Red trillium

Trillium erectum

Photo/Illustration: 
Jennifer Benner
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Red trillium (Trillium erectum)
TRILL-ee-um ee-REK-tum
Genus:  Trillium
This trillium has upright or outward-facing blossoms of chocolate or reddish-purple, or occasionally white or yellow. At close range, it bears an unpleasant scent. It blooms in mid- to late spring, and grows from 14-20 inches tall and a foot wide.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Most trilliums are native to woodlands and scrub of North America. They make elegant understory plants when grouped in a woodland or shady, naturalized area. Since they go dormant in the summer, plant trilliums with other shade-loving perennials to share their place until they reappear the following spring. 
Care:  Provide rich, moist, well-drained soil with a neutral to acidic pH. Plant in full to part shade and add an annual mulch of rich organic matter.
Propagation:  Trilliums propagate readily by division when plants are dormant in late summer or early fall.
Problems:  Smut, rust, fungal spots, slugs, snails.

Overview

Height
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Spread
6 in. to 12 in.
Growth Habit
Clumps
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Part Shade to Full Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Fragrant Flowers,
Native,
Self Seeds,
Showy Flowers
Bloom Time
Late Spring,
Spring
Flower Color
Hazelnut,
Red,
White,
Primrose Yellow
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Ground Covers,
Naturalizing
Style
Shade,
Woodland Garden
Seasonal Interest
Spring Interest
Type
Perennials

Related Plants to Trillium erectum

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Foam flower
Tiarella 'Neon Lights'
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Foam flower
Tiarella 'Mint Chocolate'
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Yellow corydalis
Corydalis lutea
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Common Foxglove
Digitalis purpurea 'Pam's Choice'