease-resistant Cora™ series of periwinkles comes in a range of flower colors—from white to lavender to burgundy—and looks great until the first fall frost.

Ceanothus americanus Ceanothus americanus
(Mountain sweet, New Jersey tea, Redroot, Wild snowball)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mountain sweet is a low-growing, broad, compact, deciduous shrub. Dark-green leaves are irregularly toothed, 2 to 3 inches long, and softly hairy or nearly hairless beneath. This plant bears profuse white flowers in 1- to 2-inch-long terminal clusters.

Cedrus atlantica f. glauca Cedrus atlantica f. glauca
(Blue Atlas cedar)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This stunning evergreen conifer can be a very large specimen tree (to over 100 feet) in the landscape. Its young, silvery foliage turns vivid glaucous blue as it ages; the sharply pointed leaves are arranged in whorls. Female cones are green and can be up to 4 inches long; they ripen slowly over 2 years to pale brown. This tree needs a lot of space to reach its majestic potential.

Cedrus deodara

Cedrus deodara


(deodar cedar, Himalayan cedar)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen, coniferous tree has a conical form and whorls of green needles. It grows to 100 feet tall and 30 feet wide with spreading branches and pendant branch tips. Showy, light brown cones mature in fall.

Cedrus deodara Cedrus deodara
(Feelin' Blue Deodar Cedar)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A unique dwarf spreading evergreen with bluish-green needles. The lowest of the dwarf Cedars, this selection rarely develops a leader. We have evidenced winter hardiness in some USDA Zone 6 areas, with good winter protection provided.

Centaurea cineraria 'Colchester White' Centaurea cineraria 'Colchester White'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Best used as a foliage plant, this plant's intricately cut, frosty-silver leaves produce a large, elegant arching mound. It also bears pale lavender-blue pin-cushion flowers on lanky 30-inch stems in late spring.

Centaurea cyanus Centaurea cyanus
(Bachelor's buttons, Bluebottle, Cornflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Bachelor's buttons bear charming and prolific flowers in hues of blue, pink, lavender, white, and maroon. Those with a true blue color are especially welcome in the garden as that color is rare in nature. Each disc-shaped flower is about 1.5 inches across, with ragged petals radiating out from the center.

no image available Centranthus ruber
(Red valerian, Jupiter's beard, Keys of heaven)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming perennial has deep to mid-green leaves and dense clusters of small white, pale rose-pink, or dark crimson flowers in long, slender stems. It blooms from late spring to late summer.

Cephalanthus occidentalis Cephalanthus occidentalis
(Buttonbush, Button willow, Honey balls)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A native small tree found in wetlands from Minnesota to Florida and from New England to California, buttonbush can reach 8 to 15 feet tall and is often wider than it is tall. Prune it into a small multi-trunked tree to reveal the curly bark of its young stems and the punctuated pale spots of its older stems. Blooms are extremely rich in nectar and attract butterflies and other insects.

Cerastium tomentosum Cerastium tomentosum
(Snow-in-summer)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Snow-in-summer is great for rock gardens and dry areas, and also works well as a container plant. Plant it on a stone wall for a cascading effect. Snow-in-summer needs room to perform. A single plant can carpet an area as wide as a yard across. After the flowers fade, the silver/grey foliage shines on in contrast to more predictable shades of green.

Ceratostigma plumbaginoides Ceratostigma plumbaginoides
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lovely herbaceous species is versatile and undemanding. It is the star of the late-summer garden with its spiky bright red flower buds and vivid blue flowers, displaying long-lasting mahogany red foliage in fall. Spreading slowly via underground runners, this long-lived plant makes a solid mat with erect, slender red stems and bright green leaves.

Cercidiphyllum japonicum Cercidiphyllum japonicum
(katsura tree)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spreading, deciduous tree native to Japan and China has a rounded form and rounded, redbud-like leaves. It grows to 70 feet tall and 50 feet wide and sports brilliant red, apricot, and yellow fall color. Early spring flowers are insignificant. This attractive tree makes an excellent specimen. 'Pendula', a weeping form, is this species' most popular cultivar.

Cestrum 'Orange Peel' Cestrum 'Orange Peel'
('Orange Peel' cestrum)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A wonderful hybrid derived from Cestrum diurnum and C. nocturnum, 'Orange Peel' is a veritable living bouquet of pure orange blossoms that, in warmer climates, begin with the first mild days in spring and last until the first hard frost. The tubular flowers have no fragrance during the day, but as soon as the sun sets, a sweet scent lingers in the air. In Zones 8 and warmer, 'Orange Peel' will be a deciduous shrub 6 feet tall and wide. In Zone 7, it will act as a die-back perennial and easily reach 3 to 5 feet tall and wide during the growing season. In colder zones, it makes an incredible summer-blooming annual.

Chamaecrista fasciculata Chamaecrista fasciculata
(Partridge pea, Senna, Sleeping plant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This colorful annual legume bears attractive yellow flowers that have reddish-purple spots at their base. The compound, feathery leaves look like those of sensitive plant. Fruit is contained in a pea pod, which adds additional garden interest and may attract birds.

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis 'Pendula' Chamaecyparis nootkatensis 'Pendula'
(Nootka false cypress, Alaska cedar)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a conical tree with drooping branches and vertical, flattened sprays of bluish green to dark green foliage. This graceful cultivar has upward-curved branches with drooping branchlets and an open crown when mature. Male cones are ovoid, brownish green, and 1/8 inches long. Female cones are green, 1/2 inch long, with a recurved central hook on each scale, maturing in spring.

Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Aurea' Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Aurea'
(Hinoki cypress)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Hinoki cypress is a conical, evergreen, coniferous tree with leaves that are actually minute scales on tiny branches in the form of fans. The outer foliage of 'Aurea' is golden and the inner is green. Growth can be slow. Use as a specimen or use several as screening.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Sungold' Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Sungold'
(Japanese falsecypress)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf Chamaecyparis has a weeping habit and gold to lime green finely-textured needles. It's great for providing year-round color.

Chamaemelum nobile and cvs. Chamaemelum nobile and cvs.
(Chamomile)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A hardy perennial, chamomile has aromatic, threadlike leaves that fill the air with a pleasing apple-pineapple scent. White, daisylike blooms appear in summer. The cultivar 'Treneague' is valued because it does not flower, making an attractive lawn. 'Flore Pleno' has double flowers showier than those of the species.

Chilopsis linearis Chilopsis linearis
(Desert Willow)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Desert willow is shrub native to the Southwest U.S. and Mexico. Its erect willowy foliage is joined by large, blowsy pink flowers from early summer to first frost. This tough plants performs well in xeriscapes and other dry, unforgiving locations. It grows to 10 to 14 feet tall and wide remains blemish-free all season long.

Chionanthus retusus Chionanthus retusus
(Chinese fringetree)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species is grown for its billowy clusters of fragrant white blossoms, which appear in May or June. The erect clusters are more substantial than C. virginicus, and open at the same time as the leaves. Female specimens produce blue-black fruits in autumn.

Chionanthus virginicus Chionanthus virginicus
(White fringetree)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American native is unrivaled in beauty for its pendulous and diaphanous clusters of fragrant white blossoms, which appear in May or June. The individual blossoms are made up of four petals that dangle from threadlike stems in great silken clusters. The leaves are late to emerge in the spring, and this species flowers before leafing out. Female specimens produce blue-black fruits in autumn.

Cistus albidus Cistus albidus
(Rock rose, Sun rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is an evergreen, bushy shrub native to southwestern Europe and North Africa. Rock roses are useful in a shrub border, on a hillside, or in containers. Cistus albidus bears vibrant lilac-pink flowers in summer. Although each flower lasts only one day, they are produced in great numbers on plants that are 3 feet tall and wide.

Cladrastis lutea Cladrastis lutea
(Yellowwood)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Yellowwood is a vase-shaped spreading tree with dark green foliage that turns a delicate yellow or orange in the fall and smooth light gray bark. Breathtaking, pendulous, foot-long, wisteria-like clusters of fragrant white flowers appear in late spring and early summer, often in alternate years.

no image available Claytonia virginica
(Spring beauty)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low-growing, spring-blooming succulent touts 5-petaled, pale-pink striped flowers with strap-like foliage that continues to grow after bloom but disappears in late spring when the plants go into dormancy. It can literally carpet the ground in early spring, giving the impression of a light dusting of snow. Its flowers open when the sun is out and close when it is cloudy.

Clematis 'Ernest Markham' Clematis 'Ernest Markham'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Ernest Markham' is a vigorous, late-flowering climber with abundant small flowers in summer. Blossoms are rich magenta, 4 inches across, with blunt-tipped sepals and light chocolate anthers.

Clematis 'Kakio' Clematis 'Kakio'
(Pink Champagne™ clematis)
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Pink Champagne™ (‘Kakio’) is one of the earliest large-flowered clematis to bloom. As the name implies, this variety boasts bubbly, bright pink tepals with pale centers and bright yellow stamens. Pink Champagne™ is a strong climber with a fairly narrow expanse, meaning it works well in tight spaces. I grow this variety alongside my garden gate in a cramped space that is less than a foot wide. The stems shoot straight up, making a beautiful pink exclamation point. -Richard Hawke, Big blooming clematis, Fine Gardening issue #146

Clematis 'Kiviruut' Clematis 'Kiviruut'
(Rüütel™ clematis)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

When I first saw the crimson flowers of Rüütel™ (‘Kiviruut’) in 2009, I was like a wide-eyed kid experiencing a Christmas miracle. It’s truly a luscious color. The 7-inch-wide flowers feature deeply grooved tepals with ruffled edges and similarly colored stamens, which give it a monochromatic look that I love. Rüütel™ blooms from late spring to midsummer on stems that only reach 6 feet tall, making it perfect for small patios where the luxuriant blossoms can be viewed up close. -Richard Hawke, Big blooming clematis, Fine Gardening issue #146

Clematis 'Cleminov 51' Clematis 'Cleminov 51'
(Sapphire Indigo ™ Clematis)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sapphire Indigo is a non-climbing clematis that is covered in early summer with deep violet blooms that repeat bloom all summer long. -Star Roses

Clematis terniflora Clematis terniflora
(Sweet autumn clematis)
(7 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous, late-flowering twining vine with deep green leaves and profuse, fragrant white flowers is easy to grow and will thrive and bloom in shade. Star-shaped blossoms are 1 inch across, appearing from late August to October and maturing to attractive, plume-like seed heads. The shiny green foliage is leathery.

Clematis texensis 'Duchess of Albany' Clematis texensis 'Duchess of Albany'
(Scarlet clematis, Leather flower, Texas clematis)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous climber can easily cover a support of 8 to 10 feet tall once established. Finely textured, dense light-green foliage makes an excellent foil for dainty, pink and carmine teardrop-shaped flowers 2 inches across. Blooms appear in early August and continue well into autumn.

Cleome Cleome
(Spider flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Umbels of pink, white, or fuchsia blossoms make spider flower a beloved addition in any border. It's reseeding habit can be a boon or curse, depending on how you like your plants to behave.

Clerodendrum trichotomum Clerodendrum trichotomum
(Harlequin glorybower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This large shrub offers a late-summer display of jasmine-like white flowers encased in red tepals and scent. Bright blue berries in autumn are accented by conspicuous bright, pinkish-red calyxes.

Colchicum 'Waterlily' Colchicum 'Waterlily'
(Autumn crocus, Meadow saffron)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Semi-erect, narrowly ovate leaves 7-10 inches long appear in spring and disappear by summer, followed by large, fully double, rosy lilac flowers resembling the blooms of a waterlily.

Colocasia esculenta 'Coffee Cups' Colocasia esculenta 'Coffee Cups'
('Coffee Cups' elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Coffee Cups' is an unusual and relatively recent introduction. It has nearly black stems and  cup-shaped leaves. 'Coffee Cups' is a vigorous grower, and, with a height of 6 feet, it's a good choice for the back part of a border. -Andy Cabe, Regional Picks: Southeast, Fine Gardening issue #120

Colocasia esculenta 'Diamond Head' Colocasia esculenta 'Diamond Head'
('Diamond Head' elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

When breeder John Cho combined a black Colocasia and a glossy Colocasia, he created something shiny and new: ‘Diamond Head’. It is named after the volcanic cone on the Hawaiian island of Oahu, which makes sense because both the cone and plant are black and lustrous. The plant’s leaves reach at least 16 inches long and 1 foot wide. ‘Diamond Head’ performs best along the edge of a pond or submerged in a water feature. If left in dry conditions, its leaf edges burn. In shade, it loses luster and appears dark green instead of purple or black. That purple-black color is what makes ‘Diamond Head’ so special, so if the light conditions in your garden don’t suit it, you might want to choose another cultivar. -Adrienne Roethling, Elephant's Ears, Fine Gardening issue #148, page 60

Colocasia esculenta 'Tiger Stripe' Colocasia esculenta 'Tiger Stripe'
('Tiger Stripe' elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This purple-and-cream-streaked elephant's ear makes a splash in any combination imaginable.

Colocasia esculenta ‘Thailand Giant’ Colocasia esculenta ‘Thailand Giant’
(‘Thailand Giant’ elephant's ears)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Thailand Giant’ is, undoubtedly, the plant with the largest foliage in the aroid (Araceae) family. It started appearing in gardens across the country within the last decade. Leaves emerge in mid- to late spring, reaching more than 6 feet long and 3 feet wide in one season under optimal conditions. I’ve been digging out and overwintering a plant for three years now, but this past spring, I found a bud that had been left behind and survived winter; it grew a whopping 8 feet tall and wide in its first year in my Zone 7 garden on the south side of a brick wall that reflects heat and winter sun. Children and silly adults love to compare their ears to those of ‘Thailand Giant’.-Adrienne Roethling, Elephant's Ears, Fine Gardening issue #148, page 57

Consolida ajacis Consolida ajacis
(Larkspur)
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Feathery, almost fern-like leaves are mid- to dark green. In summer, larkspur bears delphinium-like open to densely packed spikes to 24 inches tall of pink, white, or violet-blue double flowers.

no image available Convolvulus mauritanicus
(Ground morning glory)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Ground morning glory is a trailing low grower with a profusion of funnel-shaped lavender flowers from summer to early autumn.

Coreopsis ‘Novcorcar’ Coreopsis ‘Novcorcar’
(Creme Caramel™ Coreopsis)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Developed as a sport of the popular Coreopsis 'Créme Brulee,' Créme Caramel™ displays a show of bronzy/orange blooms from mid-June to August. -Star Roses

no image available Coreopsis grandiflora
(Large-flowered tickseed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

As the name implies, this species bears large, daisy-like blossoms (2.5 inches across) of golden yellow rays and darker yellow centers. It blooms from late spring to late summer and is native to the central and southeastern U.S.

Coreopsis rosea Coreopsis rosea
(Tickseed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant bears a profusion of lavender-pink flowers with yellow centers from mid-summer to early autumn. This perennial has finely textured leaves that give it an airy appearance.

Coreopsis rosea 'Sweet Dreams' Coreopsis rosea 'Sweet Dreams'
(Tickseed)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The bicolored, white-tipped and raspberry-centered blooms are large (1 to 1.5 inches across) and long lasting. Flowers cover the mound of grassy foliage for weeks in summer and early fall. This hybrid does not produce seed.

no image available Cortaderia selloana
(Pampas grass)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This stunning grass has 1- to 3-foot-long, densely tufted plumes atop tall, upright stalks and arching mid-green leaves. Plumes come in white, cream, or beige-pink and appear in late summer.

Cortaderia selloana 'Gold Band' Cortaderia selloana 'Gold Band'
('Gold Band' pampas grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping, drought-tolerant grass is one of the best pampas grasses you could grow. It has the showy, late-summer plumes common to this group, but they grow straight up, not willy-nilly like many other varieties; they eventually stand 4 to 6 feet above the foliage. Even better news is that this cultivar does not set seed, so it is noninvasive. The foliage features distinct golden edges, which, for a grass, usually menas that it loves shade or moisture. But 'Gold Band' tolerates heat and drought, making it great for large containers, and it can handle coastal conditions, too.

Cortaderia selloana ‘Pumila” Cortaderia selloana ‘Pumila”
(Pampas grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf cultivar has mid-green leaves and densely tufted plumes atop tall, upright stalks and arching mid-green leaves. Masses of silvery yellow plumes appear in late summer.

Cosmos atrosanguineus Cosmos atrosanguineus
(Chocolate cosmos, Black cosmos)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A chocolate scented flower! Dark red-brown, sometimes almost black, velvety flowers on long, slender, reddish brown stems bloom from early summer to autumn. Chocolate cosmos is a tuberous-rooted, tender perennial native to Mexico that can be overwintered indoors where not hardy. Grow in a border or in containers where the flowers can be appreciated up close. They also make good cut flowers.

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sea Shells' Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sea Shells'
(1 user review)

This unique annual produces quilled blossoms of hollow, tube-shaped petals that radiate from the center in shades of white, pink, or carmine red. The flowers, which bloom all summer long, sometimes have bicolored interior and exterior tubes. 

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sensation Series' Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sensation Series'
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This series of annuals produces extra large, cup-shaped blossoms to 3-1/2 inches across in shades of white or pink all summer long. 

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sonata Dwarf Mix' Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sonata Dwarf Mix'
(1 user review)

This series produces compact plants 1 foot tall and about as wide with large blossoms in pure white and many shades of pink. These season-long performers make fine edging plants.

Cosmos bipinnatus cvs. Cosmos bipinnatus cvs.
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Cosmos are branching annuals with ferny foliage and pink, crimson, or white flowers that work well in the back of a border. Although introduced in 1799, cosmos did not beome popular for the garden or as the subject of breeding efforts until the early 1900s. The rest is now history. The variety 'Sensation' won the All-American Selection Award of Merit in 1936 for its clear colors of pink and white, on early-blooming, 3- to 4-foot-tall plants. 'Purity' is the glistening white form of cosmos in the 'Sensation' series. 'Sea Shells' has quilled florets. The Sonata Series cultivars are dwarf plants only growing to about a foot or two tall.

