PFZimmerman

Paul Zimmerman, SC, US
contributor


I started growing roses as a hobby over 15 years ago. Along the way I was President of a rose society, ran a rose garden care business in Los Angeles, CA and in 2000 opened Ashdown Roses. In 2009 I closed the nursery to focus on rose education and bringing roses from overseas to the United States. I currently represent the French Rose Nursery Delbard in the U.S.

Besides hosting the rose blog on Fine Gardening's website, I give talks and workshops around the country and even overseas. I've written for Fine Gardening, The Rose and numerous other publications. I also have the privilege of judging International Rose Trials throughout Europe.

Currently I reside on our farm in the upstate of South Carolina with my better half Pam, our two horses, rescue mini-mule, two dogs and 6 rescue cats. And of course over 500 roses!

If you'd like to inquire about having me speak or do a workshop I can be reached via email at paul@paulzimmermanroses.com.

Happy Roseing
Paul

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Contributions

Wait Before Assuming The Cold Killed Your Rose

While a rose may look dead from above the ground after a winter like the one we just had, it's too early to assume it is. This is my experience with this kind of thing.

Polar Vortex means a hard prune is in order for some roses.

Gardeners were wondering what the polar vortex was going to mean for their plants. I am just now finding out what it means for my roses and it means radical action is needed for some.

2014 New Rose Introductions - Certified Roses

We continue to look at some new roses for 2014. This time it's Certified Roses.

Snow Is Great For The Roses

With the crazy weather we've been having some might wonder if all the snow is good, or bad, for the roses. We have some thoughts on that.

Some Nice Winter Rose Book Reads

With most of the country frozen over I thought some nice winter rose books might be in order. I found a couple I like and want to pass them on to you.

2014 New Rose Introductions - Chamblee Rose Nursery

We continue our series of new rose introductions with Chamblee's Rose Nursery. Some great new roses here!

Think about cutting out dead wood now.

Normally, we don't do pruning or much cutting on roses until later winter when the forsythia bloom. This year I'm advising a different approach.

2014 New Rose Introductions. Star Roses & Plants

Some great new roses from the folks who introduced The Knock Out Rose and the Drift Series!

Thinking of a new rose bed in the spring. Start preparing the soil NOW!

Winter is always a time for gardeners to dream of the coming spring. Fresh growth, a chance to start again and of course, new plants. If you are thinking about putting in a new garden bed next spring start preparing the soil now.

New Roses For 2014. David Austin Roses

We are going to be periodically share with you new rose introductions for 2014. First up the roses of David Austin.

During Your First Freezes Be Concerned About The Wind

We are at the time of year many of us will be getting our first freeze. I've learned from experience to worry more about the wind speeds during them than the temperatures. Here is why and a few tips on what you can do about it.

Unusual Behavior From Roses In The Fall

Are your roses behaving oddly right now. Relax, it may be more normal than you think.

Getting Your Roses Ready For Winter

Fall is in the air so it's time to start thinking about getting our roses ready for winter. Here are a few simple things you start doing now.

Rose Rosette Disease. What To Do When You Get It.

This is the third in our series on Rose Rosette Disease. In this one we talk about what to do if you get it.

A Season Of Every Days Roses #5 - A Video Blog Post

In this video post we get some new roses in the mail, deal with a fine mess, explain a hole in the garden and tour the garden after record rains.

Rose Rosette Disease. Can you prevent it?

In our last post we talked a little about the history of Rose Rosette Disease. That brings us to the next question. Can you prevent it?

Rose Rosette Disease. Are The Knock Out Roses® to blame?

Rose Rosette Disease is becoming more widely seen. Some people blame The Knock Out Roses. Are they right?

The New Generation of Flower Carpet Roses. Color Me Impressed!

The Flower Carpet Rose line has been around for a while. They have a new generation out and after testing them in my garden I think you need to know about them.

Results From The Biltmore International Rose Trials

The First Annual Biltmore International Roe Trial Jury & Awards day was held in Mid-May and the results are in!

A Season Of Everyday Roses - Video Blog Post #4. Deadheading and lots of blooms!

In our fourth video blog post we see what's blooming in the garden (hint, a lot!) and we talk about deadheading.

A Season Of Everyday Roses - Video Blog Post #3

The third in our series of video blog posts. We prepare a new bed and talk soil, See what's blooming in the garden and take a unique rose road trip.

A Season Of Everyday Roses - Video Blog Post #2

In our second video blog post we decide to prune or not to prune, encounter some problems, are thrilled by a reaction to trimming in the last post and clean up a fine mess.

A Season Of Everyday Roses. A Video Blog Post

This season we are going to periodically spend some time together in my rose garden. We'll do some gardening, look at new roses, plant some roses and more. This is the first in what will be a series of video blog posts.

Spring Came Early And I Haven't Pruned My Roses Yet!

What should you do if spring came early and you haven't pruned yet? First of all relax and then read this post.

What Is A Field Grown Own-Root Rose And Should I Buy It.

Up to now own-root roses have mostly been sold in smaller pots known as bands or up to one-gallon size. A new own-root product is making its way to your local garden center and you should be excited.

Everyday Roses. Paul's New Book Is Out. Published by Taunton Press

Taunton Press has just released my first book and we did a short commercial for it.

How Soon Can You Prune A Young Rose

A lot of gardeners ask me if it's okay to prune a newly planted rose after it's first year in the garden. It's a great question!

Video - Pruning The San Jose Municipal Rose Garden

It's pruning time and to inspire you here is a delightful video of 375 volunteers pruning one of America's largest rose garden! Includes some great footage shot by an aerial helicopter!

Chamblee's Rose Nursery - A Mail Order Nursery You Should Know

Winter is when our thoughts turn to ordering new roses for the garden. Besides local garden centers, mail order is an excellent way to find gems of the garden. Meet another one.

What Is An Old Garden Rose?

You may notice people using the phrase Old Garden Roses. What exactly is an Old Garden Rose? We have the answer!

Keep Beneficial Insects, Birds and Mammals Around By Creating a Host Environment

A key to keeping beneficial insects around all year is making sure they have what they need in the way of water, host plants and places to live. Here are some tips.

Video - Planting Bareroot Roses With Steve Hutton Of Conard-Pyle

Bareroot shipping season is upon us. As a refresher I'd like to share a video on how to plant them.

Overwintering Roses Like Shrubs. A Tip From A Reader!

We've been talking about winter rose care over the last few weeks. A reader north of Boston emailed me a very practical solution and I'm sharing it with you.

Step 2 In Preventing Winter Damage To Your Roses

Last week we gave you a tip on helping prevent winter damage to your roses. Here is another little one.

Step One In Preventing Winter Damage To Your Roses

Winter is well on its way and in some parts of the country it's already here. Here is a first step to help prevent winter damage.

Meet Our New National Rose Trials

With the AARS rose trials closed down something new needed to take their place. Thankfully something has and it's exciting!

Tip For Stripping Winter Leaves Off Large Roses

Many consider it a good idea to remove all the old leaves off roses over the winter. But how do you that with a large shrub or climbing rose?

Interested In Rare Roses? Try The California Costal Rose Society Auction!

Sooner or later most grower's eyes turn toward the rare and unusual. Rose Auctions are a great source and thanks to the internet everyone can participate.

Another Fall Tip. Stop Deadheading

If you live in an area with a true winter climate it's time to stop deadheading. Continuing may damage your roses and here is why.

When Deer Come Calling On Your Rose Garden

What to do when deer come into your garden has as much to do about you as the deer!

Results from The Rose Hills International Rose Trials

The Rose Hills International Rose Trials were the first Trials of their kind in the United States and the results of their 11th trials are in!

Join The American Rose Society

The rose is our national flower. The American Rose Society is our national organization for everything roses. You should join.

Be Sure To Catch The Fall Rose Sales

Fall is when many nurseries put their leftover roses on sale. It's a great time to snap up bargains!

Video - How To Prune A Shrub Rose In 30 seconds.

I came across this video with Steve Hutton of The Conard-Pyle Company recently. He shows his method for quick pruning roses. I love it!

Meet The Biltmore Garden Rose Collection

In our continuing series of "Beyond Knockout. The Next Generation of Garden Roses" we meet a new collection coming to market.

