Facebook LinkedIn Email Pinterest Twitter Instagram YouTube Icon Navigation Search Icon Main Search Icon Video Play Icon Audio Play Icon Headphones Icon Plus Icon Minus Icon Check Icon Print Icon Note Icon Heart Icon Filled Heart Icon Single Arrow Icon Double Arrow Icon Hamburger Icon TV Icon Close Icon Sorted Hamburger/Search Icon
The Dirt

Q&A: Some flowers can change color

‘Glowing Embers’ bigleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Glowing Embers’)
Photo/Illustration: Michelle Gervais
‘Decateur Blue’ bigleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Decateur Blue’)
Photo/Illustration: Jennifer Benner
‘Glowing Embers’ bigleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Glowing Embers’)
Photo/Illustration: Michelle Gervais
‘Decateur Blue’ bigleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Decateur Blue’)
Photo/Illustration: Jennifer Benner


Why does the pH of my soil change the color of my hydrangea blossoms? Will it affect my other flowers?
            –Virginia C. Wilch, East Setauket, New York




The flowers of bigleaf hydrangeas (Hydrangea macrophylla cvs., USDA Hardiness Zones 6–9) are blue in very acidic soil and pink in slightly acidic soil. The color comes from anthocyanins, which are water-soluble pigments within plant cells that appear blue when stacked close together and pink when farther apart.

The effect of soil acidity on blossom colors is actually indirect. Aluminum is responsible for changing the hues of hydrangeas, allowing anthocyanin molecules to move closer together, resulting in blue coloration. It becomes more soluble in acidic soil and, therefore, is more readily absorbed by plants.

Soil acidity and the resulting aluminum uptake could also affect the pink-to-blue color change with other flowers. Some flowers, such as wild morning glories, are pink when they initially unfold and then turn blue. Why? No one knows-yet. But aluminum is toxic to plants, and death usu­ally results at levels needed to effect that color change. Even hydrangeas are not immune to aluminum toxicity, so keep tabs on soil acidity. To maintain blue hydrangeas, a pH of 5.0 to 5.5 is ideal.

When soils are naturally alkaline or slightly acidic, use sulfur or aluminum sulfate to turn bigleaf hydrangea flowers blue. Sulfur acidifies soils, increasing the uptake of aluminum that is naturally present in most soils; aluminum sulfate acidifies soils and adds aluminum. You can also increase aluminum uptake by using acidic peat and acid-forming fertilizers, such as ammonium sulfate. Avoid fertilizers high in phosphorus, which form insoluble aluminum compounds.

If you want pink hydrangeas but your soil is naturally very acidic, add limestone to increase alkalinity. The ideal pH range is 6.5 to 7.0. For a longer-lasting effect, dig limestone into the soil at planting time.

Flowers, of course, have their inherent colors. This genetically programmed color is affected by acidity within plant cells, which is unrelated to the acidity of the soil. So changing your soil’s pH won’t help in altering the appearance of most flowers.

-Lee Reich, author of Grow Fruit Naturally, is a soil scientist who gardens in New Paltz, New York.

View Comments


  1. bugiba 10/24/2012

    Hello my dear
    My name is Joy I am a girl single and never married, please contact me
    back in my e-mail address [email protected] and I will give you my picture and further details thanks.

  2. user-2331028 07/15/2013

    Good explanation of what affects the color of hydrangea flowers. Does acidity affect all hydrangeas or only certain varieties?

    Douglassville, PA

  3. cwheat000 07/16/2013

    Hydrangea paniculata, Hydrangea quercifolia, Hydrangea arborescens are not affected. I think it is mostly just most cultivars of Hydrangea macrophylla. A few Hydrangea macrophlla are non-bluing. They are affected by ph, but their colors range from bright pink to a dull reddish purple.

  4. cwheat000 07/16/2013

    My Hydrangea serrata 'blue billow' seems to have a little variation in color. I don't know the deal with that species.

  5. cwheat000 07/16/2013

    I looked it up. Hydrangea serrata is affected by ph.

Log in or create an account to post a comment.

Related Articles

The Latest

Magazine Cover

Take your passion for plants to the next level

Subscribe today and save up to 44%

"As a recently identified gardening nut I have tried all the magazines and this one is head and shoulders above the pack."


View All

We hope you’ve enjoyed your free articles. To keep reading, become a member today.

Get complete site access to decades of expert advice, regional content, and more, plus the print magazine.

Start your FREE trial