Cosmos sulfureus 'Cosmic Red' Cosmos sulfureus 'Cosmic Red'
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The intense scarlet red blooms and yellow centers of this bedding plant will stop you in your tracks. ‘Cosmic Red’ blooms all summer and looks great at the front of the border and in containers. As with other cosmos cultivars, grow this plant in full sun and moist, well-drained soil. The already hypnotic color will intensify as light levels increase.

Cotinus 'Grace' Cotinus 'Grace'
('Grace' smoke tree)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cross of the European smoke bush (C. coggygria) and the American smoke tree (C. obovatus) is a gem in the garden thanks to its multiseason interest. Its iridescent spring foliage is green overlaid with red; then its large pink clouds of blooms in summer are followed by brilliant autumn foliage that ranges from red to orange. 'Grace' combines well with just about anything; asters, ornamental grasses, and Japanese maples are good places to start.

no image available Cotoneaster horizontalis
(Rockspray)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous shrub has a spreading habit and branches that form a herringbone pattern. Its glossy, dark green leaves turn red in autumn.White flowers tinged with pink appear in late spring and mature to bright red, round fruit.

Crocosmia 'Star of the East' Crocosmia 'Star of the East'
('Star of the East' crocosmia )
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

To put it in perspective, ‘Star of the East’ crocosmia is as far removed from the well-known ‘Lucifer’ crocosmia as Lady Gaga is from an Appalachian clogger. ‘Star of East’ is a strong grower without being aggressive, starting the season off with attractive green leaves that are held verti­cally. The foliage remains upright and in good condition well into fall, which isn’t always the case with other cultivars. The flower stems are exceptionally sturdy, too, and they need to be because they bear some of the largest flowers of any crocosmia—nearly 4 inches in diameter.
In late summer, deep orange flower buds emerge like tubes of lipstick from protective bracts. The flowers open widely with a glowing, soft orange face highlighted by a pale center. A surprisingly long bloom period is a bonus, the blossoms perfectly mixing with the other hot colors of late summer and then seamlessly blending into the warm oranges and yellows of autumn.

Crocus sativus Crocus sativus
(Saffron crocus)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The saffron crocus blooms in the autumn, producing 1 to 5 rich lilac flowers with dark purple veins, held wide open above inconspicuous foliage.

Cuphea llavea Totally Tempted™ Cuphea llavea Totally Tempted™
(Totally Tempted™ cuphea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Totally Tempted™ cuphea has nonstop, bright red summer flowers that don't need deadheading. It doesn't mind summer heat and has a more compact habit than most cultivars in this species, growing to just a foot tall and a little wider.

Cynara cardunculus Cynara cardunculus
(Cardoon)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cardoon is an architectural splendor with bold texture, thanks to its large, prickly, almost dagger-shaped gray-green arching leaves and a statuesque, vase-shaped frame. It is topped with round, purple, thistlelike flowers in midsummer. Cardoon can reach up to 5 feet tall and 4 feet wide.

Cytisus scoparius Cytisus scoparius
(Scotch broom)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Scotch broom is an upright, deciduous shrub with slender, arching shoots. In late spring, it produces abundant yellow flowers in axillary clusters.

Dahlia 'Bishop of Llandaff' Dahlia 'Bishop of Llandaff'
(Dahlia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

With its deep purple-black leaves and brilliant summer blooms, 'Bishop of Llandaff' is a fine addition to the sunny bed or border. The 4- to 6-inch-round red-petaled flowers have deep purple and yellow centers, which are set off nicely by the plant's dark foliage. Use this long-stemmed cultivar in cut-flower arrangements. -Gerald Gibbens, Regional Picks: Northwest, Fine Gardening issue#120

no image available Dahlia 'Figaro'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Figaro' is a dwarf "landscape" dahlia with semi-double flowers in shades of red, pink, orange, yellow, and white. It works well as bedding and in containers, and blooms from planting time until frost.  

Dahlia 'Fire Pot' Dahlia 'Fire Pot'
('Fire Pot' dahlia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Resembling a water lily, the spectacular pink and yellow blooms are perfect for fabulous summer bouquets! The bright blooms are butterfly-magnets and Fire Pot is extremely easy to grow both in the garden and in containers.
-American Meadows

Dahlia 'Jersey Beauty' Dahlia 'Jersey Beauty'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The 20th century's most celebrated dahlia is 'Jersey Beauty'. This towering, 4- to 6-foot-tall 1920s classic will produce so many lively, true-pink, classic dahlia flowers that you can cut all you want and still have a great garden display. This selection is exceptionally vigorous and beautiful.

Dahlia 'Kaiser Wilhelm' Dahlia 'Kaiser Wilhelm'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Of the maybe 10,000 named dahlias introduced in the 1800s—when dahlias ranked right up there with roses in popularity—only three survive. One of them is 'Kaiser Wilhelm', introduced in 1892. Its 3-inch flowers have neatly curled petals of soft custard-yellow brushed with burgundy, and a green button eye just like that of an old rose. The plant can grow to 5 feet.

Dahlia 'Kidd's Climax' Dahlia 'Kidd's Climax'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The pink-and-cream dinner-plate-sized 'Kidd's Climax' of 1947 has 10-inch flowers atop 4-foot-tall plants.

Dalea frutescens Dalea frutescens
(Black dalea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low, mounding, Southwest native shrub up to 4 feet tall and 6 feet wide has feathery foliage that contributes fine texture to a garden. While evergreen in milder climates, in temperate climates it is deciduous. Its small, pealike purple flowers appear in late summer and continue into fall.

Dalea greggii Dalea greggii
(Trailing indigo bush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Despite a soft, delicate appearance, trailing indigo bush is one of the toughest groundcovers around. The feathery, silvery green compound foliage makes the clusters of tiny, rosy purple flowers stand out at close range. The blooms, which occur most heavily in spring and summer, return sporadically the rest of the year. This plant is excellent for stabilizing soil on slopes because its stem nodes root wherever they come in contact with the ground.

no image available Daphne × transatlantica 'Jim's Pride'
('Jim's Pride' daphne)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This small shrub to 3-4 feet tall and wide blooms from late spring to fall with a liberal sprinkling of small, white, highly fragrant flowers over grey-green leaves that form a fine-textured mound. This shrub is semi-evergreen. It will retain some of its leaves in winter, though in colder climates it may be completely deciduous.

Datura metel Datura metel
(Downy thorn apple, Devil's trumpet, Horn of plenty)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Datura metel grows 3 to 4 feet tall with large dark green leaves that have a bad smell. However, the large trumpet-shaped flowers have a sweet fragrance that spreads throughout the garden in the morning and evening. Flowers may be single or double and range from white and yellow to pink and purple.

no image available Delosperma 'John Proffit'
(Ice plant)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Covering itself with glowing fuchsia daisy-like flowers with many narrow petals, 'John Proffit' makes a beautiful groundcover or container plant. The succulent foliage looks like it has small pieces of ice on it (hence the name "ice plant') and is evergreen in warmer climates. Growing to only a few inches tall, it can spread almost 2 feet wide. It blooms from late spring to early fall.  

Delosperma cooperi Delosperma cooperi
(Ice plant)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Summer-long bloom and a tough constitution make the mat-forming ice plant a perfect groundcover. Two-inch magenta blossoms with white anthers are produced in midsummer and late summer.

Delphinium 'Bluebird' Delphinium 'Bluebird'
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Blue Bird' is a Pacific Hybrid delphinium grown as an annual or biennial. Its mid-blue flowers have white centers. The flowers are large but short-lived and bloom on tall stems from early summer to midsummer. Grow at the back of a border or in the middle of an island bed. There is nothing quite like delphiniums in the garden.

no image available Delphinium 'Delft Blue'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Belonging to the Belladonna Group hybrids, this delphinium bears loose, branched spikes of intense blue flowers with soft white edges. It may rebloom if deadheaded. The cultivar name pays homage to the resemblance of the flower color to Delft pottery.

Delphinium elatum Delphinium elatum
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The parent of the regal hybrid Delphiniums, the species has 3- to 4-foot-tall spires of blue, violet, lavender, or white flowers. It usually requires staking.

Dianthus 'Bath's Pink' Dianthus 'Bath's Pink'
(Cheddar pink)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Dianthus 'Bath's Pink' is a stunning, wide-spreading ground cover with grassy, blue-green foliage and pink flowers. Use it to edge a bed or grow it in your rock garden for a splash of cool color. To keep its blooms going, be sure to deadhead.

Dianthus 'Neon Star' Dianthus 'Neon Star'
(Carnation, Pink)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid has a compact, mounding habit, with silvery-blue foliage and fluorescent pink toothed flowers, which continue blooming with deadheading.

Dianthus alpinus Dianthus alpinus
(Alpine pink)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Clusters of serrated single blooms in pink to dark crimson sit just off the ground in summer.

Dianthus barbatus Dianthus barbatus
(Sweet William)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These short-lived perennials or biennials are charming plants, and are worth their weight in gold in the cottage border. After flowering, the attractive foliage holds the space well.

Dianthus barbatus 'Summer Sundae' Dianthus barbatus 'Summer Sundae'
(Sweet William)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Summer Sundae' Sweet William is a nice mix of red, pink, and white flowers held in rounded groups at the tops of stems. Plants bloom from late spring to early summer. The flowers are lightly fragrant. Use in a cottage garden or border, or in containers. It flowers the first year from seed.

Dianthus deltoides Dianthus deltoides
(Maiden pink)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mat-forming species with dark green leaves is one of the easiest to grow.  Blossoms range from white to red and are usually single and without fragrance. Use as bedding or in rock gardens.

Dianthus deltoides 'Arctic Fire' Dianthus deltoides 'Arctic Fire'
(Maiden pink)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mat-forming species with narrow, dark green leaves is one of the easiest to grow. Blossoms with red eyes open in early summer and may rebloom if sheared back after flowering.

Dianthus gratianopolitanus Dianthus gratianopolitanus
(Cheddar pink)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact species forms broad mats of blue-gray linear leaves and is perfect for a rock garden setting. The purplish-pink flowers are solitary, toothed, and deliciously fragrant. 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Firewitch' Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Firewitch'
(Cheddar pink)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Silvery-blue mats of evergreen, linear foliage. Well-known and loved for the showy, profuse, single, magenta blooms, spring-fall. 'Firewitch' exudes the spicy scent of cloves. Very hardy; good performer. Moderate to fast grower. Heat resistant and tolerant of humidity. Excellent for use in containers, as an edger, in rock gardens, scented gardens and the front of the border. If cut back, they often rebloom in early fall. Considered deer resistant once established. Attracts butterflies!  Very suitable for gardens in the South. -Santa Rosa Gardens

no image available Dianthus plumarius
(Modern border pink)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Especially fragrant and variable in color, modern border pinks form mats of grayish green leaves and fringed, saucer-shaped flowers.

Diervilla lonicera Diervilla lonicera
(Northern bush honeysuckle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

While not a true honeysuckle (Lonicera spp. and cvs., USDA Hardiness Zones 3-10), Northern bush honeysuckle has honeysuckle-like yellow flowers and glossy green foliage on a native, deciduous shrub 3 to 4 feet tall and 3 to 5 feet wide. The flowers appear in early summer and last through summer, and the foliage occasionally exhibits bright red fall color.

Digitalis grandiflora Digitalis grandiflora
(Yellow foxglove)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Originating in mountainous woodland and stony habitats from Europe to western Asia, yellow foxglove is tolerant of dry shade but flourishes with moisture. Arising in midsummer from neat clumps of fine-toothed foliage, a mass of soft yellow open bells, speckled brown inside, blooms along one side of a 3-foot-tall stem. Usually described as a perennial, it is more accurate to call it a biennial or short-lived perennial. If the flowering stalk is cut down after blooms have faded, it may rebloom in the fall. When a few flower stalks are left, the plant self-seeds. 

Draba aizoides Draba aizoides
(Yellow whitlow grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Yellow whitlow grass is a small, semi-evergreen perennial perfect for growing in a trough, rock wall, or xeric bed. It grows to only 4 inches high and twice as wide. This delightful, drought-tolerant miniature has spiny rosettes of lustrous green leaves through the winter and cheerful yellow flowers in early spring.

Duranta erecta Duranta erecta
(Golden dewdrop, Pigeon berry, Sky flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tropical shrub or small tree may be grown in a mixed or shrub border; in colder climates, it does well in a temperate greenhouse. Flowers in shades of sky-blue, lilac, purple, or white blossom gracefully along arching branches in summer; they are followed by spherical, yellow fruit.

Dyckia fosteriana 'Cherry Cola' Dyckia fosteriana 'Cherry Cola'
('Cherry Cola' dyckia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Cherry Cola' , a relatively new cultivar, features deep, dark burgundy foliage and small but sharp teeth (handle with care!). In summer, orange blossoms appear, and hummingbirds love them. Like other Dyckias, this plant tolerates extreme heat and is perfect for hot, dry locations. -Jeff Moore, Regional Picks: Southwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Eccremocarpus scaber Eccremocarpus scaber
(Chilean glory flower, Chilean glory vine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fast-growing, evergreen climber has sharply 4-angled stems and red-orange tubular flowers tipped with yellow that are borne in clusters 4 to 6 inches long. Chilean glory flower blooms from late spring to autumn. Light green leaves are small, ovate, and boldly veined.

Echinacea purpurea Echinacea purpurea
(Purple coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Create a field full of gorgeous pink blooms with easy-to-grow Echinacea seeds. Butterflies and Hummingbirds will flock to your property each summer and the multitude of blooms make for spectacular bouquets. -American Meadows

Echinacea purpurea 'Fragrant Angel' Echinacea purpurea 'Fragrant Angel'
('Fragrant Angel' coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Coneflowers have much to offer the garden, and now they have fragrance, too. 'Fragrant Angel' has large, sweetly scented flowers made up of two rows of white petals surrounding a greenish orange cone. The plants grow to 40 inches and attract butterflies. Grow them in a border, meadow, cottage garden, or cut flower garden.

Echinocactus grusonii Echinocactus grusonii
(Golden barrel cactus, Mother-in-law's cushion)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Golden barrel cactus has a rounded form that eventually elongates. Bright green stems bear 20 to 40 sharply angled ribs. Yellow areoles produce golden yellow spines. Bright yellow flowers appear in summer.

Elaeagnus umbellata Elaeagnus umbellata
(Autumn olive)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Autumn olive is a vigorous, deciduous shrub with pale yellow-white bell-shaped flowers to a half-inch long borne in late spring and early summer. Its silvery fruit turns red in fall and attracts birds. Wavy-margined leaves are silvery when they emerge and mature to bright green above.

Elymus arenarius Elymus arenarius
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant has densely tufted, spreading clumps of strap-like, flowing foliage. Pale blue-gray leaves arch loosely. In summer, it produces stiff, upright, blue-gray spikes of flowers that turn buff.

Eragrostis chloromelas Eragrostis chloromelas
(Boer love grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late spring until fall, Boer love grass puts on a glorious display as inflorescences that emerge silver and dry to gold dance up to 2 feet above the fine-textured clump of foliage. The show is shorter in humid climates.

Eremurus robustus Eremurus robustus
(Foxtail lily, Desert candle)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species produces very tall spires of pale pink flowers with yellow stamens atop leafless stems that puncture vertical space with unmatched elegance.

Eriogonum umbellatum Eriogonum umbellatum
(Sulfur flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Wild buckwheats have assumed star roles in drought-tolerant landscapes throughout the West, and none is more useful than sulfur flower. It has wonderful evergreen foliage with brilliant blooms from late spring through late summer. Long-lived, this perennial is so adaptable that it also thrives in humid climates.

Eschscholzia californica Eschscholzia californica
(California poppy)
(1 user review)

California poppies grow to about 12 inches tall, and their pretty foliage is ferny, like carrot tops. They come in a variety of colors, from the standard golden orange, to yellow, cream, and red. Grow them in a border or rock garden.

no image available Eschscholzia californica 'Rose Chiffon'
(Rose chiffon)
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California poppies grow to about 12 inches tall, and their pretty foliage is ferny, like carrot tops. This cultivar has soft rose colored, double blooms with yellow centers.

no image available Eucomis bicolor
(Pineapple lily, Pineapple flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species boasts maroon-speckled stems and green flowers with maroon margins. The flowers occur on thick, solitary stalks bearing bottle-brush-like wands of tightly-clung florets, which are crowned by tufts of green bracts. As the common name implies, these unusual and magnificent inflorescences are reminiscent of pineapples.

no image available Eucomis comosa
(Pineapple lily, Pineapple flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species boasts stems and undersides of leaves with maroon spotting, and white flowers tinged with maroon. The flowers form on 24-inch-long, thick stalks bearing bottle-brush-like wands of tightly-clung florets, which are crowned by tufts of green bracts. As the common name implies, these unusual and magnificent inflorescences are reminiscent of pineapples.

Eucomis comosa 'Oakhurst' Eucomis comosa 'Oakhurst'
(Pineapple lily, Pineapple flower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bulbous perennial has striking reddish purple, strap-like leaves and foot-long purple flowers that resemble pineapples in late summer. Grow in a sunny border, container, or greenhouse. Plants used outdoors may be overwintered in a frost-free location. The species is native to South Africa.

Eucomis comosa 'Sparkling Burgundy' Eucomis comosa 'Sparkling Burgundy'
(Pineapple lily, Pineapple flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding cultivar boasts dark burgundy leaves that slowly change to olive green, and then revert back dramatically as the flowers fade. The flowers form on 20- to 30-inch stalks bearing bottle-brush-like wands of tight, smokey pink florets, which are crowned by tufts of purple bracts. As the common name implies, these unusual and magnificent inflorescences are reminiscent of pineapples.

Euonymus fortunei 'Minimus' Euonymus fortunei 'Minimus'
(Dwarf wintercreeper)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Minimus' has smaller leaves than other plants of the species and a very low-growing, spreading habit. This evergreen shrub is best used as a groundcover, but it can climb as a vine if given support. It forms a dense mat of quarter-inch leaves. It may suffer winter burn in cold climates.