Getting Ready For The Fall Bloom

The nights are turning cooler and that means our fall bloom flush is about to start. Here are some tips to make sure it's a great one.

Video - Pegging A Rose

What can you do with a rose that puts out long canes outside of cutting them back? You can peg them. It not only controls them but gives you more flowers!

Are Today's Modern Roses "Real Roses"?

Many of today's modern roses don't look, or grow, like the traditional hybrid tea rose. To the point some think they aren't "real roses". I beg to differ!

How To Hybridize Roses With Special Guest Brad Jalbert - Video

Ever wondered how new roses are created? Ever wanted to try it yourself. We have a video showing how it's done.

Planting A Grafted Container Rose - Video

End of summer is a great time to pick up roses on sale at your local garden center. Here are some tips on planting them.

Removing An Old Cane From A Rose

It's always a good idea to remove an old cane from a rose to make room for new ones. But what is the best way to do it? We have a video.

Will Roses Ever Be Fragrant Again?

Everyone sticks their nose into a rose when they see it. Yet, many roses today have little to no fragrance. Is there hope someday they will?!

Video - Planting a Rose In Less Sunlight.

What is full sun for a rose? Can you plant a rose in dappled light? The answer is - it depends and this video shows you why and how!

Growing Shrub Roses Can Be A Dutch Treat!

When it comes to taking the fuss out of roses we can learn a lot from the Dutch.

Let's Start Grouping Roses Into "Friendlier" Groups.

For quite a while roses have been considered old roses or modern roses, exhibition roses or non exhibition, with each grouping thinking their's were best. Maybe there is a less confrontational way of looking at it all.

Make Your Own Natural Spray for Japanese Beetles

We all hate Japanese Beetles. Thankfully there is now a natural way to get rid of them and you can make it yourself!

Heirloom Roses Nursery. A Mail Order Nursery You Should Know.

Last Saturday I spend the day as a guest as Heirloom Roses' Festival. Why you should know about this nursery, some impressions on the day and of course photos!!

Things To Do When The Spring Bloom Flush Winds Down.

With the spring bloom flush winding down in parts of the country here are some simple chores to keep your roses looking their best!

A Little Trick When Moving A Mature Rose Bush.

It's never ideal to move a large rose bush in the summer. But sometime you just have to. Here are some tricks.

Video. Grooming Your Roses During The Growing Season

A few weeks ago we did a post about regularly trimming your roses. Some of you asked for pictures so we've gone one step further. We did a video!

Why Some New Roses Are Slow To Start And What To Do About It.

Sometimes newly planted roses are slow to start growing. Why, and what you should do about it is this week's topic.

Regularly Trimming A Rose During The Season

Sometimes roses get out of control during the growing season. Do you have to wait until "pruning time" to trim it?

New Garden Roses - The Drift Series

Everyone grows and loves Knockout because it's so easy. Are there new garden roses being released just as easy to grow. Indeed there are!

Video - Caring For an Own-Root Roses in its First Season

Many mail order own root roses arrive in small band pots. We've learned what to do when they arrive but what can we do to make them thrive during their first season?

Buying & Planting Own-Root Roses

Own-root roses open the gardener up to thousands of roses offered via mail order from boutique rose nurseries. This week we have a video with some tips on what to do when they arrive in the mail.

Video. The Difference Between Own-Root & Grafted Roses

We've talked about the difference between own-root and grafted roses. Now we'll show you!

An Early Spring In The Rose Garden

We are having a very early spring here. In fact I didn't get all my pruning done. Here is what I'm gong to do about that and a few other things.

The Two-Layered Mulch Approach For Feeding Roses.

Proper mulching should be part of your rose feeding program. And improper mulching can actually hinder your rose feeding program

What Goes Into Breeding New Roses

Rose breeders are artists in their own right. It takes a great deal of time, work and effort to breed new roses. More than you might think!

What Do Those Code Names On Roses Mean And Are They Useful?

Roses often have a code name like "BEAdonald". What is it and can it help you when buying new roses?

Observations While Pruning My Own Garden After A Non-Winter

Like a great deal of the country we never had a winter. Should this affect our pruning if we live in an area that normally has a dormant season. I think it should.

Using Rose Classes To Buy Garden Roses

Rose Classes can be another useful way to find great garden roses. Here are a few of the classes where some of those beauties can be found.

The New Ways Roses Are Tested Before Release To The Public

Today's gardeners want roses with better health and vigor. So is the rose industry meeting this need by testing roses in way to meet that criteria. Thankfully they are!

Four Ways To Buy Roses

Used to be most roses were bought as "bareroot" roses. These days there are many other ways to purchase roses and we have a look!

Preparing A New Rose Bed

Preparing a new rose bed is a great way to lay a strong foundation for your roses that will last years. Here are a few tips.

Commercially Growing Organic Roses For The Retail Market. Can It Be Done?

Many of us grow roses organically. Wouldn't it be nice if the nursery that produced them did the same? It can be done and here's proof.

Ten Rose Pruning Tips

Rose pruning time is coming and I've got ten tips for you.

Preparing new rose beds. Think Big!

Preparing a new rose bed is a one-time opportunity to really get your roses off to a great start. Here are some tips to do it without breaking your back or the bank!

Should A Rose's Growth Habit Decide What Class It Is?

Roses are grouped into classes like Hybrid Tea, Floribunda and so on. But sometimes how they grow doesn't decide where they end up. Well, it should!

Beyond Knockout. The Next Generation of Garden Roses. Part 2

With rose buying season upon us it's time to explore some of the great new garden roses becoming more widely available in the United States. Meet The Easy Elegance Series.

The One Essential Thing To Know When Pruning Climbing Roses

Pruning climbing roses can be intimidating. But far less so if you know one essential thing...

Spring Flowering Rose Lovers Unite!

Find the thought of "once flowering" roses off putting. Think again!

Do Own Root Roses Make Better Plants In Your Garden

We've spent a little time talking about own-root vs budded roses. But of most concern to you is; which makes a better plant!?

Summer Pruning Roses In a hot Climate?

When should you prune your roses if you live in a hot climate with no winter. How about summer!

When Are My Roses Dormant Enough For Some Light Trimming?

It's never a good idea to trim roses in late fall. But just when can you do a light trim on your roses?

Why do some roses do well own-root and some don't?

Some own root roses seem to grow faster than other and some seem to not do well on their own-roots at all! Why is that??

Planting Roses where roses used to be. Do you have to remove all the old soil??

The common wisdom is you need to remove all the old soil if you are planting new roses in a bed that recently contained roses. Is this still true? Is there another way?

Rose History (cont). European Breeders Draw A Line Between Garden and Cut Flower Roses

We learned in our last pots the line between roses bred for the garden and for the cut flower industry in the US began to blur. But meanwhile in Europe....

"Help Me Find Roses" The single greatest rose resource we have - and need to support.

There is a website that in my opinion is the greatest rose resource we have. And I bet many of you have never heard of it. Well, now you will!

The middle ground between own-root container grown roses and field-grown budded roses

Last week we talked about why it seems own-root roses take longer to get established than budded ones. This week we talk about a method of growing that may be the best of both worlds.

Why do own-root roses sold in pots seem to take longer to get established?

With more and more roses being sold as own-root roses in pots, gardeners are noticing they seem to take longer to get established than budded bareroots. Why is that?

A Sure Sign Of Fall. Blackspot On Your Roses.

Do your roses get blackspot every fall. Relax, it's not just you!

A Few Fall Rose Chores

A little extra work in fall will really help your roses get through winter in great shape. Here are few tips.

Beyond Knockout – The Next Generation of Garden Roses

The Knockout Family of roses has showed many gardeners that garden roses are actually quite easy to grow. But what is beyond Knockout???

Can I, How Should I, and When May I Move an Established Rose?

It is possible to move established roses. But the when and how are very important. Particularly the when.

Testing and Trialing Garden Roses

Garden Roses quite often go through various trials and tests before then come to market. How these trials are conducted can be valuable information for you when making your rose buying choices.

Rose History (cont). The Rose Gets Fussy

As rose growing picked up again after the 2nd World War and Americans had unprecedented leisure time, roses got fussy

Trimming Blind Shoots Late In Fall

What is a blind shoot and should you trim them late in the fall?

