previous
  • DIY A-Frame Veggie Trellis
    DIY A-Frame Veggie Trellis
  • Rex Begonias
    Rex Begonias
  • Garden Design Basics
    Garden Design Basics
  • Building Better Borders
    Building Better Borders
  • Planting the Right Way
    Planting the Right Way
  • 10 Combinations for Shade
    10 Combinations for Shade
  • Seed Starting in Speedling Trays
    Seed Starting in Speedling Trays
  • 20 Gardenworthy Self-Sowers
    20 Gardenworthy Self-Sowers
  • Pick Plants for Fragrance
    Pick Plants for Fragrance
  • Black Plants Done Right
    Black Plants Done Right
  • 3 Ways to Design with Containers
    3 Ways to Design with Containers
  • Plant Finder: Spring Plants
    Plant Finder: Spring Plants
  • Using Containers as Elements of a Design
    Using Containers as Elements of a Design
  • Indoor Seed Starting Materials List
    Indoor Seed Starting Materials List
  • Pantone Color of the Year 2014: Radiant Orchid
    Pantone Color of the Year 2014: Radiant Orchid
  • 10 Seed-Starting Tips
    10 Seed-Starting Tips
  • Go Green on the Patio
    Go Green on the Patio
  • Get your FREE Everyday Roses download now!
    Get your FREE Everyday Roses download now!
  • How to Grow Mustard
    How to Grow Mustard
  • Homegrown / Homemade
    Homegrown / Homemade
  • NEW Video Series: There's a Better Way
    NEW Video Series: There's a Better Way
  • Bold and Beautiful Zinnias
    Bold and Beautiful Zinnias
next

Rudbeckia hirta (Black-eyed Susan, Gloriosa daisy, Coneflower)

Rudbeckia hirta Rudbeckia hirta 'Toto' Photo/Illustration: Courtesy of White Flower Farm


Be the first to rate this plant

Plant Showcase - from our advertisers


Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Botanical Name: Rudbeckia hirta rud-BEK-ee-ah HER-tah Common Name: Black-eyed Susan, Gloriosa daisy, Coneflower Synonyms: R. gloriosa Genus: Rudbeckia
This biennial or short-lived perennial has given rise to numerous cultivars which are often grown as annuals. From summer into early autumn, it bears daisy-like blossoms (to 3 inches across) with light or deep yellow rays and brownish-purple centers. The flowers are a staple in late summer bouquets.
Noteworthy characteristics: Rudbeckias hail from the moist meadows and dappled woods of North America. They are suitable for mixed borders, meadows, native gardens, open woods, and large annual displays. 
Care: Grow in average, slightly heavy but well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade.
Propagation: Sow seeds of annuals and biennials in spring; sow perennial seeds in a cold frame in early spring, or divide plants in spring or fall.
Problems: Aphids, powdery mildew, smut, rust, Ramularia and Septoria leaf spots, snails, slugs.
Height 1 ft. to 3 ft.
Spread 1 ft. to 3 ft.
Growth Habit Clumps
Growth Pace Fast Grower
Light Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture Medium Moisture
Maintenance Low
Characteristics Attracts Birds; Attracts Butterflies; Native; Self Seeds; Showy Flowers; Showy Seed Heads
Bloom Time Early Fall; Late Summer; Summer
Flower Color Brown Flower; Orange/ Salmon Flower; Red Flower; Yellow Flower
Uses Beds and Borders, Cut Flower, Hedge, Naturalizing, Roadside, Suitable as Annual, Meadow Garden
Style Cottage Garden
Seasonal Interest Summer Interest, Fall Interest
Type Perennials

Plants you might also like

Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm' Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm'
(Orange Coneflower, Black-eyed Susan)
(12 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large flowers consisting of brassy orange-yellow rays surrounding brown cones are what make this plant so popular. It blooms for 7 or 8 weeks beginning in midsummer. The flowers top 18- to 30-inch-tall plants that will readily self sow in cultivated soils. 

Echinacea purpurea ‘Bright Star’ Echinacea purpurea ‘Bright Star’
(Purple coneflower)
Be the first to rate this plant
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow derivative with daisy-like flowers blooms from early summer into early autumn. 'Bright Star' has prominent, copper-orange central cones surrounded by red-purple ray petals (to 5 inches across), and grows to less than 3 feet tall.

Echinacea purpurea 'Kim's Knee High' Echinacea purpurea 'Kim's Knee High'
(Purple coneflower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow derivative is a compact version of the species. It blooms from midsummer into early autumn, with prominent, copper-orange central cones surrounded by drooping, rose- or purple-pink ray petals. It will reach 24 inches if not cut back.

Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus' Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'
(Purple coneflower)
(12 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow derivative has vibrant, daisy-like flowers that bloom from midsummer into early autumn. Its prominent, dark orange central cones are surrounded by larger (to 7 inches across) and more horizontal, reddish-pink, ray petals than the species.

Echinacea purpurea Echinacea purpurea
(Purple coneflower)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Because of its carefree performance, this native meadow perennial with daisy-like flowers appropriately inhabits the gardens of many. It blooms from midsummer into early autumn, with prominent, copper-orange central cones surrounded by rose-purple, ray petals (to 5 inches across).