Eupatorium 'Phantom' Eupatorium 'Phantom'
('Phantom' Joe Pye weed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Phantom' Joe Pye weed is an excellent 3-foot-tall perennial that was bred especially for smaller gardens and mixed containers. Plants have dark green, whorled foliage and handsome lavender to purple flower heads in late summer and fall. The blooms are darker when night temperatures are cool. Joe Pye weed attracts butterflies and other insects.

Euphorbia antisyphilitica Euphorbia antisyphilitica
(Candelilla)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Candelilla forms an upright clump of slender, waxy gray-green stems. Inconspicuous leaves appear on new growth but quickly drop with the first dry spell. Tiny flowers of cream and rosy pink periodically hug the upper portion of the stems throughout the warm season, particularly in response to rain. Candelilla is perfect for narrow planting strips because its stems grow straight up in tight bundles.

no image available Euphorbia characias
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright, evergreen shrub has stunning texture and form. Its gray-green leaves and woolly, purple-tinged stems form billowy, 4-foot long branches. From early spring to early summer, it produces giant cylindrical bract clusters in yellow-green with purple-black nectar glands, and creates a specimen that looks otherworldly.

Euphorbia cotinifolia Euphorbia cotinifolia
(Tropical smoke bush, Caribbean copper plant)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

With its woody stems and oval-shaped leaves, this perennial looks a lot like a tree. Like other members of the euphorbia family, it has milky sap and tiny flowers. Most of the appeal comes from the leaf color. dark burgundy on older leaves, a brighter red on new foliage. The foliage generally dies back in winter. -Jeff Moore, Regional Picks: Southwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

no image available Euphorbia myrsinites
(Myrtle spurge)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Long-lasting, terminal clusters of lime green bracts and flowers punctuate the meandering 'arms' of this ground-hugging species. The chalky seafoam foliage looks great spilling over a stone wall in a rock garden or at the edge of any bed.

no image available Euphorbia tirucalli
(Pencil tree, Finger tree)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This unusual looking plant has many succulent, pencil-like branches. The leaves are small and short-lived, and the flowers are insignificant. Euphorbia tirucalli can grow to almost 30 feet in the wild, but it can be used as a smaller specimen or container plant in the garden. It is hardy only in Zone 11.

Evolvus Blue My Mind™ Evolvus Blue My Mind™
(Blue My Mind™ evolvus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Blue is hard to get one's hands on in the garden, but Blue My Mind™ evolvus fills the void! This heat-tolerant beauty makes a stunning addition to containers beds alike, and it's so polite that it doesn't even need deadheading.

Fagus sylvatica

Fagus sylvatica


(European beech)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An excellent shade tree, this European-native deciduous tree grows to 80 feet tall and 50 feet wide and features an upright, oval form and dark shiny green leaves that turn yellow to rust-colored in fall. Its spring flowers are insignificant, though the small nuts that follow are favored by birds and squirrels. This tree is slow-growing. Several cultivars are available, including those with differing forms and foliage colors.

Fallugia paradoxa Fallugia paradoxa
(Apache plume)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A member of the rose family (Rosaceae), Apache plume has single, white, rose-like flowers in a fine-textured shrub up to 5 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Flowering occurs from late spring until late summer, and is followed by clouds of showy, pink, feater-duster-like seed heads that are just as showy as the flowers.

Festuca glauca 'Boulder Blue' Festuca glauca 'Boulder Blue'
(Blue fescue, Gray fescue)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Regarded by some as the bluest blue fescue, this plant forms compact, cascading mounds of foot-tall, intensely blue, narrow leaves that are attractive in all seasons. Blooms are generally secondary to the foliage, but this cultivar blooms more heavily than most, with spikelets in summer. This cultivar is long-lived and very hardy. Grow in groups in a border or rock garden, or as a groundcover. 

Festuca glauca 'Elijah Blue' Festuca glauca 'Elijah Blue'
(Blue fescue, Gray fescue)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These compact tufts of 8-inch-long powder-blue leaves are well suited for edging and naturalizing in the rock garden. 

no image available Forsythia × intermedia 'Kolgold'
(Forsythia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Striking, extra-large yellow blooms cover each stem from base to tip in early spring.

Fothergilla 'Blue Shadow' Fothergilla 'Blue Shadow'
(Dwarf Fothergilla, Dwarf Witch Alder )
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These shrubs are beautiful, compact, and easy to grow, making them obvious choices for mixed borders, foundation plantings, and naturalizing. The fragrant, bottlebrush flowers are petalless and sweetly-scented.

Fothergilla gardenii 'Blue Mist' Fothergilla gardenii 'Blue Mist'
('Blue Mist' fothergilla)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This versatile shrub to 3 feet tall and widestarts the show in spring before even the leaves emerge with 1- to -2-inch long, honey-scented, white, bottlebrush flowers that bloom for several weeks. These are joined soon after by wavy-margined, leathery, blue-green leaves that, in fall, may turn many shades of yellow, orange, and red.

Fouquieria splendens Fouquieria splendens
(Ocotillo)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This southwestern native shrub grows to 20 feet tall and 15 feet wide and sports long, dull, spiny stems that green up and leaf out after a rain, followed by long, scarlet flowers that attract hummingbirds.When dry conditions return, ocotillo drops its leaves again. This cycle can replay several times a season. Great as a surprising specimen or forbidding hedge.

Franklinia alatamaha Franklinia alatamaha
(Franklin tree)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Discovered in the wild along Georgia's Altamaha River in 1765 by botanists John and William Bartram, this beautiful landscape tree is considered extinct in the wild. The Bartrams named the plant in honor of their friend Benjamin Franklin. All Franklinias today are descended from those propagated by the Bartrams in their Philadelphia garden. It is a deciduous, understory tree with an upright habit. It can be grown as a single-trunked tree or a multi-stemmed shrub. The fragrant white flowers have bushy yellow stamens and the leaves are dark green and glossy, turning orange, red, and purple in the fall. It blooms in late summer and early autumn, when few other trees are in flower. The fruit that follows is woody and spherical. Franklin tree makes a great addition to an open area of a woodland garden.

Fritillaria imperialis Fritillaria imperialis
(Crown imperial)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species draws much attention with its striking gaiety of color and form. Its large, bell-shaped flowers in shades of orange, yellow, and red dangle from tufts of shiny green leaf bracts. Sitting atop sturdy, 3-foot stalks, the flowers make a surprising and regal statement in the late spring garden.

Gaillardia 'Arizona Sun' Gaillardia 'Arizona Sun'
(Blanket flower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 2005 All-America Selections® winner is a cultivar of our native blanket flower. It covers itself in large reddish flowers with yellow edges up to a month earlier than other gaillardia. Growing to just about a foot tall and wide, it is beautiful at the front of a border.

Gaillardia pulchella Gaillardia pulchella
(Blanket flower, Indian blanket)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Blanket flower is a bushy annual that produces red or yellow (or red and yellow) flowers over a long season. The blooms are daisy-shaped with a dark purple central disk. Growing to about 18 inches tall, this native of central and southern U.S. and Mexico is nice in a meadow, cut flower garden, border, or rock garden.

Galanthus elwesii Galanthus elwesii
(giant snowdrop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The giant snowdrop has larger flowers and broader leaves than the more common G. nivalis, but grows to the same 4 inches tall and wide. Its white, nodding blooms appear in late winter, signalling spring around the corner.

Galanthus nivalis Galanthus nivalis
(common snowdrop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Snowdrops are some of the earliest bulbs, and flowers in general, to bloom in spring. Galanthus nivalis is the most common species, and its cultivars are the most commonly grown snowdrops on the market. They are reliably hardy and perennial. They grow to 4 inches tall and wide and flower in mid- to late winter, long before most other plants. They are the first sign of spring around the corner. Flowers are nodding and white.

Galtonia candicans Galtonia candicans
(Summer hyacinth, Spire lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A native of South Africa, summer hyacinth sends up spikes of lovely white flowers in late summer amidst dark green, strap-like foliage, when many other perennials are done blooming. The tall spikes are fragrant and especially dramatic planted with darker foliage or flowers.

Geranium pratense 'Midnight Reiter' Geranium pratense 'Midnight Reiter'
(Meadow cranesbill)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Deeply cut plum-purple leaves emerge in spring and stay true to color throughout the season. Lavender-blue flowers bloom beginning in late spring. 'Midnight Reiter' grows to only about 6 or 8 inches tall and twice as wide. More shade causes the foliage to be greener.

no image available Geranium psilostemon
(Cranesbill)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Upright, magenta flowers form shallow cups with jet-black centers and veins bloom in summer. The leaves have deep-pink tints and color nicely in the fall.

Geum 'Mango Lassi' Geum 'Mango Lassi'
('Mango Lassi' geum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen perenial grows to 4 to 16 inches tall and 12 to 24 inches wide and blooms from late spring to fall (with deadheading) with double flowers in shades of apricot and buttery yellow.

no image available Geum triflorum
(Prairie smoke, Purple avens)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This prairie native bears nodding, pinkish-maroon flowers in spring, followed by seed heads that resemble wisps of cotton candy and connote the plant's common name. The upright, ferny foliage is beautiful, and can be evergreen in mild climates. 

Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo biloba
(Maidenhair tree)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

One of the oldest tree species on the planet, ginkgo grows only about a foot a year, reaching 50 to 80 feet. Female trees set fleshy fruit that smell unpleasant as they decay; they contain edible nuts.

Gleditsia triacanthos Gleditsia triacanthos
(Honeylocust)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Honey locust grows in the wild from Pennsylvania to Iowa and south to Georgia and Texas. In the landscape, this large, spreading, deciduous tree is valuable for its elegant form and pinnate, ferny leaves that cast a dappled shade. Flowers are generally inconspicuous, but are followed by unusual large seed pods. Fall color can be a nice yellow, but leaves sometimes fall without noticeably changing colors. The species has a thorny trunk and shoots, but thornless cultivars are available.

Gomphrena globosa 'Purple' Gomphrena globosa 'Purple'
(Globe amaranth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A bushy, hairy-leaved annual, globe amaranth bears round purple flower bracts on thick stems in summer and early fall. This plant is useful as summer bedding or in a border or cutting garden. It is fairly drought tolerant and very heat tolerant. It grows to about 2 feet tall.

Gomphrena haageana 'Strawberry Fields' Gomphrena haageana 'Strawberry Fields'
(Gomphrena)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An upright, bushy annual with flowers (actually bracts) that resemble bright red strawberries with tiny yellow "seeds." Flowers are produced from summer to early fall and are great for cutting and drying. Leaves are hairy. Gomphrena is fairly drought tolerant and very heat tolerant. Use as bedding, in a border, or in a cut flower garden.

Grevillea 'Moonlight' Grevillea 'Moonlight'
('Moonlight' grevillea)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This stunning shrub blooms all year in some climates. A fast grower, its large, moonlight-colored flowers and finely divided, gray foliage are a must for any southern-temperate garden. Frost and drought tolerant once established, it attracts bees and hummingbirds and makes an excellent screening shrub.

Habranthus robustus Habranthus robustus
(Rain lily, Zephyr lily, Fairy lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pale pink flowers pop up suddenly after a summer rainstorm and resemble small amaryllis flowers on this native of Brazil. In the proper conditions, they can multiply rapidly and carpet the garden.

Hamamelis × intermedia 'Pallida' Hamamelis × intermedia 'Pallida'
(Witch hazel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

There are few better winter displays than the blossoms of 'Pallida' witch hazel. Bright green leaves line its flaring branches in spring and summer. After a display of yellow fall color, the plant shows its distinctive branch structure. Around the end of December, clusters of buds begin to open into spidery, pale yellow flowers. These cover the branches until early March, giving off a rich, fruity perfume. This small tree or large shrub grows up to 12 feet tall and wide.

Hamelia patens Hamelia patens
(Mexican fire bush, Scarlet bush, Firecracker shrub)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A tropical tree by design, the Mexican fire bush freezes to the ground in winter in Zones 8-11, but grows up to 5 feet tall by summer's end. The erect, branched, woody stems bear simple copper-toned leaves with small orange flowers bunched along the tips. It loves the heat, and the more you can give it, the more vigorous it will be.

Helianthus angustifolius Helianthus angustifolius
(Swamp sunflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A profusion of golden yellow flowers appears for two to three weeks starting in early autumn. Daisy-like flowerheads are 3 inches across with 15 to 20 yellow ray florets radiating from a flat-topped purple or dark brown cone. The entire plant looks like a giant flame, drawing the attention of gardeners and many species of butterflies, bees, and other nectar feeders.

Helianthus annuus and cvs. Helianthus annuus and cvs.
(Sunflower)
(1 user review)

Sunflowers are some of the easiest plants to start from seed. They are available in numerous cultivars which span the range of heights, flower colors, and form.

Helianthus debilis Helianthus debilis
(Branching sunflower)
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These branching plants with thick stems and glossy mid-green leaves grow 5 to 6 feet tall. Slightly nodding flowerheads 2.5 inches or more across appear in summer. Bright yellow ray florets are sometimes flushed with red or purple-red disk florets.

Helianthus grosse-serratus Helianthus grosse-serratus
(Sawtooth sunflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sawtooth sunflower's abundant yellow daisy flowers bloom from late summer well into fall. The dark green, narrow leaves have a leathery gloss. A well-behaved plant, sawtooth sunflower forms a thick, slowly expanding clump. It can reach 10 feet and taller, depending on conditions.

Helictotrichon sempervirens Helictotrichon sempervirens
(Blue oat grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Dramatic powder blue foliage and spiky architecture are hallmarks of this plant. The leaves resemble rigid, tapering pieces of steel blue linguine collected in a porcupine-like dome.

no image available Heliopsis helianthoides 'Summer Nights'
(False sunflower, Ox eye)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Summer Nights' has a clumping form, sturdy wine-purple stems, and bronze-tinted leaves. It bears striking deep golden-orange blooms with orange-red centers from June until August.

Hemerocallis 'Armani' Hemerocallis 'Armani'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Autumn Minaret' Hemerocallis 'Autumn Minaret'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Baby Fresh' Hemerocallis 'Baby Fresh'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Banana Boat' Hemerocallis 'Banana Boat'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Beauty to Behold' Hemerocallis 'Beauty to Behold'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Becky Lynn' Hemerocallis 'Becky Lynn'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Blackeyed Stella' Hemerocallis 'Blackeyed Stella'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Brazilian Orange' Hemerocallis 'Brazilian Orange'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Catalyst' Hemerocallis 'Catalyst'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Charles Johnston' Hemerocallis 'Charles Johnston'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Chorus Line' Hemerocallis 'Chorus Line'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Condilla' Hemerocallis 'Condilla'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Cool Jazz' Hemerocallis 'Cool Jazz'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Crystal Cupid' Hemerocallis 'Crystal Cupid'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Dixie Hummingbird' Hemerocallis 'Dixie Hummingbird'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Elijah' Hemerocallis 'Elijah'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Elizabeth's Magic' Hemerocallis 'Elizabeth's Magic'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'English Witch' Hemerocallis 'English Witch'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Forsyth Lemon Drop' Hemerocallis 'Forsyth Lemon Drop'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Forsyth Lemon Drop' is lovely and cheerful daylily cultivar.

Hemerocallis 'Frances Fay' Hemerocallis 'Frances Fay'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This floriforous daylily is a melony yellow.

Hemerocallis 'Froufrou' Hemerocallis 'Froufrou'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Froufrou' gets its name from its small, ruffled yellow petals.

Hemerocallis 'Garden Portrait' Hemerocallis 'Garden Portrait'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has pale yellow, spider-like blooms and no fragrance.

Hemerocallis 'Girl Scout' Hemerocallis 'Girl Scout'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Girl Scout' has large, bright yellow flowers.

Hemerocallis 'Happy Returns' Hemerocallis 'Happy Returns'
(Daylily)
(15 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pale-yellow-flowered daylily distinguishes itself with its profuse bloom and compact size (only 16 inches tall), making it good for containers and the borders. It is an early season bloomer with circular flowers that open in late afternoon and last through the night.

Hemerocallis 'Indonesia' Hemerocallis 'Indonesia'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daylily has cheerful, ruffly yellow-orange flowers.

Hemerocallis 'Jan's Twister' Hemerocallis 'Jan's Twister'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Jan's Twister' has large, light coral, spiderlike flowers and no fragrance.

Hemerocallis 'Jungle Fever' Hemerocallis 'Jungle Fever'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Red daylily with a yellow center.

Hemerocallis 'Just Plum Happy' Hemerocallis 'Just Plum Happy'
('Just Plum Happy' daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This everblooming daylily is a member of the Happy Ever Appster(R) family of daylilies. All Happy Ever Appster daylilies are offspring of the popular 'Happy Returns' daylily and were developed by Dr. Darrel Apps, famous daylily hybridizer. 'Just Plum Happy' flaunts 6-inch-wide, bright rose-pink blooms with purple centers on stems 12 to 16 inches tall from June to frost above a clump of deep green, strappy leaves 18 to 24 inches wide.

Hemerocallis 'Kate Carpenter' Hemerocallis 'Kate Carpenter'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Peach daylily with yellow accents.

Hemerocallis 'Kindly Light' Hemerocallis 'Kindly Light'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Kindly Light' has large, yellow-green, spider-like flowers but no fragrance.

Hemerocallis 'King's Genius' Hemerocallis 'King's Genius'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daylily has large red flowers with a yellow center and yellow accents.

Hemerocallis 'Malaysian Monarch' Hemerocallis 'Malaysian Monarch'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has large flowers and is semi-evergreen in some climates.

Hemerocallis 'Strawberry Candy' Hemerocallis 'Strawberry Candy'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Strawberry Candy' has small, rose-pink flowers with yellow centers. They are semi-evergreen in some climates.

Hemerocallis 'Sydney Eddison' Hemerocallis 'Sydney Eddison'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daylily has large, pale creamy pink flowers.

Hemerocallis 'Yum Yum' Hemerocallis 'Yum Yum'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Yum Yum' has miniature red flowers.

Hemerocallis x 'Malja' Hemerocallis x 'Malja'
(Golden Zebra® Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are traditional candidates for the perennial border. They blend perfectly into mixed and shrub borders. Compound color by massing or combine two complementary colors for a dramatic composition. Excellent edging plant for rigid sidewalks, naturalistic flagstone footpaths and for tidy color at the edge of the lawn. Lovely for nesting rough edges of landscape boulders, or for color around rock strewn water features and dry stream beds.