Garden Roses You Can Purchase - Part 1

We talk about taking care of garden roses. Now here is the first part in a series of ones you can purchase for your own garden.

Fall Planting. Is It Right For Roses?

Conventional wisdom says spring is "rose planting" time. Oh really? I beg to differ!

A Few Late Summer Rose Chores Brings On The Fall Show

While roses always look great in spring by doing a few later summer chores you can make sure your fall bloom is just as good!

Rose Rosette Disease. What is it and What Can You Do About It

Have you ever noticed an odd growth on your roses that looks like witches broom. If so, we may have your answer.

The World's Oldest Rose Breeder

Rose breeders are true artists in their own right and they can be a guide to collecting roses for your garden. But who is the world's oldest rose breeder...?

Summer Leaf Drop On Your Roses

It's hot and your roses are likely losing leaves. Should you panic? We have the answer!

Roses And That Cup Of Bone Meal In The Planting Hole

As rosarians we are always told to toss a cup of bone meal in the planting hole. Is it needed? Could it actually be harmful?

Taking Roses To New Heights - Into Your Trees

The huge rambling roses are stunning in full bloom. But is there a spot for them in an average sized garden. The answer is up in the trees.

When It Comes To Climbing Roses The Key Is Patience

Many a gardener is frustrated by a climbing rose not blooming the first season. Here is why and what you can do about it.

What Of Garden Roses?

In the last post we did on rose history we talked about the impact of the Hybrid Tea roses. But what of Garden Roses during the Hybrid Tea era??

Simple Fertilizing of Roses. Part 3

In the third part of the series Simple Fertilizing Of Rose we talk about using a product that is probably as old as life itself.

Rejuvenating An Old Climbing Rose

You may have read the that it's good to occasionally take out an old cane at the base of a climbing rose. But why should you do this and does it help. Our video answers your questions.

Simple Fertilizing of Roses - Part 2

In our first post on a simple rose fertilizing program we talked about feeding your roses.

Should You Water Your Roses During A Drought?

Watering your roses during a drought seems like a logical thing to do. But is it best in the long run???

Simple Fertilizing of Roses. Part 1

Fertilizing programs for roses can be very complicated - and expensive. Is there an easy way to feed your roses during the season that doesn't take up a lot of time and money? There is!

Getting Your Roses To Bloom All At Once For A Special Event

Do you have a special event coming up this year in your garden? Do you want all your roses to bloom at once on that day? Here is a way you can do that!

Covering An Arbor With Roses

Dreaming of a rose covered arbor bathed in blossoms? Does your dream come up short with only blooms covering top. We show you how to cover an arbor from top to bottom.

What Is The Proper Spacing When Planting Roses?

What is the proper spacing when planting roses? And why can't we pack them in like other shrubs? Well, you can....

Got Thrips On Your Roses? Get Aphids!

Thrips are a real nuisance for rose growers. In this post I write about what I just learned about aphids helping control them.

What Is A “Sucker” on a Rose Bush?

You hear the term "sucker" when it comes to roses. But what actually is it and are they bad for roses?

Pruning & Controlling A Climbing Rose

Doing anything with climbing roses can be intimidating - particularly pruning. We have a short video with some tips to make it easy and get the best out of your climbing roses.

If You Spray Your Roses When Should You Start

When you start spraying your roses can be just as important as what you use. Here is a tip to get your roses off to a great start this winter.

How To Plant Bare Root Roses

Planting bare root roses is an annual rite of spring. To help you we've put together a video with tips to get your roses off to a great start. And hopefully finally lay to rest the question; should you bury the bud union.

Pruning Shrub Roses That Build A Structure Over Time

We've talked about pruning roses that grow new canes from the base. Now it's time to learn how to prune roses that build up a structure over time. We have a video to show you how.

To What Height Should You Prune Your Roses

To what height should you prune your roses? Why does there seem to be a hard, fast rule to prune low? Should we break that rule?

What time of year should I prune my roses?

Gardeners always wonder when is the best time to prune roses. Here is an easy answer for you that has nothing to do with the calendar.

Pruning Shrub Roses That Grow New Canes From The Base Every Year

In a previous post we introduced you to some different ideas on pruning roses. This video shows you one technique.

When Planting Roses; Bury The Bud Union

One of the most debated question in roses is should you bury the bud union when planting. Here is one good reason why the answer is yes.

Rose Leaves: To Strip - Or Not To Strip?

After pruning should you remove old leaves? It's a good idea and here is a quick way to do so.

The Dreaded "P" Word!

Pruning is a word, and task, sure to strike fear in any new rose growers heart. But is the conventional way of pruning the best for Garden Roses???

Give new roses a good "boxing" around the roots

You've heard about not planting new roses in soil that used to contain roses. There is truth to this and here is a simple way to deal with it.

Let It Snow, Let It Snow, Let It Snow!

The snowfall we just had in the Southeast isn't normal for us. Should we worry about snow on the roses?

Enter The Hybrid Tea

In the late 1800s a new class of roses was introduced that changed everything.

Out With The Old And In With The New

Removing old canes should be part of any rose maintenance program. But how do you know it's old, how much do you take out?

Happy Holidays

Happy Holidays to all.

The Great Rose Garden Cover Up

Mulch has many qualities including weed suppression, decorative, keeping the soil most and disease prevention. Did I say disease prevention?!

The Two Camps Begin To Emerge

Roses begin to be divided into those for the garden and those for exhibition.

When Jack Frost Comes Blowing Through Your Garden.

How do you prevent rose canes from snapping off during winter winds? A few tips for how and when.

Give Thanks to The Garden Today

Before you settle down for Thanksgiving take a walk outside and give thanks.

Stop Deadheading. And We Don't Mean Put Away The Tye Dye Shirt

It's time to stop snipping the old blooms off your roses so they get ready for winter.

Got Young Climbing Roses? Let em Grow!

There can be some confusion about how to treat young climbing roses come pruning time. So let's clear that up!

Take A Bow Mr. Bennett

Rose breeding was left to the birds and the bees until Mr. Bennett came along and completely changed the profession.

Scrap Metal: An Unconventional and Untapped Source of Garden Art and Structures

Scrap Metal makes unique and whimsical structures to climb roses onto. And they don't cost much!

Over-Wintering Roses In Containers

Roses in containers are wonderful in the garden. But what do you do when Old Man Winter comes into your garden?

What to use as a "Trellis" for a climbing rose

I got a question the other day from a reader asking what kind of "trellis" should they use for a climbing rose. Wire, wood, something else? The answer is easier than you think!

It's Alive! And how you can keep it that way!

Healthy soil = healthy roses = better disease resistance. Here is what I do to keep my soil healthy and alive.

Vintage Gardens. A National Rose Treasure

The rose is one of the most diverse garden plants there is. It falls into the hands of our Independent Rose Nurseries to keep them available to you. In this post we introduce you to one.

The Difference Between Own-Root and Grafted Roses

Own Root Roses are becoming more and more popular. But what is the difference between them and grafted roses? We have a video that shows you.

Autumn is coming!

With Autumn just around the corner we want to not only enjoy the fall flowering but also get our roses ready for winter.

Shhhhh. Be, very, very Quietness. I'm hunting woses for west and welaxation.

Meet a tough, beautiful and fragrant rose. Great for almost any garden.

Say Goodbye to Pruning Season

If your roses are growing out of control during the summer why do you have to wait for "pruning season" to trim them? Or do you....?

Disease Prevention Tip - Stop Spraying!

Can stopping spraying roses actually help prevent disease? It just might.

Transplanting A Rose During The Growing Season

Can you transplant a rose in the middle of summer while it's actively growing. With a few simple tips you'll be surprised on easy it can be.

Go West Young Rose

As we continue a little rose history we find them heading west with the early pioneers.

Lime and Sulfur Spray - Great Way to Knock Down Fungus On Your Roses

Instead of constantly spraying your roses with chemicals to prevent disease try this simple and inexpensive way to quickly take care of any outbreak.

The Enigma That is Darlow. A Rose You Should Know.

In this post we introduce the first of many Garden Roses we'll be discussing that are easy to grow in any garden.

