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Tricyrtis formosana (Toad lily)

Tricyrtis formosana Tricyrtis formosana 'Gilt Edge' Photo/Illustration: Courtesy of White Flower Farm


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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Botanical Name: Tricyrtis formosana try-SIR-tiss for-moe-SAH-nah Common Name: Toad lily Synonyms: T. stolonifera Genus: Tricyrtis
The upward-facing, star-like blossoms of this species vary from white to light pink or lilac, with reddish purple spots throughout. They are reminiscent of orchids. Toad lily blooms in early autumn along arching stems to 2 or 3 feet tall. Plants grow to 2 feet wide. They make subtle, but exotic specimens for woodland borders and shady house plantings. They will colonize over time, but are not invasive. These perennials are from moist woodlands and high elevations from eastern Asia to the Phillipines.
Care: Provide rich, moist but well-drained soil in partial to full shade. Soil must not be allowed to dry out. Mulch plants in cold climates with little snow cover, and site late-blooming species like this one in a sheltered location to protect blossoms from early frosts.
Propagation: Sow seed when fresh in a cold frame. Divide when still dormant in early spring.
Problems: Slugs, snails.
Height 1 ft. to 3 ft.
Spread 1 ft. to 3 ft.
Growth Habit Spreads
Growth Pace Fast Grower
Light Part Shade to Full Shade
Moisture Medium to Wet
Maintenance Low
Characteristics Showy Flowers; Showy Foliage
Bloom Time Early Fall
Flower Color Pink Flower; Purple/ Lavender Flower; Red Flower; White Flower
Uses Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Naturalizing, Specimen Plant/ Focal Point, Waterside
Style Shade, Woodland Garden
Seasonal Interest Fall Interest
Type Perennials

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