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Monarda didyma (Bee balm, Bergamot, Oswego tea)

Monarda didyma Monarda didyma 'Marshall's Delight' Photo/Illustration: Michelle Gervais

(Based on 2 user reviews)

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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Botanical Name: Monarda didyma moe-NAR-dah DID-ih-mah Common Name: Bee balm, Bergamot, Oswego tea Genus: Monarda
Bee balm, a clump-forming perennial, bears minty-scented scarlet, pink, or purple flowers in midsummer on branching, square stems. Leaves are aromatic as well. This native of eastern North America attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.
Noteworthy characteristics: Likes wet soil. U.S. native. Good plant for a wildlife garden.
Care: Grow in moderately fertile, moist but well-drained soil.
Propagation: Divide clumps in spring. Root basal cuttings in spring.
Problems: Powdery mildew, rust, and leaf spot.
Height 1 ft. to 3 ft.
Spread 1 ft. to 3 ft.
Growth Pace Moderate Grower
Light Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture Medium Moisture
Maintenance Low
Characteristics Attracts Butterflies; Attracts Hummingbirds; Native; Showy Flowers
Bloom Time Late Summer; Summer
Flower Color Pink Flower
Uses Beds and Borders
Seasonal Interest Summer Interest
Type Perennials

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