Overhead Watering. Disease Preventative?

Everyone says not to overhead water roses because it leads to blackspot. But what if overhead watering timed right actually reduced blackspot???

Anatomy Of A Rose

The various parts of a rose can be confusing. Bud-eye, bud-union, five leaflet leaf set; the list goes on. Here is a short video that shows you what they are on your roses.

A little History. Part 1

The history of roses is a fascinating one and so we are going to sprinkle a little here and there amongst the care tips and videos. I hope you enjoy it.

Summer Care Tips For Your Roses

We showed you some summer clean up tips for your roses in a previous video. In this one we'll cover some tips on watering, spraying and more.

Hot Weather Rose Tips

During hot weather there are some things you can do for your roses. And sometimes it may actually involve less watering!

Deadheading and outward facing five leaflet leaf sets. Are they related?

Deadheading roses seems to come with hard fast rules not to be broken. Are those rules really necessary?

Summer Clean Up Of Your Roses

Sometimes showing someone how to do something in a video is so much easier than telling them in words. This is part of a series of videos we do and this one gives you some tips on summer clean up of your roses.

A Rose Is Nothing More Than A Flowering Shrub

I bet you always wanted to grow roses but were afraid or intimidated by them. In fact, there are a lot of roses easy to grow and with this first post we begin showing you what they are and how to care for them.

Video: How to Train a Rose on a Trellis

Learn the secret of blanketing a trellis in blooms.



Recent comments


Re: Wait Before Assuming The Cold Killed Your Rose

Lynn. Mine are popping up like crazy. Be patient!

Re: Thinking of a new rose bed in the spring. Start preparing the soil NOW!

Thank you for the kind comments and my apologies for not noticing them until now. The rose is going to be available through a special promotion with Walmart. Limited release this year and then hopefully wider release next year.

Re: A Season Of Everyday Roses. A Video Blog Post

I'm glad you enjoy the videos. Sorry you can't grow roses anymore but as you say, there are other gardens to enjoy them in.

Thanks!

Re: Think about cutting out dead wood now.

RogerRose. The book doesn't really go into winter care. I've never gardened in a climate as cold as yours and so was reluctant to put much in there. But, everything else in the book is relevant.

Best
Paul

Re: The New Generation of Flower Carpet Roses. Color Me Impressed!

Thank you very much! I actually have written a book and it's published by Taunton Press. I believe there is an e-version available.

http://www.amazon.com/Everyday-Roses-Knock-Easy-Care-Garden/dp/1600857787/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1383923112&sr=8-1&keywords=everyday+roses

Re: New Roses For 2014. David Austin Roses

The Austin folks inform me Bascobel might struggle in zone 4. But if you bury the bud union and give it some protection it might be okay. Go back a few posts to a post I did on winter protection. I include a link to a blog by Jack Falker and he gives great advice on simple winter protection.

None are available own root yet. Thought that might change in 2015.

Re: New Roses For 2014. David Austin Roses

Let me find out for you.

Re: Over-Wintering Roses In Containers

I would cut it back before you bring it in provided it appears to be dormant. Generally the first good couple of frosts will shut down any new growth.

Re: Beyond Knockout. The Next Generation of Garden Roses. Part 2

The roses will bloom with or without deadheading. The difference is, if you deadhead you will get the next round of blooms sooner. So yes, if you want more blooms during the season go ahead and deadhead.

Re: Getting Your Roses Ready For Winter

It is and thank you!

Re: When Planting Roses; Bury The Bud Union

Hi Rachael,

As the plants are 9-10 years old I wouldn't change anything at this point. From what you are saying it sounds like they may be wearing out naturally and you might think about replacing them. At that point you can bury the bud unions on the new ones.

Re: A Season Of Everyday Roses - Video Blog Post #4. Deadheading and lots of blooms!

Hi Cristina,

There is no real magic bullet for Japanese Beetles. Picking them off is a good way to go. Traps actually draw more in to the garden.

There are some cedar sprays on the market that seem to help. Just google cedar plant sprays and see what you come up with.

Treating the yard with Milky Spore works but it takes a few years to build up. Plus, if you have close neighbors they need to treat their yards as well.

Re: Video: How to Train a Rose on a Trellis

Without seeing pictures of your Summer Wine I would say cut out an old cane this coming winter, then continue to do that over the next several seasons. As new canes start to grow in they will be more flexible and you can train them the way I do in the video.

Does that help?

Re: The New Generation of Flower Carpet Roses. Color Me Impressed!

Privets, They are a brand of roses and take little care. Generally you can find them for sale at garden centers and the like.

Re: Come Talk Roses with Paul Zimmerman on Facebook!

I don't think I'd try during the heat of the summer.

Re: Make Your Own Natural Spray for Japanese Beetles

I've only purchased it on-line. In making it, trying adding some more planks or let them steep longer.

Re: A Season Of Everyday Roses - Video Blog Post #2

Thanks!

Re: How Soon Can You Prune A Young Rose

I would leave your Knock Outs alone this year except for dead wood and weak growth. The nice thing about KO is you can trim it all year long to keep it in shape.

Say hi to everyone in Toronto for me and I hope you like the book!

Re: When Planting Roses; Bury The Bud Union

Hi There,

Sorry I didn't see this sooner. Yes, you can plant the rose and I would advise getting something to seal that wound. The same stuff you would use when you cut a tree limb. Garden Centers will have it.

Re: How Soon Can You Prune A Young Rose

Pauline. Thanks!

Re: How Soon Can You Prune A Young Rose

Hi Pauline,

Thank you for ordering the book!

Regarding your Sunsprite. Outside of dead wood I would let it be. If it appears to be getting top heavy during the season feel free to trim a little to keep it shaped.

Re: Video - How To Prune A Shrub Rose In 30 seconds.

Glad you are enjoying it. Here you go.

http://www.youtube.com/user/conardpyle

Re: Lime and Sulfur Spray - Great Way to Knock Down Fungus On Your Roses

You will like using the Lime & Sulphur. I did a post on thrips a while back that might help. Here is the link.

http://www.finegardening.com/item/19500/got-thrips-on-your-roses-get-aphids

Thanks for following the blog!

Re: Keep Beneficial Insects, Birds and Mammals Around By Creating a Host Environment

Yep, meant hedgehogs. I totally get your point but in the end as I say, I offer examples and feel it us to each of us to research what works in our area.

Re: Tip For Stripping Winter Leaves Off Large Roses

Quite honestly I wouldn't worry about it. Just hit them when you feel they are fully dormant. If they wake up for short while it won't matter.

This is one of those moments when I like tell people to just trust their gardener's instincts. Know less and trust more. LOL!

Paul

Re: Another Fall Tip. Stop Deadheading

Hi MapleManor.

No, no truth at all.

Re: Video - How To Prune A Shrub Rose In 30 seconds.

Love it!

Re: Another Fall Tip. Stop Deadheading

Glad you liked it!

Re: Let's Start Grouping Roses Into "Friendlier" Groups.

Wonderful. Glad you found some great roses and rose help!

Re: Results from The Rose Hills International Rose Trials

Hi There,

I am hoping to be able to do that once a series of national trials is established again. We used to have one called the AARS trials but they are gone. There is some movement towards a new one that will be held in several gardens across the country. That will hopefully give us more regional information to write about.

Re: Fall Planting. Is It Right For Roses?

Hi Goffini,

Nice choice of roses. First off, fall planting is great for roses so you are safe there. You might pile some loose mulch around them as winter sets in but they should make it just fine. A few questions.

Were these own-root roses or budded?
What size where they when they arrived?

Re: Video - Pegging A Rose

Your welcome

Re: Video - Pegging A Rose

Thank you for the kind words!

Re: Hot Weather Rose Tips

How much are you watering now? Keep in mind roses can actually go dormant during hot, dry weather and you may be seeing that.

Re: Should You Water Your Roses During A Drought?

Glad it helped. Don't worry about giving them a deep soaking every now and then if you have sandy soil. As I mention my soil is more clay like and it holds water well. Good luck!!

Re: Let's Start Grouping Roses Into "Friendlier" Groups.

Hi Pauline,

I'm going to bring your question to the attention of Brad Jalbert of Select Roses. He lives just outside Vancouver and can really help you far better than I can. He knows your climate very well!!