 

Hesperaloe parviflora Hesperaloe parviflora
(Red yucca)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A clump-forming succulent, red yucca has arching, leathery, linear foliage rising to between 2 and 3 feet tall. Dark olive-green leaves with no thorns or spines are sparsely covered with fibrous strands along the margins. Deep coral pink flowers with golden yellow throats crowd the length of the stalks that reach three feet or more. Foliage has a reddish bronze hue during winter's chill for year-round interest.

Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia
(Toyon, Christmas berry, California holly)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen, California-native shrub grows to 20 feet tall and wide and produces abundant clusters of tiny white flowers in early summer, which attract beneficial insects that help control pests. This is followed by bright red berries that feed wildlife in fall and winter. The only species of its genus, Toyon is closely related to the genus Photinia.

Heuchera 'Amethyst Myst' Heuchera 'Amethyst Myst'
('Amethyst Mist' heuchera)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera has burgundy leaves splashed with silver and grows up to 16 inches tall and 18 inches wide. Pink flowers emerge in spring and rise to 26 inches tall. This plant performs well in both garden beds and in containers, where it makes a wonderful filler plant.

Heuchera 'Blackberry Jam' Heuchera 'Blackberry Jam'
('Blackberry Jam' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera, sold as Dolce® Blackcurrant in the U.S., has purple and silver leaves veined with black and grows up to 16 inches tall and 20 inches wide. While it flowers in early summer, it is grown primarily for its dramatic foliage and performs well in both garden beds and containers.

Heuchera 'Caramel' Heuchera 'Caramel'
('Caramel' heuchera)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Heuchera 'Caramel' has H. villosa parentage, so it's more tolerant of heat and humidity that other heacheras. It has glowing, apricot-hued foliage that grows up to 12 inches tall and 20 inches wide. Pink flowers appear in spring. This plant performs well in both garden beds and containers, or as a groundcover when planted en masse. It may be evergreen on warmer climates.

Heuchera 'Cherries Jubilee' Heuchera 'Cherries Jubilee'
('Cherries Jubilee' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact heuchera has dark greenish silver leaves with crimson undersides. The plant grows up to 8 inches tall and 16 inches wide and sports soft red flowers in spring.

Heuchera 'Chiqui' Heuchera 'Chiqui'
('Chiqui' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Unlike many heucheras that are grown for their foliage, this heuchera is grown for its tall, large salmon-oink blooms on stems that rise 18 inches above the foliage in spring. The foliage is medium green and grows up to 12 inches tall and 18 inches wide. This cultivar prefers more sun than most heucheras but will tolerate some shade.

Heuchera 'Crème Brûlée' Heuchera 'Crème Brûlée'
('Crème Brûlée' heuchera)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera cultivar has peachy-bronze leaves and spires of red flowers in late spring and early summer. It grows up to 16 inches tall and 20 inches wide. 'Crème Brûlée' performs well in both garden beds and in containers, where it mingles well with a multitude of plants. This cultivar is very tolerant of heat and sun.

Heuchera 'Geisha's Fan' Heuchera 'Geisha's Fan'
('Geisha's Fan' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera has dusky purple leaves with charcoal veins, overlaid with silver between the veins. The plant grows up to 16 inches tall and wide. Pale pink flowers appear in spring. Great in garden beds and in container plantings.

Heuchera 'Midnight Rose' Heuchera 'Midnight Rose'
('Midnight Rose' heuchera, 'Midnight Rose' coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Midnight Rose' is a striking heuchera with burgundy leaves heavily splashed with hot pink. The plant grows to 10 inches tall and 16 inches wide and produces small flowers in spring, though this plant is grown primarily for its foliage. Grow it in garden beds, as an edger, or in containers, where it will blend well with a multitude of other plants.

Heuchera 'Silver Scrolls' Heuchera 'Silver Scrolls'
('Silver Scrolls' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Heucheras make excellent foliage plants for sun to part shade gardens. Most flowers are not as impressive as the foliage, but they do add a second level of interest. 'Silver Scrolls' heuchera's leaves are burgundy overlaid with silver and withstand even hot summers, unlike many other silver plants. It grows up to 2 feet tall and 1 foot wide.

Heuchera Dolce® Licorice Heuchera Dolce® Licorice
(Dolce® Licorice heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This purple to almost black heuchera adds drama to the shade. The plant grows to 16 inches tall and wide with coralcolored blooms in spring. Grow it in garden beds or containers.

Heuchera X brizoides 'June Bride' Heuchera X brizoides 'June Bride'
(Heuchera, coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid heuchera has lobed, dark-green leaves and big panicles of large white flowers in late spring and early summer. It grows up to 30 inches tall and 18 inches wide. The flowers are suitable for cutting and the foliage is somewhat evergreen.

Hibiscus moscheutos and cvs. Hibiscus moscheutos and cvs.
(Common rose mallow, Swamp rose mallow)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bold, strong-growing, woody-based perennial hibiscus has erect stems reaching up to 8 feet tall with 8-inch-wide, funnel-shaped flowers with spreading petals in shades of pink, white, or crimson.

no image available Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
(Chinese hibiscus, Hawaiian hibisicus, Rose of China)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rounded, woody, evergreen shrub or small tree has lance-shaped, glossy dark green leaves with toothed margins. It bears 4- to 6-inch blossoms all summer. Solitary, five-petaled flowers 4 inches across range from single to ruffled and double. Colors include yellow, orange, pink, red, and combinations.

Hibiscus syriacus and cvs. Hibiscus syriacus and cvs.
(Rose of Sharon)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy, deciduous, vase-shaped, woody shrub blooms for several weeks beginning in midsummer. Cultivars include ‘Aphrodite’ (deep rose-pink flowers with  a dark red eye), ‘Diana’ (large white flowers with wavy-margined petals), ‘Helene’ (white flowers with bases flushed reddish purple), and ‘Minerva' (low-branched with  lavender flowers tinged with pink and dark red centers).

Hibiscus trionum Hibiscus trionum
(Flower-of-an-hour)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A seldom-seen annual or short-lived perennial, this easy-to-grow plant performs as the perfect filler in beds and containers. It forms a well-branched compact mound of deeply lobed, dark green leaves, which provide an interesting textural backdrop to its charming, hibiscus-type flowers. The flowers are truly stunning with their cream petals, purple-hued undersides, and deep burgundy centers. While each flower lasts only a single day, the plant blooms profusely all season and produces inflated seedpods. The flowers will not normally open on a cloudy day, but this is a small price to pay for such a gem of a plant.

Hydrangea paniculata 'Limelight' Hydrangea paniculata 'Limelight'
('Limelight' panicle hydrangea)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This variety of the popular panicle hydrangea boasts very large, lime green blooms in mid-summer that turn pink in fall. A deciduous shrub, it grows to 8 feet tall and 6 feet wide with large, mid-green leaves. The blooms make good cut and/or dried flowers, but can be left on the plant for winter interest.

Iberis sempervirens Iberis sempervirens
(Evergreen candytuft)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen subshrub slowly spreads to form a tidy cushion of shiny dark green leaves. In late spring and early summer, numerous flattened clusters of 4-petaled snow-white flowers nearly cover the foliage. Iberis sempervirens makes an effective edging for a sunny border.

Indigofera amblyantha Indigofera amblyantha
(Indigofera, Pinkflower, Chinese indigo)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous shrub growing to 6 feet tall and 8 feet wide bears erect racemes of pea-like, pink flowers from summer to early fall above leaves composed of several leaflets. The flowers are followed by long, dark purple seed pods.

Ipomoea × multifida Ipomoea × multifida
(Cardinal climber)
(1 user review)

Cardinal climber is a twining annual with deeply lobed mid-green leaves and 1-inch crimson blooms with white throats appearing in summer.

Ipomoea alba Ipomoea alba
(Belle-de-nuit, Moonflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This twining perennial has evergreen, oval or rounded, mid- to dark green leaves. Fragrant, 6-inch white blooms appear in early summer to fall, opening in early evening.

Ipomoea batatas ‘Blackie’ Ipomoea batatas ‘Blackie’
(Sweet potato vine)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender tuberous perennial with heart-shaped, lobed, almost black leaves bears trumpet-shaped lavender to pale purple flowers. It is excellent in containers or weaving among other plants in beds and borders.

Ipomoea lobata Ipomoea lobata
(Firecracker vine, Spanish flag)
(2 user reviews)

This unusual annual vine can add vertical interest to the garden. Its vivid blossoms (red tooth-like flowers that fade to orange and then yellow and white) are a hummingbird magnet. Firecracker vine can bloom year round in warm climates, but generally blooms from summer to fall. It is a native of Mexico and Central and South America. -Julia Jones, Designing with Annuals, Fine Gardening issue #120

Ipomoea quamoclit Ipomoea quamoclit
(Cypress vine, Star glory)
(5 user reviews)

An annual twining climber with deeply cut, feather-fine leaves, cypress vine bears rich red inch-wide blossoms. Slender-tubed starry flowers are beautifully set off by gossamer foliage and stay open all day long.

Ipomoea tricolor and cvs. Ipomoea tricolor and cvs.
(Morning glory)
(4 user reviews)

Morning glory is a fast-growing, twining annual with heart-shaped light to mid-green leaves and vibrantly colored, funnel-shaped flowers to 3 inches across. Cultivars include white-colored ‘Pearly Gates’; ‘Heavenly Blue’; crimson-colored, white-throated ‘Crimson Rambler’; and ‘Flying Saucers’, a batik-looking blend of white and blue accented by a golden throat.

Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star' Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star'
(Singleseed juniper)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Blue Star' jumiper is a slow-growing, compact, evergreen shrub with a mounding shape. Its silver blue foliage is attractive in all seasons, and its blue, berry-like, female cones each contain one seed, hence its common name.

no image available Juniperus squamata ‘Holger’
(Singleseed juniper)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Holger' is a prostrate shrub with a semi-spreading form and narrow pointed leaves. Young growth emerges a soft sulfur-yellow, contrasting with steel-blue mature leaves. This plant bears glossy black fruit.

no image available Kalimeris pinnatifida
(Double Japanese aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright bushy perennial has softly hairy, mid-green lower leaves to 3 inches long and lance-shaped upper leaves to 1 inch long. White, double flowers, resembling chrysanthemums, bloom almost constantly from spring to fall. Kalimeris is closely related to Boltonia.

Knautia macedonica Knautia macedonica
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming perennial reaches 2 to 3 feet in height and nearly as wide. Small but long-lasting wine-red pincushion-like flowers form on slender stems. The rosettes of pinnatifid basal leaves overwinter.

Lablab purpureus Lablab purpureus
(Egyptian bean, Hyacinth bean, Indian bean, Lablab)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous perennial climber bears clusters of plum-colored flower buds that open into fragrant, pinky-purple blossoms. They age to lilac and white, giving older flowers a two-toned effect. Blooms mature to glossy, burgundy bean pods that remain colorful for several weeks.

no image available Laburnum × watereri
(Golden chain tree)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Dense clusters of pendulous yellow flowers dangle from spreading branches in late spring. Leaves are dark green. Smooth green bark adds some winter interest.

Lagerstroemia 'GAMAD I' Lagerstroemia 'GAMAD I'
(Cherry Dazzle® Dwarf Crapemyrtle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact shrub was bred by the noted horticulturist, Dr. Michael Dirr. It was selected not only for its small stature but also for its excellent disease resistance and standout flower color.

Lagerstroemia fauriei Lagerstroemia fauriei
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a fast-growing, upright deciduous tree with delicate white flowers in early summer. As it matures, it develops a spectacular patchwork of bark in shades of gray, maroon, and brown. Oblong dark green leaves turn red-orange in autumn. Cultivar 'Fantasy' is vigorous and hardier than the species, with exceptional bark.

Lagerstroemia indica Lagerstroemia indica
(Crape myrtle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Crape myrtle is an upright deciduous tree or large shrub. Dark green leaves emerge bronze. White, pink, red, or purple flowers appear from summer to autumn. Peeling gray-and-brown bark is attractive. 

Lantana camara 'Pink Caprice' Lantana camara 'Pink Caprice'
('Pink Caprice' lantana)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The pale pink and yellow flowers of this evergreen perennial attract butterflies from late spring to frost. Lantana camara is mostly grown as a summer annual, but can be overwintered in a cool, dark location.

Larix decidua and cvs. Larix decidua and cvs.
(European larch)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A deciduous conifer with a pyramidal growth habit, European larch has pendulous lower branches. In spring, needles emerge a shiny chartreuse, turning to deep green by summer and to sunset gold in late fall. Cultivars include 'Pendula', a weeping cultivar; 'Fastigiata', a narrow and upright variety; and 'Pyramidalis'.

no image available Larix kaempferi
(Japanese larch)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Fissured and scaly bark bark is tinted rust-brown in winter. Purplish red winter shoots are covered in a waxy bloom. Gray-green or bluish green leaves grow to 1.5 inches long.

Lavandula × intermedia 'Grosso' Lavandula × intermedia 'Grosso'
('Grosso' lavender)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy lavender stands out for its unusually large, dark blue-purple flowers, silvery green foliage, and heavy fragrance. It is often used in perfumes. Growing to 30 inches tall and nearly as wide, 'Grosso'  has very long flower spikes and blooms from midsummer into autumn. It is especially attractive as an edging.

Lavandula angustifolia 'Violet Intrigue' Lavandula angustifolia 'Violet Intrigue'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Violet Intrigue' exhibits the typical handsome gray foliage of good lavenders, but its form and flowers are particularly noteworthy. Each stem is strongly upright, and requires no staking, and the blooms are a deep violet that remains vibrant even when temperatures rise. Other than occasional deadheading, no additional maintenance chores are required.

Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia
(English lavender)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

English lavender has silvery gray, aromatic foliage topped in summer with lavender-blue to dark purple flowers on long stems.

Lavandula stoechas Lavandula stoechas
(French lavender)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This early-blooming compact shrub bears intriguing pine-cone-shaped flowers that have dark-purple bracts, or “rabbit ears.” Bloom appears from late spring to summer. The foliage is gray-green.

Leucanthemella serotina Leucanthemella serotina
(Leucanthemella)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This late-blooming perennial is a go-to for shots of crisp white and happy yellow in the fall garden.

no image available Leucojum aestivum 'Gravetye Giant'
(Summer snowflake)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

One of the first plants to emerge, this 24-inch-tall bulb bears nodding white bells as early as mid-January. Blooms are faintly chocolate-scented; leaves are glossy, erect, and strap-shaped.

Leucophyllum frutescens Leucophyllum frutescens
(Silver leaf, Texas sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Silver leaf is a flowering evergreen shrub with arching branches and woolly, silvery gray leaves. In summer, it bears solitary, bell-shaped rose-purple flowers an inch across.

Lewisia tweedyi Lewisia tweedyi
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen perennial has broad, lance-shaped mid-green leaves  to 4 inches long, tinted with purple and borne in basal rosettes up to 18 inches in diameter. Open, funnel-shaped, pink-to-cream flowers to 3 inches across appear once in early spring.

Liatris aspera Liatris aspera
(Rough gayfeather, Rough blazing star)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tuberous perennial has dense clusters of linear, rough leaves borne in basal tufts to 16 inches long. Dense spikes, up to 18 inches long, of button-like lavender-purple flowerheads are borne in late summer and early autumn. Blooms open from the top of the inflorescences downward.

Liatrus spicata Liatrus spicata
(Blazing star, gayfeather)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy herbaceous perennial has grass-like, strappy leaves and 3- to 5-foot-tall spikes of purple-pink flowers in late summer and early fall. Native to the eastern and southern United States, this tough perennial prefers reliably moist soil but will tolerate drought. It provides a bold, vertical element to mixed borders and attracts bees and butterflies. It has been observed to be resistant to deer browsing and self-sows freely. The flowers are suitable for cutting.

Liatris spicata 'Kobold' Liatris spicata 'Kobold'
(Blazing star, Gayfeather)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar of a U.S. prairie plant offers the garden spikes of purple, fuzzy-looking flowers that open from the top down on plants up to 2 feet tall and 18 inches wide. The show starts in late summer and attracts butterflies and bees. Grow it in a moist meadow or border. The flowers are also beautiful in a vase.

Lilium 'Casa Blanca' Lilium 'Casa Blanca'
('Casa Blanca' Oriental lily)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Often used by florists and for weddings, 'Casa Blanca' lily has large, pure white, scented flowers.

Lilium 'Star Gazer' Lilium 'Star Gazer'
(Lily)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Often used by florists, 'Star Gazer' lily has bright crimson flowers with purple spots and dark edges. These lilies grow to about 3 feet tall, so they generally don't need staking.

Limonium latifolium Limonium latifolium
(Sea lavender)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sea lavender is a rosette-forming perennial with mid- to dark-green leaves to 12 inches long, occasionally to 24 inches. Deep lavender-blue flowers are borne in panicles made of spikelets on wiry stems.

Linum lewisii Linum lewisii
(Blue flax)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Blue flax is a short-lived perennial with blue-green needlelike leaves on graceful 2-foot-tall stems. Satiny sky blue flowers, borne on wiry stems, appear in late spring, last through mid-summer, and open fully only on sunny days. Small rounded seedheads form in summer. 

Liquidambar styraciflua ‘Slender Silhouette’ Liquidambar styraciflua ‘Slender Silhouette’
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

There is an age-old problem that almost all gardeners eventually have to face: Too many plants for too little space. For me, this realization happened five years ago, when I had reached the limit of how many trees I could plant in my rela­tively small yard. Still, I visited gardens across the country and saw new trees I liked, only to tell
myself, over and over again, that I simply did not have the space for another one. That was until I met ‘Slender Silhouette’ sweetgum and fell head over heels in love because it could fit almost anywhere. This is a compact, columnar tree with an impressive mature height and a width of only 3 to 6 feet, so it takes up little precious space. Its great architectural form makes it a focal point like no other.

