Zinnia

Zinnia elegans

Photo/Illustration: 
Jennifer Benner
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Zinnia (Zinnia elegans)
ZIN-ee-ah EL-eh-ganz
Genus:  Zinnia
This upright, 30-inch-tall, bushy annual cloaks itself all summer in purple blossoms up to 2 inches across. But more important, it is the forebear of scores of varieties that can be found in almost any place you can buy seeds. There's the Whirligig Series, the California Giants, the Profusion Series, the State Fair Series—the list goes on and on.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  These old-fashioned annuals from Mexico produce upright, long-stemmed blossoms in a range of forms (single, semi-double, and double), making them indispensible as cut flowers, as well as in annual displays, herb and cottage gardens, and mixed borders. The smaller flowered cultivars are perfect for edging and naturalized areas.
Care:  Provide fertile, well-drained soil in full sun with good air circulation. Deadhead spent blossoms to continue flowering.
Propagation:  Sow seed (preferably in succession for a longer flowering period) where it is to grow in late spring or at 55°F to 65°F in early spring.
Problems:  Bacterial and fungal spots, bacterial wilt, powdery mildew, Southern blight, stem rots, caterpillars, mealybugs, spider mites.

Overview

Height
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Spread
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Growth Habit
Clumps
Growth Pace
Fast Grower
Light
Full Sun Only
Moisture
Dry to Medium
Maintenance
Moderate
Characteristics
Attracts Birds,
Attracts Butterflies,
Attracts Hummingbirds,
Showy Flowers
Bloom Time
Early Summer,
Late Summer,
Summer
Flower Color
Pink Flower,
Purple/Lavender Flower,
Yellow Flower
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Container,
Cut Flower,
Edging,
Suitable as Annual
Style
Cottage Garden,
Formal Garden,
Herb Garden,
Meadow Garden
Seasonal Interest
Summer Interest
Tolerance
Deer Tolerant,
Drought Tolerant
Type
Annuals

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Bedding zinnia
Zinnia elegans 'Dreamland Series'
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Pot marigold
Calendula officinalis
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Annual clary sage
Salvia viridis
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Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sea Shells'