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Genus Hemerocallis (Daylily)

Hemerocallis Hemerocallis 'Happy Returns' Photo/Illustration: Courtesy of Bluestone Perennials
hem-er-oh-KAL-iss Common Name: Daylily
This enormous genus includes tens of thousands of cultivars from only about a dozen species. These plants are noted for their colorful, exuberant blooms in a wide range of colors and shapes from spring through summer.
Noteworthy characteristics: A tough plant that is easy to grow and suited to a wide range of sites.
Care: Grow in moist, fertile soil in full sun. (Will take part shade with diminshed flowering resulting.) Divide every 3 to 5 years to maintain vigor. Plant evergreen species in spring. Daylilies are basically sun lovers. They bloom admirably in six hours of sun and will make do with less, but in the North, the more sun they get, the better. In the South, though, they appreciate protection at midday and do best under a high canopy of light shade. Daylilies thrive in USDA Hardinesss Zone 4 (–30°F) and south. While daylilies will grow in ordinary garden soil and are not fussy about pH, they perform magnificently in soils that have been generously amended with organic matter—compost, rotted leaves, or well-aged manure. Moisture is the other key to growing really spectacular daylilies. Although their plump storage roots keep them going in times of drought and guarantee survival, an abundance of water makes all the difference to the quality and quantity of the flowers. If nature fails you, try to provide at least an inch of water a week in the North, more in the hot South. Mulching plants with shredded leaves or other light organic matter goes a long way toward ensuring moisture retention.
Propagation: Sow seed in containers in spring or autumn. Divide in spring or autumn.
Problems: Daylilies are strong plants and relatively pest and disease resistant. Some minor damage from sucking insects like aphids and thrips. Slugs and snails may damage young leaves. Rust is possible.

Species, varieties and cultivars for genus Hemerocallis

Hemerocallis 'Armani' Hemerocallis 'Armani'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Autumn Minaret' Hemerocallis 'Autumn Minaret'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Baby Fresh' Hemerocallis 'Baby Fresh'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Banana Boat' Hemerocallis 'Banana Boat'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Beauty to Behold' Hemerocallis 'Beauty to Behold'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Becky Lynn' Hemerocallis 'Becky Lynn'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Blackeyed Stella' Hemerocallis 'Blackeyed Stella'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Brazilian Orange' Hemerocallis 'Brazilian Orange'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Catalyst' Hemerocallis 'Catalyst'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Charles Johnston' Hemerocallis 'Charles Johnston'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Chorus Line' Hemerocallis 'Chorus Line'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Condilla' Hemerocallis 'Condilla'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Cool Jazz' Hemerocallis 'Cool Jazz'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Crystal Cupid' Hemerocallis 'Crystal Cupid'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Dixie Hummingbird' Hemerocallis 'Dixie Hummingbird'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Elijah' Hemerocallis 'Elijah'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Elizabeth's Magic' Hemerocallis 'Elizabeth's Magic'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'English Witch' Hemerocallis 'English Witch'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Forsyth Lemon Drop' Hemerocallis 'Forsyth Lemon Drop'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Forsyth Lemon Drop' is lovely and cheerful daylily cultivar.

Hemerocallis 'Frances Fay' Hemerocallis 'Frances Fay'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This floriforous daylily is a melony yellow.

Hemerocallis 'Froufrou' Hemerocallis 'Froufrou'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Froufrou' gets its name from its small, ruffled yellow petals.

Hemerocallis 'Garden Portrait' Hemerocallis 'Garden Portrait'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has pale yellow, spider-like blooms and no fragrance.

Hemerocallis 'Girl Scout' Hemerocallis 'Girl Scout'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Girl Scout' has large, bright yellow flowers.

Hemerocallis 'Happy Returns' Hemerocallis 'Happy Returns'
(Daylily)
(15 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pale-yellow-flowered daylily distinguishes itself with its profuse bloom and compact size (only 16 inches tall), making it good for containers and the borders. It is an early season bloomer with circular flowers that open in late afternoon and last through the night.

Hemerocallis 'Indonesia' Hemerocallis 'Indonesia'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daylily has cheerful, ruffly yellow-orange flowers.

Hemerocallis 'Jan's Twister' Hemerocallis 'Jan's Twister'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Jan's Twister' has large, light coral, spiderlike flowers and no fragrance.

Hemerocallis 'Jungle Fever' Hemerocallis 'Jungle Fever'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Red daylily with a yellow center.

Hemerocallis 'Just Plum Happy' Hemerocallis 'Just Plum Happy'
('Just Plum Happy' daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This everblooming daylily is a member of the Happy Ever Appster(R) family of daylilies. All Happy Ever Appster daylilies are offspring of the popular 'Happy Returns' daylily and were developed by Dr. Darrel Apps, famous daylily hybridizer. 'Just Plum Happy' flaunts 6-inch-wide, bright rose-pink blooms with purple centers on stems 12 to 16 inches tall from June to frost above a clump of deep green, strappy leaves 18 to 24 inches wide.

Hemerocallis 'Kate Carpenter' Hemerocallis 'Kate Carpenter'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Peach daylily with yellow accents.

Hemerocallis 'Kindly Light' Hemerocallis 'Kindly Light'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Kindly Light' has large, yellow-green, spider-like flowers but no fragrance.

Hemerocallis 'King's Genius' Hemerocallis 'King's Genius'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daylily has large red flowers with a yellow center and yellow accents.

Hemerocallis 'Malaysian Monarch' Hemerocallis 'Malaysian Monarch'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has large flowers and is semi-evergreen in some climates.

Hemerocallis 'Mini Pearl'

Hemerocallis 'Mini Pearl'


(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a lovely yellow-pink (some say apricot) daylily.

Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro' Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bright yellow flowered daylily has a long blooming period, producing ruffled flowers over four or five months. Each flower opens for one day. It is a vigorous grower that may be the most widely grown daylily.

Hemerocallis 'Strawberry Candy' Hemerocallis 'Strawberry Candy'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Strawberry Candy' has small, rose-pink flowers with yellow centers. They are semi-evergreen in some climates.

Hemerocallis 'Sydney Eddison' Hemerocallis 'Sydney Eddison'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daylily has large, pale creamy pink flowers.

Hemerocallis 'Yum Yum' Hemerocallis 'Yum Yum'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Yum Yum' has miniature red flowers.

Hemerocallis x 'Malja' Hemerocallis x 'Malja'
(Golden Zebra® Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are traditional candidates for the perennial border. They blend perfectly into mixed and shrub borders. Compound color by massing or combine two complementary colors for a dramatic composition. Excellent edging plant for rigid sidewalks, naturalistic flagstone footpaths and for tidy color at the edge of the lawn. Lovely for nesting rough edges of landscape boulders, or for color around rock strewn water features and dry stream beds.