American aloe

Agave americana

Photo/Illustration: 
Michelle Gervais
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American aloe (Agave americana)
ah-GAH-vay ah-mer-ih-KAY-nah
Synonyms:  Agave altissima
Genus:  Agave
This plant has a rosette of broad sword-like, succulent, gray-green leaves. It provides a statuesque presence for sunny dry sites and under glass. It's also a classic plant for urns, thanks to the architectural splendor of its simple form.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Plants die after flowering and fruiting, but leave behind off-sets to create new plants. Lethal-looking, dark needlelike spines at leaf tips and along margins encourage a cautious approach.
Propagation:  Remove offsets in spring or fall.
Problems:  Scale insects and mealybugs on young growth; leaf blights and root rots in poorly drained soil.

Overview

Height
3 ft. to 6 ft.
Spread
6 ft. to 10 ft.
Growth Habit
Clumps
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Full Sun Only
Moisture
Dry
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Showy Foliage
Bloom Time
Summer
Flower Color
White Flower
Uses
Container,
Specimen Plant/Focal Point
Style
Desert Garden
Seasonal Interest
Spring Interest
Type
Cacti and Succulents

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