White forsythia

Abeliophyllum distichum

Photo/Illustration: 
Steve Aitken
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White forsythia (Abeliophyllum distichum)
ah-bee-lee-oh-FIL-lum DISS-tih-kum
Synonyms:  Korean abelialeaf
Genus:  Abeliophyllum
This deciduous shrub is related to the forsythia, but differs in that it has white (rather than yellow) flowers that open in early spring before true forsythia. It is a member of the olive family (Oleaceae). In early spring, before the new leaves form, purplish buds all along the grey naked branches open into small white four-petaled, almond-scented flowers with yellow stamens. After flowering, green, glossy abelia-like leaves appear.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  White forsythia is native to a small area of central Korea. It is seriously endangered in the wild as it is regarded as a medicinal plant with properties similar to witch hazel, and is illegally harvested for the black market trade in Korea. It is widely grown as a cultivated garden plant, however, so there is no risk of extinction other than in the wild.
Care:  White forsythia likes full sun but will tolerate some shade. It is not fussy about soil conditions but will do poorly in drought-like conditions. In the coldest areas, it is best to either protect the plant from dessicating winter winds, or grow it close to a wall for extra warmth. Prune after it flowers to encourage new wood for next year's flowers. As much as one-third of the shrub may be removed annually. A hard prune every three to four years will control twigginess. Its branches can be cut and brought inside in early spring for forcing in vases.
Propagation:  Root greenwood or semi-ripe cuttings in summer; layer in summer.
Problems:  Infrequent.

Overview

Height
3 ft. to 6 ft.
Spread
3 ft. to 6 ft.
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Fragrant Flowers,
Showy Flowers
Bloom Time
Spring
Flower Color
White Flower
Foliage Color
Colorful/Burgundy Foliage
Uses
Beds and Borders
Style
Cottage Garden,
Herb Garden
Seasonal Interest
Spring Interest
Type
Shrubs

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