Re: What Is The Proper Spacing When Planting Roses?

Thank you and welcome!

Re: Let's Start Grouping Roses Into "Friendlier" Groups.

Hi Pauline,

Where do you live?

Re: Video - Planting a Rose In Less Sunlight.

The afternoon sun is stronger but roses need that morning sun to dry the dew off the blooms so they will open. That's why I consider morning sun to the be the same as "full sun" for roses.

If they don't get sun until the afternoon the blooms usually don't open and just rot and fall off.

There are, as always, exceptions but as a general rule this holds true for me.

Re: Make Your Own Natural Spray for Japanese Beetles

I have not tried the cedar oil mixed with water. I ran across it while doing some reading for this post. In guessing I would try a tbs per gallon of cedar oil to start with. Test on a small area first.

Re: Make Your Own Natural Spray for Japanese Beetles

Cedar mulch might work if it's fresh. Give it a try and let us know!

Re: Make Your Own Natural Spray for Japanese Beetles

I was real pleased to discover it. I tried it over two seasons at our old nursery on some 3000 plants and it really kept them away.

Re: The Dreaded "P" Word!

dirtdirtdirt. I want to make sure I answered your question. Was it the one about cutting back the leggy Knockouts hard?

Re: To What Height Should You Prune Your Roses

Knockout is a rose you can cut hard and it will came back quickly. So in actuality you did the right thing in cutting them back hard to make them bushier.

In terms of flowering they will quickly flower again so just stand back and watch them grow!

Re: Got Young Climbing Roses? Let em Grow!

Glad it helped and thanks for following the blog!

Re: The Two-Layered Mulch Approach For Feeding Roses.

Thank you!

Re: The Two-Layered Mulch Approach For Feeding Roses.

Thank you for the kind words. To keep it going just add fresh mulch every year. Last year's fresh mulch is now the compost layer. Next year the fresh mulch you are putting down now will be next year's compost layer. Essentially you are composting right in the rose bed?

Does that help?

Re: Video: How to Train a Rose on a Trellis

You can prune the long side shoots back to 14-20" or you can tie them in like main canes. I tend to do a mixture of both particularly if I need to fill in a gap and don't have a main cane I can do it with.

Re: Beyond Knockout. The Next Generation of Garden Roses. Part 2

Normally when you click on spec sheet below the description you'll see height details there. But those links seem to be down at the moment.

Figure most will be in the 3'-4' range.

You mentioned in another comment you like working with your local garden center. These roses will have tags on them that should have height etc on them.

Re: Do Own Root Roses Make Better Plants In Your Garden

Sometimes the tags will specify but I don't think it's required. Your local garden center should have an idea because when roses are ordered from the nursery it says on the order form if it is budded or own root.

Re: Anatomy Of A Rose

How often are you watering it? Is it planted in the ground or in a pot.

Re: The New Ways Roses Are Tested Before Release To The Public

Thanks!

Re: Beyond Knockout – The Next Generation of Garden Roses

Could not agree more!

Re: Preparing new rose beds. Think Big!

Thank you!

Re: Planting Roses where roses used to be. Do you have to remove all the old soil??

I've read a few and will try to find some links to them. I also several large gardens who have treated existing soil this way when turning over beds with great results.

Re: Beyond Knockout – The Next Generation of Garden Roses

Knockout hit the market just at the right time when everyone was looking for roses that were easier to care for. There are a whole host of great garden roses coming right behind it and I think over the next few years we will see more choices other than Knockout in terms of great garden roses. The recession really put the rose market on its head and it's taking a while to come out of it.

Re: Got Thrips On Your Roses? Get Aphids!

That sounds like thrips. Do you use any kind of insecticide?

Re: Trimming Blind Shoots Late In Fall

Hi there

Sorry for the delay in responding!

First the tree rose. The shoots from the bottom will bloom but they won't be red ribbons. They will be the under stock. If you have lots of shoots coming up more than likely the rose is not planted deeply enough. You can take it out or this winter try to replant it a little deeper.

Cherokee rose. It is a rambler and I would not prune it if you don't have to. Cut out dead wood and that is about it. If you have to trim it do so after it blooms in spring.

Re: Pruning & Controlling A Climbing Rose

Ideally you are supposed to prune spring flowering roses only right after they bloom. However, I feel this is different for spring flowering climbers. I trim laterals on the spring flowering climbers on an ongoing basis and them seem to be just fine. I think any major pruning should take place right after they flower. And then trimming the laterals to keep it tidy is just fine.

Re: Trimming Blind Shoots Late In Fall

Glad it helped.

Re: Over-Wintering Roses In Containers

I have no personal experience with roses in temperatures like ottowa but I know of people who do keep them in unheated garages up north with little trouble.

Re: Over-Wintering Roses In Containers

I have no personal experience with roses in temperatures like ottowa but I know of people who do keep them in unheated garages up north with little trouble.

Re: A Few Late Summer Rose Chores Brings On The Fall Show

Keep in mind I'm talking about trimming and not pruning. Trimming is a cleanup of deadwood and weak growth with the idea of cleaning up the rose. Pruning is cutting hard to stimulate new growth. Agreed don't prune but trimming dead and weak growth before winter will allow your roses to focus on strength growth for the winter

Gray. What kind of roses are the ones beyond Knockout? Keep in mind that a rose that is not a garden rose and disease resistant by nature will always require more care. The start to a low maintenance rose garden starts with good garden roses.

In south Florida with no dormant season just trim and don't worry about cold weather rose growing. Lucky you!

Re: Fall Planting. Is It Right For Roses?

Agreed!

Re: Taking Roses To New Heights - Into Your Trees

Nice to meet another fan!

Re: Summer Care Tips For Your Roses

With that kind of heat brown edges and tips is to be expected. I wouldn't worry about it.

Re: Summer Care Tips For Your Roses

I don't have a problem with salts and when I had my rose care company in Los Angeles we used composted manure from the LA Equisterian Center on my client's rose beds and had not trouble there either. From what I understand salts are an issue when you deal with manure from livestock that is fed large amounts of commercial grain feed. Horses, while eating some grain, eat a lot of grass and hay.

Re: Summer Leaf Drop On Your Roses

Blackspot can also come from stress like heat etc. Kind of like us. If we are run down we stand a chance to getting sicker easier. Same for plants.

Picking off leaves is a very good idea and then you might try a light sulfur spray. I talked about it in a post from last year and here is the link.

http://www.finegardening.com/item/16242/lime-and-sulfur-spray-great-way-to-knock-down-fungus-on-your-roses

I think that will take care of it for you.

Re: Summer Leaf Drop On Your Roses

I'm all for a cool outdoor shower - and for the roses, too!!

I have the same thing here. Some roses drop leaves and some don't.

Re: Simple Fertilizing of Roses. Part 3

I'll be perfectly honest and say I don't know. It is organic matter and likely can't hurt but I would say compost it first.

Perhaps someone else out there with more knowledge has some thoughts!?

Re: Roses And That Cup Of Bone Meal In The Planting Hole

I've heard that from others. Now you have another reason!

Re: Simple Fertilizing of Roses - Part 2

There is some evidence starting to emerge that the pathogens die along with the leaves. But, that being said it's never a bad idea to get them out

Re: Covering An Arbor With Roses

Zone 3-4 is tough. Pop over to our Roses Are Plants, Too discussion forum and you can ask there. We have several cold zone rose growers who may have some suggestions.

www.paulzimmermanroses.com/forum

Re: Should You Water Your Roses During A Drought?

Silver Moon is a very easy rose to grow and should be hardy for you. Keep in mind it is actually a rambler and blooms in spring for about 4-5 weeks. I grow other roses (clematis would work as well) up into it that do bloom later in the season. Quite a show!

Re: Simple Fertilizing of Roses. Part 1

I use products from a company called Circle Organics in North Carolina. I'm working with them on putting together a natural rose care program. It's always hard to recommend specific products because they differ in various parts of the country and the world. What's available in your area?

Re: What Is The Proper Spacing When Planting Roses?

Glad you enjoy them and thank you for the kind words.

Re: What Is A “Sucker” on a Rose Bush?

Thank you!

