Prairie trillium

Trillium recurvatum

Photo/Illustration: 
Jennifer Benner
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Prairie trillium (Trillium recurvatum)
TRILL-ee-um ray-kur-VAY-tum
Genus:  Trillium
This is one of the first and most plentiful Trilliums to bloom in the spring. It has upright maroon blossoms (occasionally white or yellow) without stalks, and its leaves can be nicely mottled. It grows to 12-18 inches tall and 8-12 inches wide.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Most trilliums are native to woodlands and scrub of North America. When grown in groups or en masse, they make an elegant understory planting in a woodland or shady naturalized area. Since they go dormant in summer, plant trilliums with other shade-loving perennials to share their place until they reappear the following spring. 
Care:  Provide rich, moist, but well-drained soil with a neutral to acidic pH. Plant in part to full shade and give them an annual mulch of rich organic matter.
Propagation:  Trilliums propagate readily by division when plants are dormant in late summer or early fall.
Problems:  Smut, rust, fungal spots, slugs, snails.

Overview

Height
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Spread
6 in. to 12 in.
Growth Habit
Clumps
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Part Shade to Full Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Native,
Self Seeds,
Showy Flowers,
Showy Foliage
Bloom Time
Early Spring
Flower Color
Hazelnut,
Red,
White,
Primrose Yellow
Foliage Color
Colorful/Burgundy Foliage
Uses
Ground Covers,
Naturalizing
Style
Shade,
Woodland Garden
Seasonal Interest
Spring Interest
Type
Perennials

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Red trillium
Trillium erectum
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Foam flower
Tiarella 'Neon Lights'
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Foam flower
Tiarella 'Mint Chocolate'
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Jacob’s ladder
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