 Unlike other sweetgums, which drop scores of macelike fruit all over the place, ‘Slender Silhouette’ only produces minimal fruit, which drop in a small area due to the tree’s narrow structure. This sweetgum’s foliage is deep green in summer and then turns yellow, orange, red, or burgundy in fall. It also tolerates a wide range of soils, including clay.

Lupinus Russell Hybrids Lupinus Russell Hybrids
(Russell lupine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Russell hybrid lupines are widely available and available in myriad colors. They produce spikes of pea-like flowers in early and midsummer on 30-36-inch plants.

no image available Lygeum spartium
(Esparto grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Silver-blue, rushlike foliage is graced by one of the most distinctive flowers of all grasses: the inflorescence looks like little origami birds. 

Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria
(Purple loosestrife)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The showy purple spikes of purple loosestrife are attractive in the garden and along roadsides, but the plant's rampant spread has greatly reduced the ecological value of marshes by displacing native wetland vegetation such as cattails (Typha spp.) that wildlife uses as food or shelter. One mature plant can produce over 2 million seeds a year that are easily transported by the wind or water into wetlands. The seeds easily germinate, and no natural predator holds this plant in check. Even cultivars reported to be sterile can produce highly fertile seed if grown with other cultivars or wild loosestrife.

Mandevilla Sun Parasol Garden Crimson Mandevilla Sun Parasol Garden Crimson
(Sun Parasol Garden Crimson mandevilla )
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sun Parasol Garden Crimson is the first bedding plant mandevilla! Plants are naturally compact and produce large crimson blooms in 4-inch pots. Powerful branching creates breaks low in the plant, which leads to more blooms.  Plant in beds, containers, window boxes and hanging baskets. Garden Crimson thrives in full sun. No trellis is required.

Marrubium incanum Marrubium incanum
(Horehound)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Horehound is a spreading perennial with scalloped, toothed, gray-green leaves, white-felted beneath, to 2 inches long. Small tubular flowers open in whorls in late spring, varying from tepid gray and pale lilac to greenish white.

Melampodium leucanthum Melampodium leucanthum
(Blackfoot daisy)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A native perennial shrub that grows to about 2 feet tall and wide and covers itself the whole season with honey-scented, white and yellow daisy flowers. The foliage is typical of the aster family. Plant en masse in a well-drained border or use in a rock garden. Blackfoot daisy can be short-lived.

Melianthus major Melianthus major
(Honey bush)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Honey bush has attractive, 12- to 20-inch-long pinnate leaves with sharply toothed silver-green leaflets. It bears spike-like racemes of oddly scented brownish crimson to brick-red flowers from late spring to midsummer.

Melinus nerviglumis Melinus nerviglumis
(Ruby grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping, blue-green foliaged grass has amethyst-pink flowers that create fluffy, 8- to 12-inch-long plumes throughout the summer. Eventually, the flowers mature to the color of root beer foam. It is heat and drought tolerant, and it makes a fine annual in colder climates. Excellent drainage will help it thrive in humid summer climates. Not invasive from seed, ruby grass works great grown singly in pots or in groups.

Metasequoia glyptostroboides Metasequoia glyptostroboides
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous, monoecious, coniferous tree grows to 100 feet tall. Its oddly shaped, branch-pitted trunk is often deeply fluted and "buttressed" and has orange-brown bark. Attractive, lacy foliage is bright green in early summer, turning golden bronze before falling in autumn. Female cones are light brown and ovoid, while male cones are rounder, pendent, and darker brown.

Mina lobata Mina lobata
(Spanish flag)
(2 user reviews)

Sprays of long, tubular buds spark into a fiery scarlet and fade to a pale cream on this annual climbing vine. A single flower holds tints of yellow, warm pink, orange, and red as if a watercolorist had laid down colors one layer at a time. As the bud matures, the colors wash away, leaving a pale blossom pushed open at the tip by protruding anthers. From a distance, the plant seems to be covered in hundreds of brightly lit candles. This vine also produces rich, bronzy-purple new growth which ages to a lovely deep green. The heavily indented, trilobed leaves resemble a hawk's strong wings, giving the plant the look of birds in flight. The foliage stays intact and healthy until frost. The bottom of the vine sheds its leaves as the season progresses, so disguising its bare base behind lower-growing plants is a must.

Mirabilis jalapa Mirabilis jalapa
(Four o'clocks, Marvel of Peru)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bushy perennial has oval, deep green leaves on branched stems. In summer, blooms appear: fragrant red, pink, magenta, yellow or white flowers with a delicate, faded-vanilla aroma. Flowers open in late afternoon and die by morning.

Miscanthus sinensis 'Variegatus' Miscanthus sinensis 'Variegatus'
(Variegated Japanese silver grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Variegated Japanese silver grass is a boon in any garden where fine texture, a gentle color scheme, and a bit of swaying in the wind are welcome. This grass can be used as a focal point, an anchor plant, or even as a privacy screen.

Momordica charantia Momordica charantia
(Bitter melon, Balsam pear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An edible member of Cucurbitaceae family, bitter melon has delicate growth and exotic-looking fruits. Its light-green, puckered foliage is divided into lacy lobes, and a silvery down covers both new shoot tips and emerging leaves, giving the young growth a silken sheen. Given a post to climb, bitter melon grows up, not out, using slim tendrils to carry the plant up to 6 to 8 feet in height.

Myosotis sylvatica Myosotis sylvatica
(Forget-me-not)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short-lived perennial or biennial has ovate to lance-shaped, velvety gray-green leaves to 4.5 inches long. Myriad saucer-shaped blue or white flowers with yellow eyes are borne in clusters from spring to early summer.

Nepeta × faassenii 'Walker's Low' Nepeta × faassenii 'Walker's Low'
(Catmint)
(11 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mound of lavender-blue flowers and aromatic, grayish green leaves up to 2 feet tall and 3 feet wide is great as edging or in a border, herb, or rock garden. It is an easy to grow, prolific bloomer that seems to be deer resistant. It blooms the whole summer and tolerates some shade. It also looks great with roses or on walls.

Nepeta × faassenii ‘Dropmore’ Nepeta × faassenii ‘Dropmore’
(Catmint)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar is a clump-forming perennial with toothed gray-green leaves and larger flowers than the hybrid. It flowers profusely and long, especially if sheared. The blue-purple flowers are small but abundant, and the foliage is aromatic.

Nepeta 'Novanepjun' Nepeta 'Novanepjun'
(Junior Walker™ nepeta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact Nepeta retains the non-reseeding quality of its popular parent 'Walker's Low' at one third its size. Blue-green foliage contrasts nicely with lavender-blue flowers for a long blooming window from mid-May through September. -Star Roses

Nigella damascena and cvs. Nigella damascena and cvs.
(Love-in-a-mist, Devil-in-a-bush)
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Love-in-a-mist-bears delicate flowers 1.5 inches across in various shades of blue and white, surrounded by finely divided foliage. Blooms appear mainly in May and June, and sporadically throughout the summer, followed by attractive 1-inch-wide green seedpods that change to cream and burgundy over time.

Nolina nelsonii Nolina nelsonii
(Blue beargrass tree)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This yucca-like Mexican plant has bold bluish leaves to 3 feet long that have tiny serrations on the edges. It makes a stunning accent in the garden or in a container. It is hardy to 10°F and extremely drought tolerant. Thousands of tiny white flowers bloom on a 4-foot stalk on mature clumps.

Ocimum × citriodorum 'Pesto Perpetuo' Ocimum × citriodorum 'Pesto Perpetuo'
('Pesto Perpetuo' basil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Pesto Perpetuo' basil not only produces copious amounts of leaves for cooking but also is easy on the eye. It has creamy white variegated leaves and a columnar habit. It does not flower, so nothing will detract from the foliage.

Ocimum basilicum Ocimum basilicum
(Basil, Sweet basil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The herb of kings combines superbly with roses. Different cultivars vary in leaf shape, scent, and color, from green to deep purple, with blue, white, burgundy, or pink flowers.

no image available Olea europaea 'Little Ollie'
(Olive)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf, non-fruiting olive cultivar is an evergreen tree reaching 4 to 6 feet high and wide. It has attractive dark green leaves.

Origanum laevigatum and cvs. Origanum laevigatum and cvs.
(Marjoram, Oregano)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is a creeping perennial that reaches 24 inches tall. Dark green leaves have a rich purple tint, and its purplish pink flower clusters appear from late spring through autumn. ‘Herrenhausen’ (Zones 5–8) displays masses of showy pink flowers with maroon bracts on purplish stems. ‘Hopleys’ (Zones 7–10) is taller (up to 36 inches) with large, long-blooming, deep pink flowers, and is a vigorous grower, more tolerant of heat than ‘Herrenhausen’.

Origanum vulgare 'Aureum’ Origanum vulgare 'Aureum’
(Golden oregano)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Golden oregano is a robust creeper with tiny, rounded leaves 1/2 to 1 inch wide. Small, pink or lavender to purple flowers stand out above the foliage in early to late summer.

Osteospermum Crescendo™ Primrose Osteospermum Crescendo™ Primrose
(Crescendo™ Primrose African daisy)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This African daisy blooms nonstop from early June through October, even in extreme heat. It has an attractive mounding form and is an ideal candidate for pots and baskets. Its daisy flowers are pale yellow with maroon centers.

Othonna capensis Othonna capensis
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen, perennial succulent has pudgy, swollen, deep green stems which resemble a pickle, similar to those of the iceplant. Flowers begin as pearl-sized, pale mauve capsules sitting atop succulent 1-inch-high foliage, then open to reveal half-inch-long, yellow daisylike flowers. Blooms appear from mid-spring into fall.

Oxalis vulcanicola 'Zinfandel' Oxalis vulcanicola 'Zinfandel'
(Volcanic sorrel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The old-fashioned shamrock house­plant is now high fashion. Several introductions from Proven Winners push this group to the fore for its elegant foliage; abundant, delicate flowers; and vigor. Only 6 to 10 inches high with a spread to 12 inches, this plant’s tiny, ¾-inch-wide, bronze-colored leaf clusters and bright yellow flowers are massed on trailing stems that spill over the sides of shaded window boxes and containers.

no image available Panicum amarum 'Dewey Blue'
(Bitter switchgrass, Switchgrass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A stunning, native dune grass, 'Dewey Blue' is perfect for coastal areas as well as inland gardens. Heat, drought, and humidity won't faze its noticeably graceful habit. This grass has exceptional blue foliage and a vigorous constitution. Airy, light beige flowers emerge in late summer and fall, persisting well into winter for a long season of interest. 'Dewey Blue' grows 4 to 5 feet tall and almost as wide.

Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Fire' Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Fire'
(‘Prairie Fire’ red switchgrass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Prairie Fire' is a distinctly red form of switchgrass. Blue-green spring foliage turns shades of deep red by early summer and butter yellow in late fall. The grass persists into winter. 'Prairie Fire' has a fibrous root system that grows to more than 10 feet deep, making it drought tolerant. -Scott Vogt, Native grasses, Fine Gardening issue #124

Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah' Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah'
('Shenandoah' red switchgrass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Shenandoah' is truly a plant for all seasons. In early summer, its leaf blades are tipped in red, and by autumn, the entire leaf is a rich burgundy color, topped by pink plumes. In winter, the leaf color fades to beige; the blades persist and offer cover to birds. 'Shenandoah' is a compact selection of an American native prairie grass. -Chris Kelley, Regional Picks: Midwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

no image available Panicum virgatum ‘Heavy Metal’
(Switch grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rhizomatous perennial grass has a narrowly upright, clumping form. Mid-green stems bear stiff, erect, blue-gray leaves to 24 inches long. Foliage turns yellow in autumn. Weeping panicles of tiny purple-green spikes appear in early autumn.

Papaver nudicaule Papaver nudicaule
(Iceland poppy)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Iceland poppy is a short-lived perennial usually grown as a cool-weather annual, or biennial. From hairy tufts of linear blue-green foliage rise wiry stems bearing a pendant bud. The single (occasionally double) short-lived flowers unwrinkle their petals into a wide-spreading saucer shape 3 inches across.

Papaver orientale 'Flamenco Dancer' Papaver orientale 'Flamenco Dancer'
(Poppy)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The 4- to 6-inch-wide blooms of 'Flamenco Dancer' poppy stand out in late spring and early summer with their true red color and fanciful fringes. It is a sport of the popular 'Turkenlouis'. After the flowers fade, this perennial will go dormant, so plant it near neighbors that will fill the vacancy.

Papaver rhoeas Papaver rhoeas
(Corn poppy, Field poppy, Flanders poppy)
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In summer, beautiful brilliant red flowers top the branching stems with downy leaves of this 3-foot-tall poppy.

Parahebe perfoliata Parahebe perfoliata
(Digger's speedwell)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native of Australia has blue-green perfoliate leaves (similar to some eucalyptus) and blue-lilac flowers on somewhat floppy stems. Digger's speedwell likes a hot location and will ramble over walls or grow through shrubs beautifully.

Pardanthopsis dichotoma Pardanthopsis dichotoma
(Vesper iris)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The flowers of vesper iris open in the late afternoon over a period of several minutes, just about the time the sound of evening vespers might have wafted over an old monastery garden. It is a valuable addition to the garden also because of its late blooming season (high summer into early fall) and for its ability to bloom from seed started the same spring. The vesper iris has typical iris-looking leaf fans and abundantly branched, willowy bloom stalks rising to 4 feet. The inch-wide flowers range in color from pure white to violet.

Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium
(Wild quinine, American feverfew)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Wild quinine bears lustrous foliage and long-lasting white flowers throughout the season, even in heat and drought. It is native to moist prairies, low meadows, and open woods from Massachusetts and Minnesota, south to Georgia and Arkansas.

Passiflora caerulea Passiflora caerulea
(Blue passion flower)
(4 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces 3- to 4-inch-diameter, slightly scented flowers sporadically during summer, increasing in late summer through autumn. Intricate blossoms have an outer ruffle of petals and sepals; an inner disc of filaments composed of rings of blue, white and purple; and a central “antenna.” Deeply lobed dark green leaves cover stems that grasp supports with tendrils. Blue passion flower can reach 10 feet tall in one season. The ovoid, orange-yellow fruit is edible.

Paulownia tomentosa Paulownia tomentosa
(Empress tree, Foxglove tree, Princess tree, Royal pawlonia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous tree has thick shoots and large, lobed, bright green leaves. Fragrant pinkish lilac flowers appear in late spring with the foliage. When grown as a perennial, its robust shoots become sturdy stems 2 inches in diameter, with mammoth leaves as much as 2 feet across. Paulownia tomentosa can grow to 12 feet tall in a single season.

Pelargonium 'Crystal Palace Gem' Pelargonium 'Crystal Palace Gem'
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'Crystal Palace Gem' was first introduced in 1869 and has been a star in the garden ever since. It was named for Joseph Paxton's elaborate glass house designed in 1851 for London's Great Exhibition in Hyde Park. Like its namesake, the plant is showy, with its round chartreuse leaves with a midgreen center and its salmon-red flowers. 'Crystal Palace Gem' looks good from spring until frost. -Marty Wingate, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #120

no image available Pelargonium sidoides
(Kalwerbossie geranium , Silverleaf geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This exemplary species has felted, gray, crinkled leaves. Over a long period, it exhibits sprays of butterfly-shaped, rich wine-red flowers, which contrast dramatically with the foliage. Its small stature makes it a perfect candidate for a container or a walkway edge. It has been used medicinally for the treatment of various infections, including bronchitis. It is a native of Africa.

Pennisetum alopecuroides Pennisetum alopecuroides
(Fountain grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species produces 2- to 5-foot-tall mounds of narrow green foliage and bottle brush-like silvery-pink to purple flowers, both of which mature to shades of brown. It is the parent of numerous cultivars with notable flowers that range from purple to gray/black. It and some of its cultivars self-sow plentifully in warm climates. It is marginally hardy in Zone 5.

Pennisetum glaucum 'Purple Majesty' Pennisetum glaucum 'Purple Majesty'
(Pearl millet)
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This cultivar of pearl millet has wide, deep purple foliage and stems. It forms a 5-foot-high specimen with tight cylindrical flowers of purple-brown seeds—a favorite of many birds. This plant makes a stunning container specimen. In the mixed border, its foliage contrasts nicely with other plants.

Pennisetum messiacum Pennisetum messiacum
(Bunny tails)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This annual grass produces deep pink flowers that resemble rabbits' tails. Flowers persist throughout the season. It forms a tidy, evergreen clump, 2 feet high and 3 feet wide.

no image available Pennisetum messiacum 'Red Buttons'
(Red bunny tails, Fountain grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This annual produces deep reddish-black flowers that resemble rabbits' tails. Flowers persist throughout the season. This plant forms an evergreen clump of green foliage with burgundy highlights, 2 feet high and 3 feet wide.

Pennisetum orientale Pennisetum orientale
(Oriental fountain grass, Tall tails)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pink, bottle-brush flowers rise well above arching clumps of graceful foliage in summer. This grass is beautiful in a mixed border, rock garden, or massed at waterside. It blooms in June with pink plumes.

Pennisetum setaceum 'Rubrum' Pennisetum setaceum 'Rubrum'
(Purple fountain grass, Red fountain grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tropical annual produces mounds of narrow burgundy-red foliage and purple plumes to 1 foot long. It is invaluable for containers and stunning, annual foliage color in a border. It rarely sets seed.

no image available Pennisetum spathiolatum
(Slender veldt grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Native to South Africa, this non-invasive evergreen species produces showy pink flowers in spring, which are held 2 to 3 feet above the foliage on stiff, wiry stalks.

Penstemon 'Garnet' Penstemon 'Garnet'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is a bushy, vigorous perennial with smooth, narrow, dark green leaves and small, tubular, deep wine-red flowers borne in erect spikes, from early summer to late autumn.

Penstemon cardinalis Penstemon cardinalis
(Cardinal penstemon)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This New Mexico/Texas native offers the garden spikes of dangling, rich red flowers in midsummer that attract hummingbirds. Grow in a border, rock garden, or cottage garden. It appreciates a moist but well-drained soil, but can also take more xeric habitats.

no image available Penstemon cobaea
(Dew flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Penstemon cobaea has shiny dark green leaves and purple, pink, or white flowers on spike-like panicles in mid-spring. It grows to 2.5 feet tall. The flowers are larger than most other penstemons. Dew flower is native to the Lower Plains and the southwestern U.S.