Re: Pruning & Controlling A Climbing Rose

Somehow I sensed that! LOL

Re: If You Spray Your Roses When Should You Start

I spray with two different things. One is a combination of two products and other is a seaweed based product. They are not available to the consumer market at the moment because they are part of a rose care program I'm involved in developing. Until that comes out I would recommend any natural product you can likely get from your local garden center.

I don't actually give my roses vitamin C. That was just an analogy :-)

Re: How To Plant Bare Root Roses

I can certainly look into doing a printable version. I actually post the videos on my own website along with a written summary. http://paulzimmermanroses.com/?page_id=1009. The summary isn't very detailed but I can expand on it.

Would something like that do?

Re: How To Plant Bare Root Roses

Glad everyone is enjoying the video.

I'd like to add a quick note to the point about roses with buried bud unions under performing. I will not disagree with that in certain specific instances. For example roses budded on to fortuniana might come into that category. Fortuniana is a root stock that pushes roses, particularly exhibition roses, very hard. If you exhibit that can be a good thing. But exhibitors, while very, very talented rose growers, make up a very small portion of general rose growers.

Another instance might be if a rose is not a "garden rose". I consider a garden rose to be a rose that is vigorous by its own nature - as opposed to a weaker rose that needs a rootstock in order to grow well. In other words a rose not strong enough to grow on its own roots and needs understock. Personally, I don't define those as garden roses.

It is certainly more difficult to determine a "sucker" (growth from the understock) but usually the different leaf and thorn pattern will help determine that - as will the bloom on the sucker. There is some thought that burying the bud union actually lessens the chance of suckers.

In my videos I target my teaching at gardeners who grow just a few roses or want to get into roses. As you mention, if folks want to get further into the hobby the ARS is certainly one of many terrific sources of information. I've been a member since 1994 and a Consulting Rosarian for over 15 years.

And most importantly as I've always said. Don't do exactly what I do. Take what I teach and adapt it for your garden and your area! There are as many ways to grow roses as their roses and that's what makes it such a fun hobby.

Re: Video: How to Train a Rose on a Trellis

Same rules apply to ramblers as climbers. So I would tie Malvern Hills as horizontally as possible.

Re: Got Young Climbing Roses? Let em Grow!

Ramblers also benefit from being tied horizontally. The main differences between ramblers and climbers are that ramblers get much bigger and generally are spring flowering.

Re: When Planting Roses; Bury The Bud Union

Hi viktoriamullin

Bury them all regardless of which kind of rose it is. The old thinking was keeping bud union above the ground and that is rapidly changing.

Re: What time of year should I prune my roses?

Excellent article. Keep in mind pruning "the traditional way" by cutting them down to 18" etc is designed to give you long stem blooms for exhibition. Also less blooms because you want the few you have to be large.

I always keep my shrub roses around 3-5 feet when I prune for the exact reason you mention. I want maximum display.

There is no one correct pruning method. As with most plants it has to do with the what the variety of rose is and how you want it to look in your garden!

Re: What time of year should I prune my roses?

Glad it helped!

Re: Out With The Old And In With The New

2-3 inches is a little short. Generally for rooting cuttings at home you want to do what is called a four eye cutting. You will cut a piece about the thickness of a pencil with at least 4 sets of leaves. It will probably be 4-6 inches long. Also best to do it from a cane that has blooms on it.

Take of the bottom two sets of leaves. Leave on the upper two sets of leaves.

After that what you are doing with rootone etc is all correct. Are you keeping them in bright light, dapped sun???

How moist are you keeping the soil.

Keep in mind as well certain varieties of roses simply don't root.

Re: The Dreaded "P" Word!

The digging up and burying of climbers is sometimes done way up north like Minnesota and Canada. But with today's hardier roses it isn't needed. So don't worry about it.

We have a discussion forum and we encourage you to join up and post all kinds of questions. You'll find rose growers from around the world over there happy to help answer them!

www.paulzimmermanroses.com/forum.

See you there.

Re: Give new roses a good "boxing" around the roots

It seems to be working for me but here is the direct URL.

http://paulzimmermanroses.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=97

Re: Rose Leaves: To Strip - Or Not To Strip?

As I always say, trust your gardener's instincts when it comes to roses. They are just like any other plant!

Re: The Dreaded "P" Word!

I'll be honest in that I've never thought about a video on pruning a rose tree. I would advise you prune it like a "A Rose That Builds Up A Structure" but obviously smaller. You would end up with a head about 2' in diameter when done. Just go for a nice rounded shape and you can keep it larger if you wish.

Re: The Dreaded "P" Word!

Thank you!

Re: Give new roses a good "boxing" around the roots

My bad. I knew better than that. I fixed it and thanks for catching that!

Re: When Jack Frost Comes Blowing Through Your Garden.

Bury the bud union. I've grown roses in Los Angeles and now in South Carolina plus talked to rose growers from around the world and all say bury the bud union. I've always buried mine.

The rose will do exactly as you wish and become and own-root rose.

Paul

Re: Over-Wintering Roses In Containers

A shed will work just fine. Don't worry about wrapping the pots and if the rootball freezes it won't hurt the roses. The temperature underneath frozen water is actually just above freezing due to the friction of the freezing. It's why citrus farmers in Florida spray water on the fruit before a freeze because the ice is actually insulation.

At my old nursery I had thousands of roses in pots and the entire rootball would freeze on a regular basis with no problems.

Just don't keep them soaking wet. A little moist is all you need.

Re: Got Young Climbing Roses? Let em Grow!

Great tip but make sure your roses are grafted or budded roses before you do this. Own-root roses do not have suckers so never cut growth from the "base".

Re: Disease Prevention Tip - Stop Spraying!

Kentish, Keep in mind that in order for a rose to be successfully grown this way it must be disease resistant in the first place. Sadly many HTs from the last 30 years or so were not and will likely never be happy without chemicals. Give them a little longer but don't be afraid to get out the shovel!

Paul

Re: The Enigma That is Darlow. A Rose You Should Know.

Thank you for the kind words and I'm so glad Darlow is working out for you. It's a great rose!

Paul

Re: Over-Wintering Roses In Containers

Great point and thanks for posting it!

Re: Autumn is coming!

How big is the plant now? If it is in a larger (3-gallon or more) container with a good full rootball I would go ahead and plant it now even in your zone. I assume the rose has been outside all this time? A light frost is often not enough to stop a rose from blooming. Just let it bloom itself out and it will shut itself down.

When the forecast calls for a hard freeze mound mulch up about 6"-8" around the base of the plant and leave it there all winter. You may see some dieback on the top of the plant but the base should be fine.

If it's a smaller plant you may want to think about leaving it in the pot and planting in spring. To do this just leave it outside until it either shuts itself down or a hard freeze is coming. At that point leave it in the garage overwinter and plant in spring.

Re: What to use as a "Trellis" for a climbing rose

We used hook eyes and wire to make a trellis on the house. We found the studs and sunk them into them. Then we used a pretty heavy gauge galvanized wire. This was an old spanish style house and the owners didn't want a wooden trellis of structure you can see. By the time the rose grows the wire "trellis" is pretty invisible.

Re: It's Alive! And how you can keep it that way!

Hi Bill

Bagged sheep and cow can be depending on where it comes from. It's from farms or small operations you should be fine. But the big commercial outfits that put them out tend use manure from slaughter houses and holding pens. They can be high in salts. But if you get lots of rain you can use it. Generally if it is sterilized it will say so.

Bob & Karen.

If you don't mind I'm going to use your question for the next blog post. Stay tuned!

Everyone feel free to ask questions or tell me what you'd like to see a post about.

Re: Autumn is coming!

gardenergabe. Thanks for asking and believe it or not there is a video for that! http://www.youtube.com/AshdownRoses#p/u/17/NkyqAJKEA8w

Enjoy
Paul

Re: Autumn is coming!

FAWNANNETTE. Since the roses are tied to a structure I would not worry about the canes breaking. You might tie them in a little tighter for the winter and they loosen them up in the spring.

