Tree tobacco

Nicotiana glauca

Photo/Illustration: 
Steve Silk
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Tree tobacco (Nicotiana glauca)
nih-koe-shee-AY-nah GLOK-ah
Genus:  Nicotiana
Tree tobacco bears fleshy, almost succulent, saucer-sized leaves colored a lovely silvery blue. This tender perennial can be easily grown from seed as an annual and, in a single season, makes the incredible leap from a dust mote of seed to a skyscraping specimen 10 or more feet tall. Plants are a little rangy, but plenty of pinching helps keep tree tobacco at a size suited to a more modest perennial border. The plant bears yellow flowers if given a long enough growing season.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Silvery-blue foliage, fast growth, semi-evergreen. It is invasive in some areas, including the southwestern U.S.
Care:  Nicotiana likes fertile, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or part shade. Staking may be needed.
Propagation:  To get nicotianas going, you could just scatter seed in early spring, but you won’t get much of a display until August. For earlier blooms, start the minuscule seeds inside 8 to10 weeks before the last frost date. Seeds should be surface-sown since they need light to germinate. In 10 days or so, the seeds sprout and soon form attractive little rosettes. Leaves yellow quickly if the seedlings get hungry. Feed them with a weekly mix of fish emulsion and water-soluble 20-20-20 fertilizer, using each at half strength. As the frost-free date nears,  gradually acclimate seedlings to life outdoors.
Problems:  Aphids, caterpillars, leaf miners, and spider mites can be problems. Stem rot, stalk rot, downy mildew, damping off, and root rot occur frequently, as do viruses causing mosaic, vein vanding, etch, and ringspots.

Overview

Height
6 ft. to 10 ft.
Spread
6 ft. to 10 ft.
Growth Habit
Clumps
Growth Pace
Fast Grower,
Invasive/Aggressive Grower
Light
Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Moderate
Characteristics
Showy Foliage
Bloom Time
Late Summer
Flower Color
Yellow Flower
Foliage Color
Colorful/Burgundy Foliage
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Container,
Specimen Plant/Focal Point,
Suitable as Annual
Seasonal Interest
Summer Interest
Type
Shrubs

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