Penstemon digitalis Penstemon digitalis
(Foxglove penstemon, Beard tongue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous perennial bears elegant clusters of pure white flowers marked with purple or pale violet from early to late summer. Semi-evergreen basal rosettes and deciduous or semi-evergreen stems are also often marked reddish purple.

no image available Penstemon jamesii
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tubular lavender-pink flowers with paler pink lobes are borne in late spring to early summer. The foliage is evergreen.

Penstemon nitidus Penstemon nitidus
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This penstemon produces azure flowers—the color of a New Mexico summer sky. Blooms emerge in late April and may get covered with a late snow, but that doesn’t seem to bother them. Also boasting beautiful gray-blue foliage, this plant grows 6 to 10 inches high.

Penstemon palmeri Penstemon palmeri
(Palmer's penstemon)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A native of the Southwest, Palmer's penstemon sports sharp, prickly, gray leaves and thrives in the harsh conditions. Snapdragon-like pale pink flowers boom in late spring or early summer, and their sweet-honey scent attracts bumblebees. Toothed, sage green leaves skirt the upright stems for the rest of the gardening season.This perennial wildflower is one of the largest penstemons. It looks good in the back of a border or as a focal point, perhaps near a path where its fragrance can be enjoyed or in an informal grouping with other native penstemons and grasses, or with other plantss that have similar maintenance and water requirements. -Katie Nicolich, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #120

Penstemon Phoenix™ Red Penstemon Phoenix™ Red
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This penstemon cultivar has huge red flowers with white throats on upright spikes. The plants bloom all summer, even more so when given a weekly dose of liquid fertilizer. Hardy in Zones 9 and above, Phoenix™ Red is usually grown as an annual.

Pentas lanceolata 'New Look Red' Pentas lanceolata 'New Look Red'
(Egyptian star cluster, Star cluster)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Red star-shaped flowers with small white centers bloom atop erect stems from spring to autumn. This evergreen perennial or subshrub is often grown as a summer annual. It generally stays under 2 feet tall in the garden, but the species can reach over 6 feet tall in the wild. Grow in a bed or border, or in containers.

Perovskia atriplicifolia Perovskia atriplicifolia
(Russian sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The light, lavender-blue flowers, which attract butterflies to the garden, bloom in July, and often last throughout September. Russian sage is a particularly striking plant when grown along with white, yellow, or orange flowered perennials. Tones down bright yellow in the garden as well. Its silver-gray, deeply cut foliage and stiff stems are striking in the winter. -Santa Rosa Gardens

Petunia integrifolia Petunia integrifolia
(Surfinia petunia, Wild petunia, Violet-flowered petunia)
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This easy, fast-growing annual cascades 3 feet or more from window boxes or hanging baskets. It's a prolific bloomer, with nonstop, violet flowers approximately 1.5 inches wide blanketing the foliage. Plants bloom from May through the first frost.

PetuniaSweetunia® Soft Pink Morning Petunia Sweetunia® Soft Pink Morning
(Sweetunia® Soft Pink Morning petunia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spectacular selection shines brightly in the most brutal of circumstances. Month after month, this petunia spills oodles of white- and yellow-throated, pink-rimmed blooms elegantly over bed edges.

Phlox paniculata 'John Fanick' Phlox paniculata 'John Fanick'
('John Fanick' garden phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This garden phlox has striking, bicolor lavender-and-pink flowers beginning in early summer and displays a pleasing compact form. Its slightly waxy leaves hold powdery mildew at bay, and the plant doesn't even flinch in heat, humidity, or drought. 'John Fanick' grows to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

Phlox subulata Phlox subulata
(Moss phlox)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Moss phlox is a dense ground cover blanketed with notch-petaled flowers in April and May. Blooms can be muddy hot pink, bright rose, and magenta, while other cultivars include white, soft lavender-blue, clear pale pink to deep pink, clear scarlet, and lavender, some with a darker or lighter eye. Evergreen foliage is narrow, short, and stiff. Darker-flowered forms have dark-green leaves or red-tinged leaves that darken to burgundy in winter.

Phygelius × rectus 'Devil's Tears' Phygelius × rectus 'Devil's Tears'
(Cape fuchsia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen shrub is often grown as a tender perennial where not hardy. It sports long spikes of red, dangling, bell-shaped flowers with yellow throats in summer. It makes a beautiful and unique addition to a perennial or shrub border.

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Center Glow' Physocarpus opulifolius 'Center Glow'
(Ninebark)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This ninebark's new leaves unfurl a golden yellow and then mature to a rosy red-burgundy. Clusters of white blooms accompany the dramatic foliage in early summer, followed by bright red seedheads that fade to tan. 'Center Glow' is a fast grower and an ideal candidate for mixed borders or foundation plantings. It grows to 8 to 10 feet tall and almost as wide. In winter, the older stems have attractive peeling bark.

Pinus nigra Pinus nigra
(Austrian pine, European black pine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Dark green, 4- to 6-inch-long needles and furrowed bark (on mature trees) make Austrian pine an attractive large specimen tree. It can also be used as screening, although its growth habit becomes more open with age.

no image available Pinus resinosa
(Red pine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The yellow-green leaves of this pine are 4 to 6 inches long. The bark is densely branched and flaky and reddish in the upper crown, scaly and pink-gray at the base. The tree has thick orange to red-brown shoots, chestnut-brown female cones, and purple male cones.

no image available Pinus strobus 'Fastigiata'
(Eastern white pine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This robust evergreen tree has a narrowly columnar crown with ascending branches, slender gray-green leaves, and smooth gray bark. Tapered green female cones ripen to brown.

Plectranthus forsteri 'Green on Green' Plectranthus forsteri 'Green on Green'
(Swedish ivy)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

As the name implies, this plectranthus has green leaves with lime green edges. Some of the leaves are entirely lime green. It looks great mingling around the feet of perennials, shrubs, and annuals.

Pleioblastus variegatus Pleioblastus variegatus
(Dwarf white-stripe)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Dwarf white-stripe has 5-inch-long, upward-pointing green leaves strongly variegated with white. It grows up to 3 feet tall in either sun or shade, forming a striking contrast to less flamboyant neighbors.

Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla fruticosa
(Shrubby cinquefoil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Shrubby cinquefoil is a bushy deciduous shrub growing to 3 feet tall and 5 feet wide that has been bred to include a multitude of cultivars that bear flowers in a large array of colors including white, yellow, pink, peach, orange, and red. The flowers are small, single, and rose-like and appear continuously from late spring to early fall on finely textured , dark green foliage.  

Potentilla fruticosa 'Gibson's Scarlet' Potentilla fruticosa 'Gibson's Scarlet'
(Shrubby cinquefoil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping, bushy perennial bears clusters of single, extremely vibrant red flowers all summer. The saucer-shaped flowers often attract butterflies. 'Gibson's Scarlet' is very hardy and tolerant of most soils.

Prunus maritima Prunus maritima
(Beach plum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A suckering deciduous shrub with a dense, rounded form, beach plum has dull green leaves that are pale green beneath. Single or double white flowers bloom in mid-spring, maturing to edible purple fruit.

Pseudolarix kaempferi Pseudolarix kaempferi
(Golden larch)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The golden larch is a lovely deciduous conifer whose lacy foliage turns golden in autumn. Its bright green needles are slightly larger than those of the European larch. Golden larch becomes a large pyramidal tree with an ultimate height of about 50 feet in cultivation. Its broad, horizontal branches are arranged in an open growth habit. In a big garden, it makes a neat specimen that never fails to attract attention.

Pulsatilla vulgaris Pulsatilla vulgaris
(Pasque flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pasque flower blooms for 4 to 6 weeks in spring with fuzzy flower buds that open to 1.5-inch-wide purple flowers that dance in the breeze. Fuzzy, feathery seedheads take up the dance when the blooms end. By then, the felted leaves have pushed up to produce a lacy gray-green backdrop.

Ratibida columnifera Ratibida columnifera
(Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Long-head coneflower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial coneflower, sometimes grown as an annual, has a long season of flowers on thin, branching stems. The flowers resemble small hats, with yellow reflexed ray florets and large greenish-brown columnar centers.

Ricinus communis 'Carmencita' Ricinus communis 'Carmencita'
(Castor bean)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Carmencita' castor bean is a shrub, usually grown as an annual, that grows to 6 to 10 feet and is well branched, with dark bronze-red foliage and bright red female flowers. Grow in a cool greenhouse or use as a specimen foliage plant in the summer outdoors.

Robinia hispida Robinia hispida
(Rose acacia, Bristly locust)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This showy flowering shrub grows to 8 feet tall and wide and features dark green, compound pinnate leaves on bristly stems and pendant clusters of fragrant, pea-like, rose-pink flowers that are attractive to bees and butterflies in late spring and early summer. The flowers are occasionally followed by bristly, reddish-brown seed pods. Native to the southeastern United States, this aggressive shrub spreads by suckers and is considered invasive in Michigan, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Washington. All parts of this plant are at least mildly poisonous.

Robinia pseudoacacia 'Frisia' Robinia pseudoacacia 'Frisia'
(Golden locust)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This large, fast-growing tree has droopy leaves that stay sunny yellow from spring until frost, spiny shoots, and fragrant white flowers in late spring and early summer on pendent racemes. The flowers are followed by smooth brown seed pods that are also interesting. 'Frisia' is one of the cultivars that is grown more for foliage than for its flowers and it does not flower as freely as the species.

Rosa 'Betty Boop' Rosa 'Betty Boop'
(Rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Betty Boop' is a bushy, upright, floribunda rose growing to 3 to 5 feet tall. Semi-double, ivory-white flowers with red edges are borne in clusters over a long period. They are mildly scented. New leaves are dark red, maturing to glossy green. This cultivar does not produce hips.

Rosa 'Black Jade' Rosa 'Black Jade'
(Rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A miniature, upright rose with glossy, dark green leaves and very dark red flowers from spring to fall, 'Black Jade' reaches only about 2 feet tall. It is good for growing in containers, rock gardens, and other small areas, or at the front of beds and borders.

Rosa 'Cardinal de Richelieu' Rosa 'Cardinal de Richelieu'
(Rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the darkest-flowered roses from the oldest class of garden roses, the gallicas. 'Cardinal de Richelieu' is a strong grower with a compact, lax habit. The rounded, double, fragrant, deeply colored flowers are a deep burgundy-purple. They are in bloom from spring to early summer. Introduced in 1840.

Rosa 'Carefree Beauty' Rosa 'Carefree Beauty'
(Rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous, upright shrub rose sports smooth, olive-green leaves and clusters of cup-shaped, semi-double, fragrant, bubble-gum-pink flowers from spring to fall. Flowers are followed by round hips in shades of orange and red.

Rosa 'Clementina Carbonieri' Rosa 'Clementina Carbonieri'
( 'Clementina Carbonieri' rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Growing roses in more humid climates can be challenging. The Tea class of roses do very well there and 'Clementina Carbonieri' is one of the best. -Paul Zimmerman

Rosa 'Darcey Bussell' (Ausdecorum) Rosa 'Darcey Bussell' (Ausdecorum)
(Darcey Bussell rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose, with its short, bushy growth, is an excellent shrub for the front of the border or for planting in formal rose beds. It will make an excellent plant for a large pot.

 

Information provided by David Austin Roses 

Rosa 'Flamenco' Rosa 'Flamenco'
('Flamenco' rose)
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Mass plantings of a single variety of rose look great, but you need to select one that is easy to care for. ‘Flamenco’ is a perfect choice as it’s exceptionally disease resistant and the flowers fall off on their own. No deadheading required. -Paul Zimmerman

Rosa 'HARpageant' 'Easy Does It'™ Rosa 'HARpageant' 'Easy Does It'™
(Easy Does It™ rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Floribunda rose was the 2010 All-America Rose Selections winner. It has abundant ruffled blooms in shades of mango, peach and apricot -- and has a fruity fragrance. More important is its disease resistance.

Rosa 'Hotel California' Rosa 'Hotel California'
(Hotel California rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, very full clear yellow blooms.  High centers and long stems make this a wonderful cut rose.

Rosa 'Julia Child' Rosa 'Julia Child'
('Julia Child' rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

We love to cut roses and bring them in the house -- even more so if they are fragrant. It seems hard these days to find roses that fit the bill and are also very disease resistant. ‘Julia Child’ is a rose that ticks all three boxes. -Paul Zimmerman

Rosa "Lady of Shalott' (Ausnyson) Rosa "Lady of Shalott' (Ausnyson)
('Lady of Shalott' rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This robust and hardy rose is highly resistant to disease and it will bloom with unusual continuity throughout the season. It is an ideal rose for the inexperienced gardener.

 

Information provided by David Austin Roses
 

Rosa 'Lichfield Angel' Rosa 'Lichfield Angel'
('Litchfield Angel' rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Lichfield Angel' is a vigorous, rounded shrub with nodding peach-pink blooms ringed with creamy apricot petals that look white in bright sunshine.

 

Information provided by David Austin Roses 

Rosa 'Molineux' (Ausmol) Rosa 'Molineux' (Ausmol)
(Molineux rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

 An excellent rose for bedding, although it is equally good for the border.

 

Information provided by David Austin Roses

Rosa 'Oso Happy Smoothie' Rosa 'Oso Happy Smoothie'
('Oso Happy Smoothie' rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

It’s nice to have roses in pots on a patio. However, if you have small children you need to be aware of thorns. 'Oso Happy Smoothie' will not only thrive in a pot, but it’s also thornless. -Paul Zimmerman

Rosa ‘Novarospop’ PPAF Rosa ‘Novarospop’ PPAF
(Popcorn Drift® rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Popcorn Drift® starts out yellow and fades to cream white, sometimes suffused with light pink. It is hardy to zone 5 and possibly 4 pending results from further testing. The overall impression is yellow and cream; reminiscent of buttery popcorn. -Star Roses

Rosa 'R. K. Witherspoon' Rosa 'R. K. Witherspoon'
(R. K. Witherspoon rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Hybrid Tea rose has beautiful champagne white flowers blushed with pink and yellow at the base. Its long stems are perfect for cutting and the blooms emit a strong, sweet fragrance.

Rosa 'Meigalpio' Rosa 'Meigalpio'
(Red Drift® rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Taller roses bear their flowers towards the top of the plant. It’s nice to add color around the base and if red is your desire, ‘Red Drift’ is a great choice. -Paul Zimmerman

Rosa 'Rev d'Or' Rosa 'Rev d'Or'
('Rev d'Or' rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Many climbing roses have stiff canes and stems, so when you plant them you only see the underside of the blooms. ‘Rev d’Or’ has lax canes and stems so the blooms nod down at you from above. -Paul Zimmerman

Rosa 'WITharoma' Rosa 'WITharoma'
(Secret's Out!™ rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Hybrid Tea rose offers creamy white flowers which open to release a sweet rose fragrance. Its compact habit makes it just right for smaller spaces.

Rosa 'The Alnwick®' (Ausgrab)  Rosa 'The Alnwick®' (Ausgrab)
 
(The Alnwick® rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pink, cup-shaped buds open gradually to a deeply cupped flower, which later develops into a broad, full-petalled, shallow cup of soft pink with paler outer edges.

 

Information provided by David Austin Roses
 

Rosa banksiae 'Lutea' Rosa banksiae 'Lutea'
(Lady Banks rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Lady Banks' has clusters of double pastel yellow flowers in early spring. A thornless rambler with long elegant canes, Lady Banks Rose is easy to prune and train, or it can be allowed to wander freely in a shrub or tree.

 

Information provided by Brushwood Nursery


Rosa 'Meitroni' Rosa 'Meitroni'
(Francis Meilland® Hybrid Tea rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Francis Meilland® is a tall Hybrid Tea rose with a very large bloom, good exhibition form and strong fragrance. It is a multiple award winner in Europe for disease resistance as well as esthetics. It is one of the first Hybrid Tea roses to win the prestigious ADR contest in Germany. 2013 AARS winner. -Star Roses

Rosa Home Run® Rosa Home Run®
(Home Run® rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose is a proven All-Star! Home Run is absolutely, positively the best true-red rose with continuous blooms and top level disease resistance to both black spot and powdery mildew. It has a high level of tolerance to downy mildew as well. Plus it's heat tolerant, cold hardy and requires no deadheading. -Proven Winners

Rosa Pink Home Run® Rosa Pink Home Run®
( Pink Home Run® rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beauty has all the great attributes of Home Run rose - continuous bloom, black spot and mildew resistance and heat tolerance - but with vivid, rich pink flowers. Just like Home Run it is early to flower and produces fresh flowers every day. -Proven Winners

Rosa rugosa 'Agnes' Rosa rugosa 'Agnes'
('Agnes' rugosa rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Agnes'  is one of the few yellow rugosa roses, and it epitomizes the finest rugosa attributes in both leaf and overall form. Doubled blooms give this selection an old-fashioned aspect, as does its delightful fragrance, which is reminiscent of antique roses. Bloom color changes somewhat with the temperature: in cool temperatures, the flowers are an apricot hue, but as the weather warms, they turn a soft yellow. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Dart's Dash' Rosa rugosa 'Dart's Dash'
('Dart's Dash' rugosa rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Though not very well known, 'Dart's Dash' is  one of the best of the crimson double rugosa roses. 'Dart's Dash' has large blossoms with the spicy scent typical of rugosas and when blooming is done, the plant puts forth a marvelous display of showy hips. It establishes itself quickly and is a fine choice for a low hedge. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Foxi' Rosa rugosa 'Foxi'
('Foxi' rugosa rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, open, semi-double pink flowers with yellow stamens and an intoxicating scent make 'Foxi' an outstanding rugosa rose. The relatively small height of the shrub makes the blossoms appear larger. This is a relatively new rugosa rose. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Henry Hudson' Rosa rugosa 'Henry Hudson'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Henry Hudson' has flattened, symmetrical, semi-double, white flowers with a spicy clove scent. The dense and deep green foliage makes a fitting backdrop for this selection's reddish buds and ensuing cream-colored flowers. The blossoms don't drop cleanly, so deadheading is necessary. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

no image available Rosa rugosa 'Linda Campbell'
('Linda Campbell' rugosa rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Linda Campbell' is an unscented, true red rugosa rose. Attractiv, smooth-leaved glossy foliage and clusters of elegant buds open to bright blossoms. It grows in an upright habit  and makes a very nice addition to the back of a hot-color border. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Polar Ice' Rosa rugosa 'Polar Ice'
('Polar Ice' rugosa rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Polar Ice' is one of the most vigorous and densely growing rugosa roses and features clusters of double, slightly nodding flowers. Green buds open to creamy white blooms with pink petals and deeper pink centers. The flowers smell lightly of baby powder, and the new lime green foliage smells like strawberries and sweet grass. In autumn, the foliage turns bright yellow. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Purple Pavement' Rosa rugosa 'Purple Pavement'
('Purple Pavement' rugosa rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Purple Pavement' has large, ruffled blossoms with a  purple-red color and strong fragrance. In the fall, the blossoms give way to large, handsome hips, and the foliage turns from green to shades of yellow and maroon. This shapely shrub with dependable repeat bloom it is especially good for a late display, when the hips appear alongside fall asters and other perennials with assertive autumn colors. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa'Wasagaming' Rosa rugosa 'Wasagaming'
('Wasagaming' rugosa rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Wasagaming' (pronounced "wah-SAG-ah-ming") is a prolific bloomer that has the charm of the antique roses but with greater vigor and better growth habit. Cascading rich pink blossoms with an old-rose scent spill across the shrub. 'Wasagaming' will thrive in less sunny but bright conditions. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus' Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'
(Creeping rosemary)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A hardy, fast-growing evergreen shrub, creeping rosemary has a prostrate habit and attractive flowers and fragrance. Dark green leaves, to 2 inches long, are rich in aromatic oils and commonly used as a culinary herb. This plant is loved for its strong pinelike flavor and fragrance.

Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salem' Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salem'
(Rosemary)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy, fast-growing evergreen shrub has an upright, rounded form and attractive flowers. Shiny green, needlelike leaves are aromatic. It bears small blue flowers in early spring and is loved for its strong, pinelike flavor and fragrance.

no image available Rubus strigosus
(American red raspberry, Grayleaf red raspberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native species flowers in summer, producing edible fruits and leaves suitable for making tea. It naturalizes in thickets, and grows well in wild areas in full sun or dappled shade.

Rudbeckia hirta ‘Indian Summer’ Rudbeckia hirta ‘Indian Summer’
(Black-eyed Susan, Gloriosa daisy)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Indian Summer' is a standout among a sea of Black-eyed Susans because of its extra-large, golden yellow flowerheads. It will bloom from early summer until first frost. Use it in borders, cottage gardens, meadows, or for naturalizing. Butterflies are drawn to it. The species is native to the central U.S.

Ruellia peninsularis Ruellia peninsularis
(Desert ruellia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This southern California native shrub produces a dense mass of small, glossy leaves and purple, petunia-like flowers in late spring and early summer. Sporadic flowering can occur throughout the season. It grows up to 4 feet tall and 6 feet wide.

Rumex sanguineus Rumex sanguineus
(Bloody dock, Red-veined dock, Bloody sorrel)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Red-veined dock is a taprooted perennial with a rosette of leaves distinctively marked with deep red or purple veins. It is grown mostly as a foliage plant or ornamental vegetable, but it also produces erect stems of tiny, star-shaped green flowers that turn reddish brown. These are followed by dark brown fruit. Native to Europe, northern Africa, and southwest Asia.

no image available Saccharum arundinaceum
(Plume grass, Hardy sugar cane)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In late summer, this large, clump-forming species bears huge plumes of delicate pink flower clusters, which eventually fade to silver.

Saccharum ravennae Saccharum ravennae
(Ravenna grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This large, clump-forming grass has linear leaves with central white stripes. In late summer it bears huge, purplish-bronze flower clusters, which eventually fade to silver. It resents high fertility and shows considerable drought tolerance.

Salix integra 'Hakuro-nishiki' Salix integra 'Hakuro-nishiki'
(Japanese variegated willow)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The branches of this shrub are slightly upright, taking a softer fountain shape as they lengthen. The leaves are mottled in shades of white, pink, and green, maturing to green and cream. Stems turn a striking red.

no image available Salpiglossis sinuata and cvs.
(Painted tongues)
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Long, narrow leaves grow in rosettes near the ground. Flower stems shoot upward to 2 feet with 3-inch-wide, petunia-like, purple, blue, or scarlet flowers marked with broad veins of gold. Cultivars include 'Splash,' 'Bolero,' and the more compact-growing 'Casino'.

no image available Salvia 'Mystic Spires Blue'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Throughout the summer, 'Mystic Spires Blue' produces long stalks of dark blue flowers, which continue to reward in abundance when deadheaded. Refresh tired plants in midsummer by cutting them back by half. This cultivar makes an excellent bedding or container plant.

Salvia × superba Salvia × superba
(Hybrid sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid of S. nemorosa and S. sylvestris is a drought-tolerant perennial that lends vivid purple-blue hues to the garden from summer to early fall on 1.5- to 3-foot-tall spikes. Deadheading prolongs bloom. The spikes rise from a clump of silvery green leaves that grows to about 2 feet tall and wide.

no image available Salvia × sylvestris 'Blue Hill'
(Meadow sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This drought-tolerant perennial bears abundant pure blue flower spikes in early summer and until fall if spent flowers are removed promptly. It forms an erect clump 20 inches tall by 18 inches wide, with wrinkled, softly hairy leaves.

Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis
(Canary Island sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short-lived, tender perennial shrub native to the Canary Islands off the African coast sends up 6-foot white-furred stems cloaked with long, felted, arrow-shaped leaves and topped, summer to frost, with plumes of purplish violet flowers clasped by red-tipped calyxes. It grows up to 4 feet wide.

Salvia discolor Salvia discolor
(Andean silver-leaf sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender perennial from Peru is highly unusual for its dramatic, purple-black flowers and pistachio-green calyces. The flowers appear from late summer to early fall. The drama is heighted by its contrasting silvery leaves and stems, which are densely cloaked in woolly, white hairs. Plants grow to about 18 inches tall and 12 inches wide. This specimen looks great tumbling over the edge of a container.

Salvia dorrii Salvia dorrii
(Desert purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Found in the Great Basin deserts of the western U.S., Salvia dorrii is by far one of the most beautiful native Salvia species. A small, woody shrub, it comes into bloom in late spring with short spikes of showy purple bracts and blue flowers. The semievergreen foliage is distinctively silvery gray and highly aromatic. It grows to 18 inches high.

Salvia hians Salvia hians
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short-lived perennial from the Himalayas has scented, hairy leaves and forms a small shrub 2 feet tall by 2 feet wide. It bears 1.5-inch-long purplish-blue flowers with white lips (called bee lines) from early to late summer. The flowers are clasped by rusty colored calyxes that accent color of the blooms. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Salvia nemorosa 'Caradonna' Salvia nemorosa 'Caradonna'
(Sage)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This drought-tolerant perennial is noted for its vivid indigo flowers along deep purple-black stems, which gives it a bicolor appearance. It blooms in early summer and then sporadically if spent flowers are deadheaded. It forms an upright clump, with the flower spikes rising to 2 feet in height; its wrinkled, softly hairy leaves form a mound 1 foot high. Plants spread 1 or 2 feet wide. These are some of the showiest plants for containers and mixed borders. Butterflies love them. 

Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this classic, evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. It forms a 2.5-foot-tall by 3-foot-wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but not wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten' Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten'
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. S. 'Berggarten' is more compact than the species, forming a 2-foot tall by 3-foot wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up purple flower spikes. It boasts attractively rounded leaves and, like the species, has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but not wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Icterina' Salvia officinalis 'Icterina'
(Golden variegated sage, Common sage, Culinary sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. This charming cultivar has green leaves with irregular yellow margins. It forms a 1.5- to 2-foot-tall and wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it occasionally sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but not wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens' Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens'
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. This cultivar has leaves suffused with steely-gray purple. It forms a 1.5-foot-tall and wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but cannot survive wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor' Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. This cultivar has ornamental value, too—green leaves with white margins which are suffused with pink or purple. It forms a 1- to 1.5-foot-tall and wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It is tolerant of alkaline soils, but cannot survive wet winter conditions.

Salvia pachyphylla Salvia pachyphylla
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Giant-flowered purple sage has been winning over gardeners the past few years for its remarkable summer blooms and tough-as-nails demeanor. Native to the dry foothills and mountains of southern California, this sage is considered a woody shrub. It features showy, aromatic silver foliage and bicolored flower spikes with lavender-purple calyces and long, hummingbird-pollinated blue flowers. It grows from 24 to 36 inches high.

Salvia uliginosa Salvia uliginosa
(Bog sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This moisture-loving perennial produces clear blue flowers with white highlights in late summer to mid-autumn. It forms an airy clump to 6 feet tall by 3 feet wide, and is great for the back of a border. It is tolerant of heavy soils.

Salvia verticillata 'Purple Rain' Salvia verticillata 'Purple Rain'
(Lilac sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Throughout the summer, this cultivar produces multiple flower spikes in irresistible shades of smoky purple. At about 20 inches tall and half as wide, the plant flowers abundantly, inviting you to make bouquets and to keep up with the deadheading. 

Salvia viridis Salvia viridis
(Annual clary sage)
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From spring to summer, this annual produces multiple flower spikes with tiny flowers enclosed in showy bracts in shades of white, pink, or purple and marked with darker veins. Plants grow 18-20 inches tall and about half as wide. They are especially dramatic in large groupings. Salvia viridis is excellent as a long-lasting cut or dried flower.

Sambucus nigra 'Gerda' Sambucus nigra 'Gerda'
(Black Beauty™ elderberry)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Valued for its flowers, foliage, and fruit, Black Beauty™ elderberry is a deciduous shrub that requires regular watering during its first few yearsbut will become more drought tolerant as it becomes established. Areas with moist soil are ideal. Black Beauty™ will grow 8 feet tall if left unpruned, but fairly severe pruning in the first year will keep the plant from looking leggy. Pruning will sacrifice the large pink flowers, but the plant will be much sturdier and have a better habit if you do. The flowers, which bloom in June, are large and have a lemony scent. The foliage is dark and finely cut. Elderberries are edible and can be used to make juice or jelly, if the birds don't get there first. -Teresa Smith, Regional Picks: Northeast, Fine Gardening issue #120

Santolina chamaecyparissus Santolina chamaecyparissus
(Lavender cotton)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fine-textured, mound-forming shrub has gray foliage and yellow, button-like flowerheads formed by tubular flowers appearing in summer.

no image available Sanvitalia procumbens
(Creeping zinnia)
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Virtually covered in yellow, daisy-type flowers throughout summer, creeping zinnia makes a cheerful addition to any garden. Plants are mat-forming with bright green foliage. Easy to grow and tolerant of heat and drought, creeping zinnia is a generous bloomer that doesn’t need deadheading. It makes a wonderful ground cover and looks great planted among rocks or along pathways. It’s an excellent filler and spiller for containers, and it combines nicely with just about any summer-blooming plant

Schizachyrium scoparium Schizachyrium scoparium
(Little bluestem, Prairie beard grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Little bluestem is a tidy, finely textured clumping grass with a blue-green summer color. Its silvery seed heads rise to a height of nearly 2 feet in late summer and are at their best when backlit in the morning or afternoon sun. In fall, the grass turns a rosy rust color that lasts all winter.

Sciadopitys verticillata Sciadopitys verticillata
(Japanese umbrella pine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This glorious conifer constitutes the sole member of both its genus and plant family. It is without a peer in its beauty; on a mature specimen, its rich needles compose a sculpture of form, texture, and color that is unrivaled. The foliage develops a bronzy tint in winter. While it often grows to 30 feet in cultivation and 90 feet in the wild, its slow-growing nature inspires patience.

Sedum 'Autumn Delight' Sedum 'Autumn Delight'
(Stonecrop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, bright-pink clusters of flowers are accentuated by lime-green leaves with a dark-green serrated edge.

Information provided by Santa Rosa Gardens.
 

Sedum cauticola Sedum cauticola
(Stonecrop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Japanese native is perfect for the rock garden. It is a compact species with blue-green foliage and pink stems, and bears purplish-red flowers in fall. Sedum cauticola grows to about 3 inches tall and a foot wide.

Sedum kamtschaticum 'Weihenstephaner Gold' Sedum kamtschaticum 'Weihenstephaner Gold'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low-growing sedum has dependable, dark bronzy green foliage and prolific flowering. New spring growth is a welcome, cheerful red. Prolific, star-shaped flowers are golden yellow with pinkish orange overtones and cover the plant twice during the growing season. Plants grow to just 2-4 inches tall and 10 inches wide.

Sedum sieboldii Sedum sieboldii
(October Daphne, Stonecrop)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lovely mound-like species splays out from the center like a miniature fountain. It has half-inch rosy flowers in fall and blue-green leaves with matching rosy margins. Frosty temperatures bring out pink in the leaves. Sedum sieboldii grows to 4 inches tall and about twice as wide.

Sedum spurium 'Fuldaglut' Sedum spurium 'Fuldaglut'
(Two-row stonecrop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mat-forming species forms a carpet of rosy-red flowers in late July and August, contrasting against green leaves with bronzy-maroon highlights.

Sempervivum 'Black' Sempervivum 'Black'
('Black' hens & chicks)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Hens & chicks are always a welcome sight, and this exciting 'Black' variety is a newer take on the old favorite.

 Sempervivumarachnoideum 'Forest Frost'

 

Sempervivum arachnoideum 'Forest Frost'
('Forest Frost' spiderweb hens & chicks)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Hens & chicks make a charming addition to any container, rock garden, or footpath. This 'Forest Frost' spiderweb variety is extra special for its deep green color and the cottony web that hangs taught between the points of its rosettes.

no image available Silene regia
(Royal catchfly)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American prairie native produces 2-inch-wide, brilliant cardinal-red flowers that stand out in the summer garden. The common name comes from the sticky glands below the flowers that catch small insects. The plant grows 2 to 4 feet tall and half as wide.

Sisyrinchium graminoides Sisyrinchium graminoides
(Blue-eyed grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump forming, semi-evergreen, grass-like perennial blooms in summer, with a long succession of yellow-centered blue flowers. It grows to 20 inches high and 6 inches wide, and self-sows easily.

no image available Sisyrinchium striatum
(Satin flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early summer, these grass-like perennials produce multiple spikes of small, pale yellow blooms with dark yellow centers and faint purple stripes. The flowers rise above gray-green foliage. Native to open woods, meadows, and prairies of South America, these adaptable wildflowers tolerate a wide range of conditions and naturalize easily. The summer blossoms each open for just one day with the morning sun and close at dusk. Rarely do the blooms open on cloudy days. Plants grow to 3 feet tall and 10 inches wide.

Solidago cutleri 'Goldrush' Solidago cutleri 'Goldrush'
(Goldenrod, Alpine goldenrod, Cutler's alpine goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Goldrush' heralds the coming of fall with masses of tiny, yellow flowers for four weeks in August and September. Its compact size—about a foot tall—makes it a great candidate for a rock garden or border edge.

Solidago juncea Solidago juncea
(Goldenrod, Early goldenrod, Yellow top)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is the first goldenrod to bloom, featuring bright yellow, plume-like panicles in midsummer. It has dark green leaves along reddish stems, which form a vase-shaped clump when mature. 

no image available Sophora secundiflora
(Mescal bean, Texas mountain laurel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This flowering evergreen tree has pinnate leaves 4 to 6 inches long. Notched, mid-green leaflets grow in pairs. Pea-like, fragrant blue-violet flowers in terminal racemes appear in spring, maturing to bright red seeds.

Sorghastrum nutans 'Indian Steel' Sorghastrum nutans 'Indian Steel'
(Indian grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Golden yellow plumes and a vase-like form give 'Indian Steel' a refined look. On the flower spikes, bright yellow pollen sacs stand out against the darker seed heads. Metallic blue foliage morphs to a coppery tan shade after frost. 'Indian Steel' tolerates a range of soil types, including heavy clay. -Scott Vogt, Native grasses, Fine Gardening issue #124

Sphaeralcea ambigua Sphaeralcea ambigua
(Desert mallow, Globe mallow)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This shrubby, woolly perennial is native to the warmest, dry regions of the US and Mexico. Its large, rose-like salmon-colored flowers appear in loose clusters from spring to frost. It grows to 3 feet tall and almost as wide, and can bloom nearly year-round in warm regions.

Spiraea fritschiana Spiraea fritschiana
(Fritsch spirea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

If you want a summer-flowering shrub with great fall color, look no further. Fritsch spirea jumps out with a striking red, orange, and yellow glow even brighter than the fall color of oaks and maples. It has coarser foliage than others in the genus, and if sheared back in spring, it produces giant summer blooms.

Spiraea japonica 'Alpina’ Spiraea japonica 'Alpina’
(Japanese spirea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low-growing, clump-forming shrub has a spreading habit, reaching 10 inches tall. Slender branches spread across the ground. Foliage is light blue-green to 1 inch long. In late June, this plant bears clusters of pink flowers; bloom continues into September if deadheaded.

Spiraea nipponica ‘Snowmound’ Spiraea nipponica ‘Snowmound’
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fast-growing, upright specimen has very attractive small, blunt, dark blue-green leaves and arching branches. Bowl-shaped, pure white flowers are borne midsummer in large numbers. They attract butterflies. 

Sporobolus heterolepsis Sporobolus heterolepsis
(Prairie dropseed)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The finely textured, green leaves of this slow-growing, clump-forming perennial turn golden yellow in autumn. It bears cloudy panicles of fragrant, pale-pink to tawny flowers 5 to 10 inches long in late summer, reaching 3 feet tall.

Sprekelia formosissima Sprekelia formosissima
(Aztec lily, Jacobean lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bulbous perennial has clumps of strap-shaped, mid-green leaves. Each stem, less than 1 foot tall, bears a solitary scarlet to deep crimson flower in late spring or early summer; established clumps may bloom again later in the summer.