You don't want to cut the main canes on climbing roses back. The reason is climbing roses take a while to grow before they flower. It's only after they reach a mature size that they begin to flower regularly. So, if you keep cutting the canes back you will simply hinder them from flowering.

alf_hanna. Go ahead and plant the container rose now. I am planting lots of roses now and like you get some freezes but not the hard, long ones of up north. I'd try moving the rugosa rose in January when you are sure it is dormant.

Thanks for the questions!
Paul

Re: Autumn is coming!

Hi Andrew.

I'm glad to hear they are doing well for you. They take a little time to settle in but once they repeat nicely.

Paul

Re: Autumn is coming!

Hi Barbara,

My guess is they are growing too quickly and getting tall before they harden off. Cut them back a bit and don't let them flower for a while. You want the bottom of the cane to stiffen up before it has to support all those flowers. Particularly wet flowers!

Re: Say Goodbye to Pruning Season

I've seen that sometimes happen due to heat, the bush trying to sport or any other odd thing. Just cut it back. If it happens again we might have an issue but I doubt it will.

Re: Shhhhh. Be, very, very Quietness. I'm hunting woses for west and welaxation.

Love Freckles. Thanks for the tip!

Re: The Enigma That is Darlow. A Rose You Should Know.

You are very welcome. When you go in spring tell Brad I say hi!

Paul

Re: The Enigma That is Darlow. A Rose You Should Know.

snollygaster. I have a suggestion that I think you'll like. There is a nursery in your area called Select Roses http://www.selectroses.ca/.

It's run by a friend named Brad Jalbert and he sells and grows a lot of roses with minimal fuss. He is also a terrific rose breeder. He should be a wealth of information for you as to what roses will do well in your area.

Paul

Re: Disease Prevention Tip - Stop Spraying!

Thanks for sharing your experience!

Re: Transplanting A Rose During The Growing Season

MissDaisyMae717. The mason jar method your daughter is doing is a great way to do it. People have been doing it that way for years. A "take" of 2 out of 5 is quite good. Figure on average about 50% "take" that way. Some roses will do better, some worse and some won't root at all.

Re: Transplanting A Rose During The Growing Season

Thanks for all the questions. I'll take them in order.

Marden. A hearty greeting from across the pond. I'm glad you are a member of the Fine Gardening Family and welcome to our rose blog!

ToddWhite. Thank you for your enthusiasm and keep spreading the word that roses are plants, too!

snollygaster. Terrific question and one I get asked a lot. Mary Rose is actually a lovely rose but some of the David Austin, and other shrub roses, will grow like that. The key to working with them is to first of all disregard the standard "I can only prune once a year" myth.

Roses such as these can be kept trimmed and in check all season - just like any other plant. If you wish to do this I advise you do so after a bloom flush because this way you not only shape the bush but deadhead it at the same time.

Keep Mary Rose in the 4-5' range will allow her over time to build up her own structure to hold herself upright. It's only when you let those canes get long that they flop.

Michael Marriot, a terrific rose person who works for David Austin Roses, always tells people to not be afraid to cut the Austin Roses back hard in order to keep them in check - particularly in warmer climates where some of them seem to want to grow large.

So shape the bush all season and that should take care of things for you.

Re: Lime and Sulfur Spray - Great Way to Knock Down Fungus On Your Roses

Tony,

This sounds almost like an anti-transparent with hot pepper thrown in as an insect repellent. I think it would be certainly be worth a try. I'd advise you try it on part of one rose first to make sure it's safe and if you see no leaf burn etc after a week your probably good to go.

Paul

Re: Transplanting A Rose During The Growing Season

ProfessorRoush.

Good point and yes, in a drier climate I think I would cut it back more. Quite frankly you can cut it back as much as you wish right down to 6 inches even. The rose will bounce back nicely

Paul

Re: Anatomy Of A Rose

saludamary

That does sound beautiful and I want pix when it's mature!

5.5 isn't bad. Roses like 6.0 - 6.5 and I know our soil is below 6 and they thrive.

What raises ph is lime and any local garden center should have it. I would add a little of that to the hole and then every spring sprinkle a little around the roses but not the conifers.

Every few years test the ph of the soil around the roses just to make sure you are getting the amounts right.

And end of the day if the roses thrive and bloom then that is a better indicator than any test they are happy!

Paul

Re: Lime and Sulfur Spray - Great Way to Knock Down Fungus On Your Roses

Hi Tony,

I've not used it but I do see hot pepper being recommended in many home remedies for insect repellent. The "waxy" part is something I would want to research further. If it puts down a waxy coating could it affect the leaves ability to breath and/or would it burn in hot sun.

If you find a source for it post a link and let's check it out!

Paul

Re: Deadheading and outward facing five leaflet leaf sets. Are they related?

phedder. Not particularly unusual. I've seen some roses mostly five and some with mostly seven. And some with a combination.

Re: Transplanting A Rose During The Growing Season

Wet weather is a great time to move them. I've moved a couple and then it rained within an hour. Bliss!

Re: Lime and Sulfur Spray - Great Way to Knock Down Fungus On Your Roses

I can't imagine they won't ship it but there you are.

You mentioned you are rural. If you have a local farm supply or Hay & Feed Store they can likely get it. Our local one carries it. It's actually a pretty common product.

Re: Lime and Sulfur Spray - Great Way to Knock Down Fungus On Your Roses

http://www.gardensalive.com/product.asp?pn=2325&ss=sulfur

This is a link to a wonderful mail order company called Gardens Alive that sells all kinds of natural products.

You can spray any of the rose anytime as they need it.

Re: Lime and Sulfur Spray - Great Way to Knock Down Fungus On Your Roses

spiderwort. What brand is it? I'd like to look it up and see if that will be okay. If not, I can recommend a mail order source.

Glad you like the videos and particularly the climbing rose ones. It's SOOO much easier to show someone laterals vs main canes than explain it in writing.

Re: Go West Young Rose

Naptowngal. Possibly a combination of both. I found when I stopped spraying it took about a year or two for my roses to become healthier on their own. What kind of weather are you having?

Re: Lime and Sulfur Spray - Great Way to Knock Down Fungus On Your Roses

Tony. Regarding the spiders MDNofziger answered your question spot on and I have nothing to add.

MDNofziger. Thanks!!

WOW1. I've only used it on roses. I would suggest testing it on one lily and see what happens. It's made by several different companies in different parts of the country which is why I don't recommend a specific company. Just look for lime and sulfur spray in liquid form.

Thanks All
Paul

Re: Deadheading and outward facing five leaflet leaf sets. Are they related?

Delaura. Thank you and I'm glad you are finding the information useful.

Paul

Re: Lime and Sulfur Spray - Great Way to Knock Down Fungus On Your Roses

Claudette. Thanks for the comment. This is something you apply only when you see disease and you feel it is going to get out of control. This won't help prevent disease if none is present in the garden.

Some years I never do it and some I may do it a few times. Just watch your roses and If you see blackspot, mildew, rust of other forms of disease starting to take hold then apply it.

Paul

Re: Lime and Sulfur Spray - Great Way to Knock Down Fungus On Your Roses

If the sun hits the leaves with some sulfur still on it will burn them. And smell is another reason!

Re: Lime and Sulfur Spray - Great Way to Knock Down Fungus On Your Roses

I would be reluctant to use it for tomatoes because I think any residual sulfur could leave an odd after taste. Plus I've never tried it on vegetable plants and have no idea what would happen so I'm reluctant to offer advice one way or the other.

Re: Lime and Sulfur Spray - Great Way to Knock Down Fungus On Your Roses

Hi All,

Glad you like the post! I've used this for years and it works great.

To answer your questions.

Dan. the mix rate is 1 tablespoon per gallon of water. Don't mix anything else in there.

Handyquilt. You can use powdered but I would advise the liquid form. Easier to mix and work with.

Mary. There are many different brands and they are all good. Some of them are sold in only some parts of the country which is why I don't want to recommend a specific one. Regarding the hose end sprayer yes, you hit it right on the head. Just pour it in and set the dial to 1 tablespoon per gallon.

Another note. Rinse the sprayer very well right after you use it. This stuff can linger!

Thanks again
Paul

Re: Summer Clean Up Of Your Roses

Ashley. Roses like a sandy loam. Which translated to plain-speak means a nice soil with compost that drains well. So the pebbly part could be great because it will drain well. Just, as you mention, add lots of compost and then mulch well after planting with a hardwood mulch.

Paul

Re: Summer Clean Up Of Your Roses

Vicki, You have the right idea but not all at once. Assuming you live in an area with a real winter you want to begin radial work on the rose during normal pruning time. The first year take out one cane to the ground. Also cut the entire bush back to about three feet high. Some spring feed with some Epsom Salts.

What we are now waiting for is to see new canes from the base of the plant. Assuming that happens the following pruning season you can take two more canes and the third year take out the last one. By then you should have a whole bunch of new canes to take their place.

Continue to do this forever. Every now and then take out an old cane to spur new ones. It's the one of the reasons I like to call it rejuvenating instead of pruning!

Paul

Re: Overhead Watering. Disease Preventative?

That sounds like perfect weather for a bath. I bet the roses loved it!

Re: Summer Care Tips For Your Roses

Hybrid Teas as a group of roses are rapidly changing. For many years there was little pressure on them to be disease resistant so no one really bothered to breed that into them.

This is changing and in the future you will see more and more hybrid teas that are easier to grow. The German rose firm of Kordes for instance has what they call the "Freelander" series of roses. They are Hybrid Teas that cut well for the house and are disease resistant and easy to grow.

Regarding reverting back to the original graft or rootstock when you plant them make sure you bury the bud union 2-3 inches below the soil. That should help and you should do the same for any grafted rose.

Re: Summer Care Tips For Your Roses

Glad you like the horses. My wife is the horse one but I love the benefits!

I recommend hardwood mulches from trees native to your area. There is some belief, and practical evidence, that mulch from native hardwoods aids in disease suppression.

Conifer and pine based mulches can lower the PH in soil because they tend to be more acidic. Where I live the soil is already acidic so I don't use them. But using them will depend a great degree on the PH of the soil in your area.

I have never used the colored mulches because to me there is something very unnatural about them. I like a natural looking gardening. It's also the reason I use things like jute string to tie up plants instead of that green, plastic tape. But that is a personal thing.

I've not done much research on the colored mulches but my first question is, where do they get their color from. If it's a chemical dye I probably wouldn't use or recommend it.

Perhaps one of our other readers knows something?

Re: Summer Care Tips For Your Roses

GardenAnette. Glad the video helped and you liked the watering tip. I like to keep things simple! Thanks for the mention on your blog. Where is your blog hosted? I'd love to see it.

Re: Anatomy Of A Rose

Robert,

How much water are you giving them after you transplant. And when the leaves turn yellow and fall off do they have a soggy or dry and crinkly feeling?

Re: A Rose Is Nothing More Than A Flowering Shrub

Hi MaryMD.

That's quite incredible to get no blooms at all for that long. Do you cut it back much or leave it alone? Sometimes cuttings climbers back too often will discourage them from blooming - same with large shrubs.

PH may have something to do with it and I would try some lime. Roses like a neutral PH of around 6 - 6.5. At that point if it doesn't bloom it probably never well. Sometimes own root roses that are propagated from what are called "blind shoots" rarely bloom.

Re: Summer Care Tips For Your Roses

I find roses flower in three different patterns. Spring flowering, repeat flowering and constant flowering.

Spring flowering roses are mostly the old European Roses like Gallicas, Damasks etc. They put on a lovely display for 4-5 weeks in spring.

Repeat flowering roses bloom in flushes. This means they flower, take a short break, flower, take a short break and so on.

Constant flowering roses are ones that seem to always be in bloom. As old blooms are falling off the new ones are already beginning to open.

End of the day the different flowering patterns of your roses have more to do with what kinds of roses they are then it does with your feeding pattern etc.

Miracle Gro every other week is a good feeding pattern but I suggest you also feed an organic granular fertilizer maybe once a month that is designed to feed both the roses and the soil. The liquid fertilizers are good at providing a quick dose but roses also like slow releasing long term fertilizers. IMO it helps build up their strength.

Re: Summer Care Tips For Your Roses

There are some new products out on the market for Japanese Beetles based on cedar. One is called Eco-Cedar and I've used it with great success for several years. It's available from Organic Plant Health and you can reach them at roses@organicplanthealth.com or 704-841-1000.

Essentially it's a repellent that drives the beetles away from the garden and that is what you want. It will help prevent the damage from occurring.

Thanks
Paul

Re: Summer Clean Up Of Your Roses

Hi Ashley.

I'll try to do a video on the the various rose types but for gardening purposes just look at them from the standpoint of either climbers or shrubs. Amongst those two groups you will get various sizes of course. Shrubs grow to a certain height and then start flowering. Climbers will put out long canes without much flowering at first. That should help you get some idea of what you have.

Climbers will need to be moved to somewhere you can tie up the canes. Shrubs, once you determine the height, can just be planted amongst your other plants. At this point during the season you should have some idea of what's what. If not take some photos and email them to me. I'll have a look.

As to a video on moving roses I have done one. Here is the link to it. http://www.youtube.com/AshdownRoses#p/u/9/O_2E_p9yw14

Re: Summer Care Tips For Your Roses

The video shows for me. If you are still having trouble let us know and we'll check it out.

The half moon bites are leaf cutter bees. Cayenne pepper would work as would red pepper spray etc. Basically just something to deter them. I would not advise insecticides as they could be harmful to all kinds of bees, including honey bees.

While unsightly they won't destroy the plant, unless of course they take off all the leaves. And even then the roses will recover.

Re: Deadheading and outward facing five leaflet leaf sets. Are they related?

A bud eye is the small swelling on the cane where the next new cane will come from when you prune. If you follow a set of leaves down to the cane and then removed the leaf set at the cane that is where the bud eye is. It's a small half-circle with some swelling in the center. That swelling is the bud eye.

I have some good photos of them and you've just given me the topic for my next blog post. Thanks!

Re: Summer Care Tips For Your Roses

I grew some of the Carpet Roses when I lived in Los Angeles and they did well for me too. They truly fit the definition of what a Garden Rose is! Glad you are enjoying the blog and thank you for the kind words.

Re: Hot Weather Rose Tips

How often are the Knockouts being watered and for how long does the sprinkler run? You also mentioned the roses are around a maple tree. Are they in full sun or in shade? How much rain do you get.

Re: Hot Weather Rose Tips

Valleygardener. Thank you for the kind words and I'm glad you are finding the information useful. If you have anything you'd like to see me write about feel free to make suggestions.

Paul

Re: Video: How to Train a Rose on a Trellis

Gramjan. How old is your Dublin Bay? It's not unusual for climbers in their first year to not put out much height and then start doing so in their 2nd year when they begin putting out new canes from the base of the plant. Also is the rose own root or grafted? Are you using fertilizer and if so what?

Re: Video: How to Train a Rose on a Trellis

Lis. If you train a cane straight up the trellis it won't produce horizontal canes. Training the canes horizontally (between 90 and 45 degrees) forces the eyes along the cane to produce those lateral shoots. Therefor training it straight up will only produce blooms at the top.

However, you can take a main cane straight up to about half way and then start weaving it. This will fill in the top faster. It also works if you have a tall structure and the rose doesn't have enough length to reach the top when weaving it back and forth.

Re: Video: How to Train a Rose on a Trellis

Thornless for Zone 5 is a tough one! There is a rose called Pink Gate that bears blooms looking like Cecile Brunner. It's available from a mail order nursery called Roses Unlimited in Lauren's, South Carolina. I know them well and they are very good.

Another choice is Climbing Crimson Glory. Red blooms and not very thorny.

Climbing Shot Silk is another you might try. Also not too thorny.

What direction does the back wall face. South facing would be ideal but if north or west facing we may need to rethink and go for something hardier.

Re: Video: How to Train a Rose on a Trellis

GardenerCathy. Yes, it could hurt the rose if you remove the thorns. By doing so you are essentially creating a wound on the cane. Do you need roses that are thornless? If so where do you live and I'll recommend a few choices.

Re: Video: How to Train a Rose on a Trellis

Pammyc. Just keep in mind gardening roses are nothing more than flowering shrubs. Trust your own gardening instincts and run with them along with the simple tips I give you. In the end you know what's best for your garden and because of that you know what to do.

Glad you enjoyed the video!

Paul