Stachys byzantina and cvs. Stachys byzantina and cvs.
(Lamb's ears, Woolly betony)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mat-forming perennial has rosettes of furry, silvery-gray leaves to 4 inches long. In summer, it bears gray spikes tipped with tiny, pink-purple or violet flowers. This plant crowds out weeds. 'Silver Carpet' is a non-flowering cultivar. 'Big Ears' has 8- to 12-inch-long, grayish-white felted, mid-green leaves.

Stachys byzantina 'Silky Fleece' Stachys byzantina 'Silky Fleece'
(Lambs' ears)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This new cultivar of a treasured favorite is as cute as a button. With leaves about the size of a dime, 'Silky Fleece' has the same great soft, silky texture and silver color as other lambs' ears, just in a smaller package, growing to about 10 inches tall and wide. Lilac-plum flower spikes rise above the foliage from mid- to late summer. Grow it as edging, in containers, or in rock gardens.

no image available Stipa arundinacea
(New Zealand wind grass, Pheasant's tail grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen species makes a handsome specimen with narrow, arching foliage that is streaked orange in summer and becomes orange-brown in winter. Its fine, pendent flower inflorescences open purplish-green in midsummer and have a misty quality.

Stipa gigantea Stipa gigantea
(Giant feather grass, Golden oats)
(1 user review)

This semi-evergreen species makes a stately, stand-alone specimen with narrow, arching foliage and shimmering gold panicles that reach 8 feet tall. The flowers open in June as silvery-purple and mature to shades of wheat.

Stipa tenuissima Stipa tenuissima
(Mexican feather grass)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

No other grass exhibits quite the refinement of texture as this species. Its bright green foliage resembles delicate filaments that arise in elegant, vase-like clumps and spill outward like a soft fountain. All summer it bears a profusion of feathery panicles, which mature from foamy-green to blonde. It is native to the Americas.

Lantana Pretty Much Picasso Lantana Pretty Much Picasso
(Supertunia® Pretty Much Picasso)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From Proven Winners: The unique bicolor of this Petunia has created a tremendous amount of interest from gardeners, with its deep violet throat and softer violet petal surrounded by a chartreuse edge.

Syringa × laciniata Syringa × laciniata
(Cut-leaf lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This graceful hybrid produces fragrant, pale lilac flower clusters up to 4 inches long in late spring. The difference this lilac offers is its airy, finely textured foliage. It forms a spreading shrub 6 feet to 8 feet tall and wide.

Tanacetum parthenium Tanacetum parthenium
(Feverfew)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Feverfew is a short-lived, bushy perennial that has become naturalized in much of North America. It has fragrant, ferny foliage and composite white flowers with yellow centers. It is often grown as an annual. The cultivar 'Aureum' has a dwarf habit, smaller flowers, and golden aromatic foliage. Other cultivars have double flowers, yellow flowerheads, or pompom-like flowerheads.

Teucrium chamaedrys Teucrium chamaedrys
(Wall germander)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen or deciduous subshrub is grown for its attractive, dark green aromatic foliage and its light pink to deep purple flowers, which blossom in summer and early fall. This garden workhorse can be used in troughs, containers, low hedges, knot gardens, rock gardens, or as edging.

no image available Teucrium chamaedrys var. compactum
(Wall germander)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact, evergreen subshrub has glossy, dark green leaves and grows to only 5 inches tall and 16 inches wide. It bears long-lasting, lavender flowers, and it is a great choice for low edging or for a rock garden. 

Thalictrum isopyroides Thalictrum isopyroides
(Meadow rue)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has exquisite tiny foliage that looks somewhat like parsley but with a steely blue cast. The leaves clothe stems that reach up to 18 inches in height. In early summer, it bears tiny greenish yellow flowers in starlike clusters. Plants grow to about 18 inches wide.

Thymophylla tenuiloba Thymophylla tenuiloba
(Dahlberg daisy, Golden fleece, Shooting star)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant annual is covered with delicate, daisy-like yellow blossoms in July and August. It is best grown as a groundcover, between paving stones, or in a rock garden. It has needle-like, almost ferny leaves and grows to 1 foot tall and wide.

Thymus 'Pink Ripple' Thymus 'Pink Ripple'
(Thyme)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early- to mid-summer, this mat-forming thyme erupts with masses of 6-inch-high spikes covered with pink flowers. The light green, tiny foliage, hugging the ground in mats, has a pleasing lemon fragrance when crushed. This plant shines when spilling over stone walls or between the cracks in paving stones, where passersby can tread on the leaves and release the lemony scent.

Thymus × citriodorus 'Argenteus' Thymus × citriodorus 'Argenteus'
(Silver thyme, Lemon-scented thyme)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is an elegant addition to an herb or ornamental garden. It has lemon-scented green leaves edged in silver and produces lilac flowers in early summer.

no image available Thymus polytrichus subsp. britannicus
(Mother of thyme, Thyme)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This thyme grows to 6 inches tall, with fuzzy stems and tiny, rounded, fuzzy blue-green leaves. In summer, it produces clusters of very small white to lilac-pink flowers. Plants spread to about 9 inches wide. The leaves are aromatic but the strength of their scent varies according to the plant's site and the time of year. 

Thymus pseudolanuginosus Thymus pseudolanuginosus
(Woolly thyme)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Woolly thyme—the wooliest of all thymes—forms a dense ground-covering mat of tiny, densely hairy leaves. The foliage has barely any fragrance and is unsuitable for culinary use. In summer, tiny pink tubular flowers appear. Plants grow to only one inch or so in height and spread to about a foot across.

Thymus serphyllum 'Annie Hall' Thymus serphyllum 'Annie Hall'
(Mother of thyme, Wild thyme, Serpolet)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Annie Hall' forms a prostrate mat with small, narrow leaves and is covered with pale purple-pink flowers in late spring. Plants can grow to 10 inches tall and 18 inches wide.

Thymus serpyllum 'Pink Chintz' Thymus serpyllum 'Pink Chintz'
(Mother of thyme, Wild thyme, Serpolet)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

One of the first thymes to flower each year, this charming and reliable cultivar bursts into bloom in early spring with unique salmon-pink flowers. Its fuzzy olive-green foliage forms a mat 1 to 2 inches tall and 18 inches wide. It is one of the most tolerant of thymes of dry conditions, but grows robustly with plenty of water.

Tilia petiolaris Tilia petiolaris
(weeping silver linden, pendant silver linden)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tall, deciuous tree has weeping branches rather than a weeping habit. The backs of its dark green leaves are fuzzy and white, turning the tree silver in a breeze. It grows to 70 feet tall and 40 feet wide. This is a tough tree with hanging clusters of small, pale yellow, fragrant flowers in summer.

Tithonia rotundifolia 'Torch' Tithonia rotundifolia 'Torch'
(Mexican sunflower)
(1 user review)

'Torch' is a quick-growing annual that produces vivid red or orange-red dahlia-like flowers from mid-summer on. Its leaves are somewhat attractive, being dark green and lobed. Plants can reach up to 6 feet tall and 2 feet wide in just a few months. 

Trachelium caeruleum Trachelium caeruleum
(Blue throatwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species bears dome-shaped flower heads several inches across that are crowded with tiny, tubular amethyst or white flowers that look somewhat like the blooms of an allium. It has lance-shaped, toothed leaves in hues of cordovan purple or deep green brushed with plum highlights. It blooms over a long season. Though it is a perennial, blue throatwort performs wonderfully as an annual and blooms summer to fall. Plants grow to about 3 feet tall and wide.

Tripsacum dactyloides Tripsacum dactyloides
(Eastern gamagrass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early summer, slender stems are topped with flowers that produce a crop of jointed seeds. Clumps get large and die out in the center, so division is necessary. Autumn frosts turn the leaves attractive shades of red-bronze. -Scott Vogt, Native grasses, Fine Gardening issue #124

Tulbaghia violacea Tulbaghia violacea
(Pink agapanthus, Society garlic, Sweet garlic)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pink agapanthus is a fast-growing, clumping perennial with narrow, garlic-scented leaves and large umbels of fragrant lilac flowers in summer and early fall. It grows to 2 feet tall. Leaves can be used in soups and salads.

no image available Veitchia montgomeryana
(Montgomery palm)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tropical palm grows to 35 feet tall and has stiff, feathery-textured fronds. In summer, it bears yellow flowers followed by fruit that ripens to bright red. It tolerates both alkaline soil and coastal conditions well.

Verbascum 'Sugar Plum' Verbascum 'Sugar Plum'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf mullein is just 15 inches tall but it packs a big floral punch. In early spring, violet-purple flowers with dark purple anthers emerge unfazed by late frosts and continue into the summer.

Verbascum bombyciferum Verbascum bombyciferum
(Mullein, Nettle-leafed mullein, Turkish mullein)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial or short-lived perennial has evergreen woolly leaves like silvery flannel that make sensuous-looking rosettes in the first year. In mid- to late summer of its second year, large sulfur-yellow blossoms open from the bottom up on flower stalks that reach up to 6 feet high. Blooming continues for many weeks. Verbascum bombyciferum has naturalized in regions of the U.S.

Verbascum chaixii Verbascum chaixii
(Chaix mullein, Nettle-leaved mullein, Mullein)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the few truly perennial species of mullein. Pale yellow blossoms with purple filaments bloom profusely on long flower stalks in mid- and late summer, reaching about 3 feet high. Individual flowers are short-lived but numerous, and flowering takes place over a long time. Verbascum chaixii's glossy, dark green rosettes are semi-evergreen. 

Verbena bonariensis Verbena bonariensis
(Tall Verbena)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding annual or perennial deserves its popularity. It makes an architectural statement with slender, willowy stems that stand up to 6 feet tall and do not need staking. It then branches out widely near the top where rich lilac-purple flower clusters stand alone, as if they are floating. This Verbena makes a great see-through plant.

no image available Verbena canadensis 'Apple Blossom'
(Rose vervain)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low-growing perennial produces long-lasting light pink blossoms with dark pink centers. It is an heirloom cultivar of the native species. Verbenas are excellent for annual borders, containers—especially hanging baskets—and some for the mixed herbaceous border.

Verbena speciosa 'Imagination' Verbena speciosa 'Imagination'
(Verbena)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding hybrid blooms from spring until frost and has beautifully dissected foliage. Innumerable clusters of purple blossoms cover this plant and look fantastic cascading over the edges of a hanging basket. Verbenas are excellent for annual borders, containers—especially hanging baskets—and for the mixed herbaceous border.

no image available Veronica pectinata
(Blue woolly speedwell, Woolly speedwell)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dense, mat-forming species has 3-inch-tall evergreen foliage with toothed gray leaves. Its saucer-shaped flowers are deep blue with white eyes, and they bloom from early spring to summer. It is drought tolerant and makes a good groundcover. In garden sites, it needs protection from winter moisture.

no image available Veronica peduncularis 'Georgia Blue'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Georgia Blue' forms beautiful mats of purple-tinged leaves. In spring, this free-flowering groundcover boasts abundant iridescent blue flowers. It grows to about 9 inches high and a foot wide. It is a vigorous and easy-to-grow cultivar.

Viburnum dentatum Viburnum dentatum
(Arrowwood viburnum)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This woody, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub has a rounded shape and grows 5 to 9 feet tall and wide. It has toothed leaves and small, creamy white flowers in May to June that mature to bluish black spherical fruits.

Victoria cruziana Victoria cruziana
(Santa Cruz waterlily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This giant waterlily produces massive, floating mid-green lily pads that can reach up to 8 feet across and can support the weight of a small adult. Its leaves are reddish purple and softly hairy on the underside. The ephemeral, pineapple-scented blooms appear in summer, lasting only two nights. The 16-inch flowers are white the first night, turning pink on the second night.

Viola ‘Etain’ Viola ‘Etain’
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A hardworking, compact perennial, ‘Etain’ violet forms well-behaved clumps and blooms from time to time from spring through fall. The attractive, fleshy, bright green foliage needs protection from slugs. -Sylvia Matlock, Regional Picks: Northwest, Fine Gardening issue #127

Viola x wittrockiana Cool Wave® Berries 'N Cream trailing pansy Viola x wittrockiana Cool Wave® Berries 'N Cream trailing pansy
(Cool Wave Berries 'N Cream trailing pansy)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pansies are known as harbingers of spring for gardeners.

no image available Vitex agnus-castus
(Chaste tree, Monk's pepper)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This small tree boasts an upright, spreading form and finely dissected gray-green foliage. Its spiky lilac-blue flowers appear from June through September; bloom can be prolonged by deadheading. Chaste tree can grow to 20 feet in southern climates, but in colder areas only 8 to 10 feet.

Vitex agnus-castus var. latifolia Vitex agnus-castus var. latifolia
(Chaste tree)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Chaste tree is a southern favorite beginning to gain favor across the country. Whether left to grow as a large, multistemmed shrub or cut back annually for a more compact look, this selection is a winner. Fine, lacy leaves are glossy and green. Bright blue flower panicles begin to form in early summer and continue through the heat of the season and into fall. This is a reasonably cold-hardy, deer-resistant woody plant, and while V. agnus-castus is typically considered a Zone 7 plant, the variety latifolia can be grown in Zone 6 and even in southern areas of Zone 5.

no image available Vitis vinifera ‘Purpurea’
(Purpleleaf grape)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

One of the best vines for colorful fall foliage, this woody deciduous climber has graceful purple leaves which redden in autumn for a fiery foliage display. Also in autumn, the vine bears clusters of tiny, edible blue-black grapes that are sweet inside but have bitter skins.

Wisteria frutescens Wisteria frutescens
(American wisteria)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American native vine boasts abundant clusters of pale lilac-purple flowers. Though it is not as fragrant as Asian wisterias, it is easier to control because it doesn't send out long root suckers. American wisteria blooms later, from June to August, so its blossoms are less prone to being killed by a late frost. It can grow to 30 feet or more when trained to climb over an arbor, pergola, or wall. It can also be trained into a small tree or standard. 'Nivea' is a white-flowered form.

Wollemia nobilis Wollemia nobilis
(Wollemi pine)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Long thought extinct, the wollemi pine was discovered in 1994 in a remote section of Australia. With only a small grove in existence, a plan was developed to save the tree from extinction by propagating it and selling its offspring. Trials in the U.S. have placed the wollemi pine in Zones 7 to 11. Grow it in full sun. Because this tree has been around since the time of the dinosaurs, it's safe to say it is long-lived. And apparently brontosaurus browsing isn't a problem.

Yucca filamentosa ‘Golden Sword’ Yucca filamentosa ‘Golden Sword’
(Adam's needle, Bear grass, Weak-leaf yucca, Golden Sword soapwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This easy to grow evergreen yucca bears dramatic, sword-shaped yellow leaves with a dark green edge. Not as staunchly upright as some yuccas, its leaf tips sometimes droop with age. Its foliage color is best from fall to spring. Plants grow to nearly 2 feet in height and 3 feet in width. In summer, it produces a 6-foot-tall spike covered with nodding, fragrant, white bell-shaped flowers.

Yucca glauca Yucca glauca
(Soapweed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping evergreen shrub with narrow leaves produces a startling, 3- to 4-foot-tall flower stalk. The fragrant flowers are pale green or greenish white. It is a tenacious weed in areas of the American West, but adds a touch of the desert to gardens. Soap can be made from its roots and the foliage is used in basket-making.

Yucca gloriosa Yucca gloriosa
(Mound lily, Spanish dagger)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This sculptural plant bears sword-like leaves to 24 inches long in shades of blue- or gray-green and maturing to dark green, with smooth margins. In summer, the plant produces 8-foot spikes of nodding, bell-shaped, fragrant white flowers, sometimes tinged purple, to 2 inches long.

Zantedeschia aethiopica Zantedeschia aethiopica
(White calla lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The most familiar calla, this 3-foot-tall and 2-foot-wide plant has large white flowers—up to 10 inches long—that surround a creamy yellow fingerlike centerpiece. They bloom from late spring to mid-summer. The upright, arrow-shaped leaves are solid green and glossy.

no image available Zauschneria arizonica
(Hardy hummingbird trumpet, Arizona fuchsia, Firechalice, Wild fuchsia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heat-loving native Southwestern species has gray-green leaves and grows to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Orangey red, tubular blossoms cover the plant in late summer and early fall.

Zinnia elegans Zinnia elegans
(Zinnia)
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This upright, 30-inch-tall, bushy annual cloaks itself all summer in purple blossoms up to 2 inches across. But more important, it is the forebear of scores of varieties that can be found in almost any place you can buy seeds. There's the Whirligig Series, the California Giants, the Profusion Series, the State Fair Series—the list goes on and on.

no image available Zinnia elegans 'Dreamland Series'
(Bedding zinnia)
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This annual series is comprised of dwarf, compact plants, 10 to 12 inches tall and half as wide. They bloom all summer with fully double blossoms, to 4 inches wide, in apricot, ivory, red, yellow, pink, and many shades in between.

Zinnia grandiflora Zinnia grandiflora
(Prairie zinnia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native perennial wildflower of the American Southwest bears a profusion of bright yellow to golden yellow flowers atop 4-inch high plants that spread to 15 inches wide. They bloom from late summer into fall. 

Zinnia Profusion Series Zinnia Profusion Series
(2 user reviews)

The needlelike leaves of these Profusion Series zinnas lend a soft textural feel that contrasts nicely with the glowing hot colors of the flowers. The vibrant flowers are about 2 inches in diameter, and the plants grow to just 12 to 15 inches tall and wide. Use them en masse in borders and beds, or plant them in containers. -Julia Jones, Designing with annuals, Fine Gardening issue #120

Ziziphus obtusifolia Ziziphus obtusifolia
(Graythorn)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Appropriately named, this open shrub has grayish green leaves and stiff, thorn-tipped branches. With inconspicuous, pale yellow-green flowers in late spring, the pea-size fruits that follow are a showy blue-black. These fruits appeal to birds, and the thorny branches are ideal protection for nesting. Graythorn is a fine backdrop for bold plantings of succulents.


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